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Table of Contents 

From the Pages of Grimm’s Fairy Tales 
Title Page 
Copyright Page 
The Brothers Grimm 

The World of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm and Their Fairy Tales 

The Frog Prince 

A Tale of One Who Traveled to Learn What Shivering Meant 
The Wolf and the Seven Little Goats 
Faithful John 

The Musicians of Bremen 

The Twelve Brothers 

The Little Brother and Sister 

The Three Little Men in the Wood 

The Three Spinsters 

Hansel and Grethel 

The Three Snake-Leaves 


The White Snake 

The Fisherman and His Wife 

The Valiant Little Tailor 

The Straw, the Coal, and the Bean 


The Riddle 

Old Mother Frost 

The Seven Crows 

Little Red Riding Hood 

The Singing Bone 

The Giant with the Three Golden Hairs 
The Handless Maiden 
Clever Alice 

The Table, the Ass, and the Stick 

The Wedding of Mrs. Fox 


The Little Elves 




The Robber Bridegroom 

Herr Korbes 

The Godfather 

The Godfather Death 

The Golden Bird 

The Travels of Thumblinq 

The Feather Bird 

The Six Swans 

Briar Rose 

King Thrush-Beard 

The Twelve Hunters 

Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs 

The Knapsack, the Hat, and the Horn 



The Juniper Tree 

The Little Farmer 
Jorinde and Jorinael 
Fir - Apple 

Catherine and Frederick 
The Two Brothers 

Flow Six Traveled Through the World 

The Queen Bee 

The Three Feathers 

The Golden Goose 


The Three Luck-Children 
The Wolf and the Fox 
The Pink 

The Clever Grethel 
The Gold Children 
The Water-Sprite 
Brother Lustia 
Flans in Luck 
The Fox and the Geese 
The Young Giant 
The Dwarfs 

The Peasant’s Wise Daughter 
The Three Birds 
The Raven 
Old Flildebrand 

The Water of Life 

The Spirit in the Bottle 
The Two Wanderers 
The Experienced Huntsman 
Professor Know-All 

Hans the Hedgehog 

The Jew Among Thorns 

The Goose Girl 

The Valiant Tailor 

The Blue Light 

The Three Army Surgeons 

Ferdinand the Faithful and Ferdinand the Unfaithful 

The Shoes Which Were Danced to Pieces 

The Three Brothers 

The Evil Spirit and His Grandmother 

The Idle Spinner 

The Donkey Cabbages 

Little One-Eve. Little Two-Eves, and Little Three-Eves 

The Six Servants 

The Old Woman in the Wood 

The Man of Iron 

The Iron Stove 

The Little Lamb and the Little Fish 
Simeli Mountain 
Going Out A-Travelina 

The Little Ass 

The Old Griffin 

Snow-White and Rose-Red 

The Turnip 

Star Dollars 

The Shreds 

The Glass Coffin 

Lazy Harry 

Strong Hans 

Master Cobblersawl 

The Nix in the Pond 

The Presents of the Little Folk 

The Goose-Girl at the Well 

The Poor Bov in the Grave 

The True Bride 

The Hare and the Hedgehog 

The Spindle, the Shuttle, and the Needle 

The Robber and His Sons 

The Master-Thief 

Old Rinkrank 

The Ball of Crystal 

Jungfrau Maleen 

The Boots Made of Buffalo-Leather 
The Golden Key 

Inspired by Grimm’s Fairy Tales 
Comments & Questions 
For Further Reading 
Alphabetical Listing of the Fairy Tales 

From the Pages of 
Grimm’s Fairy Tales 

In the olden time, when wishing was having, there lived a King, whose daughters were all beautiful; but the youngest was so exceedingly beautiful that the Sun himself, although he saw her very often, was 
surprised whenever she came out into the sunshine, (page 1 5) 

“Dear children, I am going away into the wood; be on your guard against the Wolf, for if he comes here, he will eat you all up — skin, hair, and all.” (page 26) 

Witches have red eyes, and cannot see very far; but they have a fine sense of smelling, like wild beasts, so that they know when children approach them. When Hansel and Grethel came near the witch’s 
house she laughed wickedly, (page 61 ) 

“Rapunzel! Rapunzel! 

Let down your hair!” (page 67) 

The step-mother and the two sisters were amazed and white with rage, but the Prince took Cinderella upon his horse and rode away. 

(page 93) 

One day the grandmother presented the little girl with a red velvet riding hood; and as it fitted her very well, she would never wear anything else; and so she was called Little Red Riding Hood. 

(page 101) 

After seven months a child was born, who, although he was perfectly formed in all his limbs, was not actually bigger than one’s thumb. So they said to one another that it had happened just as they wished; 
and they called the child “Thumbling.” (page 131) 

“Oh mirror, mirror on the wall, 

Who is the fairest of us all?” (page 1 78) 

“Are you called Rumpelstiltskin?” (page 194) 

There was once upon a time an excessively proud Princess, who proposed a puzzle to everyone who came a-courting; and he who did not solve it was sent away with ridicule and scorn, (page 357) 

The four and seventieth time, the Hare was unable to run any more. In the middle of the course he stopped and dropped down quite exhausted, and there he lay motionless for some time. But the 
Hedgehog took the louis d’orand bottle of brandy which he had won, and went composedly home with his Wife, (page 479) 

Fit the house for wooer mine.” (page 481 ) 

“Needle, Needle, sharp and fine, 

Grimm’s Fairy Tales 


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm 

With an Introduction and Notes 
by Elizabeth Dalton 

Illustrations by 
Ludwig Emil Grimm 

George Stade 


Barnes & Noble Classics 

New York 




Published by Barnes & Noble Books 
122 Fifth Avenue 
New York, NY 10011 


This anonymous translation of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm's Kinder- und 
Hausmarehen was first published in 1 869. The illustrations by Ludwig Emil Grimm, 
Jacob and Wilhelm's younger brother, come from a German edition 
of the fairytales, published in 1912. 

Published in 2003 by Barnes & Noble Classics with new Introduction, 
Notes, Biography, Chronology, Inspired By, Comments & Questions, 
and For Further Reading. 

Introduction, Notes, and For Further Reading 
Copyright © 2003 by Elizabeth Dalton. 

Note on The Brothers Grimm, The World of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm and 
Their Fairy Tales, Inspired by Grimm's Fairy Tales, and Comments & Questions 
Copyright © 2003 by Bames & Noble, Inc. 

All rights reserved. No part of this publication maybe reproduced or 
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including 
photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, 
without the prior written permission of the publisher. 

Bames & Noble Classics and the Barnes & Noble Classics 
colophon are trademarks of Bames & Noble, Inc. 

Grimm’s Fairy Tales 

ISBN-13: 978-1-59308-056-3 ISBN-10: 1-59308-056-5 
elSBN : 978-1-411-43227-7 
LC Control Number 2003108024 

Produced and published in conjunction with: 
Fine Creative Media, Inc. 

322 Eighth Avenue 
New York, NY 10001 


J. Fine, President and Publisher 

United States of Amerir 

The Brothers Grimm 

The name Grimm is forever linked with the strange and magical folktales two brothers labored to collect and preserve — stories peopled by characters like Cinderella, Rumpelstiltskin, Hansel and Grethel, 
Snow-White, and the Frog Prince. Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm and Wilhelm Carl Grimm were born in the German village of Hanau, Jacob in 1785 and Wilhelm a year later. Their father, Philipp, was a 
successful lawyer who fostered in his sons a strict sense of moral integrity and purpose. The brothers’ early education was both classical and Calvinist, and Jacob and Wilhelm were devoutly religious. The 
family’s prosperity turned to poverty when Philipp died suddenly in 1796. His widow, Dorothea (neee Zimmer) Grimm, with six children to care for, was forced to leave her large house and rely on the 
support of her family. With the aid of Dorothea’s sister Harriet, a lady-in-waiting to the princess of Hessia-Kassel, Jacob and Wilhelm were admitted to Kassel’s prestigious Lyzeum, where they received 
an excellent education. 

Erudite, determined, and devoted to each other, the brothers enrolled at the University of Marburg, Jacob in 1802 and Wilhelm in 1803, both intending to study law. There they came under the influence 
of Professor Friedrich Karl von Savigny, the founder of historical jurisprudence, who taught that laws are correctly interpreted by tracing their historical and cultural origins. The brothers, shifting their 
interests away from law, adapted von Savigny’s methods to the study of linguistics and philology. 

Jacob and Wilhelm were also deeply affected by the German Romantic movement, whose emphasis on folk culture would inspire their famous fairy-tale collection, Kinder- und Hausmarchen 
( Children’s and Household Stories), first published in two volumes, in 1812 and 1815. Beginning this work as both a study of the German language and an attempt to document the customs of the 
German people, the brothers collected their folktales by mining a variety of sources, including peasants and lower-class people, nannies and servants, educated young women from upper-middle-class 
and aristocratic families, and accounts in books and magazines. 

The Grimms worked as librarians, and both became professors of German literature at the University of Goottingen. But in 1837 the brothers, renowned and respected scholars with many published 
works to their credit, were forced from their university posts for political reasons. Unemployed and in financial difficulty, they set to work on their most ambitious project, the Deutsches Worterbuch 
( German Dictionary), a lexicographical history of the German language that would prove to be a colossal and important undertaking and serve as the prototype for the Oxford English Dictionary. In 1 840 
the Grimms received professorships at the University of Berlin, where they continued their work on the German Dictionary and other projects in philology, linguistics, and German literature. 

After the German revolution of 1848, the Grimm brothers were elected to parliament, but their hopes for democratic reform and German unification were dashed, and they left politics disappointed. 
Jacob retired from teaching at the university to do research, and published an important philological study, Geschichte der deutschen Sprache ( History of the German Language), and Wilhelm retired 
from his university post a few years later. In their final years the brothers devoted their energies to completing the German Dictionary but died before reaching the letter G; finishing the work was left to 
twentieth-century scholars. 

From 1815 onward Wilhelm was largely in charge of continuing work on successive editions of the Kinder- und Hausmarchen — what has come to be known as Ghmm’s Fairy Tales — often editing the 
stories to emphasize moral lessons or to remove material deemed offensive to bourgeois audiences. Although not immediately successful, the Grimm collection has stood the test of time and today is 
arguably the world’s most famous and beloved book of folktales. 

Wilhelm Grimm died on December 16, 1859. Jacob Grimm died on September 20, 1863. 

The World of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm and Their Fairy Tales 





















Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm is born on January 4 in Hanau, in what is now Germany, to Philipp Wilhelm and Doro thea (neee Zimmer) Grimm. He is the second of their chil dren; Friedrich Hermann 

Georg, born in 1783, died in infancy. 

Wilhelm Carl Grimm is born on February 24 in Hanau. 

Philipp and Dorothea Grimm’s fourth son, Carl Friedrich, is born. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni appears. 

A fifth Grimm son, Ferdinand Philipp, is born. The U.S. Constitution is ratified. 

The French Revolution begins. English Romantic poet and artist William Blake publishes Songs of Innocence , writ ten from a child’s point of view. 

Ludwig Emil, sixth child of Philipp and Dorothea Grimm, is born. Ludwig will become an artist and an illustrator of Grimm’s Fairy Tales . 

The Grimm family moves to Steinau, Germany, where Phi lipp becomes a district judge. The Grimms prosper in Stei nau; Philipp provides his family with a large house and domestic servants. 
Another son, Friedrich, is born but dies in infancy. Jacob and Wilhelm are schooled in the strict Reform Calvinist Church. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, a leading figure of the German Romantic 

movement, be comes director of the Weimar Court Theater. In the United States, the Bill of Rights is passed. 

In England, Mary Wollstonecraft publishes Vindication of the Rights of Woman , the first major feminist document. 

The Grimms’ only daughter, Charlotte (“Lotte”) Amalie, is born. France’s King Louis XVI is executed. 

Another son, Georg Edward, is born to the Grimms but dies in infancy. 

Philipp Wilhelm Grimm dies on January 10, leaving his wife and six children. Jacob, the eldest surviving child, is just eleven. 

Through the influence of Harriet Zimmer, sister of Do rothea Grimm and lady-in-waiting to the princess of Hessia-Kassel, Jacob and Wilhelm begin secondary school at the prestigious Lyzeum in 
Kassel. The brothers dedicate themselves to their schoolwork; each graduates at the top of his class. In England, William Wordsworth’s collection of poems Lyhcal Ballads , a central work in the 

Romantic movement, is published. 

Italian physicist Alessandro Volta produces the first bat tery as a source of electricity. 

German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schel ling publishes his System des transzendentalen Idealismus ( System of Transcendental Idealism), while Novalis (Friedrich von 
Hardenberg), a novelist and prominent poet, puts out Hymnen an die Nacht ( Hymns to the Night)', both publications are major works of German Romanticism. Johann Gottlieb Fichte, whose 
philosophy has a profound impact on the German Romantic movement, publishes Bestimmung des Menschen (The Vocation of Man ). In the United States, the Li brary of Congress is 


Novalis dies. German philosopher Georg Friedrich Wil helm Hegel and Schelling edit the Kritisches Journal der Philosophie (Critical Journal of Philosophy). 

Jacob Grimm enters the aristocratic University of Marburg with the intention of studying law. 

Wilhelm follows his brother to Marburg, where he too studies law. While at the university, Jacob and Wilhelm come under the influence of Professor Friedrich Karl von Savigny, the founder of 
historical jurisprudence. Von Sa vigny teaches that laws are correctly interpreted by tracing their historical and cultural origins. The brothers adapt his methods to the study of linguistics and 
philology. American explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark begin their expedition from the Louisiana Purchase to the Pacific Coast. 

German Romantic writers Clemens Brentano and Achim von Arnim publish Des Knaben Wunderhorn (The Boy’s Magic 
Horn), a collection of folk songs. Jacob spends time in Paris with Professor von Savigny. Scottish poet Sir Walter Scott’s epic, The Lay of the Last Minstrel , is published. 

Prussia declares war on France. Jacob leaves the university to help support his family in Kassel. He takes a post as secretary for the Kassel War Commission while continuing his studies on the 
side. Inspired by the work of their friend Clemens Brentano, the brothers begin to collect folktales (in German, Marchen). Napoleeon I’s armies oc cupy Kassel and take Berlin. The Holy Roman 
Empire ends. American philologist and lexicographer Noah Web ster publishes his first dictionary; it is followed in 1812 by his finest work, The American Dictionary of the English Lan guage , 

containing some 70,000 words. 

Jacob loses his post in the war commission when Kassel becomes part of the kingdom of Westphalia under the authority of Napoleeon I’s younger brother, Jeeroome Bon aparte. Hegel 

publishes Phanomenologie des Geistes (The Phenomenology of Spirit), an important work of the German Romantic movement. 

Dorothea Grimm dies on May 27, leaving Jacob to care for the family. Although opposed to French rule, Jacob takes a post as royal librarian to Jeeroome Bonaparte. This position allows him 
time to pursue his scholarly interests as well as to support his siblings financially. Goethe’s Faust, Parti is published. Ludwig von Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is performed for the first time on 

December 22. 

Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility is published. 


























The first edition of Kinder- und Hausmarchen (Children’s and Household Stories), volume 1 , is published; it comprises eighty-six tales gleaned from oral tradition. In England, George Gordon, 
Lord Byron, publishes the first two can tos of his narrative poem Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage . The United States declares war on Great Britain; the war ends in 1 81 5. 

The French withdraw from Kassel, and Napoleeon’s armies are defeated throughout Europe. Jacob Grimm is named to the Hessian peace delegation and goes to France and Vienna on 
diplomatic missions. When he returns from his professional travels, Jacob sees that political factions al ready undermine his hopes fora unified Germany. Wil helm becomes secretary to the royal 

librarian in Kassel. 

The brothers publish the first of their three-volume col lection of writings on folklore, linguistics, and medieval studies, Altdeutsche Walder(Old German Forests). In England, Jane Austen 

publishes Pride and Prejudice . 

Friedrich Karl von Savigny publishes Vom Beruf unsrer Zeitfur Gesetzgebung und Rechtswssenschaft (The Vocation of Our Age for Legislation and Jurisprudence ). 

The second volume of Kinder- und Hausmarchen ( Children’s and Household Stories) is published, comprising seventy ad ditional tales. The Grimm brothers publish Derarme Heinrich von 
Harmann von derAue (Poor Heinrich by Harmann von derAue), a medieval epic, with their scholarly com mentary; Lieder der alten Edda (Lays from the Elder Edda), a compilation/study of 
Teutonic folk stories; and volume 2 of Altdeutsche Walder(Old German Forests). Von Savigny pub lishes the first of his six-volume Geschichte des romischen Rechtsim Mittelalter (History of 

Roman Lawin the Middle Ages ). 

Jacob is granted a position as second librarian in Kassel. The Grimms publish volume 3 of Altdeutsche Walder and the two-volume Deutsche Sagen (German Legends ). 

Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein is first published in England in 1818. 

Jacob publishes the first volume of Deutsche Grammatik (German Grammar), a linguistic study considered the foun dation of German philology; the subsequent three vol umes are published in 
1826, 1831 , and 1837. Wilhelm takes on primary responsibility for editing future editions of Children’s and Household Stories . Both brothers are awarded honorary doctorates from the University 

of Mar burg. English poet John Keats publishes “Ode on a Gre cian Urn.” 

Sir Walter Scott’s historical romance Ivanhoe is published. 

Russian poet, playwright, and novelist Alexsandr Pushkin writes the historical tragedy Boris Godunov . 

Wilhelm Grimm marries Henriette Dorothea Wild, a ma jor contributor to the brothers’ collection of folktales; the couple has been acquainted for more than twenty years. 

The brothers publish Irische Elfenmarchen (Irish Fairy Tales), a translation, with an introductory essay by the Grimms, of Thomas Crofton Croker’s Fairy Legends and Traditions of the South of 

Ireland (1825). 

When Jacob is overlooked for an expected promotion, the siblings resign their posts in protest and move to Goottin gen, where they work as professors of German literature at the university. 

Goethe completes Faust, Part II ; he dies the following year in Weimar. 

Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen publishes his first collection of fairy tales. 

In the United States, Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes his essay “Nature,” a major work of Transcendentalist philos ophy. 

Ernst August (Ernest Augustus) II is crowned king and suspends the constitution of the German state of Hano ver, dissolves the parliament, and requires an oath of al legiance from all civil 
servants. The Grimm brothers join in protest against the absolutist monarchy and are dis missed from their university positions. In financial diffi culty, they begin work on the Deutsches Worterbuch 
(German Dictionary), a lexicographical history of the German Ian guage. In England, Queen Victoria is crowned; Charles Dickens publishes Pickwick Papers . American Samuel Morse invents the 


Through the influence of friends the Grimms receive pro fessorships at the University of Berlin, where they con tinue their work on the German Dictionary and other works in philology, linguistics, 

and German literature. 

Dickens publishes A Christmas Carol and Martin Chuzzlewit . 

In the United States, Edgar Allan Poe publishes “The Raven.” 

In England, Charlotte Bronteo’s novel Jane Eyre is pub lished, as are works by her two sisters, Emily (Wuthering Heights) and Anne (Agnes Grey ). 

After the German revolution, the Grimm brothers are elected to the civil parliament and attend the National Assembly as representatives. The revolutionary movement is short-lived; the brothers 
leave politics disappointed. Ja cob publishes the important two-volume philological study Geschichte der deutschen Sprache (History of the German Language) and retires from teaching to do 

research. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish Das Kommunistische Manifest (The Communist Manifesto ). 

American writer Herman Melville publishes Moby-Dick, or The Whale . 

Wilhelm Grimm retires from his university post. In their final years the brothers devote their energies to complet ing the German Dictionary. Unfortunately, the undertaking is too grand even for the 
Grimms; they die before reach ing the letter G; twentieth-century scholars will complete the dictionary. British polymath Peter Mark Roget pub lishes the first edition of his Thesaurus of English 

Words and Phrases . 

American teacher Thomas Bulfinch publishes The Age of Fable , an introduction to Greek, Roman, Celtic, and Scan dinavian mythology. 

Work begins on the Oxford English Dictionary . 

Wilhelm Grimm dies on December 16. Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species , his theory of evolution by natural selection. 


Jacob Grimm dies on September 20. In the United States, President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Ad dress. 


Originally intended for adults, the Kinder- und Hausmarchen ( Children’s and Household Stories) of the Brothers Grimm has become not only the world’s most important collection of folk and fairy tales, 
but also the central work in the literary culture of childhood. Paradoxically, the tales have been criticized ever since they first appeared as inappropriate for children — too frank about sex, too violent, too 
dark. The Grimms themselves began censoring the sex as they brought out successive editions, and subsequent editors and translators have continued the process, modifying the violence as well. But the 
darkness remains. 

These tales of enchantment and ordeal contain terrifying encounters with witches, giants, and devouring beasts. Even the more benign tales usually involve suffering or danger: persecution by a cruel 
stepmother or abusive father, a battle with a demon, at the very least marriage to a hedgehog or some other strange creature. There are confrontations with death itself, as in “The Three Snake-Leaves” 
and “The Godfather Death,” and with the enchanted sleep that resembles it, as in “The Glass Coffin” and “Briar Rose,” the Sleeping Beauty story. Yet in spite of these dark and deathly elements, or 
perhaps even because of them, the Grimms’ tales have a compelling vitality. They are cruder, wilder, more violent, and more fun than the elegant and poignantly beautiful tales of the Grimms’ Danish 
contemporary Hans Christian Andersen. 

Unlike Andersen, the Grimms did not invent new tales but collected old ones, with the intention of preserving the oral tradition of the German peasantry. Whether in fact they fulfilled that intention has 
been questioned. Their tales do afford a glimpse of a world of castles and forests, nobles and peasants, superstitious beliefs and primitive practices that suggest origins at least as old as feudal Europe, 
and often much older. Some of the tales have been traced back through the centuries by way of earlier versions until they disappear into prehistoric times. 

Residues of the social and material conditions of the societies from which they came can be found in the tales, but transformed, as in a dream, by wish, fear, and fantasy. Indeed, the tales often have the 
strange logic, the freedom from the constraints of time and space, and the abrupt and violent action that characterize dreams and that Freud attributed to what he called “primary process,” the kind of 
thinking that prevails in the unconscious and in childhood. The boundary between reality and fantasy is porous and unstable; everything, including inanimate objects, is alive and responds magically to 
wishes and fears. There are mysteries and secrets everywhere, as in the lives of children, who are kept in the dark about fundamental realities — sex, death, money, and the whole complex mystery of their 
parents’ desires and disappointments. 

The sense of mystery and the belief in the magical powers of thought never go away entirely, but live on in the adult unconscious, accounting for the inexhaustible appeal of fairy tales. They reappear 
continually in new forms, not only for children but as sophisticated works for adults, such as Jean Cocteau’s classic film La Belle et la Beete (1946), Donald Barthelme’s ironic postmodern novel Snow 
White (1967), the unconventional feminist fictions of Angela Carter, the Stephen Sondheim musical Into the Woods (1987), and so on. Most German writers who came after the Grimms tried sooner or 
later to write a fairy tale. Even the stories of Franz Kafka are like fairy tales gone wrong. The patterns of fantasy and the narrative structures of the tales apparently satisfy profound psychological and 
aesthetic needs, endlessly generating new versions. 

Motifs from the Grimms’ tales also appear in older classic works of fiction and drama, including some that could not possibly have been influenced by them, such as Shakespeare’s plays. In The 
Merchant of Venice (c. 1595), the riddle of the three caskets posed to the candidates for Portia’s hand is like the “wooer-tests” in many tales. In King Lear (c. 1605), the old king demands from his 
daughter all her love, including that owed to a husband, like the incestuous king in the Grimms’ tale “Allerleirauh” (“Many Furs”). Lear’s good and loving daughter, Cordelia, is persecuted, like Cinderella, by 
two wicked elder sisters. 

The Cinderella pattern is perhaps the most widespread of all: The transformation of a poor and insignificant girl into a belle is the theme of innumerable novels, plays, and films. In Jane Austen’s 
Persuasion (1818), for instance, Anne Elliot is treated like a servant by her hateful sisters, yet it is she who wins the love of the princely Captain Wentworth. Isabel Archer, in Henry James’s Portrait of a 
Lady (1881), even has a fairy godmother — as Charles Perrault’s Cinderella does, although the Grimms’ does not — a male one who leaves her a fortune, enabling her, ironically, to choose the poorest but 
worst of her canonical three suitors. This figure of the mysterious benefactor, like the dwarf in “The Singing Bone,” recurs frequently in the tales, and also in novels, especially those of Dickens — Magwitch 
in Great Expectations (1 860-1 861 ), for instance. Novels and plays differ from tales in many respects, notably in giving their characters rich inner lives, while in tales psychological conflicts are worked out 
in action. Nonetheless, the parallels at the level of plot between tales and the larger and more fully developed forms are striking and could make a very long list. It seems that the Kinder- und 
Hausmarchen form a great repository of narrative motifs that have circulated throughout Europe in various forms for hundreds, perhaps thousands, of years. How they made their way into the tales is only 
one of the many unresolved questions associated with the Grimms and their work. 

The Brothers Grimm were born a year apart — Jacob in 1785 and Wilhelm in 1786 — into the family of a prosperous lawyer in the German village of Hanau. When Jacob was eleven years old and 
Wilhelm ten, their circumstances changed radically, after a sudden blow of fortune like those that befall children in the tales they would later produce. Their father died, precipitating his wife and six children 
(there had been nine; three died in infancy) into dire poverty. With the help of relatives, the boys managed to get an excellent education, although they were miserably lodged and fed, and with a kind of 
bizarre fairy-tale logic were denied financial grants to attend university on the grounds that they were too poor. Nonetheless, like the dogged, resilient heroes of their tales, they persevered. 

At the University of Marburg they came under the influence of a distinguished legal scholar, Friedrich Karl von Savigny, who studied German law in the context of its origins in the language and culture of 
the early Germanic peoples, inspiring the Grimms to apply the same methods to their studies in philology and literature. The brothers began collecting and transcribing old tales, believing that these 
remnants of a vanishing folk culture could offer some understanding of the origins of German poetry. The first volume of their collection was published in 1812, followed by a second in 1815. At first, the 
Kinder- und Hausmarchen sold modestly, but it went through seven editions during the Grimms’ lifetime, eventually becoming the all-time world best-seller in the German language, second in Germany 
itself only to the Bible. 

After 1815 Jacob left most of the work on the tales to Wilhelm, but both brothers went on to become prodigious scholars, pioneers in the study of the grammar, history, and mythology of the Germanic 

languages, and in medieval studies. Jacob formulated “Grimm’s law,” a theory of consonant changes in the Germanic languages, and with Wilhelm began the great German dictionary that had reached the 
letter F at the time of Jacob’s death, and was finally completed only in 1961. All told, Jacob published twenty-one books, Wilhelm fourteen, and the two together eight, in addition to many volumes of 
essays, notes, and letters. Both Grimms worked as librarians, and both became professors at the University of Goottingen. In 1 837, when the new king of the state of Hanover dissolved parliament and 
required all state employees to swear allegiance to him, the Grimms declined to do so. They were fired and became known, along with five others who refused, as members of the “Goottingen Seven.” 
Jacob was actually exiled from Hanover and was escorted to the border by an enthusiastic band of student supporters. In 1840 the brothers were appointed to the faculty of the University of Berlin. 

Both Grimms were elected to the parliament established at the time of the revolution of 1848, but they withdrew from politics after the frustration of their hopes for German unification and democratic 
reform. They continued to live in the same household even after Wilhelm married and had children, and seem to have been inseparable until the death of Wilhelm in 1859; Jacob died four years later. 

The first edition of the Kinder- und Hausmarchen had prefaces and scholarly notes, and was intended primarily for adults and for other scholars. It was the most ambitious and systematic collection of 
German folktales to have appeared, if not the first. The passion for folklore was one of the principal currents of German Romanticism, with its interest in origins and its love of the spontaneous and the 
natural. Moreover, the search for the roots of an authentic German literary and linguistic identity had intense political as well as cultural significance. When the Grimms began their research there was no 
unified German state and German lands were under French occupation; Jeeroome Bonaparte, the younger brother of Napoleeon I, had established his court in the city of Kassel, where the Grimms then 
lived. In 1814, after the French defeat, Jacob was appointed secretary to the Hessian peace legation and went with it to Vienna, and laterto Paris. 

In the preface to the first edition, the Grimms celebrate the purely German and authentically oral and peasant origins of the tales. They had the good luck, they say, to find a village storyteller, Frau 
Viehmann, whose tales were “genuinely Hessian,” thus from a “rough-hewn” and relatively unchanged and isolated region.- The folktales, they write, “have kept intact German myths that were thought to be 
lost”; further search “in all the hallowed regions of our fatherland” would reveal other treasures. The German and oral roots are emphasized again and again: “Everything that has been collected here from 
oral traditions is (with the exception of ‘Puss in Boots’ perhaps) purely German in its origin as well as in its development and has not been borrowed from any sources.” 

Actually, the character and provenance of the tales are much more complicated than this. As Jack Zipes explains in The Brothers Grimm: From Enchanted Forests to the Modern World (see “For 
Further Reading”), the Grimms did in fact get tales from peasants and lower-class people, but they also acquired them from other kinds of informants, including educated young women among their friends 
from upper-middle-class and aristocratic families. These women had heard some of their stories from peasant nannies or servants, but they had also read them in books and magazines. The Grimms 
themselves took “Jorinde and Joringel” and other tales from books; “The Juniper Tree,” written by the artist Philipp Otto Runge (1777-1810), first appeared in a magazine. The use of something other than 
oral materials is hinted at in the rather confusing sentence above referring to “Puss in Boots.” At least one of the Grimms’ young women informants came from a French-speaking Huguenot family and 
would have known the celebrated fairytales of Charles Perrault, published in 1697, including “Le Maoftre Chat, ou le Chat bottee,” the Puss in Boots story. According to the German philologist and Grimm 
scholar Heinz Roolleke, even Frau Viehmann, the Hessian storyteller, was actually the daughter of an innkeeper, of partly French Huguenot ancestry, and thus not quite the echt German peasant portrayed 
by the Grimms (McGlathery, ed., The Brothers Ghmm and Folktale). 

Apparently troubled by these issues, the brothers return to them in the preface to the second edition, where they write, “We have reviewed everything that seemed suspicious, namely what might have 
been of foreign origin. ...” They threw out “Puss in Boots,” but retained other tales almost identical to those of Perrault — among them “Cinderella,” “Little Red Riding Hood,” and “Allerleirauh” (“Many 
Furs”), which is essentially Perrault’s “Peau d’aone” (“Donkey Skin”). The Grimms knew the earlier collections well and even allude explicitly in the preface to the tales of Perrault, Giambattista Basile 
(1575-1632), Giovan Francesco Straparola (c. 1480-1557), and the collection of medieval Welsh tales known as The Mabinogion. 

Although all of these works long antedated their own, indicating that some of the tales they were collecting must have derived from these earlier “foreign” sources, the brothers seem to have convinced 
themselves that their versions were separate German tales that somehow resembled the “foreign” ones or were even their true originals. Trying to account for the “widespread diffusion of the German 
tales,” they write, “we find . . . precisely these tales, throughout Europe, thus revealing a kinship among the noblest peoples.” Here, in their eagerness to praise the superiority of northern Europeans, they 
appear to be ignoring some obvious non-European sources, such as The Thousand and One Nights , the famous collection from Arab, Persian, and Indian sources, in which, to cite just one example, “Ali 
Baba and the Forty Thieves” contains elements that will later appear in the Grimms’ “Simeli Mountain.” 

In the preface to the second edition, the Grimms emphasize the “accuracy and truth” of their methods and condemn others who embellish folk materials. Yet they acknowledge their own editorial efforts: 
“Fragments have been completed, many stories have been told more directly and simply, and there are very few tales that do not appear in improved form.” Moreover, stories that “complemented each 
other” have been combined — sometimes producing, it must be said, awkward results. The Grimms also put into the stories rhymes and proverbs to give the sense of real peasant storytelling. Yet they 
write, “We did not add anything from our own resources,” but only sorted out “what is pure, simple, and yet intact from what is inauthentic.” “Authenticity,” then, was not a quality intrinsic to the tales as 
recorded, but rather an ideal to be striven for, something to be created in order to give the tales their true character. 

The same kind of self-contradiction characterizes the Grimms’ attitude toward “certain matters.” As the tales became popular with children, parents complained about references to sex and other bodily 
functions. In the first edition, the brothers dismiss such criticism on the grounds that everything in the tales is natural: “Nature itself . . . has let these flowers and leaves grow in these colors and shapes.” In 
the second edition, however, after positing “the innocence ... of a straightforward narrative that does not conceal anything wrong by holding back on it,” they go on to say, “nonetheless, in this new edition, 
we have carefully eliminated every phrase not appropriate for children.” Over the course of successive editions, many erotic and excremental references were cut out or toned down. In the first edition, for 
example, the donkey in “The Table, the Ass, and the Stick” emits gold from both ends, but later the gold comes only out of its mouth. In the first edition, after her nightly frolics with the prince, Rapunzel 
notices that her clothes are getting tighter; later editions delete any reference to this suspicious weight gain. The process of revision and editing to make the stories less offensive, more coherent, more 
“authentic,” and so on, went on continuously, beginning with the first handwritten transcriptions from oral sources until the final edition of 1857. In their attempt to find and record the authentic voice of the 
German folk — “the value of a voice speaking directly to the heart” — the Grimms seem to have ended up with all the ambiguities of writing. 

The whole idea of a purely oral tradition of the tale has in fact been questioned. The French stories that made their way into the Grimms’ volumes were certainly written. They came, via Perrault and 
others, out of the French conte, a sophisticated mode of storytelling that had been a pastime and jeu d’esprit in aristocratic salons in France since the late seventeenth century. Some of these stories were 
invented by their upper-class authors, but others were acquired from peasant nurses and servants. It seems that tales passed in and out of print in France, as in the German lands and elsewhere. Just as 

upper-class writers heard tales from illiterate tellers and embellished and published them, so lower-class people heard stories from books, modified them, and passed them on, until eventually they made 
their way once again into print. 

The distinction between oral and “literary” material is thus not clear. Nor is there a clear distinction between the conte de feees , the fairy tale that dealt mostly with aristocratic characters and marvelous 
events, and the folktale, with its real-life setting of farm and village. The Grimms’ collection contains tales of both kinds and many that are mixed, with the forest, which is both natural and full of mystery, 
functioning as a kind of intermediate space between the real world of peasants and farm animals and the fantastic realm of talking beasts and enchanted castles. 

Whether oral or written, the modes of transmission and dispersal of the tales remain somewhat obscure. How do the same tales or motifs turn up in widely separated cultures? The farther these motifs 
are pursued through time and space, the more tangled the lines of possible influence and transmission. The German Sanskrit scholar Theodor Benfey proposed in 1859 in his preface to the 
Panchatantra, a collection of Indian tales, that the European tales had originated in India and spread from there. This theory of “monogenesis” was challenged in 1893 by French philologist and 
medievalist Joseph Beedier, who argued for “polygenesis,” the independent origins of tales found in different parts of the world. In the latter case the remarkable re semblances among tales from different 
times and places would have to be accounted for by fundamental similarities in the physical and psychological patterns of human life across cultures. 

In the blurred logic of their prefaces, the Grimms seem to be struggling with all of these problems, and with the ambiguous and heterogeneous nature of their material. In their search for the purity and 
simplicity of the German oral tradition, they found both less and more than they sought. The tales — natural “flowers and leaves” supposedly plucked from pristine country lanes — turn out in many cases to 
be complex hybrid blooms whose genetic structure and inheritance are still not fully understood. 

The study of folk and fairy tales has given rise to many theories and schools of interpretation. Anthropological and mythical interpreters find in the tales allusions to primitive rituals, especially initiation 
rites, as well as prescientific and mythic representations of natural phenomena, such as the change of the seasons. For Freud, fairy tales reveal unconscious fantasies like those in dreams. The 
psychoanalytic approach is most fully developed in a study by Bruno Bettelheim, The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales , which contains interpretations of many of the 
Grimms’ tales. Under the influence of the theories of Carl Jung, Joseph Campbell, in The Hero with a Thousand Faces , sees in the hero of the tale and his trials archetypes of the collective unconscious, 
the timeless reservoir of universal human experience. In Morphology of the Folktale , the Russian formalist critic Vladimir Propp classifies tales according to a limited number of functions performed by the 
characters, always in a fixed sequence. The historical-geographic method of the Finnish folk lorist Antti Aarne and the American Stith Thompson traces tales back through variants to their presumed 
places of origin. Feminist critics try to show how fairy tales reflect and perpetuate patterns of male domination and female subjection and passivity, an argument incorporated into a broader Marxist 
critique focused on the political and social dimension of the tales by Jack Zipes, a scholar and translator of the tales. 

No single theory can account for the Kinder- und Hausmarchen, a complex, multidimensional work made up of more than 200 smaller works of varying type and quality, with many layers of intention and 
meaning. Although the Grimms selected, edited, expanded, revised, and generally imposed their own sensibility on the tales, giving them a certain unity of tone, they did not invent them. The tales come 
from different times and places and retain the traces of their origins — oral and written, primitive and sophisticated, peasant, middle class, and aristocratic — all filtered through the particular historical and 
class consciousness, the moral ideals, and the unconscious wishes and fantasies of the brothers themselves. Thus they present difficult problems for criticism. A comparison of two of the most interesting 
approaches — the Marxist analysis of Jack Zipes and the psychoanalytic explication of Bruno Bettelheim — may cast some light on these problems and on the tales themselves. 

Jack Zipes focuses on the social and historical context and consciousness of the Grimms and their work. In Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion , he asserts that in the early folktales “the main 
characters and concerns of a monarchistic, patriarchal, and feudal society are presented, and the focus is on class struggle and competition for power” (p. 8). Although injustice and oppression are 
temporarily overcome to produce the usual happy ending, this happens through magical means, leaving relationships of power fundamentally unchanged. Zipes argues that the Grimms adapted the old 
tales to the ideals of nineteenth-century capitalism, with the goal of socializing children to bourgeois society: 

The male hero learns to be active, competitive, handsome, industrious, cunning, acquisitive. His goal is money, power, and a woman (also associated with chattel). His jurisdiction is the open world. 
His happiness depends on the just use of power. The female hero learns to be passive, obedient, self-sacrificing, hard-working, patient, and straight-laced. Her goal is wealth, jewels, and a man to 
protect her property rights. Her jurisdiction is the home or castle. Her happiness depends on conformity to patriarchal rule (p. 57). 

The child reader, in Zipes’s view, is being indoctrinated unconsciously to accept these bourgeois ideals. The tales are particularly apt for this purpose just because they are thought of as timeless classics 
outside the real world of history, politics, and class conflict. 

In Fairy Tale as Myth, Myth as Fairy Tale , Zipes says that the best-known tales have become myths, thereby taking on a quasi-religious authority that disguises their roots in a particular historical and 
political context. Following the ideas of the French literary critic and theorist Roland Barthes (1915-1 980), Zipes claims that this mythification of the tale makes what is contingent, political, and ideological 
appear natural, true, and universal. In this way, the classic tale has become “dehistoricized, depoliticized to represent and maintain the hegemonic interests of the bourgeoisie” (p. 6). In a chapter entitled 
“Rumpelstiltskin and the Decline of Female Productivity,” Zipes analyzes the tale of the miller’s daughter who spins straw into gold with the aid of a tyrannical gnome in the context of changes in the 
manufacture of linen after the invention of the spinning machine in 1764: “The Grimms were making a social-historical statement about the exploitation of women as spinners and the appropriation of the 
art/craft of spinning by men” (p. 55). 

Like Jack Zipes, Bruno Bettelheim also sees folk and fairy tales as influencing the child’s development and relationship to society, but in quite a different way. In The Uses of Enchantment, Bettelheim 
is concerned not with the historical and political dimensions of the tales, but rather with their representation in symbolic form of the child’s inner life, which he sees as essentially timeless rather than rooted 
in a particular historical context. “By dealing with universal human problems, particularly those which occupy a child’s mind, these stories speak to his budding ego and encourage its development, while at 
the same time relieving preconscious and unconscious pressures” (p. 6). The reality of the fairytale is not that of the external world, says Bettelheim: “No sane child ever believes that these tales describe 
the world realistically” (p. 117). The fairy-tale kings and queens, with their arbitrary power, are not the unjust authorities of the world of history and politics, but rather the monarchs of the child’s daily life, the 
father and mother. The prevalence of evil stepmothers in fairy tales is attributed by Zipes and other critics to the frequency in earlier centuries of death in childbirth, which left widowers to take new wives 
hostile to the first wife’s children. Bettelheim, however, sees the evil stepmother character not as a product of actual historical conditions, but as a psychological stand-in for the cruel, angry, or rejecting 
side of the real mother, who can then be idealized, in the person of the dead biological mother, as all good and loving. This interpretation is substantiated by the fact that after the first edition, Wilhelm 

changed mothers to stepmothers in “Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs” and “Hansel and Grethel.” 

The extremes of absolute good and evil in the tales, according to Bettelheim, appeal to the tendency to polarization on the part of the immature ego, which cannot yet tolerate the mixed and ambiguous 
nature of real mothers and of reality generally. Dragons, giants, and demons also correspond to aspects of the child’s inner life — anxieties, hatreds, sadistic fantasies. In these frightening creatures, the 
child meets and conquers “the monster he feels or fears himself to be, and which also sometimes persecutes him” (p. 120). 

One of Bettelheim’s most sustained analyses is of “Briar Rose,” the Sleeping Beauty story; which he reads as an account of adolescence and sexual maturation. In this story a king, having been told by 
an evil fairy that his daughter will prick her finger on a spindle and die, tries to avert the curse by banishing all spinning from the castle. Yet inevitably, at the age of fifteen, the princess manages to find a 
spindle, pricks her finger, and begins to bleed, inheriting the prophesied “curse” of menstruation. She falls into an enchanted sleep — the narcissistic trance of adolescence — protected against premature 
sexual encounters by a thorny hedge, until wakened to mature sexual love by the prince’s kiss. 

Zipes, who attacks Bettelheim’s interpretations on the grounds that they ignore historical and social contexts, reads the Sleeping Beauty story very differently, as “a bourgeois myth about the proper way 
males save . . . comatose women” (The Brothers Grimm , p. 1 52). The charge of sexual stereotyping in the tales, however, does not concern Bettelheim: “Even when a girl is depicted as turning inward . . . 
and a boy aggressively dealing with the external world, these two together symbolize the two ways in which one has to gain selfhood: through learning to understand and master the inner as well as the 
outer world” (p. 226). Bettelheim believes that children are able to relate a story to their own experience regardless of the main character’s sex. 

Bettelheim explores the psychological richness of the tales in fascinating detail, opening up endless possibilities of understanding and interpretation. But he does tend to idealize them, emphasizing 
their beauty and their healing properties. In a detailed analysis of “Cinderella,” for example, he argues that the tale deals with the hidden sexual and aggressive tensions within the family and finally 
resolves them in a positive way: “ ‘Cinderella’ sets forth the steps in personality development required to reach self-fulfillment, and presents them in fairy-tale fashion so that every person can understand 
what is required of him to become a full human being” (p. 275). 

There are, however, other related but less beautiful tales dealing with the relationship between a widowed father and his daughter, such as “The Handless Maiden” and “Allerleirauh” (“Many Furs”), which 
Bettelheim does not analyze, perhaps because they do not present such positive developments, at least not very convincingly. These stories are less famous than “Cinderella,” and for good reason. In 
“Allerleirauh” the widowed king wants to marry his daughter, who runs away, disguising herself as a kitchen maid. In “The Handless Maiden,” the king asks his daughter to let him chop off her hands in 
order to save himself from the Evil One, suggesting powerful evil desires that can be thwarted only by mutilation; the daughter submits and then flees her father. 

In both of these fascinating stories, the father — like King Lear, whose story originates in a related legend — demands an excessive and unnatural love from his daughter. The Oedipal horrors — 
incestuous desire, abuse, and mutilation — are too obvious and frightening to make for entirely agreeable reading. Both stories end well: The Handless Maiden gets silver hands and then grows new ones, 
and both heroines marry kings — perhaps new father figures. But the happy endings seem unconvincing — especially the new hands! — and not fully adequate to the anxieties aroused by the original 

In another version of the Handless Maiden story, considered more authentic by the Grimms themselves, the girl’s father asks for his daughter’s hand in marriage and, when she refuses, has her hands 
and breasts chopped off. As usual, the most shocking details were deleted from the published version by the Grimms. In the words of the critic Peter Dettmering, “Faced with monstrously cruel mothers 
and with fathers driven by incestuous desires, they sought their salvation in the editing of texts” (quoted in Tatar, The Hard Facts of the Grimms’ Fairy Tales, p. 37). Going back to the earlier versions of 
one of their tales is rather like the process Freud describes in interpreting a dream: The edited text, like the manifest dream remembered in consciousness, conceals a repressed forbidden content, often 
an unedited account of cruelty and incest. 

Abuse of children is presented more openly where there is no explicitly sexual element. In dozens of tales children are starved, beaten, persecuted, or abandoned, mostly by their own fathers or 
(step)mothers. These tales do not always reach a hopeful resolution like that of “Hansel and Grethel,” which Bettelheim reads as an account of the “difficulties and anxieties of the child who is forced to 
give up his dependent attachment to the mother and free himself of his oral fixation” (p. 170). Oral needs could also be said to figure in “The Poor Boy in the Grave,” where a starving orphan boy, beaten 
and abused by his master, betrayed by the judge who might have protected him, gorges himself on stolen honey and wine in a last desperate effort to gratify his hunger before dying. The fire that destroys 
the home of the cruel master is no consolation to the reader of this bitter tale, which could have been taken from a real-life account in the newspaper, in the Grimms’ time or our own. Although a 
psychoanalytic interpretation in terms of children’s oral needs and fears could be worked out, it would serve only to minimize the real-life horror depicted here. 

In “The Juniper Tree,” one of the most celebrated and moving tales, a little boy is killed by his stepmother, who tries to blame the crime on her daughter and then cooks the boy in a stew and feeds it to 
his father. The motif of the child fed to the father has a past in Greek mythology and could also be analyzed in psychoanalytic ways, like “Hansel and Grethel,” in terms of the child’s fears of its own 
unconscious cannibalistic impulses. But despite the fantastic ending, in which the mother is killed and the child resurrected, the acutely observed details of the mother’s behavior and feeling — her 
momentary remorse, her attempt to blame the daughter — give it a chilling realism and suggest the horror of adult malice rather than childish fantasy. Bettelheim does not comment on this story, perhaps 
because it fits less well his paradigm of the tales as representations of children’s unconscious conflicts and their resolution. His optimistic view works better with the more positive tales than with the 
darkest and most tragic ones, just as classical psychoanalytic theory works better with children’s typical sexual and aggressive fantasies than with instances of actual abuse. The tales, like all genuine 
works of art, are rooted in reality as well as in fantasy, and the reality of life among an impoverished peasantry meant that children were abandoned, abused, and murdered, even more frequently than in 
our own time and place. 

Bettelheim scarcely mentions another disturbing aspect of the tales, evoked in the prefaces by the romantic idealization of the “pure” German folk and the concern with screening out “foreign” influences. 
This vocabulary suggests the racist strain in German nationalism, later to become murderous obsession. Of the three tales with Jewish characters in the Grimms’ collection, two — “The Jew Among Thorns” 
(included in this selection) and “The Good Bargain” (not included here) — are frankly anti-Semitic. In the third tale (also not included here), “The Bright Sun Brings It to Light,” a man who murders a Jew is 
actually brought to justice. 

Sad to say, Nazi ideologues enshrined the Kinder- und Hausmarchen as virtually a sacred text, a special expression of the spirit of the Volk, as Maria Tatar points out, and even came up with a 
reading of “Little Red Riding Hood” as an allegory of the menace to the German people from the Jewish wolf (The Hard Facts, p. 41 ). The Grimms, long dead by then, were obviously not responsible for 

this interpretation, but they undoubtedly did real harm by including the two anti-Semitic stories in their collection and even, as Ruth Bottigheimer notes, in Grimms’ Bad Girls and Bold Boys (p. 140), 
reprinting them in a short edition for children. Thus the tales should not be idealized. They do enrich the mental lives of children, as Bettelheim shows, yet some of them evoke not universal psychological 
conflicts but dangerous prejudices in the culture from which they came. 

There is a whiff of perverse cruelty in many tales, not only in the frightening ordeals undergone by heroes and heroines, but also in the inventively sadistic punishments meted out to villains, who have to 
dance in red-hot shoes, get their eyes pecked out by birds, are rolled down hills in barrels studded inside with nails, or are thrown into vats containing boiling oil, poisonous snakes, or both. Adults tend to 
be more unnerved than children by these elements of the German Gothic imagination; at one public reading an audience of children found “The Juniper Tree” not horrifying but “hilarious” (Tatar, p. 21). In 
any case the grisly cruelty in the tales comes out of the same amoral source that generates their vital narrative energy and imaginative richness, and the pleasure they afford is not entirely innocent. The 
sense of an unacknowledged darkness beneath the surface is part of what makes them both disturbing and compelling. 

This mysterious and somewhat perverse vitality may also prevent the tales from truly fulfilling the function of moral instruction, for either good or ill. They have been used for that purpose in the German 
school curriculum, and William Bennett, the conservative moralist, has included several of them in his Book of Virtues: A Treasury of Great Moral Stories (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993), a volume 
of improving literature for children. There is, of course, absolutely nothing wrong with this, but it probably doesn’t work. To be sure, virtue is presented movingly in the tales, as in “Star Dollars,” where in an 
act of radical Christian charity a little girl gives her last rag of clothing to another child in the snowy forest, or in the self-sacrificing love of the many siblings who try to rescue each other from harm. In more 
typical examples, virtue is rewarded with wealth and position, as in the best middle-class Protestant morality. Kindness to beggars, for example, pays off, these unattractive characters usually turning out to 
be wealthy and powerful beings under enchantment who reward good behavior handsomely. 

But it is not clear that children actually respond to this pattern as the moralist might hope, as suggested by the unpredictable laughter at “The Juniper Tree.” By the same token, the tales may not really 
function, as Jack Zipes fears, to perpetuate an unjust social order by instilling bourgeois virtues of industry, obedience, and submission to patriarchal authority. There is great variety among the tales and a 
great range of meanings and morals; some apparently have no moral at all beyond a good laugh. Among the 200 in the Grimms’ final edition, there are romantic stories of love, enchantment, and rescue, 
but also tall tales, animal fables, crime stories, funny stories about spectacularly stupid people, and bawdy fabliaux like “The Wedding of Mrs. Fox,” in which all but the youngest child will sense a dirty joke. 
In many cases the hero wins out through the virtues of courage and perseverance, but in others cunning and deceit carry the day. 

The tales embody and gratify many desires, some of them contradictory: desires to have terrifying adventures, to know the cruelty of the world, to survive danger through one’s own cleverness and 
beauty, to see one’s enemies harshly punished, and finally to be recognized as king or queen and paired forever with a royal mate. Yet human beings also desire suffering, as history demonstrates all too 
well, if only to feel more intensely. Indeed, we want experience, although some varieties — such as the horrors of war, torture, and rape, the grisly murders and mutilations that both terrify and fascinate — are 
best had vicariously, as in reading “The Feather Bird” and “The Robber Bridegroom.” Here the moral lessons, if there are any, tend to be overshadowed for the reader by the sensational violence of the 
content. Taken together, the tales seem animated by a kind of anarchic energy that finally overwhelms moral and social lessons. 

The patriarchal pattern is often undercut in the same way. In “The Shoes Which Were Danced to Pieces,” for example, the twelve princesses who defy their father by slipping out of their locked bedroom 
every night are finally reined in by an old soldier, who follows them to their underground dance hall and is rewarded by the king with the hand of the eldest princess; thus the authority of the father-king is 
reestablished. But the most memorable elements of the story are the thrilling secret staircase under the bed, the underground lake and castle, and the trees with leaves of silver, gold, and diamond. The 
brilliant fantasy world of the rebellious girls is far more important to the reader than the actions of the king or the old soldier. 

Another rebellious princess, in “King Thrush-Beard,” mocks all her suitors until her father forces her to marry a beggar and work as a serving maid. But in the end things turn out well for the choosy girl, 
who discovers that her beggar husband is actually a king. The Jungfrau Maleen, in the tale of that name, refuses the marriage arranged by her father, who walls her up in a tower. After digging her way out 
with a bread knife, the determined Maleen tracks down her true love and wins him back from a counterfeit bride, who loses her head for her evil deeds. Even Rapunzel, the quintessential imprisoned 
maiden, manages to find a lover and get him into her tower at night by using her hair as a ladder, then survives for years in a desert as the single mother of twins. It is not the prince who rescues her, but 
she who saves him, by curing his blindness with her tears. 

There are many examples of clever, active, and even heroic young women. In “The Robber Bridegroom,” the heroine tricks a cannibalistic murderer and brings him to justice, and in “The Feather Bird” 
another heroine rescues herself and her two sisters from a wizard who is really a serial sex killer. In a number of moving tales, a sister protects or rescues her brothers, as in “The Six Swans,” “The Seven 
Crows,” and “The Twelve Brothers,” where the sister offers her life for those of her brothers. 

Peasant women are often presented as bold and cunning. In “The Peasant’s Wise Daughter,” the girl gives her father practical advice, rescues him from prison, figures out a riddle, marries the king, 
saves a poor man from the king’s cruelty, escapes a death sentence, and finally brings her difficult husband to heel. Clever Grethel, in the story of that name, eats and drinks the food and wine she had 
prepared for her master’s dinner party, then covers up her misdeed by sending him off in pursuit of his guests armed with a carving knife. In “Old Hildebrand,” a wife conspires with her lover, the village 
parson, to get rid of her gullible husband by sending him on a pilgrimage. 

Even though there are not really enough adventurous heroines to go around, the female reader can easily identify across the barrier of gender with the male hero, as in reading a novel. If this were not 
possible, women would be barred from access to more than half the world’s great literature. In reading stories such as “The Golden Bird,” the girl imagines herself into the skin of the adventurous male 
protagonist rather than withholding her interest until a princess with whom to identify appears on the scene. 

There are numerous contemporary attempts to write fairy tales with correct messages, some of them charming and successful. But many suffer from the imaginative flatness produced by good 
intentions; they have no subtext, only a text, and the provocative richness and ambiguity of the Grimm stories is lost. Those who want to subvert the originals often fail to notice the extent to which they 
subvert themselves. “Little Red Riding Hood,” for instance, contains an explicit moral — don’t stray from the straight path, don’t talk to strange wolves — that has been applied in a variety of contexts by 
parents, teachers, mythologists, feminists, even Nazis. In all cases it is clearly a parable about how to avoid danger by following the instructions of those in authority. Yet does it really work that way? The 
most exciting part of the story, the bit children like to hear over and over, is the sly dialogue between wolf and girl, culminating in the terrifying moment when the hairy beast leaps out of bed and grabs her. 
Referring to the Perrault version, in which Petit Chaperon Rouge actually undresses and gets into bed with the wolf, the American writer Djuna Barnes (1892-1982) commented, “Children know something 
they can’t tell; they like Red Riding Hood and the wolf in bed!” (quoted in Bettelheim, p. 176). 

In such richly symbolic material, imagination and desire seize what they will, in spite of social and moral lessons. Above all, the imagination responds to the sense of another dimension of experience. 
Most of the tales, even those set in the real world of farm or village, open up suddenly into a magical space of adventure. This may happen through the encounter with a powerful being (a witch, a giant, a 
talking animal) or through some apparently ordinary object (a comb, a mirror, a hat) that is suddenly revealed to have unexpected powers. Through such beings or objects the hero or heroine gains 
entrance to another world existing within that of ordinary reality, a magical space like the lake and castle under the bed in “The Shoes Which Were Danced to Pieces” or the cavern inside the mountain in 
“Old Rinkrank.” 

These enchanted places suggest the freedom of the imagination itself, existing within the real world of history, class conflict, and politics and yet always escaping it, claiming some degree of autonomy. 
The reader of the tales, child or adult, gains access to this other dimension, the realm of structured fantasy that is the source of literature and art, where the creative power of the mind itself offers at least 
partial freedom from the real world of conflict and oppression, and even the hope of one day transforming it. 

Elizabeth Dalton is Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Barnard College. She is the author of Unconscious Structure in “The Idiot” ( Princeton University Press, 1 979), a psychoanalytic 
study of Dostoevsky’s novel, and has published fiction and criticism in The NewYorker, Partisan Review, Commentary, and The NewYork Times Book Review. 

The Frog Princei 

I n the olden time, when wishing was having, there lived a King, whose daughters were all beautiful; but the youngest was so exceedingly beautiful that the Sun himself, although he saw her very often, was 
surprised whenever she came out into the sunshine. 

Near the castle of this King, lay a large and gloomy forest, and in the midst stood an old lime-tree, beneath whose branches flowed a tranquil brook; whenever it was very hot, the King’s youngest 
daughter ran off into this wood, and sat down on the bank of the cool stream; and, when she felt dull, would often divert herself by throwing a golden ball up in the air and catching it. And this was her 
favourite amusement. 

Now, one day it so happened, that this golden ball, when the King’s daughter threw it into the air, did not fall down into her hand, but on the grass; and then it rolled past her into a little fountain. The 
King’s daughter followed the ball with her eyes, but it disappeared beneath the water, which was so deep that no one could see to the bottom. Then she began to lament, and to cry louder and louder; and, 
as she cried, a voice called out, “Why weepest thou, O King’s daughter! thy tears would melt even a stone to pity.” And she looked around to the spot whence the voice came, and saw a Frog stretching 
his thick ugly head out of the water. “Ah! you old water-paddler,” said she, “was it you that spoke? I am weeping for my golden ball which has slipped away from me into the water.” 

“Be quiet, and do not cry,” answered the Frog; “I can give thee good advice. But what wilt thou give me if I fetch thy plaything up again?” 

“What will you have, dear Frog?” said she. “My dresses, my pearls and jewels, or the golden crown which I wear?” 

The Frog answered, “Dresses, or jewels, or golden crowns, are not for me; but if thou wilt love me, and let me be thy companion and playfellow, and sit at thy table, and eat from thy little golden plate, and 
drink out of thy cup, and sleep in thy little bed, — if thou wilt promise me all these, then will I dive down and fetch up thy golden ball.” 

“Oh, I will promise you all,” said she, “if you will only get me my ball.” But she thought to herself, “What is the silly Frog chattering about? Let him remain in the water with his equals; he cannot mix in 
society.” But the Frog, as soon as he had received her promise, drew his head under the water and dived down. Presently he swam up again with the ball in his mouth, and threw it on the grass. The King’s 
daughter was full of joy when she again saw her beautiful plaything; and taking it up, she ran off immediately. “Stop! stop!” cried the Frog; “take me with thee. I cannot run as thou canst.” But all his croaking 
was useless; although it was loud enough, the King’s daughter did not hear it, but, hastening home, soon forgot the poor Frog, who was obliged to leap back into the fountain. 

The next day, when the King’s daughter was sitting at table with her father and all his courtiers, and was eating from her own little golden plate, something was heard coming up the marble stairs, splish- 
splash, splish-splash; and when it arrived at the top, it knocked at the door, and a voice said, “Open the door, thou youngest daughter of the King!” So she rose and went to see who it was that called her; 
but when she had opened the door, she perceived the Frog before her; then she shut the door with great vehemence, and sat down at the table, looking very pale. But the King perceived that her heart was 
beating violently, and asked her whether it was a giant who had come to fetch her away who stood at the door. “Oh no!” answered she; “it is no giant, but an ugly Frog.” 

“What does the Frog want with you?” said the King. 

“Oh, dear father, when I was sitting yesterday playing by the brook, my golden ball fell into the water, and this Frog fetched it up again because I cried so much: but first, I must tell you, he pressed me so 
much that I promised him that he should be my companion. I never thought that he could come out of the water, but somehow he has jumped out, and now he wants to come in here.” 

At that moment there was another knock, and a voice said, 

“King’s daughter youngest, 

Open the door. 

Hast thou forgotten 

Thy promises made 

By the banks of the streamlet, 

Beneath the beech-shade! 

King’s daughter, youngest, 

Open the door.” 

Then the King said, “What you have promised, that you must perform; go and let him in.” So the King’s daughter went and opened the door, and the Frog hopped in after her right up to her chair: and as 
soon as she was seated, the Frog said, “Take me up;” but she hesitated so long, that at last the King ordered her to obey. And as soon as the Frog sat on the chair he jumped on to the table and said, 
“Now push thy plate near me, that we may eat together.” And she did so, but, as every one saw, very unwillingly. The Frog seemed to relish his dinner much, but every bit that the King’s daughter ate nearly 
choked her, till at last the Frog said, “I have satisfied my hunger and feel very tired; wilt thou carry me up-stairs now into thy chamber, and make thy bed ready that we may sleep together?” At this speech 
the King’s daughter began to cry, for she was afraid of the cold Frog, and dared not touch him; and besides, he actually wanted to sleep in her own beautiful, clean bed. 

But her tears only made the King very angry, and he said, “He who helped you in the time of your trouble must not now be despised.” So she took the Frog up with two fingers and put him in a corner of 
her chamber. But, as she lay in her bed, he crept up to it and said, “I am so very tired that I shall sleep well; do take me up or I will tell thy father.” This speech put the King’s daughter in a terrible passion, 
and, catching the Frog up, she threw him with all her strength against the wall, saying, “Now, will you be quiet, you ugly Frog!” 

But as he fell he was changed from a frog into a handsome Prince with beautiful eyes, who after a little while became, with her father’s consent, her dear companion and betrothed. Then he told her how 
he had been transformed by an evil witch, and that no one but herself would have had the power to take him out of the fountain; and that on the morrow they would go together into his own kingdom. Then 

they went to sleep. 

The next morning, as soon as the sun rose, a carriage, drawn by eight white horses, with ostrich feathers on their heads, and golden bridles, drove up to the door of the palace, and behind the carriage 
stood the trusty Henry, the servant of the young Prince. When his master was changed into a frog, trusty Henry had grieved so much that he had bound three iron bands round his heart, for fear it would 
break with grief and sorrow. But now that the carriage was ready to carry the young Prince to his own country, the faithful Henry helped in the bride and bridegroom, and placed himself on the seat behind, 
full of joy at his master’s release. They had not proceeded far when the Prince heard a crack as if something had broken behind the carriage; so he put his head out of the window and asked Henry what 
was broken, and Henry answered “It was not the carriage, my master, but a band which I bound round my heart when it was in such grief because you were changed into a frog.” 

Twice afterwards on the journey there was the same noise, and each time the Prince thought that it was some part of the carriage that had given way; but it was only the breaking of the bands which 
bound the heart of the trusty Henry, who was now free and happy. 

A Tale of One Who Traveled to Learn What Shivering Meant 

Afather had two sons, the elder of whom was forward and clever enough to do almost any thing; but the younger was so stupid that he could learn nothing, and when the people saw him they said, “Will thy 
father still keep thee as a burden to him?” So if any thing was to be done, the elder had at all times to do it; but sometimes the father would call him to fetch something in the dead of night, and perhaps the 
way led through the churchyard or by a dismal place, and then he used to answer, “No, father, I cannot go there, I am afraid,” for he was a coward. Or sometimes, of an evening, tales were told by the 
fireside which made one shudder, and the listeners exclaimed, “Oh, it makes us shiver!” In a corner, meanwhile, sat the younger son listening, but he could not comprehend what was said, and he thought, 
“They say continually, ‘Oh, it makes us shiver, it makes us shiver!’ but perhaps shivering is an art which I cannot comprehend.” One day, however, his father said to him, “Do you hear, you there in the 
corner? You are growing stout and big; you must learn some trade to get your living by. Do you see how your brother works? But as for you, you are not worth malt and hops.” 

“Ah, father!” answered he, “I would willingly learn something. What shall I begin? I want to know what shivering means, for of that I can understand nothing.” 

The elder brother laughed when he heard this speech, and thought to himself, “Ah! my brother is such a simpleton that he cannot earn his own living. He who would be a woodcutter must stoop betimes.” 
But the father sighed and said, “What shivering means you may learn soon enough, but you will never get your bread by that.” 

Soon after the parish sexton^ came in for a gossip, so the father told him his troubles, and how that his younger son was such a simpleton that he knew nothing, and could learn nothing. “Just fancy, when 
I asked him how he intended to earn his bread, he desired to learn what shivering meant.” “Oh, if that be all,” answered the sexton, “he can learn that soon enough with me; just send him to my place, and I 
will soon teach him.” The father was very glad, because he thought that it would do the boy good; so the sexton took him home to ring the bells. About two days afterwards he called him up at midnight to 
go into the church tower to toll the bell. “You shall soon learn what shivering means,” thought the sexton, and getting up he went out. As soon as the boy reached the belfry, and turned himself round to seize 
the rope, he saw upon the stairs, near the sounding hole, a white figure. “Who’s there?” he called out; but the figure gave no answer, and neither stirred nor spoke. “Answer,” said the boy, “or make haste 
off; you have no business here to-night.” But the sexton did not stir, so that the boy might think that it was a ghost. 

The boy called out a second time, “What are you doing here? Speak, if you are an honest fellow, or else I will throw you down stairs.” 

The sexton said to himself, “That is not a bad thought,” but he remained quiet as if he were a stone. Then the boy called out for the third time, but it produced no effect; so, making a spring, he threw the 
ghost down the stairs, so that it rolled ten steps and then lay motionless in a corner. Thereupon he rang the bell, and then going home he lay down without saying a word, and fell fast asleep. The sexton’s 
wife waited some time for her husband, but he did not come; so at last she became anxious, woke the boy, and asked him if he knew where her husband was, who had gone before him to the tower. 

“No,” answered the boy; “but there was some one standing on the steps, who would not give any answer, nor go away, so I took him for a thief and threw him downstairs. Go now, and see where he is; 
perhaps it maybe he, but I should be sorry for it.” The wife ran off, and found her husband lying in a corner, groaning, with one of his ribs broken. 

She took him up and ran with loud outcries to the boy’s father, and told him, “Your son has brought a great misfortune on us; he has thrown my husband down and broken his bones. Take the good-for- 
nothing fellow from our house.” 

The terrified father came in haste and scolded the boy. “What do these wicked tricks mean? They will only bring misfortune upon you.” 

“Father,” answered the lad, “hear me! I am quite innocent. He stood there at midnight, like one who had done some evil; I did not know who it was, and cried three times, ‘Speak, or be off!’ ” 

“Ah!” said the father, “every thing goes badly with you. Get out of my sight; I do not wish to see you again.” 

“Yes, father, willingly; wait but one day, then will I go out and learn what shivering means. I now understand one business which will support me.” 

“Learn what you will,” replied the father; “all is the same to me. Here are fifty dollars; go forth with them into the world, and tell no man whence you came, or who your father is, for I am ashamed of you.” 

“Yes, father, as you wish; if you desire nothing else, I shall esteem thatve ry lightly.” 

As soon as day broke, the youth put his fifty dollars into a knapsack, and went out upon the high road, saying continually, “Oh, if I could but shiver!” 

Presently a man came up, who heard the boy talking to himself; and as they were just passing the place where the gallows stood, the man said, “Do you see? There is the tree where seven fellows have 

married the hempen maid, and now swing to and fro. Sit yourself down there and wait till midnight, and then you will know what it is to shiver.” 

“Oh! if that be all,” answered the boy, “I can very easily do that. But if I learn so speedily what shivering is, then you shall have my fifty dollars if you come again in the morning.” 

Then the boy went to the gallows, sat down, and waited for evening; and, as he felt cold, he made a fire. But about midnight the wind blew so sharp that, in spite of the fire, he could not keep himself 
warm. The wind blew the bodies against one another, so that they swung backwards and forwards, and he thought, “If I am cold here below by the fire, how must they freeze and tremble above!” So his 
compassion was excited, and contriving a ladder, he mounted, and unloosening them one after another, he brought down all seven. Then he poked and blew the fire, and sat them round that they might 
warm themselves; but, as they sat still without moving, their clothing caught fire. So he said, “Take care of yourselves, or I will hang all of you up again.” The dead heard not, and silently allowed their rags to 
burn. This made him so angry that he said, “If you will not hear, I cannot help you; but I will not burn with you!” So he hung them up again in a row, and sitting down by the fire he soon went to sleep. The next 
morning the man came, expecting to receive his fifty dollars, and asked, "Now do you know what shivering means?” “No,” he answered; “how should I know.” Those fellows up there have not opened their 
mouths, and were so stupid that they let the old rags on their bodies be burnt.” Then the man saw that he should not carry away the fifty dollars that day, so he went away saying, “I never met with such an 
one before.” 

The boy also went on his way, and began again to say, “Ah, if only I could but shiver; if I could but shiver!” A wagoner- walking behind overheard him, and asked, “Who are you?” 

“I do not know,” answered the boy. 

The wagoner asked again, “What do you here?” 

“I know not.” 

“Who is your father?” 

“I dare not say.” 

“What is it you are continually grumbling about?” 

“Oh,” replied the youth, “I wish to learn what shivering is, but nobody can teach me.” 

“Cease your silly talk,” said the wagoner. “Come with me, and I will see what I can do for you.” So the boy went with the wagoner, and about evening time they arrived at an inn where they put up for the 
night, and while they were going into the parlour he said, quite aloud, “Oh, if I could but shiver, if I could but shiver!” The host overheard him, and said, laughingly, “Oh, if that is all you wish, you shall soon 
have the opportunity.” “Hold your tongue,” said his wife; “so many imprudent people have already lost their lives, it were a shame and sin to such beautiful eyes that they should not see the light again.” But 
the youth said, “If it were ever so difficult I would at once learn it; for that reason I left home;” and he never let the host have any peace till he told him that not far off stood an enchanted castle, where any one 
might soon learn to shiver if he would watch there three nights. The King had promised his daughter in marriage to whomever would venture, and she was the most beautiful young lady that the sun ever 
shone upon. And he further told him that inside the castle there was an immense amount of treasure, guarded by evil spirits; enough to make any one free, and turn a poor man into a very rich one. Many 
had, he added, already ventured into this castle, but no one had ever come out again. 

The next morning this youth went to the King, and said, “If you will allow me, I wish to watch three nights in the enchanted castle.” The King looked at him, and because his appearance pleased him, he 
said, “You may make three requests, but they must be inanimate things you ask for, and such as you can take with you into the castle.” So the youth asked for a fire, a lathe, and a cutting-board. 

The King let him take these things by day into the castle, and when it was evening the youth went in and made himself a bright fire in one of the rooms, and, placing his cutting-board and knife near it, he 
sat down upon his lathe. “Ah, if I could but shiver!” said he. “But even here I shall never learn.” At midnight he got up to stir the fire, and, as he poked it, there shrieked suddenly in one corner, “Miau, miau, 
how cold I am!” “You simpleton!” he exclaimed, “what are you shrieking for; if you are so cold, come and sit down by the fire and warm yourself!” As he was speaking two great black cats sprang up to him 
with an immense jump, and sat down one on each side, looking at him quite wildly with their fiery eyes. When they had warmed themselves for a little while they said, “Comrade, shall we have a game of 
cards?” “Certainly,” he replied; “but let me see your paws first.” So they stretched out their claws, and he said, “Ah, what long nails you have got; wait a bit, I must cut them off first;” and so saying, he caught 
them up by their necks and put them on his board and screwed their feet down. “Since I have seen what you are about I have lost my relish for a game at cards,” said he, and instantly killing them, threw 
them away into the water. But no sooner had he quieted these two, and thought of sitting down again by his fire, than there came out of every hole and corner black cats and black dogs, with glowing 
chains, continually more and more, so that he could not hide himself. They howled fearfully, and jumped upon his fire and scattered it about as if they would extinguish it. He looked on quietly for some time, 
but at last getting angry he took up his knife and called out, “Away with you, you vagabonds!” and chasing them about, a part ran off, and the rest he killed and threw into the pond. As soon as he returned 
he blew up the sparks of his fire again, and warmed himself, and while he sat, his eyes began to feel very heavy and he wished to go to sleep. So looking round he saw a great bed in one corner in which 
he laid down; but no sooner had he closed his eyes, than the bed began to move of itself and traveled all around the castle. “Just so,” said he, “only better still;” whereupon the bed galloped away as if six 
horses pulled it up and down steps and stairs, until at last all at once it overset, bottom upwards, and laid upon him like a mountain; but up he got, threw pillows and mattresses into the air, and saying, 
“Now, he who wishes may travel,” laid himself down by the fire and slept till day broke. In the morning the King came, and seeing the youth lying on the ground, he thought that the spectres had killed him, 
and that he was dead; so he said, “It is a great misfortune that the finest men are thus killed;” but the youth, hearing this, sprang up, saying, “It is not come to that with me yet!” The King was much 
astonished, but still very glad, and asked him how he had fared. “Very well,” replied he; “as one night has passed, so also may the other two.” Soon after he met his landlord, who opened his eyes when he 
saw him. “I never thought to see you alive again,” said he; “have you learnt now what shivering means?” “No,” said he; “it is all of no use. Oh, if any one would but tell me!” 

The second night he went up again into the castle, and sitting down by the fire began his old song, “If I could but shiver!” When midnight came, a ringing and rattling noise was heard, gentle at first, and 
louder and louder by degrees; then there was a pause, and presently with a loud outcry half a man’s body came down the chimney and fell at his feet. “Holloa!” he exclaimed, “only half a man answered that 
ringing; that is too little.” Then the ringing began afresh, and a roaring and howling was heard, and the other half fell down. “Wait a bit,” said he; “I will poke up the fire first.” When he had done so and 
looked round again, the two pieces had joined themselves together, and an ugly man was sitting in his place. “I did not bargain for that,” said the youth; “the bench is mine.” The man tried to push him away, 
but the youth would not let him, and giving him a violent push set himself down in his old place. Presently more men fell down the chimney, one after the other, who brought nine thigh bones and two skulls, 
which they set up, and then they began to play at ninepins.- At this the youth wished also to play, so he asked whether he might join them. “Yes, if you have money!” “Money enough,” he replied, “but your 
balls are not quite round;” so saying he took up the skulls, and, placing them on his lathe, turned them round. “Ah, now you will roll well,” said he. “Holloa! now we will go at it merrily.” So he played with them 
and lost some of his money, but as it struck twelve every thing disappeared. Then he laid down and went to sleep quietly. On the morrow the King came for news, and asked him how he had fared this 
time. “I have been playing ninepins,” he replied, “and lost a couple of dollars.” “Have you not shivered?” “No!” “I have enjoyed myself very much; but I wish some one would teach me that!” 

On the third night he sat down again on his bench, saying in great vexation, “Oh, if I could only shiver!” When it grew late, six tall men came in bearing a coffin between them, “Ah, ah,” said he, “that is 
surely my little cousin, who died two days ago;” and beckoning with his finger he called, “Come, little cousin, come!” The men set down the coffin upon the ground, and he went up and took off the lid, and 
there lay a dead man within, and as he felt the face it was as cold as ice. “Stop a moment,” he cried; “I will warm it in a trice;” and stepping up to the fire he warmed his hands, and then laid them upon the 
face, but it remained cold. So he took up the body, and sitting down by the fire, he laid it on his lap and rubbed the arms that the blood might circulate again. But all this was of no avail, and he thought to 
himself if two lie in a bed together they warm each other; so he put the body in the bed, and covering it up laid himself down by its side. After a little while the body became warm and began to move about. 
“See, my cousin,” he exclaimed, “have I not warmed you?” But the body got up and exclaimed, “Now I will strangle you.” “Is that your gratitude?” cried the youth. “Then you shall get into your coffin again;” 
and taking it up, he threw the body in, and made the lid fast. Then the six men came in again and bore it away. “Oh, deary me,” said he, “I shall never be able to shiver if I stop here all my lifetime!” At these 
words in came a man who was taller than all the others, and looked more horrible; but he was very old and had a long white beard. “Oh, you wretch,” he exclaimed, “now thou shalt learn what shivering 

means, for thou shalt die!” 

“Not so quick,” answered the youth; “if I die I must be brought to it first.” 

“I will quickly seize you,” replied the ugly one. 

“Softly, softly; be not too sure. I am as strong as you, and perhaps stronger.” 

“That we will see,” said the ugly man. “If you are stronger than I, I will let you go; come, let us try!” and he led him away through a dark passage to a smith’s forge. Then taking up an axe he cut through the 
anvil at one blow down to the ground. “I can do that still better,” said the youth, and went to another anvil, while the old man followed him and watched him with his long beard hanging down. Then the youth 
took up an axe, and, splitting the anvil in one blow, wedged the old man’s beard in it. “Now I have you; now death comes upon you!” and, taking up an iron bar, he beat the old man until he groaned, and 
begged him to stop and he would give him great riches. So the youth drew out the axe, and let him loose. Then the old man, leading him back into the castle, showed him three chests full of gold in a cellar. 
“One share of this,” said he, “belongs to the poor, another to the King, and the third to yourself.” And just then it struck twelve and the old man vanished, leaving the youth in the dark. “I must help myself out 
here,” said he, and groping round he found his way back to his room and went to sleep by the fire. 

The next morning the King came and inquired, “Now have you learnt to shiver?” “No,” replied the youth; “what is it? My dead cousin came here, and a bearded man, who showed me a lot of gold down 
below; but what shivering means no one has showed me!” Then the King said, “You have won the castle, and shall marry my daughter.” 

“This is all very fine,” replied the youth, “but still I don’t know what shivering means.” 

So the gold was fetched, and the wedding was celebrated, but the young Prince (for the youth was a Prince now), notwithstanding his love for his bride, and his great contentment, was still continually 
crying, “If I could but shiver! if I could but shiver!” At last it fell out in this wise: one of the chambermaids said to the Princess, “Let me bring in my aid to teach him what shivering is.” So she went to the 
brook which flowed through the garden, and drew up a pail of water full of little fish; and, at night, when the young Prince was asleep, his bride drew away the covering and poured the pail of cold water and 
the little fish over him, so that they slipped all about him. Then the Prince woke up directly, calling out, “Oh! that makes me shiver! dear wife, that makes me shiver! Yes now I know what shivering means!” 

The Wolf and the Seven Little Goats 

Once upon a time there lived an old Goat who had seven young ones, whom she loved as every mother loves her children. One day she wanted to go into the forest to fetch some food, so, calling her 
seven young ones together, she said, “Dear children, I am going away into the wood; be on your guard against the Wolf, for if he comes here, he will eat you all up — skin, hair, and all. He often disguises 
himself, but you may know him by his rough voice and his black feet.” The little Goats replied “Dear mother, we will pay great attention to what you say; you may go away without any anxiety.” So the old one 
bleated and ran off, quite contented upon her road. 

Not long afterwards, somebody knocked at the hut-door and called out, “Open, my dear children; your mother is here and has brought you each something. But the little Goats perceived from the rough 
voice that it was a Wolf, and so they said, “We will not undo the door; you are not our mother; she has a gentle and loving voice; but yours is gruff; you are a Wolf.” So the Wolf went to a shop and bought a 
great piece of chalk, which he ate, and by that means rendered his voice more gentle. Then he came back, knocked at the hut-door, and called out, “Open, my dear children; your mother has come home, 
and has brought you each something.” But the Wolf had placed his black paws upon the window-sill, so the Goats saw them, and replied, “No, we will not open the door; our mother has not black feet; you 
are a Wolf.” So the Wolf went to a baker and said, “I have hurt my foot, put some dough on it.” And when the baker had done so, he ran to the miller, saying, “Strew some white flour upon my feet.” But the 
miller, thinking he was going to deceive somebody, hesitated, till the Wolf said, “If you do not do it at once, I will eat you.” This made the miller afraid, so he powdered his feet with flour. Such are men. 

Now, the villain went for the third time to the hut, and knocking at the door, called out, “Open to me, my children; your dear mother is come, and has brought with her something for each of you out of the 
forest.” The little Goats exclaimed, “Show us first your feet, that we may see whether you are our mother.” So the Wolf put his feet up on the window-sill, and when they saw that they were white, they thought 
it was all right, and undid the door. But who should come in? The Wolf. They were terribly frightened, and tried to hide themselves. One ran under the table, the second got into the bed, the third into the 
cupboard, the fourth into the kitchen, the fifth into the oven, the sixth into the wash-tub, and the seventh into the clock-case. But the Wolf found them all out, and did not delay, but swallowed them all up one 
after another: only the youngest one, hid in the clock-case, he did not discover. When the Wolf had satisfied his appetite, he dragged himself out, and, lying down upon the green meadow under a tree, 
went fast asleep. 

Soon after the old Goat came home out of the forest. Ah, what a sight she saw! The hut-door stood wide open; the table, stools, and benches were overturned; the wash-tub was broken to pieces, and 
the sheets and pillows pulled off the bed. She sought her children, but could find them nowhere. She called them by name, one after the other; but no one answered. At last, when she came to the name of 
the youngest, a little voice replied, “Here I am, dear mother, in the clock-case.” She took her out, and heard how the Wolf had come and swallowed all the others. You cannot think how she wept for her 
poor little ones. 

At last she went out in all her misery, and the young Goat ran by her side; and when they came to the meadow, there lay the Wolf under the tree, snoring so that the boughs quivered. She viewed him on 
all sides, and perceived that something moved and stirred about in his body. “Ah, mercy!” thought she, “should my poor children, whom he has swallowed for his dinner, be yet alive!” So saying, she ran 
home and fetched a pair of scissors and a needle and thread. Then she cut open the monster’s hairy coat, and had scarcely made one slit, before one little Goat put his head out, and as she cut further, 
out jumped one after another, all six, still alive, and without any injury, for the monster, in his eagerness, had gulped them down quite whole. There was a joy! They hugged their dear mother, and jumped 
about like tailors keeping their wedding-day. But the old mother said, “Go and pick up at once some large stones, that we may fill the monster’s stomach, while he lies fast asleep.” So the seven little 
Goats dragged up in great haste a pile of stones, and put them in the Wolfs stomach, as many as they could bring; and then the old mother went, and, looking at him in a great hurry, saw that he was still 
insensible, and did not stir, and so she sewed up the slit. 

When the Wolf at last woke up, he raised himself upon his legs, and, because the stones which were lying in his stomach made him feel thirsty, he went to a brook in order to drink. But as he went along, 
rolling from side to side, the stones began to tumble about in his body, and he called out 
“What rattles, what rattles 
Against my poor bones! 

Not little goats, I think, 

But only big stones!” 

And when the Wolf came to the brook he stooped down to drink, and the heavy stones made him lose his balance, so that he fell, and sunk beneath the water. 

As soon as the seven little Goats saw this, they came running up, singing aloud, “The Wolf is dead! the Wolf is dead!” and they danced for joy around their mother by the side of the brook. 

Faithful John 

O nee upon a time there lived an old King, who fell very sick, and thought he was lying upon his death-bed so he said, "Let faithful John come to me." This faithful John was his affectionate servant, and was 
so called because he had been true to him all his lifetime. As soon as John came to the bedside, the King said, “My faithful John, I feel that my end approaches, and I have no other care than about my son, 
who is still so young that he cannot always guide himself aright. If you do not promise to instruct him in everything he ought to know, and to be his guardian, I cannot close mine eyes in peace.” Then John 
answered, “I will never leave him; I will always serve him truly, even if it cost me my life.” So the old King was comforted, and said, “Now I can die in peace. After my death you must show him all the 
chambers, halls, and vaults in the castle, and all the treasures which are in them; but the last room in the long corridor you must not show him, for in it hangs the portrait of the daughter of the King of the 
Golden Palace; if he sees her picture, he will conceive a great love for her, and will fall down in a swoon, and on her account undergo great perils, therefore you must keep him away.” The faithful John 
pressed his master’s hand again in token of assent, and soon after the King laid his head upon the pillow and expired. 

After the old King had been laid in his grave, the faithful John related to the young King all that his father had said upon his death-bed, and declared, “All this I will certainly fulfil; I will be as true to you as I 
was to him, if it cost me my life.” When the time of mourning was passed, John said to the young King, “It is now time for you to see your inheritance; I will show you your paternal castle.” So he led the King 
all over it, up-stairs and down-stairs, and showed him all the riches, and all the splendid chambers; only one room he did not open, containing the perilous portrait, which was so placed that one saw it 
directly the door was opened, and, moreover, it was so beautifully painted, that one thought it breathed and moved; nothing in all the world could be more lifelike or more beautiful. The young King 
remarked, however, that the faithful John always passed by one door, so he asked, “Why do you not open that one?” “There is something in it,” he replied, “which will frighten you.” 

But the King said, “I have seen all the rest of the castle, and I will know what is in there;” and he went and tried to open the door by force. The faithful John pulled him back, and said, “I promised your 
father before he died that you should not see the contents of that room; it would bring great misfortunes both upon you and me.” 

“Oh, no,” replied the young King, “if I do not go in, it will be my certain ruin; I should have no peace night nor day until I had seen it with my own eyes. Now I will not stir from the place till you unlock the 

Then the faithful John saw that it was of no use talking, so, with a heavy heart and many sighs, he picked the key out of the great bunch. When he had opened the door he went in first, and thought he 
would cover up the picture that the King should not see it; but it was of no use, for the King stepped upon tiptoes and looked over his shoulder; and as soon as he saw the portrait of the maiden, which was 
so beautiful and glittered with precious stones, he fell down on the ground insensible. The faithful John lifted him up and carried him to his bed, and thought with great concern, “Mercy on us! the misfortune 
has happened; what will come of it?” and he gave the young King wine until he came to himself. The first words he spoke were, “Ah, who is that beautiful picture?” — “That is the daughter of the King of the 
Golden Palace,” was the reply. 

“Then,” said the King, “my love for her is so great that if all the leaves on the trees had tongues they should not gainsay it; my life is set upon the search for her. You are my faithful John, you must 
accompany me.” 

The trusty servant deliberated for a long while how to set about this business, for it was very difficult to get into the presence of the King’s daughter. At last he be-thought himself of a way, and said to the 
King, “Every thing that she has around her is of gold, — chairs, tables, dishes, bowls, and all the household utensils. Among your treasures are five tons of gold; let one of the goldsmiths of your kingdom 
manufacture vessels and utensils of all kinds therefrom — all kinds of birds, and wild and wonderful beasts, such as will please her; then we will travel with these and try our luck.” Then the King summoned 
all his goldsmiths, who worked day and night until many very beautiful things were ready. When all had been placed on board a ship, the faithful John put on merchant’s clothes, and the King likewise, so 
that they might travel quite unknown. Then they sailed over the wide sea, and sailed away until they came to the city where dwelt the daughter of the King of the Golden Palace. 

The faithful John told the King to remain in the ship and wait for him. “Perhaps,” said he, “I shall bring the King’s daughter with me; therefore take care that all is in order, and set out the golden vessels 
and adorn the whole ship.” Thereupon John placed in a napkin some of the golden cups, stepped upon land, and went straight to the King’s palace. When he came into the castleyard, a beautiful maid 
stood by the brook, who had two golden pails in her hand drawing water; and when she had filled them, and had turned round, she saw a strange man, and asked who he was. Then John answered, “I am 
a merchant,” and opening his napkin, he showed her its contents. Then she exclaimed, “Oh, what beautiful golden things!” and setting the pails down she looked at the cups one after another, and said, 
“The King’s daughter must see these; she is so pleased with any thing made of gold that she will buy all these.” And taking him by the hand she led him in, for she was the lady’s maid. When the King’s 
daughter saw the golden cups she was much pleased, and said, “They are so finely worked that I will purchase them all.” But the faithful John replied, “I am only the servant of a rich merchant; what I have 
here is nothing in comparison to those which my master has in his ship, than which nothing more delicate or costly has ever been worked in gold.” Then the King’s daughter wished to have them all 
brought, but he said, “It would take many days, and so great is the quantity that your palace has not halls enough in it to place them around.” Then her curiosity and desire was still more excited, and at last 
she said, “Take me to the ship; I will go myself and look at your master’s treasure.” 

The faithful John conducted her to the ship with great joy, and the King, when he beheld her, saw that her beauty was still greater than the picture had represented, and thought nothing else but that his 
heart would jump out of his mouth. Presently she stepped on board, and the King conducted her below; but the faithful John remained on deck by the steersman, and told him to unmoor the ship and put on 
all the sail he could, that it might fly as a bird in the air. Meanwhile the King showed the Princess all the golden treasures, — the dishes, cups, bowls, the birds, the wild and wonderful beasts. Many hours 
passed away while she looked at everything, and in her joy she did not remark that the ship sailed on and on. As soon as she had looked at the last, and thanked the merchant, she wished to depart. But 
when she came on deck she perceived that they were upon the high sea, far from the shore, and were hastening on with all sail. “Ah!” she exclaimed in affright, “I am betrayed; I am carried off and taken 
away in the power of a strange merchant. I would rather die!” 

But the King, taking her by the hand, said, “I am not a merchant, but a king, thine equal in birth. It is true that I have carried thee off, but that is because of my overwhelming love for thee. Dost thou know 

that when I first saw the portrait of thy beauteous face that I fell down in a swoon before it?” When the King’s daughter heard these words she was reassured, and her heart was inclined towards him, so 
that she willingly became his bride. While they thus went on their voyage on the high sea, it happened that the faithful John, as he sat on the deck of the ship playing music, saw three crows in the air, who 
came flying towards them. He stopped playing and listened to what they were saying to each other, for he understood them perfectly. The first one exclaimed, “There he is, carrying home the daughter of 
the King of the Golden Palace.” “But he is not home yet,” replied the second. “But he has her,” said the third; “she is sitting by him in the ship.” Then the first began again and exclaimed, “What matters 
that? When they go on shore, a fox-coloured horse will spring towards him, on which he will mount; and as soon as he is on it will jump up with him into the air, so that he will never again see his bride.” The 
second one said, “Is there no escape?” “Oh yes, if another gets on quickly and takes the firearms which are in the holster out, and with them shoots the horse dead, then the young King will be saved. But 
who knows that? And if any one does know it and tells him, such an one will be turned to stone from the toe to the knee.” Then the second spoke again, “I know still more; if the horse should be killed, the 
young King will not then retain his bride; for when they come into the castle a beautiful bridal shirt will lie there upon a dish, and seem to be woven of gold and silver, but it is nothing but sulphur and pitch, 
and if he puts it on, it will burn him to his marrow and bones.” Then the third crow asked, “Is there no escape?” “Oh, yes,” answered the second; “if some one takes up the shirt with his gloves on, and 
throws it into the fire so that it is burnt, the young King will be saved. But what does that signify? Whoever knows it and tells him will be turned to stone from his knee to his heart.” Then the third crow spoke: 
— “I know still more: even if the bridal shirt be consumed, still the young King will not retain his bride. For if, after the wedding, a dance is held, while the young Queen dances she will suddenly turn pale, 
and fall down as if dead and if some one does not raise her up, and take three drops of blood from her right breast and throw them away, she will die. But whoever knows that and tells it will have his whole 
body turned to stone, from the crown of his head to the toe of his foot.” 

After the crows had thus talked with one another, they flew away, and the trusty John, who had perfectly understood all they had said, was from that time very quiet and sad; for if he concealed from his 
master what he had heard, misfortune would happen to him, and if he told him all he must give up his own life. But at last he thought “I will save my master, even if I destroy myself.” 

As soon as they came on shore it happened just as the crow had foretold, and an immense fox-red horse sprang up. “Capital!” said the King; “this shall carry me to my castle,” and he tried to mount; but 
the faithful John came straight up, and, swinging himself quickly on, drew the firearms out of the holster and shot the horse dead. Then the other servants of the King, who were not on good terms with the 
faithful John, exclaimed, “How shameful to kill the beautiful creature, which might have borne the King to the castle!” But the King replied, “Be silent, and let him go; he is my very faithful John — who knows 
the good he may have done?” Now they went into the castle, and there stood a dish in the hall, and the splendid bridal shirt lay in it, and seemed nothing else than gold and silver. The young King went up 
to it and wished to take it up, but the faithful John pushed him away, and, taking it up with his gloves on, bore it quickly to the fire and let it burn. The other servants thereupon began to murmur, saying, 
“See, now he is burning the King’s bridal shirt!” But the young King replied, “Who knows what good he has done? Let him alone — he is my faithful John.” 

Soon after, the wedding was celebrated, and a grand ball was given, and the bride began to dance. So the faithful John paid great attention, and watched her countenance; all at once she grew pale, 
and fell as if dead to the ground. Then he sprang up hastily, raised her up and bore her to a chamber, where he laid her down, kneeled beside her, and, drawing the three drops of blood out of her right 
breast, threw them away. As soon as she breathed again, she raised herself up; but the young King had witnessed every thing, and not knowing why the faithful John had done this, was very angry, and 
called out, “Throw him into prison!” The next morning the trusty John was brought up for trial, and led to the gallows; and as he stood upon them, and was about to be executed, he said, “Every one 
condemned to die may once before his death speak. Shall I also have that privilege?” “Yes,” answered the King, “it shall be granted to you.” Then the faithful John replied, “I have been unrighteously judged, 
and have always been true to you;” and he narrated the conversation of the crows which he heard at sea; and how, in order to save his master, he was obliged to do all he had done. Then the King cried 
out, “Oh, my most trusty John, pardon, pardon; lead him away!” But the trusty John had fallen down at the last word and was turned into stone. 

At this event both the King and the Queen were in great grief, and the King asked, “Ah, how wickedly have I rewarded his great fidelity!” and he had the stone statue raised up and placed in his sleeping 
chamber, near his bed; and as often as he looked at it he wept and said, “Ah, could I bring you back to life again, my faithful John!” 

After some time had passed the Queen bore twins, two little sons, who were her great joy. Once, when the Queen was in church, and the two children at home playing by their father’s side, he looked up 
at the stone statue full of sorrow, and exclaimed with a sigh, “Ah, could I restore you to life, my faithful John!” At these words the stone began to speak, saying, “Yes, you can make me alive again, if you will 
bestow on me that which is dearest to you.” The King replied, “All that I have in the world I will give up for you.” The stone spake again: “If you, with your own hand, cut off the heads of both your children and 
sprinkle me with their blood, I shall be brought to life again.” The King was terrified when he heard that he must himself kill his two dear children; but he remembered his servant’s great fidelity, and how the 
faithful John had died for him, and drawing his sword he cut off the heads of both his children with his own hand. And as soon as he had sprinkled the stone with blood the life came back to it, and the trusty 
John stood again alive and well before him, and said, “Your faith shall not go unrewarded;” and taking the heads of the two children he set them on again, and anointed their wounds with their blood, and 
thereupon they healed again in a moment, and the children sprang away and played as if nothing had happened. 

Now the King was full of happiness, and as soon as he saw the Queen coming he hid the faithful John and both the children in a great cupboard. As soon as she came in he said to her, “Have you 
prayed in the church?” “Yes,” she answered; “but I thought continually of the faithful John, who has come to such misfortune through us.” Then he replied, “My dear wife, we can restore his life again to him, 
but it will cost us both our little sons, whom we must sacrifice.” The Queen became pale and was terrified at heart, but she said, “We are guilty of his life on account of his great fidelity.” Then he was very 
glad that she thought as he did, and going up to the cupboard he unlocked it, brought out the children and the faithful John, saying, “God be praised! he is saved, and we have still our little sons;” and then 
he told her all that had happened. Afterwards they lived happily together to the end of their days. 

The Musicians of Bremen 

A certain man had an ass which had served him faithfully for many long years, but whose strength was so far gone that at last it was quite unfit for work. So his master was thinking how much he could 
make of the skin, but the Ass, perceiving that no good wind was blowing, ran away along the road to Bremen. “There,” thought he, “I can be town-musician.” When he had run some way, he found a Hound 
lying by the road-side, yawning like one who was very tired. “What are you yawning for now, you big fellow?” asked the Ass. 

“Ah,” replied the Hound, “because every day I grow older and weaker; I cannot go any more to the hunt, and my master has well nigh beaten me to death, so that I took to flight; and now I do not know 
how to earn my bread. 

“Well! do you know,” said the Ass, “I am going to Bremen to be town-musician there; suppose you go with me and take a share in the music. I will play on the lute, and you shall beat the kettledrums.” The 
Dog was satisfied, and off they set. 

Presently they came to a Cat sitting in the middle of the path with a face like three rainy days! “Now then, old shaver, what has crossed you?” asked the Ass. 

“How can one be merry when one’s neck has been pinched like mine?” answered the Cat. “Because I am growing old, and my teeth are all worn to stumps, and because I would rather sit by the fire and 
spin, than run after mice, my mistress wanted to drown me; and so I ran away. But now, good advice is dear, and I do not know what to do.” 

“Go with us to Bremen. You understand nocturnal music, so you can be a town-musician.” The Cat consented, and went with them. The three vagabonds soon came near a farm-yard, where upon the 
barn-door the Cock was sitting crowing with all his might. “You crow through marrow and bone,” said the Ass; “what do you do that for?” 

“That is the way I prophesy fine weather,” said the Cock; “but, because grand guests are coming for the Sunday, the housewife has no pity, and has told the cookmaid to make me into soup for the 
morrow; and this evening my head will be cut off. Now I am crowing with a full throat as long as I can.” 

“Ah, but you, Red-comb,” replied the Ass, “rather come away with us. We are going to Bremen, to find there something better than death; you have a good voice, and if we make music together, it will 
have full play.” 

The Cock consented to this plan, and so all four travelled on together. They could not however reach Bremen in one day, and at evening they came into a forest, where they meant to pass the night. The 
Ass and the Dog laid themselves down under a large tree, the Cat and the Cock climbed up into the branches, but the latter flew right to the top, where he was most safe. Before he went to sleep, he 
looked all round the four quarters, and soon thought he saw a little spark in the distance; so, calling his companions, he said they were not far from a house, for he saw a light. The Ass said, “If it is so, we 
had better get up and go further, for the pasturage here is very bad;” and continued the Dog, “Yes, indeed! a couple of bones with some meat on, would also be very acceptable!” So they made haste 
towards the spot where the light was, which shone now brighter and brighter, until they came to a well-lighted robbers’ cottage. The Ass, as the biggest, went to the window and peeped in. “What do you 
see, Gray-horse?” asked the Cock. “What do I see!” replied the Ass; “a table laid out with savoury meats and drinks; with robbers sitting around enjoying themselves.” 

“That were the right sort of thing for us,” said the Cock. 

“Yes, yes, I wish we were there,” replied the Ass. Then these animals took counsel together how they should contrive to drive away the robbers, and at last they thought of a way. The Ass had to place his 
fore-feet upon the window-ledge, the Hound got on his back, the Cat climbed up upon the Dog, and lastly the Cock flew up and perched upon the head of the Cat. When this was accomplished, at a given 
signal they commenced together to perform their music; the Ass brayed, the Dog barked, the Cat mewed, and the Cock crew! and they made such a tremendous noise, and so loud, that the panes of the 
window were shivered! Terrified at these unearthly sounds, the robbers got up with great precipitation, thinking nothing less than that some spirits had come, and fled off into the forest. The four 
companions immediately sat down at the table, and quickly ate up all that was left, as if they had been fasting for six weeks. 

As soon as the four players had finished, they extinguished the light, and each sought for himself a sleeping place, according to his nature and custom. The Ass laid himself down upon some straw, the 
Hound behind the door, the Cat upon the hearth near the warm ashes, and the Cock flew up upon a beam which ran across the room. Weary with their long walk they soon went to sleep. 

At midnight, the robbers perceived from their retreat that no light was burning in their house, and all appeared quiet; so the captain said, “We need not to have been frightened into fits;” and, calling one 
of the band, he sent him forward to reconnoiter. The messenger finding all still, went into the kitchen to strike a light, and, taking the glistening fiery eyes of the Cat for live coals, he held a lucifer-match to 
them, expecting it to take fire. But the Cat, not understanding the joke, flew in his face, spitting and scratching, which dreadfully frightened him, so that he made for the back-door; but the Dog, who lay 
there, sprung up and bit his leg; and as soon as he limped upon the straw whereupon lay the Ass, it gave him a powerful kick with its hind foot. This was not all, for the Cock, awaking at the noise, stretched 
himself, and cried from the beam, “Cock-a-doodle-doo, cock-a-doodle-doo!” 

Then the robber ran back as well as he could to his captain, and said, “Ah, my master, there dwells a horrible witch in the house, who spat on me and scratched my face with her long nails; and then 
before the door stands a man with a knife, who chopped at my leg; and in the yard there lies a black monster, who beat me with a great wooden club; and, besides all, upon the roof sits a judge, who 
called out, ‘Bring the knave up, do!’ so I ran away as fast as I could.” 

After this the robbers dared not again go near their house; but every thing prospered so well with the four town-musicians of Bremen, that they did not forsake their situation! And there they are to this 
day, for anything I know! 

The Twelve Brothers 

O nee upon a time there lived happily together a Queen and a King, who had twelve children, all boys. One day the King said to his consort, “If the thirteenth child, whom you are about to bring into the 
world, should be a girl, then shall the twelve boys die, that her riches may be great, and that the kingdom may fall to her alone.” He then ordered twelve coffins to be made, which were filled with shavings, 
and in each a pillow was placed, and, all of them having been locked up in a room, he gave the key thereof to the Queen, and bade her tell nobody about the matter. 

But the mother sat crying the whole day long, so that her youngest child, who was always with her, and whom she had named Benjamin, said to her, “Mother dear, why are you so sorrowful?” “My dearest 
child,” she replied, “I dare not tell you.” But he let her have no peace until she went and unlocked the room and showed him the twelve coffins filled with shavings. Then she said, “My dearest Benjamin, 
these coffins your father has had prepared for yourself and your eleven brothers, for, if I bring a little girl into the world, you will be all killed together and buried in them.” And, as she wept while she spoke 
these words, the son comforted her, saying, “Do not cry, dear mother; we will help ourselves and go away.” But she said, “Go with your eleven brothers into the woods, and let one of you climb into the 
highest tree which is to be found, and keep watch, looking towards the tower of the castle here. If I bear a little son, I will hang out a white flag, and you may venture home again; but if I bear a little daughter I 
will hang out a red flag; and then flee away as quickly as you can, and God preserve you. Every night I will arise and pray for you; in winter, that you may have a fire to warm yourselves; and in summer, that 
you may not be melted with the heat.” 

Soon after she gave her blessing to all her sons, and they went away into the forest. Each kept watch in turn, sitting upon the highest oak-tree, and looking towards the tower. When eleven days had 
passed by, and it came to Benjamin’s turn, he perceived a flag hung out; but it was not the white but the red flag, which announced that they must all die. As the brothers heard this, they became very angry, 
and said, “Shall we suffer death on account of a maiden? Let us swear that we will avenge ourselves; wherever we find a maiden, her red blood shall flow.” 

Thereupon they went deeper into the forest, and in the middle, where it was most gloomy, they found a little charmed cottage standing empty, and they said, “Here we will dwell, and you, Benjamin, as 
you are the youngest and the weakest, shall stop here, and keep house, while we go out to fetch meat.” So they set forth into the forest, and shot hares, wild fawns, birds, and pigeons, and what else they 
could find. These they brought home to Benjamin, who cooked them for them to appease their hunger. In this little cottage they lived ten years together, and the time passed very quickly. 

The little daughter, whom their mother, the Queen, had borne, was now grown up; she had a kind heart, was very beautiful, and always wore a golden star upon her brow. Once, when there was a great 
wash, she saw twelve boys’ shirts hanging up, and she asked her mother, “To whom do these twelve shirts belong, for they are much too small for my father?” Then she answered with a heavy heart, “My 
dear child, they belong to your twelve brothers.” The maiden replied, “Where are my twelve brothers? I have never yet heard of them.” The Queen answered, “God only knows where they are; they have 
wandered into the wide world.” Then she took the maiden, and unlocking the room, showed her twelve coffins with the shavings and pillows. “These coffins,” said she, “were ordered for your brothers, but 
they went away secretly, before you were born;” and she told her how everything had happened. Then the maiden said, “Do not cry, dear mother; I will go forth, and seek my brothers;” and taking the twelve 
shirts, she set out at once straight into the great forest. All day long she walked on and on, and in the evening she came to the charmed house, into which she stepped. There she found a young lad, who 
asked her, “Whence dost thou come, and whither goest thou?” and he stood astonished to see how beautiful she was, and at the queenly robes she wore, and the star upon her brow. Then she answered, 
“I am a King’s daughter, and am seeking my twelve brothers, and will go as far as heaven is blue until I find them;” and she showed him the twelve shirts which belonged to them. Benjamin perceived at 
once that it was his sister, and he said, “I am Benjamin, thy youngest brother.” At his words she began to weep for joy, and Benjamin wept also, and they kissed and embraced one another with the 
greatest affection. Presently he said, “Dear sister, there is one terrible condition we have agreed together, that every maiden whom we meet shall die, because we were obliged to leave our kingdom on 
account of a maiden.” 

Then the maiden replied, “I will willingly die, if I can by that means release my twelve brothers.” 

“No,” answered he, “thou shalt not die; hide thyself under this tub until our eleven brothers come home, with whom I shall then be united.” She did so; and, when night came, the others returned from 
hunting, and their dinner was made ready, and as they sat at the table, eating, they asked, “What is the news?” Benjamin said, “Do you not know?” 

“No,” they answered. Then he spoke again. “You have been in the forest and I have stopped at home, yet I know more than you.” 

“Tell us directly,” they exclaimed. He answered, “First promise me that you will not kill the first maiden who shall meet us.” 

“Yes, we promise,” they exclaimed, “she shall have pardon; now tell us at once.” Then he said, “Our sister is here,” and, lifting up the tub, the King’s daughter came from beneath, looking most beautiful, 
delicate, and gentle in her royal robes, and with the golden star upon her brow. The sight gladdened them all, and, falling upon her neck, they kissed her, and loved her with all their hearts. 

Now she stopped at home with Benjamin, and helped him in his work, while the eleven others went into the wood and caught wild animals, deer, birds, and pigeons, for their eating, which their sister and 
brother took care to make ready. The sister sought for wood for the fire, and for the vegetables which she dressed, and put the pots on the fire, so that their dinner was always ready when the eleven came 
home. She also kept order in the cottage, and covered the beds with beautiful white and clean sheets, and the brothers were always contented, and they all lived in great unity. 

One day when the brother and sister had made ready a most excellent meal, and they were all assembled, they sat down and ate and drank, and were full of happiness. But there was a little garden 
belonging to the charmed house, in which stood twelve lilies (which are also called “student-lilies”) and the sister, thinking to give her twelve brothers a pleasure, broke off the twelve flowers, intending to 
give each of them one. But as she broke off the flowers at the same moment the twelve brothers were changed into twelve crows, and flew off into the forest, and at the same moment the house and 
garden both disappeared. 

Thus the poor maiden was alone in the wild forest, and as she looked round an old woman stood near her, who said, “My child, what has thou done? Why didst thou not leave the twelve white flowers? 
They were thy brothers, who are now changed into crows.” Then the maiden asked with tears, “Is there no means of saving them?” “There is but one way in the whole world,” said the old woman, “but that is 

so difficult that thou canst not free them. Thou must be dumb for seven years, thou mayest not speak, nor laugh, and if thou speakest but a single word, even if it wants but one hour of the seven years, all 
will be in vain, and thy brothers will die at that single word." 

Then the maiden said in her heart, “I know for certain that I shall free my brothers;” and she went and sought a lofty tree, and, sitting upon it, she spun, and neither spoke nor laughed. 

Now it happened once that a King was hunting in the forest, who had a large greyhound, which ran to the tree on which the maiden sat, and, springing round, barked furiously. So the King came up and 
saw the beautiful girl with the golden star upon her brow, and was so enchanted with her beauty, that he asked her if she would become his bride. To this she gave no answer, but slightly nodded with her 
head; so the King, mounting the tree himself, brought her down, and, placing her upon his horse, carried her home. 

Then the wedding was celebrated with great pomp and joy, but the bride neither spoke nor laughed. 

After they had lived contentedly together two years, the King’s mother, who was a wicked woman, began to slander the young Queen, and said to the King, “This is a common beggar girl whom you have 
brought home with you: who knows what impish tricks she practised at home? If she be dumb and not able to speak, she might still laugh once, but they who do not laugh have a bad conscience.” The King 
would not at first believe it, but the old woman persisted in it so long, and accused the Queen of so many wicked things, that the King at last let himself be persuaded, and she was condemned to die. 

Now, a great fire was kindled in the courtyard, in which she was to be burnt; and the King, standing above at a window, looked on with tearful eyes, because he still loved her so much. And now she was 
bound to the stake, and the fire began to lick her clothing with its red tongues; — and just at that time the last moment of the seven years expired. Then a whirring was heard in the air, and twelve crows 
came flying by, and sank down to the earth, and as they alighted on the ground they became her twelve brothers whom she had freed. They tore away the fire from around her, and extinguishing the flames, 
set their sister free, and kissed and embraced her. And now, as she could open her mouth and speak, she told the King why she was dumb, and why she never laughed. 

And the King was highly pleased when he heard she was innocent, and they all lived together in great happiness to the end of their lives. 

The Little Brother and Sister 

There was once a little Brother who took his Sister by the hand, and said, “Since our own dear mother’s death we have not had one happy hour; our stepmother beats us every day, and, if we come near 
her, kicks us away with her foot. Our food is the hard crusts of bread which are left, and even the dog under the table fares better than we, for he often gets a nice morsel. Come, let us wander forth into the 
wide world.” So the whole day long they travelled over meadows, fields, and stones, and when it rained the Sister said, “It is Heaven crying with our hearts.” By evening they came into a large forest, and 
were so wearied with grief, hunger, and their long walk, that they laid themselves down in a hollow tree, and went to sleep. When they awoke the next morning, the sun had already risen high in the 
heavens, and it shone quite hot into the tree, so that the little Boy said to his Sister, “I am so thirsty, if I knew where there was a brook I would go and drink. Ah! I think I hear one running;” and so saying he 
got up, and, taking his Sister’s hand, they went in search of the brook. 

The wicked stepmother, however, was a witch, and had remarked the departure of the two children; and sneaking after them secretly, as is the habit of witches, she had bewitched all the springs in the 

Presently they found a brook which ran trippingly over the pebbles, and the Brother would have drunk out of it, but the Sister heard how it said as it ran along, “Who drinks of me will become a tiger!” So 
the Sister exclaimed, “I pray you, Brother, drink not, or you will become a tiger, and tear me to pieces!” So the Brother did not drink, although his thirst was so great, and he said, “I will wait till the next 
brook.” As they came to the second, the Sister heard it say, “Who drinks of me becomes a wolf!” The Sister ran up crying, “Brother, do not, pray, do not drink, or you will become a wolf, and eat me up!” 
Then the Brother did not drink, saying, “I will wait until we come to the next spring, but then I must drink, you may say what you will; my thirst is much too great.” Just as they reached the third brook, the 
Sister heard the voice saying, “Who drinks of me will become a fawn, — who drinks of me will become a fawn!” So the Sister said, “Oh, my Brother, do not drink, or you will be changed to a fawn, and run 
away from me!” But he had already kneeled down, and drunk of the water, and, as the first drops passed his lips, his form became that of a fawn. 

The Little Brother and Sister 

LmAurg FmiUlnmm 

At first the Sister cried over her little changed Brother, and he wept too, and knelt by her very sorrowful; but at last the Maiden said, “Be still, dear little Fawn, and I will never forsake you;” and undoing her 
golden garter she put it round his neck, and weaving rushes made a white girdle to lead him with. This she tied to him, and, taking the other end in her hand, she led him away, and they travelled deeper 
and deeper into the forest. After they had walked a long distance they came to a little hut, and the Maiden peeping in, found it empty, and thought, “Here we can stay and dwell.” Then she looked for leaves 
and moss to make a soft couch for the Fawn, and every morning she went out and collected roots and berries and nuts for herself, and tender grass for the Fawn, which he ate out of her hand, and played 
happily around her. In the evening, when the Sister was tired, and had said her prayers, she laid her head upon the back of the Fawn, which served for a pillow, on which she slept soundly. Had but the 
Brother regained his own proper form, their life would have been happy indeed. 

Thus they dwelt in this wilderness, and some time had elapsed, when it happened that the King of the country held a great hunt in the forest, and now resounded through the trees the blowing of horns, 
the barking of dogs, and the lusty cries of the hunters, so that the little Fawn heard them, and wanted very much to join. “Ah!” said he to his Sister, “let me go to the hunt, I cannot restrain myself any longer,” 
and he begged so hard that at last she consented. “But,” said she to him, “return again in the evening, for I shall shut my door against the wild huntsmen, and, that I may know you, do you knock, and say, 
‘Sister, let me in,’ and if you do not speak I shall not open the door.” As soon as she had said this, the little Fawn sprang off, quite glad and merry in the fresh breeze. The King and his huntsmen perceived 
the beautiful animal, and pursued him; but they could not catch him, and, when they thought they had him for certain, he sprang away over the bushes, and got out of sight. Just as it was getting dark, he ran 
up to the hut, and, knocking, said, “Sister mine, let me in.” Then she undid the little door, and he went in, and rested all night long upon his soft couch. The next morning the hunt was commenced again, and 
as soon as the little Fawn heard the horns and the tally-ho of the sportsmen he could not rest, and said, “Sister, dear, open the door, I must be off.” The sister opened it, saying, "Return at evening, mind, 
and say the words as before.” When the King and his huntsmen saw again the Fawn with the golden necklace, they followed him close, but he was too nimble and quick for them. The whole day long they 
kept up with him, but towards evening the huntsmen made a circle round him, and one wounded him slightly in the foot behind so that he could only run slowly. Then one of them slipped after him to the little 
hut, and heard him say, “Sister, dear, open the door,” and saw that the door was opened and immediately shut behind him. The huntsman, having observed all this, went and told the King what he had seen 
and heard, and he said, “On the morrow I will once more pursue him.” 

The Sister, however, was terribly frightened when she saw her Fawn was wounded, and washing off the blood she put herbs upon the foot, and said, “Go and rest upon your bed, dear Fawn, that the 
wound may heal.” It was so slight that the next morning he felt nothing of it, and when he heard the hunting cries outside, he exclaimed, “I cannot stop away, I must be there, and none shall catch me so 

easily again!” The Sister wept very much, and told him “Soon they will kill you, and I shall be here all alone in this forest, forsaken by all the world; I cannot let you go.” 

“I shall die here in vexation,” answered the Fawn, “if you do not, for when I hear the horn I think I shall jump out of my shoes.” The Sister, finding she could not prevent him, opened the door with a heavy 
heart, and the Fawn jumped out, quite delighted, into the forest. As soon as the King perceived him, he said to his huntsmen, “Follow him all day long till the evening, but let no one do him an injury.” When 
the sun had set, the King asked his huntsmen to show him the hut, and as they came to it he knocked at the door, and said, “Let me in, dear sister.” Then the door was opened, and, stepping in, the King 
saw a maiden more beautiful than he had ever before seen. She was frightened when she saw, not her Fawn, but a man step in, who had a golden crown upon his head. But the King, looking at her with a 
friendly glance, reached her his hand, saying, “Will you go with me to my castle and be my dear wife?” “Oh yes,” replied the maiden, “but the Fawn must go too; him I will never forsake.” The King replied, 
“He shall remain with you as long as you live, and shall want for nothing.” In the mean time the Fawn had come in, and the Sister, binding the girdle to him, again took it in her hand and led him away with 
her out of the hut. 

The King took the beautiful maiden upon his horse, and rode to his castle, where the wedding was celebrated with great splendour, and she became queen, and they lived together a long time, while the 
Fawn was taken care of and lived well, playing about the castle-garden. The wicked stepmother, however, on whose account the children had wandered forth into the world, did not think but that the Sister 
had been torn in pieces by the wild beasts, and the little Brother hunted to death in his Fawn’s shape by the hunters. As soon as she heard how happy they had become, and how every thing prospered 
with them, envy and jealousy were aroused in her heart and left her no peace; and she was always thinking in what way she could work misfortune to them. Her own daughter, who was as ugly as night, and 
had but one eye, for which she was continually reproached, said, “The luck of being a Queen has never yet happened to me.” “Be quiet now,” said the old woman, “and make yourself contented: when the 
time comes I shall be at hand.” As soon, then, as the time came when the Queen brought into the world a beautiful little boy, which happened when the King was out hunting, the old witch took the form of a 
chambermaid, and got into the room where the Queen was lying, and said to her, “The bath is ready, which will restore you and give you fresh strength: be quick, before it gets cold.” Her daughter being at 
hand, they carried the weak Queen between them into the room, and laid her in the bath, and then, shutting the door, they ran off; but first they had made up an immense fire in the stove which must soon 
suffocate the young Queen. 

When this was done, the old woman took her daughter, and, putting a cap on her, laid her in the bed in the Queen’s place. She gave her, too, the form and appearance of the real Queen as far as she 

could, but she could not restore the lost eye, and, so that the King might not notice it, she turned upon that side where there was no eye. When he came home at evening, and heard that a son was born to 

him, he was much delighted, and prepared to go to his wife’s bedside to see how she did. So the old woman called out in a great hurry, “For your life, do not undraw the curtains; the Queen must not yet 
see the light, and must be kept quiet.” So the King went away, and did not discover that a false Queen was laid in the bed. 

When midnight came, and every one was asleep, the nurse, who sat by herself, wide awake, near the cradle, in the nursery, saw the door open and the true Queen come in. She took the child in her 
arms and rocked it awhile, and then shaking up its pillow, laid it down in its cradle and covered it over again. She did not forget the Fawn either, but, going to the corner where he was, stroked his back, 
and then went silently out at the door. The nurse asked in the morning of the guards if any one had passed into the castle during the night, but they answered, “No, we have seen nobody.” For many nights 
afterwards she came constantly, and never spoke a word; and the nurse saw her always, but she would not trust herself to speak about it to any one. 

When some time had passed away, the Queen one night began to speak, and said, 

“How fares my child, how fares my fawn! 

Twice more will I come, but never again.” 

The nurse made no reply, but, when she had disappeared, went to the King and told him all. The King exclaimed, “Oh Heavens! what does this mean? The next night I will watch myself by the child.” In the 
evening he went into the nursery, and about midnight the Queen appeared and said, 

“How fares my child, how fares my fawn! 

Once more will I come, but never again.” 

And she nursed the child, as she was used to do, and then disappeared. The King dared not speak, but he watched the following night, and this time she said, 

“How fares my child, how fares my fawn! 

This time will I come, but never again.” 

At these words the King could hold back no longer, but sprang up, and said, “You can be no other than my dear wife!" Then she answered, “Yes, I am your dear wife!” and at that moment her life was 
restored by God’s mercy, and she was again as beautiful and charming as ever. She told the King the fraud which the witch and her daughter had practised upon him, and he had them both tried and 
sentence pronounced against them. The daughter was taken into the forest, where the wild beasts tore her in pieces, but the old witch was led to the fire and miserably burnt. And as soon as she was 
reduced to ashes the little Fawn was unbewitched, and received again his human form; and the Brother and Sister lived happily together to the end of their days. 

The Three Little Men in the Wood 

Once upon a time there lived a man, whose wife had died; and a woman, also, who had lost her husband: and this man and this woman had each a daughter. These two maidens were friendly with each 
other, and used to walk together, and one day they came by the widow’s house. Then the widow said to the man’s daughter, “Do you hear, tell your father I wish to marry him, and you shall every morning 
wash in milk and drink wine, but my daughter shall wash in water and drink water.” So the girl went home and told her father what the woman had said, and he replied, “What shall I do? marriage is a 
comfort, but it is also a torment!” At last, as he could form no conclusion, he drew off his boot and said, “Take this boot, which has a hole in the sole, and go with it out of doors and hang it on the great nail, 
and then pour water into it. If it holds the water, I will again take a wife; but if it runs through, I will not have her.” The girl did as he bid her, but the water drew the hole together and the boot became full to 
overflowing. So she told her father how it had happened, and he, getting up, saw it was quite true; and going to the widow, he settled the matter, and the wedding was celebrated. 

The next morning, when the two girls arose, milk to wash in and wine to drink were set for the man’s daughter, but only water, both for washing and drinking, for the woman’s daughter. The second 
morning, water for washing and drinking stood before both the man’s daughter and the woman’s; and on the third morning, water to wash in and water to drink were set before the man’s daughter, and milk 
to wash in and wine to drink before the woman’s daughter, and so it continued. 

Soon the woman had a deadly hatred of her step-daughter, and knew not how to behave badly enough to her, from day to day. She was envious, too, because her step-daughter was beautiful and lovely, 
and her own daughter was ugly and hateful. 

Once, in the winter time, when water had frozen as hard as a stone, and hill and valley were covered with snow, the woman made a cloak of paper, and called the maiden to her and said, “Put on this 
cloak, and go away into the wood to fetch me a little basketful of strawberries, for I have a wish for some." 

“Mercy on us!” said the maiden, “in winter there are no strawberries growing; the ground is frozen, and the snow, too, has covered up every thing. And why must I go in that paper cloak? It is so cold out 
of doors that it freezes one’s breath even, and the wind will blow it off, and the thorns will tear it from my body.” 

“Will you dare to contradict me?” said the step-mother. “Make haste off, and let me not see you again until you have found me a basket of strawberries.” Then she gave her a small piece of dry bread, 
saying, “On that you must subsist the whole day.” But she thought — out of doors she will be frozen and starved, so that my eyes will never see her again! 

So the girl did as she was told, and put on the paper cloak, and went away with the basket. Far and near there was nothing but snow, and not a green blade was to be seen. When she came to the forest 
she discovered a little cottage, out of which three little Dwarfs were peeping. The girl wished them good-morning, and knocked gently at the door. They called her in, and, entering the room, she sat down 
on a bench by the fire to warm herself, and eat her breakfast. The Dwarfs called out, “Give us some of it?” “Willingly,” she replied, and dividing her bread in two, she gave them half. They asked, “What do 
you here in the forest, in the wintertime, in this thin cloak?” 

“Ah!” she answered, “I must seek a basketful of strawberries, and I dare not return home until I can take them with me.” When she had eaten her bread, they gave her a broom, saying, “Sweep away the 
snow with this from the back door.” But when she was gone out of doors the three Dwarfs said to one another, “What shall we give her, because she is so gentle and good, and has shared her bread with 
us?” Then said the first, “I grant to her that she shall become more beautiful every day.” The second said, “I grant that a piece of gold shall fall out of her mouth for every word she speaks.” The third said, “I 
grant that a King shall come and make her his bride.” 

Meanwhile, the girl had done as the Dwarfs had bidden her, and had swept away the snow from behind the house. And what do you think she found there? Actually, ripe strawberries! which came quite 
red and sweet up under the snow. So, filling her basket in great glee, she thanked the little men and gave them each her hand, and then ran home to take her stepmother what she wished for. As she went 
in and said, “Good-evening,” a piece of gold fell from her mouth. Thereupon she related what had happened to her in the forest; but at every word she spoke a piece of gold fell, so that the whole floor was 

“Just see her arrogance,” said the step-sister, “to throw away money in that way!” but in her heart she was jealous, and wished to go into the forest too, to seek strawberries. Her mother said, “No, my 
dear daughter; it is too cold, you will be frozen!” but as her girl let her have no peace, she at last consented, and made her a beautiful fur cloak to put on; she also gave her buttered bread and cooked meat 
to eat on the way. 

The girl went into the forest and came straight to the little cottage. The three Dwarfs were peeping out again, but she did not greet them; and, stumbling on without looking at them or speaking, she 
entered the room, and, seating herself by the fire, began to eat the bread and butter and meat. “Give us some of that,” exclaimed the Dwarfs; but she answered, “I have not got enough for myself, so how 
can I give any away?” When she had finished they said, “You have a broom there, go and sweep the back door clean.” “Oh, sweep it yourself,” she replied, “I am not your servant.” When she saw that they 
would not give her any thing she went out at the door, and the three Dwarfs said to each other, “What shall we give her? she is so ill-behaved, and has such a bad and envious disposition, that nobody can 
wish well to her.” The first said, “I grant that she becomes more ugly every day.” The second said, “I grant that every word she speaks a toad shall spring out of her mouth.” The third said, “I grant that she 
shall die a miserable death.” Meanwhile the girl had been looking for strawberries out of doors, but as she could find none she went home very peevish. When she opened her mouth to tell her mother what 
had happened to her in the forest, a toad jumped out of her mouth at each word, so that every one fled away from her in horror. 

The stepmother was now still more vexed, and was always thinking how she could do the most harm to her husband’s daughter, who every day became more beautiful. At last she took a kettle, set it on 
the fire, and boiled a net therein. When it was sodden she hung in on the shoulder of the poor girl, and gave her an axe, that she might go upon the frozen pond and cut a hole in the ice to drag the net. She 
obeyed, and went away and cut an ice-hole; and while she was cutting, an elegant carriage came by, in which the King sat. The carriage stopped, and the King asked, “My child, who are you? and what do 
you here?” “I am a poor girl, and am dragging a net,” said she. Then the King pitied her, and saw how beautiful she was, and said, “Will you go with me.” “Yes, indeed, with all my heart,” she replied, for she 
was glad to get out of the sight of her mother and sister. 

So she was handed into the carriage, and driven away with the King; and as soon as they arrived at his castle the wedding was celebrated with great splendour, as the Dwarfs had granted to the 
maiden. After a year the young Queen bore a son; and when the stepmother heard of her great good fortune, she came to the castle with her daughter, and behaved as if she had come on a visit. But one 
day, when the King had gone out, and no one was present, this bad woman seized the Queen by the head, and her daughter caught hold of her feet, and, raising her out of bed, they threw her out of the 
window into the river which ran past. Then, laying her ugly daughter in the bed, the old woman covered her up, even over her head; and when the King came back he wished to speak to his wife, but the old 
woman exclaimed, “Softly, softly! do not go near her; she is lying in a beautiful sleep, and must be kept quiet to-day.” The King, not thinking of any evil design, came again the next morning the first thing; 
and when he spoke to his wife, and she answered, a toad sprang out of her mouth at every word, as before a piece of gold had done. So he asked what had happened, and the old woman said, “That is 
produced by her weakness, she will soon lose it again.” 

But in the night the kitchen-boy saw a duck swimming through the brook, and the duck said, 

King, King, what are you doing! 

Are you sleeping, or are you waking! 

And as he gave no answer, the duck said, 

What are my guests a-doing! 

Then the boy answered, 

They all sleep sound. 

And she asked him, 

How fares my child! 

And he replied, 

In his cradle he sleeps. 

Then she came up in the form of the Queen to the cradle, and gave the child drink, shook up his bed, and covered him up, and then swam again away as a duck through the brook. The second night she 
came again, and on the third she said to the kitchen-boy, “Go and tell the King to take his sword, and swing it thrice over me, on the threshold.” Then the boy ran and told the King, who came with his 
sword, and swung it thrice over the duck; and at the third time his bride stood before him, bright, living, and healthful, as she had been before. 

Now the King was in great happiness, but he hid the Queen in a chamber until the Sunday when the child was to be christened; and when all was finished he asked, “What ought to be done to one who 
takes another out of bed and throws her into the river?” “Nothing could be more proper,” said the old woman, “than to put such an one into a cask, stuck round with nails, and to roll it down the hill into the 
water.” Then the King said, “You have spoken your own sentence;” and, ordering a cask to be fetched, he caused the old woman and her daughter to be put into it, and the bottom being nailed up, the cask 
was rolled down the hill until it fell into the water. 

The Three Spinsters 

There was once a lazy girl who would not spin, and let her mother say what she would she could not get her to work. At last the mother, getting both angry and impatient, gave her a blow, which made the 
girl cry very loud; just then the Queen, passing by, heard the noise, and, stopping the carriage, she stepped into the house, and asked the mother why she beat her daughter in such a way that the passers- 
by in the street heard her shrieks. The mother, however, was ashamed that her daughter’s laziness should be known, and said, “I cannot make her leave off spinning; she will spin for ever and ever, and I 
am so poor that I cannot procure the flax.” The Queen replied, ‘‘I never heard any thing I like better than spinning, and I am never more pleased than when the wheels are whirring. Let your daughter go with 
me to the castle; I have flax enough, and she may spin as much as she pleases.” The mother was very glad at heart, and the Queen took the girl home with her. As soon as they entered the castle she led 
her up into three rooms, which were all full of the finest flax from top to bottom. “Now, spin this flax for me,” said the Queen, “and, when you have prepared it all, you shall have my eldest son for a husband. 
Although you are poor, I do not despise you on that account; your unwearied industry is dowry enough.” The girl, however, was inwardly frightened, for she could not have spun the flax had she sat there 
from morning till night until she was three hundred years old. When she was left alone she began to cry, and thus she sat three days without stirring a hand. On the third day the Queen came, and when she 
saw that nothing was yet spun she wondered, and the maiden excused herself by saying that she had not been able to begin yet, on account of her great sorrow at leaving her mother’s house. So the 
Queen was satisfied; but on leaving she said, “You must begin to work for me to-morrow.” 

As soon as the girl was again alone she knew not how to act or help herself, and in her vexation she went and looked out of the window. She saw three women passing by, the first of whom had a broad 
flat foot, the second such a large under-lip that it reached nearly to her chin, and the third a very big thumb. They stopped before the window, and looking up asked the girl what she wanted. She told them 
her trouble, and they offered her their help, saying, “Will you invite us to the wedding, and not be ashamed of us, but call us your aunts, and let us sit at your table? If you do all these, we will spin the flax in a 
very short time for you.” 

“With all my heart,” replied the girl; “come in and begin at once.” Then she let in these three women, and, making a clear place in the first room, they sat themselves down and began spinning. One drew 
the thread and trod the wheel, the other moistened the thread, and the third pressed it and beat with her fingers on the table; and as often as she did so a pile of thread fell on the ground, which was spun in 
the finest manner. The girl hid the three spinsters, however, from the Queen, and showed her, as often as she came, the heaps of spun yarn; so that she received no end of praise. When the first room was 
empty the three women went to the second, and at length to the third, so that soon all was cleared out. Now the three spinsters took leave, saying to the girl, “Do not forget what you promised us; it will 
make your fortune.” 

When the girl showed the Queen the empty rooms and the great pile of thread, the wedding was performed, and the bridegroom was glad that he had such a clever and industrious wife, and praised her 

“I have three aunts,” said the girl, “who have done me much service; so I would not willingly forget them in my good fortune. Allow me, therefore, to invite them to the wedding, and sit with me at table.” 
The Queen and the bridegroom asked, “Why should we not allow it?” 

When the feast was begun the three old maids entered in great splendour, and the bride said, “You are welcome dear aunts.” 

“Ah,” said the bridegroom, “how do you come by such ugly friends?” and, going up to the one with the big foot, he asked, “Why have you such a broad foot?” — “From treading, from treading,” she 
replied. Then he went to the second and asked, “Why have you such an overhanging lip?” — “From licking,” she answered, “from licking.” Then he asked the third, “Why have you such a broad 
thumb?” — “From pressing the thread,” she replied, “from pressing the thread.” At this the Prince was frightened, and said, “Therefore my bride shall never touch a spinning-wheel again.” 

And so she was set free from the unlucky flax-spinning. 

Hansel and Grethelz 

Once upon a time there dwelt near a large wood a poor woodcutter with his wife and two children by his former marriage, a little boy called Hansel, and a girl named Grethel. He had little enough to break 
or bite, and once, when there was a great famine in the land, he could not procure even his daily bread; and as he lay thinking in his bed one evening, rolling about for trouble, he sighed, and said to his 
wife, “What will become of us? How can we feed our children when we have no more than we can eat ourselves?” 

“Know, then, my husband,” answered she, “we will lead them away quite early in the morning into the thickest part of the wood, and there make them a fire, and give them each a little piece of bread; 
then we will go to our work and leave them alone, so they will not find the way home again and we shall be freed from them.” “No, wife,” replied he, “that I can never do; how can you bring your heart to leave 
my children all alone in the wood, for the wild beasts will soon come and tear them to pieces?” 

“Oh, you simpleton!” said she, “then we must all four die of hunger; you had better plane the coffins for us.” But she left him no peace till he consented, saying, “Ah, but I shall regret the poor children.” 

The two children, however, had not gone to sleep for very hunger, and so they overheard what the stepmother said to their father. Grethel wept bitterly, and said to Hansel, “What will become of us?” “Be 
quiet, Grethel,” said he; “do not cry, I will soon help you.” And as soon as their parents had fallen asleep, he got up, put on his coat, and, unbarring the back-door, slipped out. The moon shone brightly, and 
the white pebbles which lay before the door seemed like silver pieces, they glittered so brightly. Hansel stooped down, and put as many into his pocket as it would hold, and then going back he said to 
Grethel, “Be comforted, dear sister, and sleep in peace; God will not forsake us;” and so saying he went to bed again. 

Hansel and Grethel 

tudu-.f Emtl r.rzmm 

The next morning, before the sun arose, the wife went and awoke the two children. “Get up, you lazy things; we are going into the forest to chop wood.” Then she gave them each a piece of bread, 
saying, “There is something for your dinner; do not eat it before the time, for you will get nothing else.” Grethel took the bread in her apron, for Hansel’s pocket was full of pebbles; and so they all set out 
upon their way. When they had gone a little distance Hansel stood still, and peeped back at the house; and this he repeated several times, till his father said, “Hansel, what are you peeping at, and why do 
you lag behind? Take care, and remember your legs.” 

“Ah! father,” said Hansel, “I am looking at my white cat sitting upon the roof of the house, and trying to say good-bye.” “You simpleton!” said the wife, “that is not a cat; it is only the sun shining on the white 
chimney.” But in reality Hansel was not looking at a cat; but every time he stopped he dropped a pebble out of his pocket upon the path. 

When they came to the middle of the wood the father told the children to collect wood, and he would make them a fire, so that they should not be cold; so Hansel and Grethel gathered together quite a 
little mountain of twigs. Then they set fire to them, and as the flame burnt up high the wife said, “Now, you children, lie down near the fire and rest yourselves, whilst we go into the forest and chop wood; 
when we are ready, I will come and call you.” 

Hansel and Grethel sat down by the fire, and when it was noon each ate the piece of bread, and, because they could hear the blows of an axe, they thought their father was near; but it was not an axe, 
but a branch which he had bound to a withered tree, so as to be blown to and fro by the wind. They waited so long that at last their eyes closed from weariness, and they fell fast asleep. When they awoke it 
was quite dark, and Grethel began to cry; “How shall we get out of the wood?” But Hansel tried to comfort her by saying, “Wait a little while till the moon rises, and then we will quickly find the way.” The 
moon soon shone forth, and Hansel, taking his sister’s hand, followed the pebbles, which glittered like new-coined silver pieces, and showed them the path. All night long they walked on, and as day broke 
they came to their father’s house. They knocked at the door, and when the wife opened it, and saw Hansel and Grethel, she exclaimed, “You wicked children! Why did you sleep so long in the wood? We 
thought you were never coming home again.” But their father was very glad, for it had grieved his heart to leave them all alone. 

Not long afterwards there was again great scarcity in every corner of the land; and one night the children overheard their mother saying to their father, “Everything is again consumed; we have only half a 
loaf left, and then the song is ended: the children must be sent away. We will take them deeper into the wood, so that they may not find the way out again; it is the only means of escape for us.” 

But her husband felt heavy at heart, and thought, “It were better to share the last crust with the children.” His wife, however, would listen to nothing that he said, and scolded and reproached him without 


He who says A must say B too; and he who consents the first time must also the second. 

The children, however, had heard the conversation as they lay awake, and as soon as the old people went to sleep Hansel got up, intending to pick up some pebbles as before; but the wife had locked 
the door, so that he could not get out. Nevertheless he comforted Grethel, saying, “Do not cry; sleep in quiet; the good God will not forsake us.” 

Early in the morning the stepmother came and pulled them out of bed, and gave them each a slice of bread, which was still smaller than the former piece. On the way Hansel broke his in his pocket, and, 
stopping every now and then, dropped a crumb upon the path. “Hansel, why do you stop and look about?” said the father, “keep in the path.” — “I am looking at my little dove,” answered Hansel, “nodding a 
good-bye to me.” “Simpleton!” said the wife, “that is no dove, but only the sun shining on the chimney.” So Hansel kept still dropping crumbs as he went along. 

The mother led the children deep into the wood, where they had never been before, and there making an immense fire she said to them, “Sit down here and rest, and when you feel tired you can sleep 
for a little while. We are going into the forest to hew wood, and in the evening, when we are ready, we will come and fetch you.” 

When noon came Grethel shared her bread with Hansel, who had strewn his on the path. Then they went to sleep; but the evening arrived, and no one came to visit the poor children, and in the dark night 
they awoke, and Hansel comforted his sister by saying, “Only wait, Grethel, till the moon comes out, then we shall see the crumbs of bread which I have dropped, and they will show us the way home.” The 
moon shone and they got up, but they could not see any crumbs, for the thousands of birds which had been flying about in the woods and fields had picked them all up. Hansel kept saying to Grethel, “We 
will soon find the way;” but they did not, and they walked the whole night long and the next day, but still they did not come out of the wood; and they got so hungry, for they had nothing to eat but the berries 
which they found upon the bushes. Soon they got so tired that they could not drag themselves along, so they laid down under a tree and went to sleep. 

It was now the third morning since they had left their father’s house, and they still walked on; but they only got deeper and deeper into the wood, and Hansel saw that if help did not come very soon they 
would die of hunger. As soon as it was noon they saw a beautiful snow-white bird sitting upon a bough, which sang so sweetly that they stood still and listened to it. It soon left off, and spreading its wings 
flew off; and they followed it until it arrived at a cottage, upon the roof of which it perched; and when they went close up to it they saw that the cottage was made of bread and cakes, and the window panes 
were of clear sugar. 

“We will go in there,” said Hansel, “and have a glorious feast. I will eat a piece of the roof, and you can eat the window. Will they not be sweet?” So Hansel reached up and broke a piece off the roof, in 
order to see how it tasted; while Grethel stepped up to the window and began to bite it. Then a sweet voice called out in the room, “Tip-tap, tip-tap, who raps at my door?” and the children answered, “The 
wind, the wind, the child of heaven;” and they went on eating without interruption. Hansel thought the roof tasted very nice, and so he tore off a great piece; while Grethel broke a large round pane out of the 
window, and sat down quite contentedly. Just then the door opened, and a very old woman, walking upon crutches, came out. Hansel and Grethel were so frightened that they let fall what they had in their 
hands; but the old woman, nodding her head, said, “Ah, you dear children, what has brought you here? Come in and stop with me, and no harm shall befall you;” and so saying she took them both by the 
hand, and led them into her cottage. A good meal of milk and pancakes, with sugar, apples, and nuts, were spread on the table, and in the back room were two nice little beds, covered with white, where 
Hansel and Grethel laid themselves down, and thought themselves in heaven. The old woman had behaved very kindly to them, but in reality she was a wicked witch who waylaid children, and built the 
bread-house in order to entice them in; but as soon as they were in her power she killed them, cooked and ate them, and made a great festival of the day. Witches have red eyes, and cannot see very far; 
but they have a fine sense of smelling, like wild beasts, so that they know when children approach them. When Hansel and Grethel came near the witch’s house she laughed wickedly, saying, “Here come 
two who shall not escape me.” And early in the morning, before they awoke, she went up to them, and saw how lovingly they lay sleeping, with their chubby red cheeks; and she mumbled to herself, “That 
will be a good bite.” Then she took up Hansel with her rough hand, and shut him up in a little cage with a lattice-door; and although he screamed loudly it was of no use. Grethel came next, and, shaking her 
till she awoke, she said, “Get up, you lazy thing, and fetch some water to cook something good for your brother, who must remain in that stall and get fat; when he is fat enough I shall eat him.” Grethel 
began to cry, but it was all useless, for the old witch made her do as she wished. So a nice meal was cooked for Hansel, but Grethel got nothing else but a crab’s claw. 

Every morning the old witch came to the cage and said, “Hansel, stretch your finger that I may feel whether you are getting fat.” But Hansel used to stretch out a bone, and the old woman, having very bad 
sight, thought it was his finger, and wondered very much that it did not get fat. When four weeks had passed, and Hansel still kept quite lean, she lost all her patience and would not wait any longer. 
“Grethel,” she called out in a passion, “get some water quickly; be Hansel fat or lean, this morning I will kill and cook him.” Oh, how the poor little sister grieved, as she was forced to fetch the water, and 
how fast the tears ran down her cheeks! “Dear good God, help us now!” she exclaimed. “Had we only been eaten by the wild beasts in the wood then we should have died together.” But the old witch 
called out, “Leave off that noise; it will not help you a bit.” 

So early in the morning Grethel was forced to go out and fill the kettle, and make a fire. “First we will bake, however,” said the old woman; “I have already heated the oven and kneaded the dough; and so 
saying she pushed poor Grethel up to the oven, out of which the flames were burning fiercely. “Creep in,” said the witch, “and see if it is hot enough, and then we will put in the bread;” but she intended 
when Grethel got in to shut up the oven and let her bake, so that she might eat her as well as Hansel. Grethel perceived what her thoughts were, and said, “I do not know how to do it; how shall I get in?” 
“You stupid goose,” said she, “the opening is big enough. See, I could even get in myself!” and she got up and put her head into the oven. Then Grethel gave her a push, so that she fell right in, and then 
shutting the iron door she bolted it. Oh! how horribly she howled; but Grethel ran away, and left the ungodly witch to burn to ashes. 

Now she ran to Hansel, and, opening his door, called out, “Hansel, we are saved; the old witch is dead!” So he sprang out, like a bird out of his cage when the door is opened; and they were so glad that 
they fell upon each other’s neck, and kissed each other over and over again. And now, as there was nothing to fear, they went into the witch’s house, where in every corner were caskets full of pearls and 
precious stones. “These are better than pebbles,” said Hansel, putting as many into his pocket as it would hold; while Grethel thought, “I will take some home too,” and filled her apron full. “We must be off 
now,” said Hansel, “and get out of this bewitched forest;” but when they had walked for two hours they came to a large piece of water. “We cannot get over,” said Hansel. “I can see no bridge at all.” “And 
there is no boat either,” said Grethel; “but there swims a white duck, I will ask her to help us over;” and she sang, 

“Little duck, good little duck, 

Grethel and Hansel, here we stand, 

There is neither stile nor bridge, 

Take us on vour back to land.” 

So the duck came to them, and Hansel sat himself on, and bade his sister sit behind him. “No,” answered Grethel, “that will be too much for the duck, she shall take us over one at a time.” This the good 
little bird did, and when both were happily arrived on the other side, and had gone a little way, they came to a well-known wood, which they knew the better every step they went, and at last they perceived 
their father’s house. Then they began to run, and, bursting into the house, they fell on their father’s neck. He had not had one happy hour since he had left the children in the forest; and his wife was dead. 
Grethel shook her apron, and the pearls and precious stones rolled out upon the floor, and Hansel threw down one handful after the other out of his pocket. Then all their sorrows were ended, and they lived 
together in great happiness. 

My tale is done. There runs a mouse: whoever catches her may make a great, great cap out of her fur. 

The Three Snake-Leaves 

There was once a poor man who was unable to feed his only son any longer; so the son said, “My dear father, every thing goes badly with you, and I am a burden to you; I would rather go away and see 
how I can earn my own bread.” So the father gave him his blessing, and took leave of him with great grief. At that time the King of a powerful empire was at war, and the youth taking service under him, 
went with him to the field. When he came in sight of the enemy, battle was given and he was in great peril, and the arrows flew so fast that his comrades fell around him on all sides. And when the captain 
was killed the rest would have taken to flight; but the youth, stepping forward, spoke to them courageously, exclaiming, “We will not let our fatherland be ruined!” Then the others followed him, and then 
pressed on and beat the enemy. As soon as the King heard that he had to thank him alone for the victory, he raised him above all the others, gave him great treasures, and made him first in his kingdom. 

Now the King had a daughter who was very beautiful, but she was also very whimsical. She had made a vow never to take a lord and husband who would not promise, if she should die first, to let himself 
be buried alive with her. “Does he love me with all his heart?” said she. “What use to him, then, can his life be afterwards?” At the same time she was prepared to do the same thing, and if her husband 
should die first to descend with him to the grave. This vow had hitherto frightened away all suitors, but the youth was so taken with her beauty that he waited for nothing, but immediately asked her in 
marriage of her father. 

“Do you know,” said the King, “what you must promise?” “I must go with her into the grave,” he replied, “if I survive her; but my love is so great that I mind not the danger.” Then the King consented, and 
the wedding was celebrated with great splendour. 

For a long time they lived happily and contented with one another, until it happened that the young Queen fell grievously sick, so that no physician could cure her. When she died the young Prince 
remembered his forced promise, and shuddered at the thought of laying himself alive in the grave; but there was no escape, for the King had set watchers at all the doors, and it was not possible to avoid 
his fate. When the day came that the body should be laid in the royal vault, he was led away with it, and the door closed and locked behind him. Near the coffin stood a table, having upon it four lights, four 
loaves of bread, and four bottles of wine; as soon as this supply came to an end he must die of hunger. Full of bitterness and sorrow he sat down, eating each day but a little morsel of bread, and taking but 
one draught of wine: everyday he saw death approaching nearer and nearer. Whilst he thus sat gazing before him he saw a snake creeping out of the corner of the vault, which approached the dead body. 
Thinking that it came to feed on the body, he drew his sword, and exclaiming, “So long as I live you shall not touch her,” he cut it in three pieces. After awhile another snake crawled out of the corner; but 
when it saw the other lying dead it went back, and returned soon with three green leaves in its mouth. Then it took the three pieces of the snake, and, laying them together so as to join, it put one leaf upon 
each wound. As soon as the divided parts were joined the snake moved and was alive again, and both snakes hastened away together. The leaves remained lying on the ground, and the unfortunate King, 
who had seen all, bethought himself whether the miraculous power of the leaves, which had restored a snake to life, might not help a man. So he picked up the leaves, and laid one on the mouth of the 
corpse, and the other two on her eyes; and he had scarcely done so when the blood circulated again in the veins, and, mounting into the pale countenance, flushed it with colour. Then she drew her breath, 
opened her eyes, and said, “Ah, where am I?” “You are with me, dear wife,” he replied, and told her how every thing had happened, and how he had brought her to life. Then he helped her to some wine 
and bread; and when her strength had returned she raised herself up, and they went to the door, and knocked and shouted so loudly that the watchers heard them and told the King. The King came down 
himself and opened the door, and there found them both alive and well, and he rejoiced with them that their trouble had passed away. But the young King took away the three snake-leaves, and gave them 
to his servant saying, “Preserve them carefully for me, and carry them with you at all times. Who knows in what necessity they may not help us?” 

A change, however, had come over the wife, after she was restored to life, and it was as if all love for her husband had passed out of her heart. And when, some little time after, he wished to make a 
voyage over the sea to his old father, and they had gone on board the ship, she forgot the great love and fidelity which he had shown, and through which he had saved her life, and disclosed a wicked plan 
to the Captain. When the young Prince lay asleep, she called up the Captain, and, taking the sleeper by the head while he carried the feet, they threw the Prince into the sea. And as soon as the evil deed 
was done she said to the Captain, “Now let us return home, and say he died on the voyage. I will so praise and commend you to my father that he shall give you to me in marriage, and you shall sit as his 

But the faithful servant, who had seen all unremarked, let loose a little boat from the ship, and, getting in it himself, rowed after his master, and let the betrayers sail away. He fished the dead body up 
again, and, by the help of the three snake-leaves, which he carried with him, he brought him happily to life again. Then they both rowed away with all their strength day and night, and their little boat glided 
on so fast that they arrived before the others at the old King’s palace. He marvelled to see them return alone, and asked what had happened. When he heard of the wickedness of his daughter he said, “I 
can scarcely believe that she has done such evil; but the truth will soon come to light.” Then he bade them both go into a secret chamber, and keep themselves private from every body. Soon afterwards 
the great vessel came sailing up, and the godless wife appeared before her father with a sorrowful countenance. “Why are you returned alone?” he asked. “Where is your husband?” “Alas! dear father,” 
she replied, “I return home with great grief, for my husband was suddenly taken ill during the voyage and died; and if the good Captain had not given me his assistance it would have gone terribly with me; 
he was present at my husband’s death, and can tell you all about it.” The King said, “I will bring the dead to life,” and opening the chamber, he bade the Prince and his servant both to come forth. As soon 
as the wife perceived her husband she was struck as if by lightning, and, falling on her knees, she begged his pardon. But the King answered, “For you there is no pardon. He was ready to die with you, 
and gave you life again; but you have conspired against him in his sleep, and shall receive your due reward.” Then she was put, with her companion in crime, on board a ship which was pierced with holes, 
and drawn out into the sea; and they soon sank beneath the waves. 


Once upon a time there lived a man and his wife, who much wished to have a child, but for a long time in vain. These people had a little window in the back part of their house, out of which one could see 
into a beautiful garden, which was full of fine flowers and vegetables; but it was surrounded by a high wall, and no one dared to go in, because it belonged to a Witch who possessed great power, and who 
was feared by the whole world. One day the woman stood at this window looking into the garden, and there she saw a bed which was filled with the most beautiful radishes, and which seemed so fresh 
and green that she felt quite glad; and a great desire seized her to eat of these radishes. This wish returned daily, and as she knew that she could not partake of them she fell ill, and looked very pale and 
miserable. This frightened her husband, who asked, “What ails you, my dear wife?” 

“Ah!” she replied, “if I cannot get any of those radishes to eat out of the garden behind the house I shall die!” The husband, loving her very much, thought, “Rather than let my wife die, I must fetch her 
some radishes, cost what they may.” So in the gloom of the evening, he climbed the wall of the Witch’s garden, and, snatching a handful of radishes in great haste, brought them to his wife, who made 
herself a salad with them, which she ate with relish. However, they were so nice, and so well-flavoured, that the next day after she felt the same desire for the third time, and could not get any rest, so that 
her husband was obliged to promise her some more. So, in the evening, he made himself ready, and began clambering up the wall; but, oh! how terribly frightened he was, for there he saw the old Witch 
standing before him. “How dare you,” — she began, looking at him with a frightful scowl, — “how dare you climb over into my garden to take away my radishes like a thief? Evil shall happen to you for this.” 

“Ah!” replied he, “let pardon be granted before justice; I have only done this from a great necessity: my wife saw your radishes from her window, and took such a fancy to them that she would have died if 
she had not eaten of them.” Then the Witch ran after him in a passion, saying, “If she behave as you say I will let you take away all the radishes you please, but I make one condition: you must give me the 
child which your wife will bring into the world. All shall go well with it, and I will care for it like a mother.” In his anxiety the man consented, and when the child was born the Witch appeared at the same time, 
gave the child the name “Rapunzel,” and took it away with her. 

Rapunzel grew to be the most beautiful child under the sun, and when she was twelve years old the Witch shut her up in a tower, which stood in a forest, and had neither stairs nor door, and only one little 
window just at the top. When the Witch wished to enter she stood beneath, and called out — for Rapunzel had long and beautiful hair, as fine as spun gold; and as soon as she heard the Witch’s voice she 
unbound her tresses, opened the window, and then the hair fell down twenty ells, and the Witch mounted up by it. 

“Rapunzel! Rapunzel! 

Let down your hair!” 

After a couple of years had passed away, it happened that the King’s son was riding through the wood, and came by the tower. There he heard a song so beautiful that he stood still and listened. It was 
Rapunzel, who, to pass the time of her loneliness away, was exercising her sweet voice. The King’s son wished to ascend to her and looked for a door to the tower, but he could not find one. So he rode 
home, but the song had touched his heart so much that he went every day to the forest and listened to it; and, as he thus stood one day behind a tree, he saw the Witch come up and heard her call out — 
Then Rapunzel let down her tresses, and the Witch mounted up. “Is that the ladder on which one must climb? Then I will try my luck, too,” said the Prince; and the following day, as he felt quite lonely, he 
went to the tower, and said — Then the tresses fell down, and he climbed up. Rapunzel was much frightened at first when a man came in, for she had never seen one before; but the King’s son began to talk 
in a friendly way to her, and told her how his heart had been so moved by her singing that he had had no peace until he had seen her himself. So Rapunzel lost her terror, and when he asked her if she 
would have him for a husband, and she saw that he was young and handsome, she thought, “Any one may have me, rather than the old woman;” so saying “Yes,” she put her hand within his: “I will willingly 
go with you, but I know not how I am to descend. When you come, bring with you a skein of silk each time, out of which I will weave a ladder, and when it is ready I will come down by it, and you must take 
me upon your horse.” Then they agreed that they should never meet till the evening, as the Witch came in the daytime. The old woman remarked nothing about it, until one time Rapunzel began to say to 
her, “Tell me, mother, how it happens you find it more difficult to come up to me than the young King’s son, who is with me in a moment?” 

“Rapunzel! Rapunzel! 

Let down your hair!” 

“Rapunzel! Rapunzel! 

Let down your hair!” 

“Oh, you wicked child!” exclaimed the Witch, “what do I hear? I thought I had separated you from all the world, and yet you have deceived me.” And, seizing Rapunzel’s beautiful hair in a fury, she gave 
her a couple of blows with her left hand, and, taking a pair of scissors in her right, snip, snap! she cut it all off; and the beautiful tresses lay upon the ground. Then she was so hard-hearted that she took the 
poor maiden into a great desert, and left her to live in great misery and grief. 

But the same day when the old Witch had carried Rapunzel off, in the evening she made the tresses fast above to the window latch, and when the King’s son came, and called out — she let them down. 
The Prince mounted; but when he got to the top he found, not his dear Rapunzel, but the Witch, who looked at him with furious and wicked eyes. “Aha!” she exclaimed, scornfully, “you would fetch your dear 
wife; but the beautiful bird sits no longer in her nest, singing; the cat has taken her away, and will now scratch out your eyes. To you Rapunzel is lost; you will never see her again.” 

“Rapunzel! Rapunzel! 

Let down your hair!” 

The Prince lost his senses with grief at these words, and sprang out of the window of the tower in his bewilderment. His life he escaped with, but the thorns into which he fell put out his eyes. So he 
wandered, blind, in the forest, eating nothing but roots and berries, and doing nothing but weeping and lamenting for the loss of his dear wife. He wandered about thus, in great misery, for some few years, 

and at last arrived at the desert where Rapunzel, with the twins to which she had given birth, lived in great sorrow. Hearing a voice which he thought he knew, he went up to her; and as he approached, 
Rapunzel recognised him, and fell upon his neck and wept. Two of her tears moistened his eyes, and they became clear again, so that he could see as well as formerly. 

Then he led her away to his kingdom, where he was received with great demonstrations of joy, and where they lived long contented, and happy. 

What became of the old Witch, no one ever knew. 

The White Snake 

Along while ago there lived a King whose wisdom was world-renowned. Nothing remained unknown to him, and it seemed as if the tidings of the most hidden things were borne to him through the air. But 
he had one strange custom: every noontime, when the table was quite cleared, and no one was present, his trusty servant had to bring him a dish, which was covered up, and the servant himself did not 
know what lay in it, and no man knew, for the King never uncovered it nor ate thereof until he was quite alone. This went on for a long time, until one day such a violent curiosity seized the servant, who as 
usual carried the dish, that he could not resist the temptation, and took the dish into his chamber. As soon as he had carefully locked the door, he raised the cover, and there lay before him a White Snake. 
At the sight he could not restrain the desire to taste it, so he cut a piece off and put it in his mouth. But scarcely had his tongue touched it, when he heard before his window a curious whispering of low 
voices. He went and listened, and found out that it was the Sparrows who were conversing with one another, and relating what each had seen in field or wood. The morsel of the Snake had given him the 
power to understand the speech of animals. Now it happened just on this day that the Queen lost her finest ring, and suspicion fell on this faithful servant, who had the care of all the rings, that he had stolen 
it. The King ordered him to appear before him, and threatened in angry words that he should be taken up and tried if he did not know before the morrow whom to name as the guilty person. He protested 
his innocence in vain, and was sent away without any mitigation of the sentence. In his anxiety and trouble he went away into the courtyard, thinking how he might help himself. There, on a running stream of 
water, the Ducks were congregated familiarly together, and smoothing themselves down with their beaks while they held a confidential conversation. The Servant stood still and listened to them as they 
narrated to each other whereabouts they had waddled, and what nice food they had found; and one said in a vexed tone, “Something very hard is in my stomach, for in my haste I swallowed a ring which 
lay under the Queen’s window.” Then the Servant caught the speaker up by her neck, and carried her to the Cook, saying, “Just kill this fowl, it is finely fat.” “Yes,” said the Cook, weighing it in her hand, “it 
has spared no trouble in cramming itself; it ought to have been roasted long ago.” So saying, she chopped off its head, and, when she cut it open, in its stomach was found the Queen’s ring. Now, the 
Servant was able to prove easily his innocence to the Queen, and, as she wished to repair her injustice, she granted him her pardon, and promised him the greatest place of honour which he wished for at 
court. The Servant refused every thing, and only requested a horse and money, for he had a desire to see the world, and to travel about it for a while. As soon as his request was granted he set off on his 
tour, and came one day by a pond, in which he remarked three Fishes which were caught in the reeds, and lay gasping for water. Although men say Fishes are dumb, yet he understood their complaint, 
that they must die so miserably. Having a compassionate heart, he dismounted and put the three prisoners again into the water. They splashed about for joy, and, putting their heads above water, said to 
him, “We shall be grateful, and repay you for saving us.” He rode onwards, and, after a while, it happened that he heard, as it were, a voice in the sand at his feet. He listened, and perceived that an Ant 
King was complaining thus: — “If these men could but keep away with their great fat beasts! Here comes an awkward horse treading my people under foot unmercifully.” So he rode on to a side path, and 
the Ant King called to him, “We will be grateful and reward you.” His way led him into a forest, and there he saw a male and female Crow, standing by their nest, and dragging their young out, “Off with you, 
you gallows birds!” they exclaimed, “we can feed you no longer, you are big enough now to help yourselves.” The poor young ones lay on the ground fluttering and beating their wings, and crying, “We, 
helpless children, we must feed ourselves, we who cannot fly yet! What is left to us but to die here of hunger?” Then the Servant dismounted, and, killing his horse with his sword, left it for the young Crows 
to feed upon. They soon hopped upon it, and when they were satisfied they exclaimed, “We will be grateful, and reward you in time of need!” 

He was obliged now to use his own legs, and after he had gone a long way he came to a large town, where in the streets there was a great crowd and shouting, and a man upon horseback riding along, 
who proclaimed, “The Princess seeks a husband; but he who would win her must perform a difficult task, and, if he should not luckily complete it, his life will be forfeited.” Many had tried already, but in vain; 
their lives had been forfeited. But the Youth, when he had seen the Princess, was so blinded by her beauty, that he forgot all danger, and stepping before the King, offered himself as a suitor. Immediately 
he was conducted to the sea, and a golden ring thrown in before his eyes. Then the King bade him fetch this ring up again from the bottom of the sea, adding, “If you rise without the ring, you shall be 
thrown in again and again, until you perish in the waves.” Every one pitied the handsome Youth, and then left him alone on the seashore. There he stood considering what he should do, and presently he 
saw three fishes at once swimming towards him, and they were no others than the three whose lives he had saved. The middle one bore a mussel-shell in its mouth, which it laid on the shore at the feet of 
the Youth, who taking up and opening it, found the gold ring within. Full of joy, he brought it to the King, expecting that he should receive his promised reward. But the proud Princess, when she saw that he 
was not her equal in birth, was ashamed of him, and desired that he should undertake a second task. She went into the garden, and strewed there ten bags of millet-seed in the grass, “These he must pick 
up by the morning, before the sunrise, and let him not venture to miss one grain.” The Youth sat himself down in the garden, thinking how it was possible to perform the task, but that he could not discover, 
and so he sat there sorrowfully, awaiting at the dawn of day to be conducted to death. But, as soon as the first rays of sun fell on the garden, he saw that the ten sacks were all filled, and standing by him, 
while not a single grain remained in the grass. The Ant King had come in the night with his thousands and thousands of men, and the grateful insects had collected the millet with great industry, and put it 
into the sacks. The Princess herself came into the garden, and saw with wonder that the Youth had performed what was required of him. But still she could not bend her proud heart, and she said, 
“Although he may have done these two tasks, yet he shall not be my husband until he has brought me an apple from the tree of life.” The Youth did not know where the tree of life stood; he got up, indeed, 
and was willing to go so long as his legs bore him, but he had no hope of finding it. After he had wandered through three kingdoms, he came by evening into a forest, and, sitting down under a tree, he 
wished to sleep; when he heard a rustling in the branches, and a golden apple fell into his hand. At the same time three Ravens flew down, and settled on his knee, saying, “We are the three young Ravens 
whom you saved from dying of hunger; when we were grown up, and heard that you sought the golden apple, then we flew over the sea, even to the end of the world where stands the tree of life, and we 
have fetched you the apple." 

Full of joy, the Youth set out homewards, and presented the golden apple to the beautiful Princess, who now had no more excuses. So they divided the apple of life, and ate it between them; then her 
heart was filled with love towards him, and they lived to a great age in undisturbed tranquility. 

The Fisherman and His Wife 

There was once upon a time a fisherman and his wife, who lived together in a little hut near the sea, and every day he went down to fish. There he sat with his rod, and looked out upon the blank water; and 
this he did for many a long day. One morning the line went to the bottom, and, when he drew it up, a great Flounder was hooked at the end. The Flounder said to him, “Let me go, I pray you, fisherman; I am 
not a real fish, but an enchanted prince. What good shall I do you if you pull me up? I shall not taste well; put me back into the water, and let me swim.” 

“Ah,” said the man, “you need not make such a palaver, a fish which can speak I would rather let swim,” and, so saying, he put the fish into the water, and as it sunk to the bottom it left a long streak of 

blood behind it. Then the fisherman got up, and went back to his wife in their hut. 

“Have you caught nothing to-day, husband?” said she. “Oh!” he replied, “I caught a flounder, who said he was an enchanted Prince; so I threw him again into the sea to swim.” 

“Did you not wish first?” she inquired. “No!” said he. 

“Ah!” said the wife, “that is very unlucky; is one to remain in this hovel for ever? You might have wished for a better hut at least. Go again and call him; tell him we choose to have a better hut, and for 
certain you’ll get it.” 

“Ah!” replied he, “how shall I manage that?” “Why,” said his wife, “you must catch him again, and before you let him swim away he will grant what you ask: be quick.” The man was not much pleased, and 

wished his wife further; but, nevertheless, he went down to the sea. When he came to the water, it was green and yellow, and looked still more blank; he stood by it and said, 

“Flounder, Flounder in the sea, 

Hither quickly come to me; 

For my wife, dame Isabel, 

Wishes what I scarce dare tell!” 

Then the fish came swimming up, and said, “What do you want with me?” “Oh!’ said the man, “I was to catch you again; for my wife says I ought to have wished before. She won’t stay any longer in her 
hovel, and desires a cottage.” 

“Go home again,” said the Flounder, “she has it already.” So the fisherman departed, and there was his wife, no longer in the dirty hovel, for in its place stood a clean cottage, before whose door she sat 
upon a bench. She took him by the hand, saying, “Come in now and see: is not this much better?” So in they went, and in the cottage there was a beautiful parlour, and a fine fireplace, and a chamber 
where a bed stood; there were also a kitchen and a store-room, with nice earthen ware, all of the best; tinware and copper vessels, and every thing very clean and neat. At the back was a large yard, with 
hens and chickens; as well as a nice garden, full of fruit trees and vegetables. “See!” said the wife, “is not this charming?” 

“Yes,” said her husband, “so long as it blooms you will be very well content with it.” 

“We will consider about that,” she replied, and they went to bed. 

Thus eight to fourteen days passed on, when the wife said, “Husband, the hut is far too narrow for me, and the yard and garden are so small; the flounder may very well give us a larger house. I wish to 
live in a large stone palace; go, then, to the flounder, and ask him to give us a castle.” 

“Ah, wife!” said he, “the cottage is good enough; why should you choose to have a castle?” 

“Go along!” she replied, “the flounder will soon give you that.” 

“Nay, wife,” he said, “the flounder gave us the cottage at first, but when I go again he will perhaps be angry.” 

“Never you mind,” said she; “he can do what I wish for very easily, and willingly; go and try.” The husband was vexed at heart, and did not like going, and said to himself, “This is not right.” But at last he 
set off. 

When he came to the sea, the water was quite clouded and deep blue coloured, and black and thick: it looked green no longer, yet it was calm. So he went and said, 

“Flounder, Flounder in the sea, 

Hither, quickly come to me, 

For my wife, dame Isabel, 

Wishes what I scarce dare tell.” 

“Now, then, what do you want?” said the Flounder. “Oh,” said the man, half-frightened, “she wants to live in a great stone castle.” “Go home, and see it at your door,” replied the fish. 

The fisherman went away, and lo! where formerly his house stood, there was a great stone castle; and his wife called to him from the steps to come in, and, taking him by the hand, she said, “Now let us 
look about.” So they walked about, and in the castle there was a great hall, with marble tables, and there were ever so many servants, who ushered them through folding doors into rooms hung all round 
with tapestry, and filled with fine golden stools and chairs, with crystal looking-glasses on the walls; and all the rooms were similarly fitted up. Outside the house were large courtyards, with horse and cow 
stalls, and wagons, all of the best, and besides a beautiful garden filled with magnificent flowers and fruit trees, and a meadow full a mile long, covered with deer, and oxen, and sheep, as many as one 
could wish for. “Is not this pretty?” said the wife. “Ah,” said her husband, “so long as the humour lasts you will be content with this, and then you will want something else.” 

“We will think about that,” said she, and with that they went to bed. 

The next morning the wife woke up just as it was day, and looked out over the fine country which lay before her. Her husband did not get up, and there she stood with her arms a-kimbo, and called out, 
“Get up, and come and look here at the window; see, shall I not be Queen over all the land? Go, and say to the Flounder, “We choose to be King and Queen.” “Ah, wife,” said he, “why should I wish to be 
King?” “No,” she replied, “you do not wish, so I will be Queen. Go, tell the Flounder so.” 

“Oh why do you wish this? I cannot say it.” 

“Why not? go off at once; I must be Queen.” The husband set out quite stupefied, but she would have her way, and when he came to the sea it was quite black-looking, and the water splashed up and 
smelled very disagreeably. But he stood still, and repeated, 

“Flounder, Flounder in the sea, 

Hither quickly come to me, 

For my wife, dame Isabel, 

Wishes what I scarce dare tell.” 

“What does she want now?” asked the Flounder. “Ah!” said he, “she would be Queen.” “Go home, she is so already,” replied the fish. So he departed, and when he came near the palace he saw it had 
become much larger, with a great tower and gateway in front of it; and before the gate stood a herald, and there were many soldiers, with kettledrums and trumpets. When he came into the house he found 
everything made of the purest marble and gold; with magnificent curtains, fringed with gold. Through the hall he went in at the doors where the great court apartment was, and there sat his wife upon a high 
throne of gold and diamonds; having a crown of gold upon her head, and a sceptre of precious stones in her hand; and upon each side stood six pages, in a row, each one a head taller than the other. 
Then he went up, and said, “Ah! wife, are you Queen now?” “Yes,” said she, “now I am Queen!” There he stood looking for a long time. At last he said, “Ah, wife, how do you like being Queen? Now we 
have nothing else to choose.” “No, indeed!” she replied, “I am very dissatisfied; time and tide do not wait for me; I can bear it no longer, Go then to the flounder; Queen I am; now I must be Pope.” “Ah, wife! 
what would you? Pope thou canst not be, the Pope is the head of Christendom, the Flounder cannot make you that.” 

“I wll be Pope,” replied the Wife, and he was obliged to go, and, when he came to the shore, the sea was running mountains high, and the sky was so black that he was quite terrified, and began to say 
in a great fright, 

“Flounder, Flounder in the sea, 

Quickly, quickly come to me, 

For my wife, dame Isabel, 

Wishes what I scarce dare tell.” 

“What now?” asked the Flounder. “She wants to be Pope,” said he. “Go home, and find her so,” was the reply. 

So he went back, and found a great church, in which she was sitting upon a much higher throne, with two rows of candles on each side, some as thick as towers, down to those no bigger than rushlights, 
and before her footstool were Kings and Queens kneeling. “Wife,” said he, “now be contented: since you are Pope, you cannot be anything else.” “That I will consider about,” she replied, and so they went 
to bed; but she could not sleep for thinking what she should be next. Very early she rose and looked out of the window, and, as she saw the sun rising, she thought to herself, “Why should I not do that?” and 
so she shook her husband, and called out to him, “Go, tell the Flounder I want to make the sun rise.” Her husband was so frightened that he tumbled out of bed, but she would hear nothing, and he was 
obliged to go. 

When he got down to the sea a tremendous storm was raging, and the ships and boats were tossing about in all directions. Then he shouted out, but still he could not hear his own words, 

“Flounder, Flounder in the sea, 

Quickly, quickly come to me, 

For my wife, dame Isabel, 

Wishes what I scarce dare tell.” 

“What would she have now?” said the Fish. “Ah!” he replied, “she wants to be Ruler of the Universe.” 

“Return, and find her back in her hovel,” replied the Flounder. 

And there the fisherman and his wife remained for the rest of their days. 

The Valiant Little Tailon 


One summer’s morning a Tailor was sitting on his bench by the window in very good spirits, sewing away with all his might, and presently up the street came a peasant woman, crying, “Good preserves for 
sale. Good preserves for sale.” This cry sounded nice in the Tailor’s ears, and sticking his diminutive head out of the window he called out, “Here, my good woman, just bring your wares here.” The woman 
mounted the three steps up to the Tailor’s house with her heavy basket, and began to unpack all the pots together before him. He looked at them all, held them up to the light, put his nose to them, and at 
last said, “These preserves appear to me to be very nice, so you may weigh me out four half-ounces, my good woman; I don’t mind even if you make it a quarter of a pound.” The woman, who expected to 
have met with a good customer, gave him what he wished, and went away grumbling, very much dissatisfied. 

“Now,” exclaimed the Tailor, “Heaven will send me a blessing on this preserve, and give me fresh strength and vigour;” and taking the bread out of the cupboard he cut himself a slice the size of the 
whole loaf, and spread the preserve upon it. “That will taste by no means bad,” said he; “but, before I have a bite, I will just get this waistcoat finished.” So he laid the bread down near him, and stitched 
away, making larger and larger stitches every time for joy. Meanwhile the smell of the preserve mounted to the ceiling, where flies were sitting in great numbers, and enticed them down, so that soon a 
regular swarm of them had settled on the bread. “Holloa, who invited you?” exclaimed the Tailor, hunting away the unbidden guests; but the flies, not understanding his language, would not be driven off, 
and came again in greater numbers than before. This put the little man in a boiling passion, and snatching up in his rage a rag of cloth he brought it down with an unmerciful swoop upon them. When he 
raised it again he counted no less than seven lying dead before him with outstretched legs. “What a fellow you are!” said he to himself, wondering at his own bravery. “The whole town shall know of this.” In 
great haste he cut himself out a band, hemmed it, and then put on it in large characters, “SEVEN AT ONE BLOW.” “Ah!” said he, “not one city alone, the whole world shall know it;” and his heart fluttered 
with joy, like a lambkin’s tail. 

The little Tailor bound the belt round his body, and prepared to travel forth into the wide world, thinking the workshop too small for his valiant deeds. Before he set out, however, he looked round his 
house to see if there was anything he could take with him; but he found only an old cheese, which he pocketed; and, remarking a bird before the door which was entangled in the bushes, he caught it and 
put that in his pocket also. Directly after he set out bravely on his travels; and, as he was light and active, he felt no weariness. His road led up a hill, and when he reached the highest point of it, he found a 
great Giant sitting there, who was looking about him very composedly! 

The little Tailor, however, went boldly up, and said, “Good-day, comrade; in faith you sit there and see the whole world stretched below you. I am also on the road thither to try my luck. Have you a mind to 
go with me?" 

The Giant looked contemptuously at the little Tailor, and said, “You vagabond, you miserable fellow!” 

“That may be,” replied the Tailor; “but here you may read what sort of a man I am:” and unbuttoning his coat he showed the Giant his belt. The Giant read, “Seven at one blow;” and thinking they were 
men whom the Tailor had slain, he conceived a little respect for him. Still he wished to prove him first, so taking up a stone he squeezed it in his hand so that water dropped out of it. “Do that after me,” said 
he to the other, “if you have any strength.” 

“If it be nothing worse than that,” said the Tailor, “that’s play to me.” And diving into his pocket, he brought out the cheese, and squeezed it till the whey ran out of it, and said, “Now I think that’s a little 

The Giant did not know what to say, and could not believe it of the little man; so, taking up another stone, he threw it so high that one could scarcely see it with the eye, saying, “There, you manikin, do 
that after me.” 

“Well done,” said the Tailor; “but your stone must fall down again to the ground. I will throw one up which shall not come back:” and dipping into his pocket he took out the bird and threw it into the air. The 
bird, rejoicing in its freedom, flew straight up, and then far away, and did not return. “How does that little affair please you, comrade?” asked the Tailor. 

“You can throw well, certainly,” replied the Giant; “now let us see if you are in trim to carry something out of the common.” So saying, he led him to a huge oak-tree, which lay upon the ground, and said, “If 
you are strong enough, just help me to carry this tree out of the forest.” 

“With all my heart,” replied the Tailor; “do you take the trunk upon your shoulder, and I will raise the boughs and branches, which are the heaviest, and carry them.” 

The Giant took the trunk upon his shoulder, but the Tailor placed himself on a branch, so that the Giant, who was not able to look round, was forced to carry the whole tree, and the Tailor besides. He, 

being behind, was very merry, and chuckled at the trick, and presently began to whistle the song, “There rode three Tailors out at the gate,” as if the carrying of trees were child’s play. The Giant, after he 
had staggered along a short distance with his heavy burden, could go no further, and shouted out, “Do you hear? I must let the tree fall.” The Tailor, springing down, quickly embraced the tree with both 
arms, as if he had been carrying it, and said to the Giant, “Are you such a big fellow, and yet cannot you carry this tree by yourself?” 

Then they journeyed on farther, and as they came to a cherry tree the Giant seized the top of the tree where the ripest fruits hung, and bending it down gave it to the Tailor to hold, bidding him eat. But the 

Tailor was much too weak to hold the tree down, and when the Giant let go, the tree flew up into the air, and the Tailor was carried with it. He came down on the other side, however, without injury, and the 
Giant said, “What does that mean? Have you not strength enough to hold that twig?” “My strength did not fail me,” replied the Tailor; “do you suppose that that was any hard thing for one who has killed 
seven at one blow? I have sprung over the tree because the hunters were shooting below there in the thicket. Spring after me, if you can.” The Giant made the attempt, but could not clear the tree, and 
stuck fast in the branches; so that in this affair, too, the Tailor was the better man. 

After this the Giant said, “Since you are such a valiant fellow, come with me to our house and stop a night with us.” The Tailor consented and followed him; and when they entered the cave, there sat by 

the fire two other Giants, each having a roast sheep in his hand, of which he was eating. The Tailor sat down, thinking, “Ah, this is much more like the world than is my work-shop.” And soon the Giant 
showed him a bed where he might lie down and go to sleep. The bed, however, was too big for him. So he slipped out of it and crept into a corner. When midnight came, and the Giant thought the Tailor 
would be in a deep sleep, he got up, and taking a great iron bar beat the bed right through at one stroke, and supposed he had thereby given the Tailor his death-blow. At the earliest dawn of morning the 
Giants went forth into the forest, and quite forgetting the Tailor, when presently up he came, quite merry, and showed himself before them. The Giants were terrified, and, fearing he would kill them all, they 
ran away in great haste. 

The Tailor journeyed on, always following his nose, and after he had wandered some long distance, he came into the courtyard of a royal palace, and as he felt rather tired he laid himself down on the 
grass and went to sleep. Whilst he lay there, the people came and viewed him on all sides, and read upon his belt, “Seven at one blow.” “Ah!” said they, “what does this great warrior here in time of peace! 
This must be some mighty hero.” So they went and told the King, thinking that, should war break out, here was an important and useful man whom one ought not to part with at any price. The King took 
counsel, and sent one of his courtiers to the Tailor to ask for his fighting services, if he should be awake. The messenger stopped at the sleeper’s side, and waited till he stretched out his limbs and 
opened his eyes, and then he laid before him his message. “Solely on that account did I come here,” was the reply; “I am quite ready to enter into the King’s service.” Then he was conducted away with 
great honour, and a fine house was appointed him to dwell in. 

The courtiers, however, became jealous of the Tailor, and wished he was a thousand miles away. “What will happen?” said they one to another. “If we go to battle with him, when he strikes out, seven will 
fall at every blow, so that no one of us will be left!” In their rage they came to a resolution to resign, and they went all together to the King, and asked his permission, saying, “We are not prepared to keep 
company with a man who kills seven at one blow.” The King was grieved to lose all his faithful servants for the sake of one, and wished that he had never seen the Tailor; and would willingly have now been 
rid of him. He dared not, however, dismiss him, because he feared the Tailor would kill him and all his subjects, and place himself upon the throne. For a long time he deliberated, till at last he came to a 
decision; and, sending for the Tailor, he told him that seeing he was so great an hero, he wished to make a request of him. “In a certain forest in my kingdom,” said the King, “there live two Giants, who, by 
murder, rapine, fire, and robbery, have committed great havoc, and no one dares to approach them without perilling his own life. If you overcome and kill both these Giants, I will give you my only daughter 
in marriage, and the half of my kingdom for a dowry: a hundred knights shall accompany you, too, in order to render you assistance.” 

“Ah! that is something for a such a man as I,” thought the Tailor to himself; “a beautiful princess and half a kingdom are not offered to one every day.” “Oh, yes,” he replied, “I will soon manage these two 
Giants, and a hundred horsemen are not necessary for that purpose; he who kills seven at one blow, need not fear two.” 

Thus talking, the little Tailor set out followed by the hundred knights, to whom he said, as soon as they came to the borders of the forest, “Do you stay here; I would rather meet these Giants alone.” Then 
off he sprang into the forest, peering about him right and left; and after awhile he saw the two Giants lying asleep under a tree, snoring so loudly that the branches above them shook violently. The Tailor, full 
of courage, filled both his pockets with stones, and clambered up the tree. When he got to the middle of it, he crept along a bough, so that he sat just above the sleepers, and then he let fall one stone after 
another upon the breast of one of them. For some time the Giant did not stir, until, at last awakening, he pushed his companion and said, “Why are you beating me?” 

“You are dreaming,” he replied; “I never hit you.” They laid themselves down again to sleep, and presently the Tailor threw a stone down upon the other. “What is that?” he exclaimed. “What are you 
knocking me for?” 

“I did not touch you; you must dream,” replied the first. In a little while they sank down again to sleep, and because they were very tired they soon shut their eyes again. Then the Tailor began his sport 
again, and, picking out the biggest stone, threw it with all his force upon the breast of the first Giant. “That is too bad,” he exclaimed; and springing up like a madman, he fell upon his companion, who, 
reckoning with equal measure, they set to in such good earnest that they rooted up trees, and beat one another until they both fell dead upon the ground. Now the Tailor jumped down, saying, “What a 
piece of luck they did not uproot the tree on which I sat, or else I must have jumped on another like a squirrel, for I am not given to flying.” Then he drew his sword, and, cutting a deep wound in the breast of 
each, he went to the horsemen and said, “The deed is done; I have given each his death-stroke; but it was a hard job, for in their necessity they have uprooted trees to defend themselves with; still all that is 
no use when such an one as I come, who kill seven at every stroke.” 

“Are you not wounded, then?” asked they. 

“That is not to be expected; they have not touched a hair on my head,” replied the little man. The knights could scarcely believe him, and so, riding away into the forest, they found the Giants lying in their 
blood, and the uprooted trees around them. 

Now the Tailor desired his promised reward of the King; but he repented of his promise, and began to think of some new scheme to get rid of the hero. “Before you receive my daughter and the half of 
my kingdom,” said he to him, “you must perform one other heroic deed. In the forest there runs wild an unicorn, which commits great havoc, and whom you must first of all catch.” 

“I fear still less for an unicorn than I do for two Giants! Seven at one blow! that is my motto,” said the Tailor. Then he took with him a rope and an axe, and went away to the forest, bidding those who were 
ordered to accompany him to wait on the outskirts. He had not to search long, for presently the unicorn came near and prepared to rush at him, as if he would pierce him on the spot. “Softly, softly,” he 
exclaimed; “that is not done so easily;” and, waiting till the animal was close upon him, he sprang nimbly behind a tree. The unicorn, rushing with all its force against the tree, fixed its horn so fast in the 
trunk that it could not draw it out again, and so it was made prisoner. “Now I have got my bird,” said the Tailor; and coming from behind the tree, he first bound the rope around his neck, and then, cutting 
the horn out of the tree with his axe, he put all in order; and, leading the animal, brought it before the King. 

The King, however, would not yet deliver up the promised reward, and making a third request, that before the wedding the Tailor should catch a wild boar which did much injury, and he should have the 
huntsmen to help him. “With pleasure,” was the reply; “it is mere child’s play.” The huntsmen, however, he left behind; and they were overjoyed to be there, for this wild boar had already so often hunted 
them that they had no pleasure in hunting it. As soon as the boar perceived the Tailor, it ran at him with gaping mouth and glistening teeth, and tried to throw him on the ground; but our flying hero sprang 
into a little chapel which was near, and out again at a window on the other side in a trice. The boar ran after him, but he, skipping round, shut the door behind it, and there the raging beast was caught, for it 
was much too unwieldy and heavy to jump out of the window. The Tailor now called the huntsmen up, that they might see his prisoner with their own eyes; but our hero presented himself before the King, 
who was compelled now, whether he would or no, to keep his promise, and surrender his daughter and the half of his kingdom. 

Had he known that it was no warrior, but only a Tailor, who stood before him, it would have gone to his heart still more! 

So the wedding was celebrated with great splendour, though with little rejoicing, and out of a Tailor was made a King. 

Some little while afterwards the young Queen heard her husband talking in his sleep, and saying, “Boy, make me a waistcoat, and stitch up these trousers, or I will lay the yard measure over your ears!” 
Then she remarked of what condition her lord was, and complained in the morning to her father, and begged he would deliver her from her husband, who was nothing else than a tailor. The King comforted 
her by saying, “This night leave your chamber door open; my servants shall stand without, and when he is asleep they shall enter, bind him, and bear him away to a ship which shall carry him forth into the 
wide world.” The wife was contented with his proposal, but the King’s armour-bearer, who had overheard all, went to the young King and disclosed the whole plot. “I will shoot a bolt upon this affair,” said 
the brave Tailor. In the evening, at their usual time, they went to bed, and when his wife believed he slept she got up, opened the door, and laid herself down again. The Tailor, however, only feigned to be 
asleep, and began to exclaim in a loud voice, “Boy, make me this waistcoat and stitch up these trousers, or I will beat the yard-measure about your ears! Seven have I killed with one blow, two Giants have 
I slain, an unicorn have I led captive, and a wild boar have I caught; and shall I be afraid of those who stand without my chamber?” When these men heard these words spoken by the Tailor, a great fear 
overcame them, and they ran away as if the wild huntsmen were behind them; neither afterwards durst any man venture to oppose him. Thus became the Tailor a King, and so he remained the rest of his 

The Straw, the Coal, and the Bean 

In a certain village there dwelt a poor old woman, who had gathered a dish of beans, which she wished to cook. So she made a fire upon the hearth, and, that it might burn the quicker, she lighted it with a 
handful of straw. And, as she shook the beans up in the saucepan, one fell out unperceived, and came down upon the ground, near a straw; soon after a glowing coal burst out of the fire, and fell just by 
these two. Then the Straw began to say, “My dear friend, whence do you come?” The Coal replied, “By good luck I have sprung out of the fire, and if I had not jumped away by force, my death had been 
certain, and I should have been reduced to ashes.” The Bean continued, “I also have got away with a whole skin, but, had the old woman put me in the pot with the others, I should have been boiled to 
pieces, as my comrades are.” “Would a better fate have fallen to my share?” said the Straw; “for the old woman has suffocated in fire and smoke all my brothers; sixty has she put on at once, and deprived 
of life; happily, I slipped between her fingers.” 

“But what shall we do now?” asked the Coal. 

“I think,” answered the Bean, “since we have so luckily escaped death, we will join in partnership, and keep together like good companions: lest a new misfortune overtake us, let us wander forth, and 
travel into a strange country.” 

This proposition pleased the two others, and they set out together on their travels. Presently they came to a little stream, over which there was no bridge or path, and they did not know how they should 
get over. The Straw gave good advice, and said, “I will lay myself across, so that you may cross over upon me, as upon a bridge.” So the Straw stretched itself from one bank to the other, and the Coal, 
which was of a fiery nature tripped lightly upon the newly-built bridge. But when it came to the middle of it, and heard the water running along beneath, it was frightened, and stood still, no daring to go 
further. The Straw, however, beginning to burn, broke in two and fell into the stream, and the Coal slipping after, hissed as it reached the water, and gave up the ghost. The Bean, which had prudently 
remained upon the shore, was forced to laugh at this accident, and the joke being so good, it laughed so immoderately that it burst itself. Now, they would all have been done for alike if a tailor, who was 
out on his wanderings, had not just then, by great good luck, sat himself down near the stream. Having a commiserating heart, he took out needle and thread, and sewed the Bean together. The Bean 
thanked him exceedingly; but, as the tailor used black thread it has happened since that time that every Bean has a black seam. 

Cinderella 4 

Once upon a time the wife of a certain rich man fell very ill, and as she felt her end drawing nigh she called her only daughter to her bedside, and said: “My dear child, be pious and good, and then the good 
God will always protect you, and I will look down upon you from heaven and think of you.” Soon afterwards she closed her eyes and died. Every day the maiden went to her mother’s grave and wept over it, 
and she continued to be good and pious; but when the winter came, the snow made a white covering over the grave, and in the springtime, when the sun had withdrawn this covering, the father took to 
himself another wife. 

This wife brought home with her two daughters, who were beautiful and fair in the face, but treacherous and wicked at heart. Then an unfortunate era began in the poor step-child’s life. “Shall the stupid 
goose sit in the parlour with us?” said the two daughters. “They who would eat bread must earn it: out with the kitchen-maid.” So they took off her fine clothes, and put upon her an old grey cloak, and gave 
her wooden shoes for her feet. “See how the once proud princess is decked out now,” said they, and they led her mockingly into the kitchen. Then she was obliged to work hard from morning to night, and 
to go out early to fetch water, to make the fire, and cook and scour. The sisters treated her besides with every possible insult, derided her, and shook the peas and beans into the ashes, so that she had to 
pick them out again. At night, when she was tired, she had no bed to lie on, but was forced to sit in the ashes on the hearth; and because she looked dirty through this, they named her CINDERELLA. 

One day it happened that the father wanted to go to the fair, so he asked his two daughters what he should bring them. “Some beautiful dresses,” said one; “Pearls and precious stones,” replied the 
other. “But you, Cinderella,” said he, “what will you have?” “The first bough, father, that knocks against your hat on your way homewards, break it off for me,” she replied. So he bought the fine dresses, and 
the pearls and precious stones for his two step-daughters; and on his return, as he rode through a green thicket, a hazel-bough touched his hat which he broke off and took with him. As soon as he got 
home, he gave his step-daughters what they had wished for, and to Cinderella he gave the hazel-branch. She thanked him very much, and going to her mother’s grave she planted the branch on it, and 
wept so long that her tears fell and watered it, so that it grew and became a beautiful tree. Thrice a day Cinderella went beneath it to weep and pray; and each time a little white Bird flew on the tree, and if 
she wished aloud, then the little bird threw down to her whatever she wished for. 

After a time it fell out that the King appointed a festival, which was to last three days, and to which all the beautiful maidens in the country were invited, from whom his son was to choose a bride. When 
the two step-daughters heard that they might also appear, they were very glad, and, calling Cinderella, they said, “Comb our hair, brush our shoes, and fasten our buckles, for we are going to the festival at 
the King’s palace.” Cinderella obeyed crying, because she wished to go with them to the dance so she asked her step-mother whether she would allow her. 


I.tukflg EmJ Onmm 

“You, Cinderella,” said she; “you are covered with dust and dirt — will you go to the festival? You have no clothes or shoes, and how can you dance?” But, as she urged her request, the mother said at 
last, “I have now shaken into the ashes a tubful of beans; if you have picked up them again in two hours, you shall go.” 

Then the maiden left the room, and went out at the back door into the garden, and called out, “You tame pigeons, and doves, and all you birds of heaven, come and help me to gather the good into the 
tub, and the bad ones you may eat.” Presently in at the kitchen window came two white pigeons, and after them the doves, and soon all the birds under heaven flew chirping in and down upon the ashes. 
Then they began pick, pick, pick, and gathered all the good seeds into the tub; and scarcely an hour had passed when all was completed, and the birds flew away again. Then the maiden took the tub to 
the step-mother, rejoicing at the thought that she might now go to the festival; but the step-mother said, “No, Cinderella, you have no clothes, and cannot dance; you will only be laughed at.” As she began 
to cry, the step-mother said, “If you can pick up quite clean two tubs of beans which I throw amongst the ashes in one hour, you shall accompany them;” and she thought to herself, “She will never manage 
it.” As soon as the two tubs had been shot into the ashes, Cinderella went out at the back-door into the garden, and called out as before, “You tame pigeons, and doves, and all you birds under heaven, 
come and help me to gather the good ones into the tubs, and the bad ones you may eat.” Presently in at the kitchen-window came two white pigeons, and after them the doves, and soon all the birds under 
heaven flew chirping in and down upon the ashes. Then they began pick, pick, pick, and gathered all the good seeds into the tubs; and scarcely had half an hour passed before all was picked up, and off 
they flew again. The maiden now took the tubs to the step-mother, rejoicing at the thought that she could go to the festival. But the mother said, “It does not help you a bit; you cannot go with us, for you have 
no clothes, and cannot dance; we should be ashamed of you.” Thereupon she turned her back upon the maiden, and hastened away with her two proud daughters. 

As there was no one at home, Cinderella went to her mother’s grave, under the hazel-tree, and said: 

“Rustle and shake yourself, dear tree, 

And silver and gold throw down to me.” 

Then the Bird threw down a dress of gold and silver, and silken slippers ornamented with silver. These Cinderella put on in great haste, and then she went to the ball. Her sisters and step-mother did not 
know her at all, and took her for some foreign princess, as she looked so beautiful in her golden dress; for of Cinderella they thought not but that she was sitting at home picking the beans out of the ashes. 
Presently the Prince came up to her, and, taking her by the hand, led her to the dance. He would not dance with any one else, and even would not let go her hand; so that when any one else asked her to 

dance, he said, “She is my partner.” They danced till evening, when she wished to go home; but the Prince said, “I will go with you, and see you safe,” for he wanted to see to whom the maiden belonged. 
She flew away from him, however, and sprang into the pigeon-house; so the Prince waited till the father came, whom he told that the strange maiden had run into the pigeon-house. Then the step mother 
thought, “Could it be Cinderella?” And they brought an axe wherewith the Prince might cut open the door, but no one was found within. And when they came into the house, there lay Cinderella in her dirty 
clothes among the ashes, and an oil-lamp was burning in the chimney; for she had jumped quickly out on the other side of the pigeon-house, and had run to the hazel-tree, where she had taken off her fine 
clothes, and laid them on the grave, and the bird had taken them again, and afterwards she had put on her little grey cloak, and seated herself among the ashes in the kitchen. 

The next day, when the festival was renewed, and her step mother and her sisters had set out again, Cinderella went to the hazel-tree and sang as before: — 

“Rustle and shake yourself, dear tree, 

And silver and gold throw down to me.” 

Then the Bird threw down a much more splendid dress than the former and when the maiden appeared at the ball every one was astonished at her beauty. The Prince, however, who had waited till she 
came, took her hand, and would dance with no one else; and if others came and asked, he replied as before, “She is my partner.” As soon as evening came she wished to depart, and the Prince followed 
her, wanting to see into whose house she went; but she sprang away from him, and ran into the garden behind the house. Therein stood a fine large tree, on which hung the most beautiful pears, and the 
boughs rustled as though a squirrel was among them; but the Prince could not see whence the noise proceeded. He waited, however, till the father came, and told him, “The strange maiden has escaped 
from me, and I think she has climbed up into this tree.” The father thought to himself, “Can it be Cinderella?” and taking an axe he chopped down the tree, but there was no one on it. When they went into 
the kitchen, there lay Cinderella among the ashes, as before, for she had sprung down on the other side of the tree, and having taken her beautiful clothes again to the Bird upon the hazel-tree, she had put 
on once more her old grey cloak. 

The third day, when her step-mother and her sisters had set out, Cinderella went again to her mother’s grave, and said: — 

“Rustle and shake yourself, dear tree, 

And silver and gold throw down to me.” 

Then the Bird threw down to her a dress which was more splendid and glittering than she had ever had before, and the slippers were all golden. When she arrived at the ball they knew not what to say for 
wonderment, and the Prince danced with her alone as at first, and replied to every one who asked her hand, “She is my partner.” As soon as evening came she wished to go, and as the Prince followed 
her she ran away so quickly that he could not overtake her. But he had contrived a stratagem, and spread the whole way with pitch, so that it happened as the maiden ran that her left slipper came off. The 
Prince took it up, and saw it was small and graceful, and quite golden; so the following morning he went with it to the father, and said, “My bride shall be no other than she whose foot this golden slipper 
fits.” The two sisters were glad of this, for they had beautiful feet, and the elder went with it to her chamber to try it on, while her mother stood by. She could not, however, get her great toe into it, and the 
shoe was much too small; but the mother, reaching a knife, said, “Cut off your toe, for if you are queen you need not go any longer on foot.” The maiden cut it off, and squeezed her foot into the shoe, and, 
concealing the pain she felt, went down to the Prince. Then he placed her as his bride upon his horse and rode off, and as they passed by the grave, there sat two little doves upon the hazel-tree singing, 
“Backwards peep, backwards peep, 

There’s blood upon the shoe; 

The shoe’s too small, and she behind 
Is not the bride for you.” 

Then the Prince looked behind, and saw the blood flowing; so he turned his horse back, and took the false bride home again, saying she was not the right one. Then the other sister must needs fit on the 
shoe, so she went to her chamber and got her toes nicely into the shoe, but the heel was too large. The mother, reaching a knife, said, “Cut a piece off your heel, for when you become queen you need not 
go any longer on foot.” She cut a piece off her heel, squeezed her foot into the shoe, and, concealing the pain she felt, went down to the Prince. Then he put her upon his horse as his bride and rode off, 
and as they passed the hazel-tree there sat two little doves, who sang, 

“Backwards peep, backwards peep, 

There’s blood upon the shoe; 

The shoe’s too small, and she behind 
Is not the bride for you.” 

Then he looked behind, and saw the blood trickling from her shoe, and that the stocking was dyed quite red; so he turned his horse back, and took the false bride home again, saying, “Neither is this 
one the right maiden; have you no other daughter?” “No,” replied the father, “except a little Cinderella, daughter of my deceased wife, who cannot possibly be the bride.” The Prince asked that she might 
be fetched; but the step-mother said, “Oh no, she is much too dirty; I dare not let her be seen.” But the Prince would have his way; so Cinderella was called, and she, first washing her hands and face, went 
in and curtsied to the Prince, who gave her the golden shoe. Cinderella sat down on a stool, and, taking off her heavy wooden shoes, put on the slipper, which fitted her to a shade; and as she stood up, 
the Prince looked in her face, and, recognising the beautiful maiden with whom he had danced, exclaimed, “This is my rightful bride.” The step-mother and the two sisters were amazed and white with 
rage, but the Prince took Cinderella upon his horse and rode away; and as they came up to the hazel-tree the two little white doves sang, 

“Backwards peep, backwards peep, 

There’s no blood on the shoe; 

It fits so nice, and she behind 
Is the true bride for you.” 

And as they finished they flew down and lighted upon Cinderella’s shoulders, and there they remained; and the wedding was celebrated with great festivities, and the two sisters were smitten with 
blindness as a punishment for their wickedness. 

The Riddle 

Once upon a time there was a King’s son, who had a mind to see the world; so he set forth, and took no one with him but a faithful servant. One day he came into a great forest, and when evening drew on 
he could find no shelter, and did not know where to pass the night. Just then he perceived a maiden who was going towards a little cottage, and as he approached he saw that she was young and 
beautiful, so he asked her whether he and his servant could find a welcome in the cottage for the night. “Yes, certainly,” replied the maiden in a sorrowful voice, “you can; but I advise you not to enter.” “Why 
not?” asked the Prince. The maiden sighed, and answered, “My step-mother practises wicked arts; she acts not hospitably to strangers.” He perceived now that he was come to a witch’s cottage; but 
because it was very dark, and he could go no further, he went in, for he was not at all afraid. The old woman was sitting in an arm-chair by the fire, and looked at the strangers out of her red eyes. “Good- 
evening,” she muttered, appearing very friendly; “sit yourselves down and rest.” Then she poked up the fire on which a little pot was boiling. The daughter warned them both to be cautious, and neither to 
eat or drink anything, for the old woman brewed bad drinks; so they slept quietly till morning. As they made ready for their departure, and the Prince was already mounted on horseback, the old witch said, 
“Wait a bit, I will bring you a parting draught.” While she went for it the Prince rode away; but the servant, who had to buckle his saddle, was left alone when she came with the draught. “Take that to thy 
master,” she said, but at the same moment the glass cracked, and the poison spirted on the horse, and so strong was it that the poor animal fell backwards dead. The servant ran after his master, and told 
him what had occurred; but as he would not leave the saddle behind, he went back to fetch it. As he came to the dead horse he saw a crow perched upon it feeding himself. “Who knows whether we shall 
meet with anything better to-day?” said the servant, and killing the crow he took it with him. The whole daylong they journeyed on in the forest, but could not get out of it; and at the approach of night, finding 
an inn, they entered it. The servant gave the crow to the host, that he might cook it for their supper; but they had fallen into a den of thieves, and in the gloom of night twelve ruffians came, intending to rob 
and murder the strangers. Before they began, however, they sat down to table, and the host and the witch joined them, and then they all partook of a dish of pottage,- in which the flesh of the crow was 
boiled. Scarcely had they eaten two morsels apiece when they all fell down dead; for the poison which had killed the horse was imparted to the flesh of the crow. There was now no one left in the house but 
the daughter of the host, who seemed to be honest, and had had no share in the wicked deeds. She opened all the doors to the Prince, and showed him the heaped-up treasure; but the Prince said she 
might keep it all, for he would have none of it, and so rode on further with his servant. 

After they had wandered a long way in the world they came to a city where dwelt a beautiful but haughty Princess, who had declared that whoever propounded to her a riddle which she could not solve 
should be her husband; but if she solved it he must have his head cut off. Three days was the time given to consider, but she was always so sharp that she discovered the proposed riddle before the 
appointed time. Nine suitors had been sacrificed in this way, when the Prince arrived, and, being blinded with her great beauty, resolved to stake his life upon her. So he went before her and proposed his 
riddle; namely, “What is this? One killed no one, and yet killed twelve.” She knew not what it was, and thought and thought, but she could not make it out; and, although she searched through all her riddle- 
books, she could find nothing to help her; in short, her wisdom was at an end. Since she knew not how to help herself, she bade her maid slip into the sleeping-room of the Prince, and there listen to his 
dreams, thinking perhaps he might talk in his sleep and unfold the riddle. The bold servant, however, had put himself instead of his master into the bed; and when the servant came into the room he tore off 
the cloak in which she had wrapped herself, and hunted her out with a rod. The second night the Princess sent her chambermaid to see if she could be more fortunate in listening; but the servant snatched 
her mantle away, and hunted her away with a rod. The third night the Prince himself thought he should be safe, and so he lay in his own bed; and the Princess herself came, having on a dark grey cloak, 
and sat herself down by him. When she thought he was asleep and dreaming she spoke to him, hoping he would answer, as many do; but he was awake, and heard and understood everything very well. 
First she asked, “One kills none; what is that?” He answered, “A crow which ate of a dead and poisoned horse, and died of it.” Further she asked, “And yet killed twelve; what is that?” “Twelve robbers who 
partook of the crow, and died from eating it.” 

As soon as she knew the riddle she tried to slip away, but he held her mantle fast so that she left it behind. The following morning the Princess announced that she had discovered the riddle, and bade 
the twelve judges come and she would solve it before them. The Prince, however, requested a hearing for himself, and said, “She has stolen in upon me by night and asked me, or she would never have 
found it out.” The judges said, “Bring us a witness.” Then the servant brought up the three mantles, and when the judges saw the dark grey cloak which the Princess used to wear, they said, “Let the cloak 
be adorned with gold and silver, that it may be a wedding garment.” 

Old Mother Frost 

There was once a widow who had two daughters, one of whom was beautiful and industrious, and the other ugly and lazy. She showed more love, however, to the ugly one, because she was her own 
daughter; but she made the other do all the hard work, and live like a kitchen maid. The poor maiden was forced out daily on the high road, and had to sit by a well and spin so much that the blood ran from 
her fingers. Once it happened that her spindle became quite covered with blood, so, kneeling down by the well, she tried to wash it off, but, unhappily, it fell out of her hands into the water. She ran crying to 
her step-mother, and told her misfortune; but she scolded her terribly, and behaved very cruelly, and at last said — “Since you have let your spindle fall in, you must yourself fetch it out again!” Then the 
maiden went back to the well, not knowing what to do, and, in her distress of mind, she jumped into the well to fetch the spindle out. Presently she lost all consciousness, and when she came to herself 
again she found herself in a beautiful meadow, where the sun was shining, and many thousands of flowers blooming around her. She got up and walked along till she came to a baker’s, where the oven 
was full of bread, which cried out, “Draw me, draw me, or I shall be burnt. I have been baked long enough.” So she went up, and, taking the bread-shovel, drew out one loaf after the other. Then she walked 
on further, and came to an apple-tree, whose fruit hung very thick, and which exclaimed, “Shake us, shake us; we apples are all ripe!” So she shook the tree till the apples fell down like rain, and, when 
none were left on, she gathered them all together in a heap, and went farther. At last she came to a cottage, out of which an old woman was peeping, who had such very large teeth that the maiden was 
frightened and ran away. The old woman however, called her back, saying, “What are you afraid of, my child? Stop with me: if you will put all things in order in my house, then shall all go well with you; only 
you must take care that you make my bed well, and shake it tremendously, so that the feathers fly; then it snows upon earth. I am ‘Old Mother Frost.’ ” As the old woman spoke so kindly, the maiden took 
courage, and consented to engage in her service. Now, every thing made her very contented, and she always shook the bed so industriously that the feathers blew down like flakes of snow therefore her 
life was a happy one, and there were no evil words; and she had roast and baked meat every day. 

For some time she remained with the old woman; but all at once, she became very sad, and did not herself know what was the matter. At last she found she was home sick; and, although she fared a 
thousand times better than when she was at home, still she longed to go. So she told her mistress, “I wish to go home, however well off I am down here, I cannot stay longer, I must return.” The mistress 
replied, “It appeared to me that you wanted to go home, and, since you have served me so truly, I will fetch you up again myself.” So saying, she took her by the hand, and led her before a great door, which 
she undid and, when the maiden was just beneath it, a great shower of gold fell, and a great deal stuck to her, so that she was covered over and over with gold. “That you must have for your industry,” said 
the old woman, giving her the spindle which had fallen into the well. Thereupon the door was closed, and the maiden found herself upon the earth, not far from her mother’s house; and, as she came into 
the court, the cock sat upon the house, and called — Then she went in to her mother, and, because she was so covered with gold, she was well received. 


Our golden maid’s come home again.” 

The maiden related all that had happened; and, when the mother heard how she had come by these great riches, she wished her ugly, lazy daughter to try her luck. So she was forced to sit down by the 
well and spin; and, in order that her spindle might become bloody, she pricked her finger by running a thorn into it; and then, throwing the spindle into the well, she jumped in after it. Then, like the other, she 
came upon the beautiful meadow, and travelled on the same path. When she arrived at the baker’s, the bread called out, “Draw me out, draw me out, or I shall be burnt. I have been baked long enough.” 
But she answered, “I have no wish to make myself dirty about you,” and so went on. Soon she came to the apple-tree, which called out, “Shake me, shake me; my apples are all quite ripe.” But she 
answered, “You do well to come to me; perhaps one will fall on my head;” and so she went on further. When she came to “Old Mother Frost’s” house she was not afraid of the teeth, for she had been 
warned; and so she engaged herself to her. The first day she set to work in earnest, was very industrious, and obeyed her mistress in all she said to her, for she thought about the gold which she would 
present to her. On the second day, however, she began to idle; on the third, still more so; and then she would not get up of a morning. She did not make the beds, either, as she ought, and the feathers did 
not fly. So the old woman got tired, and dismissed her from her service, which pleased the lazy one very well; but she thought, “Now the gold-shower will come.” Her mistress led her to the door; but, when 
she was beneath it, instead of gold, a tubful of pitch was poured down upon her. “That is the reward of your service,” said “Old Mother Frost,” and shut the door to. Then came lazy-bones home, but she 
was quite covered with pitch; and the cock upon the house when he saw her, cried — But the pitch stuck to her, and, as long as she lived, would never come off again. 


Our dirty maid’s come home again.” 

The Seven Crows 

There was a man who had seven sons, but never a daughter, although he wished very much for one; at last his wife promised him another child, and when it was born, lo! it was a daughter. Their 
happiness was great, but the child was so weak and small that, on account of its delicate health, it had to be baptised immediately. The father sent one of his sons hastily to a spring in order to fetch some 
water, but the other six would run as well; and as each strove to be first to fill the pitcher, between them all it fell into the water. They stood by now knowing what to do, and none of them dared to go home. 
As they did not come back, the father became impatient, saying, “They have forgotten all about it in a game of play, the godless youths.” Soon he became anxious lest the child should die unbaptised, and 
in his haste he exclaimed, “I would they were all changed into crows!” Scarcely were the words out of his mouth, when he heard a whirring over his head, and looking up he saw seven coal-black crows 
flying over the house. 

The parents could not recall their curse, and grieved very much for their lost sons; but they comforted themselves in some measure with their dear daughter, who soon grew strong, and became more 
and more beautiful every day. For a long time she did not know she had any brothers, for the parents were careful not to mention them, but one day accidentally she overheard the people talking of her, and 
saying, “She is certainly very beautiful; but still the guilt of her seven brothers hangs on her.” This made her very sad, and she went to her parents and asked whether she had any brothers, and whither they 
were gone. The old people durst no longer keep their secret, but said it was the decree of heaven, and her birth had been the unhappy cause. Now the maiden daily accused herself, and thought how she 
could again deliver her brothers. She had neither rest nor quiet, until she at last set out secretly, and journeyed into the wide world to seek out her brothers, and to free them wherever they were, cost what it 
might. She took nothing with her but a ring of her parents for a remembrance, a loaf of bread for hunger’s sake, a bottle of water for thirst’s sake, and a little stool for weariness. 

Now on and on went the maiden further and further, even to the world’s end. Then she came to the sun, but he was too hot and fearful, and burnt up little children. So she ran hastily away to the moon, but 
she was too cold, and even wicked-looking, and said, “I smell, I smell man’s flesh!” So she ran away quickly, and went to the stars, who were friendly and kind to her, each one sitting upon his own little 
seat. But the morning-star was standing up, and gave her a crooked bone, saying, “If you have not this bone you cannot unlock the glass castle, where your brothers are.” 

The maiden took the bone, and wrapped it well up in a handkerchief, and then on she went again till she came at last to the glass castle. The door was closed, and she looked therefore for the little 
bone; but when she unwrapped her handkerchief it was empty — she had lost the present of the good star. What was she to do now? She wished to save her brothers, and she had no key to the glass 
castle. The good sister bent her little finger, and put it in the door, and luckily it unlocked it. As soon as she entered, a little dwarf came towards her, who said, “My child, what do you seek?” 

“I seek my brothers, the seven crows,” she replied. 

The dwarf answered, “My Lord Crows are not at home; but if you wish to wait their return, come in and sit down.” 

Thereupon the little dwarf carried in the food of the seven crows upon seven dishes and in seven cups, and the maiden ate a little piece of each dish, and drank a little out of every cup; but in the last cup 
she dropped the ring which she had brought with her. 

All at once she heard a whirring and cawing in the air, and the dwarf said, “My Lord Crows are now flying home.” 

Presently they came in and prepared to eat and drink; each seeking his own dish and cup. Then one said to the other, “Who has been eating off my dish? Who has been drinking out of my cup? There 
has been a human mouth here!” 

When the seventh came to the bottom of his cup, the little ring rolled out. He looked at it, and recognised it as a ring of his parents, and said, “God grant that our sister be here; then are we saved!” 

As the maiden, who had stood behind the door watching, heard this wish, she came forward, and immediately all the Crows received again their human forms, and embraced and kissed one another, 
and then they all went joyfully home. 

Little Red Riding Hood 5 

Once upon a time there lived a sweet little girl who was beloved by every one who saw her; but her grandmother was so excessively fond of her that she never knew when to give the child enough. 

One day the grandmother presented the little girl with a red velvet riding hood; and as it fitted her very well, she would never wear anything else; and so she was called Little Red Riding Hood. One day 
her mother said to her — “Come, Red Riding Hood, here is a piece of nice meat, and a bottle of wine: take these to your grandmother; she is ill and weak, and will relish them. Make haste before she gets 
up; go quietly and carefully; and do not run, lest you should fall and break the bottle; and then your grandmother will get nothing. When you go into her room do not forget to say, ‘Good-morning;’ and do not 
look about in all the corners.” “I will do everything as you wish,” replied Red Riding Hood, taking her mother’s hand. 

The grandmother dwelt far away in the wood, half an hour’s walk from the village, and as Little Red Riding Hood entered among the trees, she met a wolf; but she did not know what a malicious beast it 
was, and so she was not at all afraid. “Good-day, Little Red Riding Hood,” he said. 

“Many thanks, Wolf,” said she. 

“Whither away so early, Little Red Riding Hood?” 

“To my grandmother’s,” she replied. 

“What are you carrying under your apron?” 

Little Red Riding Hood 

“Meat and wine,” she answered. “Yesterday we baked the meat, that grandmother, who is ill and weak, might have something nice and strengthening.” 

“Where does your grandmother live?” asked the Wolf. 

“A good quarter of an hour’s walk further in the forest. The cottage stands under three great oak-trees; near it are some nut-bushes, by which you will easily know it.” 

But the Wolf thought to himself, “She is a nice, tender thing, and will taste better than the old woman; I must act craftily, that I may snap them both up.” 

Presently he came up again to Little Red Riding Hood, and said, “Just look at the beautiful flowers which grow around you; why do you not look about you? I believe you don’t hear how beautifully the 
birds sing. You walk on as if you were going to school; see how merry every thing is around you in the forest.” 

So Little Red Riding Hood opened her eyes; and when she saw how the sunbeams glanced and danced through the trees, and what splendid flowers were blooming in her path, she thought, “If I take my 
grandmother a fresh nosegay she will be very pleased; and it is so very early that I can, even then, get there in good time;” and running into the forest she looked about for flowers. But, when she had once 
begun, she did not know how to leave off; and kept going deeper and deeper among the trees, in search of some more beautiful flower. The Wolf, however, ran straight to the house of the old 
grandmother, and knocked at the door. 

“Who’s there?” asked the old lady. 

“Only Little Red Riding Hood, bringing you some meat and wine: please open the door,” replied the Wolf. 

“Lift up the latch,” cried the grandmother; “I am too weak to get up.” 

So the Wolf lifted the latch, and the door flew open; and, jumping without a word on the bed, he gobbled up the poor old lady. Then he put on her clothes, and tied her cap over his head; got into the bed, 
and drew the blankets over him. All this time Red Riding Hood was still gathering flowers; and when she had plucked as many as she could carry, she remembered her grandmother, and made haste to 
the cottage. She wondered very much to see the door wide open: and when she got into the room, she began to feel very ill, and exclaimed, “How sad I feel! I wish I had not come to-day.” Then she said, 
“Good-morning,” but received no answer; so she went up to the bed, and drew back the curtains, and there lay her grandmother, as she thought, with the cap drawn half over her eyes, looking very fiercely. 

“Oh! grandmother, what great ears you have!” 

“The better to hear with,” was the reply. 

“And what great eyes you have!” 

“The better to see with.” 

“And what great hands you have!” 

“The better to touch you with.” 

“But, grandmother, what great teeth you have!” 

“The better to eat you with;” and scarcely were the words out of his mouth, when the Wolf made a spring out of bed, and swallowed up poor Little Red Riding Hood. 

As soon as the Wolf had thus satisfied his appetite, he laid himself down again in the bed, and began to snore very loudly. A huntsman passing by overheard him, and thought, “How loudly the old 
woman snores; I must see if she wants anything.” 

So he stepped into the cottage; and when he came to the bed, he saw the Wolf lying in it. “What! Do I find you here, you old sinner? I have long sought you!” he exclaimed, taking aim with his gun. Then, 
just as he was about to fire, it occurred to him that the Wolf might have devoured the grandmother and that he might still save her. So instead of firing, he took a pair of scissors and began to cut open the 
belly of the sleeping Wolf. After two snips, he saw the little red riding hood, and after two more snips the little girl sprang out, crying: “Oh, how frightened I have been! It was so dark inside the Wolf!” And 
then the old grandmother came out, also alive, but scarcely able to breathe. Little Red Riding Hood ran outside and found some big stones, and they put them in the Wolfs belly. When he woke up, he tried 
to run away, but the stones were so heavy that he collapsed and fell dead. 

Then all three were happy. The huntsman skinned the Wolf and took the skin, the grandmother ate the cake and drank the wine Little Red Riding Hood had brought and felt better at once. As for Little 
Red Riding Hood, she said to herself, “I will never again leave the path and run into the woods when my mother has told me not to.” 

Some folks say that this story is not the true one, but that one day, when Red Riding Hood was taking some baked meats to her grandmother’s, a Wolf met her, and wanted to lead her astray; but she 
went straight on, and told her grandmother that she had met a Wolf, who wished her good-day; but he looked so wickedly out of his great eyes, as if he would have eaten her had she not been on the high 

So the grandmother said, “Let us shut the door, that he may not enter.” 

Soon afterwards came the Wolf, who knocked, and exclaimed, “I am Red Riding Hood, grandmother; I bring you some roast meat.” But they kept quite still, and did not open the door; so the Wolf, 
creeping several times around the house, at last jumped on the roof, intending to wait till Red Riding Hood went home in the evening, and then to sneak after her and devour her in the darkness. The old 
woman, however, saw all that the rascal intended; and as there stood before the door a great stone trough, she said to Little Red Riding Hood, “Take this pail, child: yesterday I boiled some sausages in 
this water, so pour it into that stone trough.” Red Riding Hood poured many times, until the huge trough was quite full. Then the Wolf sniffed the smell of the sausages, and smacked his lips, and wished 
very much to taste; and at last he stretched his neck too far over, so that he lost his balance, and slipped quite off the roof, right into the great trough beneath, wherein he was drowned; and Little Red 
Riding Hood ran home in high glee, but no one sorrowed for Mr. Wolf! 

The Singing Bone 

Once upon a time great complaints were made in a certain country of a Wild Boar, which laid waste the fields of the peasants, killed the cattle, and often tore to pieces the inhabitants. The King promised 
a great reward to whoever should free the land of this plague; but the beast was so big and strong that no one durst venture in the neighbourhood of the forest where it raged. At last the King allowed it to 
be proclaimed that whoever should take or kill the Wild Boar, should have his only daughter in marriage. 

Now, there lived in this country two brothers, the sons of a poor man, and they each wished to undertake the adventure: the elder, who was bold and brave, out of pride; the younger, who was innocent 
and ignorant, from a good heart. They agreed, that they might the sooner find the boar, that they should enter the forest on opposite sides; so the elder departed in the evening, and the other on the 
following morning. When the younger had gone a short way, a little Dwarf stepped up to him, holding a black spear in his hand, and said, “I give you this spear, because your heart is innocent and good; 
with it you may boldly attack the Boar, who can do you no harm.” 

He thanked the Dwarf, and, taking the spear, went forth bravely. In a little while he perceived the Wild Boar, which ran straight at him; but he held the spear in front of his body, so that, in its blind fury, it 
rushed on so rashly that its heart was pierced quite through. Then he took the beast upon his shoulder, and went homewards to show it to the King. 

However, just as he came out on the other side of the forest, there stood on the outskirts a house, where the people were making merry, dancing and drinking. His elder brother was amongst them, 
exciting his courage by wine, and never thinking at all that the Boar might be killed by any other than himself. As soon, therefore, as he saw his younger brother coming out of the forest laden with his booty, 
his envious and ill-natured heart had no rest. Still he called to him, “Come in here, my dear brother, and rest, and strengthen yourself with a cup of wine.” The younger brother, suspecting no evil, went in 
and related his story of the good little dwarf, who had given him the spear wherewith he had killed the boar. The elder brother detained him till evening, and then they went away together. But when they 
came in the darkness to a bridge over a stream, the elder, letting his brother pass on before till he came to the middle of the bridge, gave him a blow which felled him dead. Then he buried him in the sand 
below the bridge, and taking the Boar, brought it to the King, representing that he had killed it, and so received in marriage the Princess. He declared, moreover, that the Boar had torn in pieces the body 
of his younger brother, and, as he did not come back, every one believed the tale to be true. 

But, because nothing is hid from God’s sight, so also this black deed at last came to light. Many years after, as a peasant was driving his herd across the brook, he saw lying in the sand below a snow- 
white bone, which he thought would make a good mouth-piece. So he stepped down, took it up, and fashioned it into a mouth-piece for his horn. But as soon as he blew through it for the first time, to the 
great astonishment of the herdsman, the bone began to sing of itself — 

“My brother slew me, and buried my bones 
Under the sand and under the stones: 

/ killed the boar as he came from his lair, 

But he won the prize of the lady fair.” 

“What a wonderful little bone!” exclaimed the herdsman; “it sings of itself! I must take it to the King.” 

As soon as he came before the King, it began again to repeat its song, and the King understood it perfectly. So he caused the earth below the bridge to be dug up, and there all the bones of the 
younger brother came to light. The wicked brother could not deny the deed, and, for his punishment, he was sewed up in a sack and drowned. 

And the bones of the other brother were placed in a splendid tomb in the churchyard. 

The Giant with the Three Golden Hairs 

There was once upon a time a poor woman whose son was born with a caul,- and so it was foretold of him that in his fourteenth year he should marry the King’s daughter. As it happened, the King soon 
after came into the village, quite unknown to any one, and when he asked the people what news there was, they answered, “A few days since a child with a caul was born, which is a sure sign that he will 
be very lucky; and indeed it has been foretold of him that in his fourteenth year he will marry the King’s daughter.” 

The king had a wicked heart, and was disturbed concerning this prophecy, so he went to the parents, and said to them in a most friendly manner, “Give me up your child, and I will take care of him.” At 
first they refused, but the stranger begged for it with much gold, and so at last they consented and gave him the child, thinking, “it is a luck-child, and therefore everything must go well with it.” 

The King laid the child in a box, and rode away till he came to a deep water, into which he threw the box, saying to himself, “From this unsought-for bridegroom have I now freed my daughter.” 

The box, however, did not sink, but floated along like a boat, and not one drop of water penetrated it. It floated at last down to a mill two miles from the King’s palace, and in the mill-dam it stuck fast. The 
miller’s boy, who was fortunately standing there, observed it, and drew it ashore with a hook, expecting to find a great treasure. When, however, he opened the box, he saw a beautiful child, alive and 
merry. He took it to the people at the mill, who, having no children, adopted it for their own, saying, “God has sent it to us.” And they took good care of it, and it grew up full of virtues. 

It happened one day that the King went into the mill for shelter during a thunder-storm, and asked the people whether the boy was their child. “No,” they answered, “he is a foundling, who, fourteen years 
ago, floated into our dam in a box, which the miller’s boy drew out of the water.” The King observed at once that it was no other than the luck-child whom he had thrown into the water, and so said to them, 
“Good people, could not the youth carry a letter to my wife the Queen? If so, I will give him two pieces of gold fora reward.” 

“As my lord the King commands,” they replied, and bade the youth get ready. 

Then the King wrote a letter to the Queen, wherein he said, “So soon as this boy arrives with this letter, let him be killed and buried, and let all be done before I return.” 

The youth set out on his journey with the letter, but he lost himself, and at evening came into a great forest. In the gloom he saw a little light, and going up to it he found a cottage, into which he went, and 
perceived an old woman sitting by the fire. As soon as she saw the lad she was terrified, and exclaimed, “Why do you come here, and what would you do?” 

“I am come from the mill,” he answered, “and am going to my lady the Queen, to carry a letter; but because I have lost my way in this forest, I wish to pass the night here.” 

“Poor boy,” said the woman, “you have come to a den of robbers, who, when they return, will murder you.” 

“Let who will come,” he replied, “I am not afraid; I am so weary that I can go no further,” and stretching himself upon a bench, he went to sleep. Presently the robbers entered, and asked in a rage what 
strange lad was lying there. “Ah,” said the old woman, “it is an innocent youth who has lost himself in the forest, and whom I have taken in out of compassion. He carries with him a letter to the Queen.” 

The robbers seized the letter and read it, and understood that as soon as the youth arrived he was to be put to death. Then the robbers took compassion on him also, and the captain tore up the letter 
and wrote another, wherein he declared that the youth on his arrival was to be married to the Princess. They let him sleep quietly on his bench till the morning, and as soon as he awoke, they gave him the 
letter, and showed him the right road. 

When the Queen received the letter, she did as it commanded, and caused a splendid marriage-feast to be prepared, and the Princess was given in marriage to the luck child, who, since he was both 
young and handsome, pleased her well, and they were all very happy. Some little time afterwards the King returned to his palace, and found the prophecy fulfilled, and his daughter married to the luck-child. 
“How did this happen?” he asked. “In my letter I gave quite another command.” 

Then the Queen handed him the letter, that he might read for himself what it stated. Then the King perceived that it had been forged by another person, and he asked the youth what he had done with the 
letter that had been entrusted to him, that he had brought another. “I know nothing about it,” he replied; “it must have been changed in the forest where I passed the night.” 

Inflamed with rage, the King answered, “Thou shalt not escape so easily; he who would have my daughter must fetch for me three golden hairs from the head of the Giant; bring thou to me what I desire, 
then shalt thou receive my daughter.” 

The King hoped by this means to get rid of him, but he answered, “The three golden hairs I will fetch, for I fear not the Giant;” and so he took leave and began his wanderings. 

The road led him by a large town, where the watchman at the gate asked him what trade he understood, and what he knew. “I know everything,” replied the youth. 

“Then you can do us a kindness,” said the watch, “if you tell us the reason why the fountain in our market-place, out of which wine used to flow, now, all at once, does not even give water.” 

“That you shall know,” was the answer; “but you must wait till I return.” 

Then he went on further, and came to a rather large city; where the watchman asked him, as before, what trade he understood, and what he knew. “I know everything,” he replied. 

“Then you can do us a kindness, if you tell us the reason why a tree growing in our town, which used to bear golden apples, does not now even have any leaves.” 

“That you shall know,” replied the youth, “if you wait till I return;” and so saying, he went on farther till he came to a great lake, over which it was necessary that he should pass. The ferryman asked him 
what trade he understood, and what he knew. “I know everything,” he replied. 

“Then,” said the ferryman, “you can do me a kindness if you tell me why, for ever and ever, I am obliged to row backwards and forwards, and am never to be released.” “You shall learn the reason why,” 
replied the youth; “but wait till I return.” 

As soon as he got over the water he found the entrance into the Giant’s kingdom. It was black and gloomy, and the Giant was not at home; but his old grandmother was sitting there in an immense arm- 

chair. “What do you want?” said she, looking at him fixedly. “I want three golden hairs from the head of the King of these regions,” replied the youth, “else I cannot obtain my bride.” “That is a bold request,” 
said the woman; “for if he comes home and finds you here it will be a bad thing for you; but still you can remain, and I will see if I can help you.” 

Then she changed him into an ant, and told him to creep within the fold of her gown, where he would be quite safe. 

“Yes,” he said, “that is all very well; but there are three things I am desirous of knowing: — Why a fountain, which used to spout wine, is now dry, and does not even give water. — Why a tree, which used to 
bear golden apples, does not now have leaves. — And why a ferryman is always rowing backwards and forwards, and never gets released.” 

“Those are difficult questions,” replied the old woman; “but do you keep quiet and pay attention to what the King says when I pluck each of the three golden hairs.” 

As soon as evening came the Giant returned; and scarcely had he entered, when he remarked that the air was not quite pure. “I smell, I smell the flesh of man,” he exclaimed; “all is not right.” Then he 
peeped into every corner, and looked about, but could find nothing. Presently his old grandmother began to scold, screaming, “There now, just as I have dusted and put everything in order, you are pulling 
them all about again: you are for ever having man’s flesh in your nose! Sit down and eat your supper.” 

When he had finished he felt tired; and the old woman took his head in her lap, and said she would comb his hair a bit. Presently he yawned; then winked; and at last snored. Then she plucked out a 
golden hair, and laid it down beside her. 

“Bah!” cried the King, “what are you about?” 

“I have had a bad dream,” answered the old woman “and so I plucked one of your hairs.” 

“What did you dream, then?” asked he. 

“I dreamt that a market-fountain which used to spout wine is dried up, and does not even give water: what is the matter with it, pray?” 

“Why, if you must know,” answered he, “there sits a toad under a stone, in the spring, which, if any one kills, wine will gush out as before.” 

Then the old woman went on combing till he went to sleep again, and snored so that the windows shook. Presently she pulled out a second hair. 

“Confound it! what are you about?” exclaimed the King in a passion. 

“Don’t be angry,” said she; “I did it in a dream.” 

“What did you dream this time?” he asked. 

“I dreamt that in a certain royal city there grew a fruit-tree, which formerly bore golden apples, but now has not a leaf upon it: what is the cause of it?” 

“Why,” replied the King, “at the root a mouse is gnawing. But if they kill it, golden apples will grow again; if not, the mouse will gnaw till the tree dies altogether. However, let me go to sleep in peace now; 
for if you disturb me again you will catch a box on the ears.” 

Nevertheless, the old woman, when she had rocked him again to sleep, plucked out a third golden hair. Up jumped the King in a fury, and would have ill-treated her, but she pacified him, and said, “Who 
can help bad dreams?” 

“What did you dream this time?” he asked, still curious to know. 

“I dreamt of a ferryman who is for ever compelled to row backwards and forwards, and will never be released. What is the reason thereof?” 

“Oh, you simpleton!” answered the Giant. “When one comes who wants to cross over, he must give the oar into his hand; then will the other be obliged to go to and fro, and he will be free.” 

Now, since the old woman had plucked the three golden hairs, and had received answers to the three questions, she let the Giant lie in peace, and he slept on till daybreak. 

As soon as he went out in the morning, the old woman took the ant out of the fold of her gown, and restored him again to his human form. 

“There you have the three golden hairs from the King’s head, and what he replied to the three questions you have just heard.” 

“Yes, I have heard and will well remember,” said the luck-child; and, thanking the old woman for her assistance in his trouble, he left those regions, well pleased that he had been so lucky in everything. 
When he came to the ferryman he had to give him the promised answer. But he said, “First row me over, and then I will tell you how you may be freed;” and as soon as they reached the opposite side he 
gave him the advice, “When another comes this way and wants to pass over, give him the oar in his hand.” 

Then he went on to the first city, where stood the barren tree, and where the watchman waited for the answer. So he said to him, “Kill the mouse which gnaws at the root of the tree, and then it will again 
bear golden apples.” The watchman thanked him, and gave him for a reward two asses laden with gold, which followed him. Next he came to the other city, where the dry fountain was, and he told the 
watchman as the Giant had said, — “Under a stone in the spring there sits a toad, which you must uncover and kill, and then wine will flow again as before.” 

The watchman thanked him, and gave to him, as the other had done, two asses laden with gold. 

Now the lucky youth soon reached home, and his dear bride was very glad when she saw him return, and heard how capitally every thing had gone with him. He brought the King what he had desired — 
the three golden hairs from the head of the Giant; and when his majesty saw the four asses laden with gold, he was quite pleased, and said, “Now are the conditions fulfilled, and you may have my 
daughter: but tell me, dear son-in-law, whence comes all this gold? This is indeed bountiful treasure!” 

“I was ferried over a river,” he replied, “and there I picked it up, for it lies upon the shore like sand.” 

“Can I not fetch some as well?” asked the King, feeling quite covetous. 

“As much as you like; there is a ferryman who will row you across, and then you can fill your sacks on the other side.” 

The covetous King set out in great haste upon his journey, and as soon as he came to the river beckoned to the ferryman to take him over. The man came and bade him step into his boat; and as soon 

as they reached the opposite shore the ferryman put the oar into his hand, and sprang on shore himself. 
So the King was obliged to take his place, and there he is obliged to row to and fro for ever, for his sins. 
And there he still rows, for no one has yet come to take the oar from him. 

The Handless Maiden 

Acertain Miller had fallen by degrees into great poverty, until he had nothing left but his mill and a large apple-tree. One day when he was going into the forest to cut wood, an old man, whom he had never 
seen before, stepped up to him, and said, “Why do you trouble yourself with chopping wood? I will make you rich if you will promise me what stands behind your mill.” 

The Miller thought to himself that it could be nothing but his apple-tree, so he said, “Yes,” and concluded the bargain with the strange man. The other, however, laughed derisively, and said, “After three 
years I will come and fetch what belongs to me;” and then he went away. 

As soon as the Miller reached home, his wife came to him, and said, “Tell me, husband, whence comes this sudden gold into our house? All at once every chest and cupboard is filled, and yet no man 
has brought any in; I cannot tell how it has happened.” 

The Miller, in reply, told her, “It comes from a strange lord, whom I met in the forest, who offered me great treasure, and I promised him in return what stands behind the mill, for we can very well spare the 
great apple-tree.” 

“Ah, my husband,” exclaimed his wife, “it is the Evil Spirit, whom you have seen; he did not mean the apple-tree, but our daughter, who was behind the mill sweeping the yard.” 

This Miller’s daughter was a beautiful and pious maiden, and during all the three years lived in the fear of God, without sin. When the time was up, and the day came when the Evil One was to fetch her, 
she washed her self quite clean and made a circle around herself with chalk. Quite early came the Evil One, but he could not approach her; so in a rage he said to the Miller, “Take away from her all water, 
that she may not be able to wash herself, else have I no power over her.” The Miller did so, for he was afraid. The next morning came the Evil One again, but she had wept upon her hands so that the were 
quite clean. Then he was baffled again, and in his anger he said to the Miller, “Cut off both her hands, or else I cannot now obtain her.” The Miller was horrified and said, “How can I cut off the hands of my 
own child?” But the Evil One pressed him, saying, “If you do not, you are mine, and I will take you yourself away!” At last the Miller promised, and he went to the maiden, and said “My child, if I do not cut off 
both your hands the Evil One will carry me away, and in my terror I have promised him. Now help me in my trouble, and forgive me for the wickedness I am about to do you.” 

She replied, “Dear father, do with me what you will. I am your daughter.” 

Thereupon she laid down both her hands, and her father cut them off. For the third time now the Evil One came, but the maiden had let fall so many tears upon her arms, that they were both quite clean. 
So he was obliged to give her up, and after this lost all power over her. 

The Miller now said to her, “I have received so much good through you, my daughter, that I will care for you most dearly all your life long.” 

But she answered, “Here I cannot remain; I will wander forth into the world, where compassionate men will give me as much as I require.” 

Then she had her arms bound behind her back, and sunrise departed on her journey, and walked the whole day long till night fell. At that time she arrived at a royal garden, and by the light of the moon 
she saw a tree standing there bearing most beautiful fruits, but she could not enter, for there was water all round. Since, however, she had walked the whole day without tasting a morsel, she was 
tormented by hunger, and said to herself, “Ah, would I were there, that I might eat of the fruit, else shall I perish with hunger.” So she kneeled and prayed to God, and all at once an angel came down, who 
made a passage through the water, so that the ground was dry for her to pass over. Then she went into the garden, and the angel with her. There she saw a tree full of beautiful pears, but they were all 
numbered; so she stepped up and ate one to appease her hunger, but no more. The gardener perceived her do it, but because the angel stood by he was afraid, and thought the maiden was a spirit; so 
he remained quiet and did not address her. As soon as she had eaten the pear she was satisfied, and went and hid herself under the bushes. 

The next morning the King to whom the garden belonged came down, and counting the pears found that one was missing; and he asked the gardener whither it was gone. The gardener replied, “Last 
night a spirit came, who had no hands, and ate the pear with her mouth.” The King then asked, “How did the spirit come through the water; and whither did it go after it had eaten the pear?” 

“An angel clothed in snow-white garments came down from heaven and made a passage through the waters, so that the spirit walked through the ditch. And because it was an angel, I was afraid, and 
neither called out nor questioned it; and as soon as it had finished the fruit, it returned as it came.” 

The King said, “If it be as you say, I will this night watch with you.” 

As soon as it was dark the King came into the garden, bringing with him a priest, who was to address the spirit, and all three sat down under the tree. About midnight the maiden crept out from under the 

bushes, and again ate with her mouth a pear off the tree, whilst the angel clothed in white stood by her. Then the priest went towards her, and said, “Art thou come from God, or from earth? art thou a spirit, 

or a human being?” She replied, “I am no spirit, but a poor maiden, deserted by all, save God alone.” 

The King said, “If you are forsaken by all the world, yet will I not forsake you;” and he took her with him to his royal palace, and, because she was so beautiful and pious, he loved her with all his heart, and 
ordered silver hands to be made for her, and made her his bride. 

After a year had passed by, the King was obliged to go to war, so he commended the young Queen to the care of his mother, and told her to write him word if she had a child born, and to pay her 
especial attention. Soon afterwards the Queen bore a fine boy, so the old mother wrote a letter to her son, containing the joyful news. The messenger, however, rested on his way by a brook, and, being 
weary of his long journey, fell asleep. Then came the Evil One, who had always been trying to do some evil to the Queen, and changed the letter for another, wherein it was said that the Queen had brought 
a changeling into the world. As soon as the King had read this letter he was frightened and much troubled, nevertheless he wrote an answer to his mother, that she should take great care of the Queen until 
his arrival. The messenger went back with this letter, but on his way rested at the same spot, and went to sleep. Then the Evil One came a second time, and put another letter in his pocket, wherein it was 
said the Queen and her child should be killed. When the old mother received this letter, she was struck with horror, and could not believe it; so she wrote another letter to the King; but she received no other 

answer, for the Evil One again placed a false letter in the messenger’s pocket, and in this last it said that she should preserve the tongue and eyes of the Queen, for a sign that she had fulfilled his 

The old mother was sorely grieved to shed innocent blood, so she caused a calf to be fetched by night, and cut off its tongue and took out its eyes. Then she said to the Queen, “I cannot let you be killed, 
as the King commands; but you must remain here no longer. Go forth with your child into the wide world, and never return here again.” 

Thus saying, she bound the child upon the young Queen’s back, and the poor wife went away, weeping bitterly. Soon she entered a large wild forest, and there she fell upon her knees and prayed to 
God, and the angel appeared and led her to a little cottage, and over the door was a shield inscribed with the words, “Here may every one live freely.” Out of the house came a snow-white maiden, who 
said, “Welcome, Lady Queen,” and led her in. Then she took the little child from the Queen’s back, and gave it some nourishment, and laid it on a beautifully covered bed. Presently the Queen asked, “How 
do you know that I am a Queen?” and the maiden answered, “I am an angel sent from God to tend you and your child;” and in this cottage she lived seven years, and was well cared for, and through God’s 
mercy to her, on account of her piety, her hands grew again as before. 

Meanwhile the King had come home again, and his first thought was to see his wife and child. Then his mother began to weep, and said, “You wicked husband, why did you write to me that I should put 
to death two innocent souls?” and, showing him the two letters which the Evil One had forged, she continued, “I have done as you commanded;” and she brought him the tokens, the two eyes and the 
tongue. Then the King began to weep so bitterly for his dear wife and son, that the old mother pitied him, and said, “Be comforted, she lives yet! I caused a calf to be slain, from whom I took these tokens; 
put the child I bound on your wife’s back, and I bade them go forth into the wide world; and she promised never to return here, because you were so wrathful against her.” 

“So far as heaven is blue,” exclaimed the King, “I will go; and neither will I eat nor drink until I have found again my dear wife and child, if they have not perished of hunger by this time.” 

Thereupon the King set out, and for seven long years sought his wife in every stony cleft and rocky cave, but found her not; and he began to think she must have perished. And all this time he neither ate 
nor drank, but God sustained him. 

At last he came into a large forest, and found there the little cottage whereon the shield was with the words, “Here may every one live freely.” Out of the house came the white maiden, and she took him 
by the hand; and leading him in, said, — “Be welcome, Great King. Whence comest thou?” 

He replied, “For seven long years have I sought everywhere for my wife and child; but I have not succeeded.” 

Then the angel offered him meat and drink, but he refused both, and would only rest a little while. So he lay down to sleep, and covered his face with a napkin. 

Now went the angel into the chamber where sat the Queen, with her son, whom she usually called “Sorrowful,” and said to her, “Come down, with your child: your husband is here.” So she went to where 
he lay, and the napkin fell from off his face; so the Queen said, “Sorrowful, pick up the napkin, and cover again your father’s face.” The child did as he was bid; and the King, who heard in his slumber what 
passed, let the napkin again fall from off his face. At this the boy became impatient, and said, “Dear mother, how can I cover my father’s face? Have I indeed a father on the earth? I have learnt the prayer, 
‘Our Father which art in heaven;’ and you have told me my father was in heaven, — the good God: how can I talk to this wild man? he is not my father.” 

As the King heard this he raised himself up, and asked the Queen who she was. The Queen replied: “I am your wife, and this is your son, Sorrowful.” But when he saw her human hands, he said, “My wife 
had silver hands.” “The merciful God,” said the Queen, “has caused my hands to grow again;” and the angel, going into her chamber, brought out the silver hands, and showed them to him. 

Now he perceived that they were certainly his dear wife and child; and he kissed them gladly, saying, “A heavy stone is taken from my heart;” and, after eating a meal together with the angel, they went 
home to the King’s mother. 

Their arrival caused great rejoicings everywhere; and the King and Queen celebrated their marriage again, and ever afterwards lived happily together to the end of their lives. 

Clever Alice 

Once upon a time there was a man who had a daughter who was called “Clever Alice;” and when she was grown up, her father said, “We must see about her marrying.” “Yes,” replied the mother, “when 
one comes who may be worthy of her.” 

At last a certain youth, by name Hans, came from a distance to make a proposal for her, but he put in one condition, that the Clever Alice should also be very prudent. “Oh,” said her father, “she has got a 
head full of brains;” and the mother added, “Ah, she can see the wind blow up the street, and hear the flies cough!” 

“Very well,” replied Hans; “but if she is not very prudent, I will not have her.” Soon afterwards they sat down to dinner, and her mother said, “Alice, go down into the cellar and draw some beer.” 

So Clever Alice took the jug down from the wall, and went into the cellar, jerking the lid up and down on her way to pass away the time. As soon as she got down stairs, she drew a stool and placed it 
before the cask, in order that she might not have to stoop, whereby she might do some injury to her back, and give it an undesirable bend. Then she placed the can before her and turned the tap, and while 
the beer was running, as she did not wish her eyes to be idle, she looked about upon the wall above and below, and presently perceived, after much peeping into this and that corner, a hatchet, which the 
bricklayers had left behind sticking out of the ceiling right above her. At the sight of this the Clever Alice began to cry, saying, “Oh, if I marry Hans, and we have a child, and he grows up, and we send him 
into the cellar to draw beer, the hatchet will fall upon his head and kill him;” and so saying, she sat there weeping with all her might over the impending misfortune. 

Meanwhile the good folks upstairs were waiting for the beer, but as Clever Alice did not come, her mother told the maid to go and see what she was stopping for. The maid went down into the cellar, 
and found Alice sitting before the cask crying heartily, and she asked, “Alice, what are you weeping about?” “Ah!” she replied, “have I not cause? If I marry Hans, and we have a child, and he grow up, and 
we send him here to draw beer, that hatchet will fall upon his head, and kill him.” 

“Oh,” said the maid, “what a clever Alice we have!” And sitting down, she began to weep too for the misfortune that was to happen. 

After a while, and the maid did not return, the good folks above began to feel very thirsty; and so the husband told the boy to go down into the cellar, and see what had become of Alice and the maid. The 
boy went down, and there sat Clever Alice and the maid both crying, so he asked the reason; and Alice told him the same tale of the hatchet that was to fall on her child as she had told the maid. When she 
had finished, the boy exclaimed, “What a clever Alice we have!” and fell weeping and howling with the others. 

Upstairs they were still waiting, and the husband said, when the boy did not return, “Do you go down, wife, into the cellar and see why Alice stops.” So she went down, and finding all three sitting there 
crying, asked the reason, and Alice told her about the hatchet which must inevitably fall upon the head of her son. Then the mother likewise exclaimed, “Oh, what a clever Alice we have!” and, sitting down, 
began to weep with the others. Meanwhile the husband waited for his wife’s return, but at last he felt so very thirsty that he said, “I must go myself down into the cellar and see what Alice stops for.” As soon 
as he entered the cellar, there he found the four sitting and crying together, and when he heard the reason, he also exclaimed, “Oh, what a clever Alice we have!” and sat down to cry with the others. All this 
time the bridegroom above sat waiting, but when nobody returned, he thought they must be waiting for him, and so he went down to see what was the matter. When he entered, there sat the five crying and 
groaning, each one in a louder key than his neighbour. “What misfortune has happened?” he asked. “Ah, dear Hans,” cried Alice, “if we should marry one another; and have a child, and he grow up, and we 
perhaps send him down here to tap the beer, the hatchet which has been left sticking there may fall on his head, and so kill him; and do you not think that enough to weep about?” 

“Now,” said Hans, “more prudence than this is not necessary for my housekeeping; because you are such a clever Alice I will have you for my wife.” And, taking her hand, he led her home and celebrated 
the wedding directly. 

After they had been married a little while, Hans said one morning, “Wife, I will go out to work and earn some money; do you go into the field and gather some corn wherewith to make bread.” 

“Yes,” she answered, “I will do so, dear Hans.” And when he was gone, she cooked herself a nice mess of pottage, to take with her. As she came to the field, she said to herself, “What shall I do? Shall I 
cut first, or eat first? Ay, I will eat first!” Then she ate up the contents of her pot, and when it was finished, she thought to herself, “Now, shall I reap first or sleep first? Well, I think I will have a nap!” and so 
she laid herself down amongst the corn, and went to sleep. Meanwhile Hans returned home, but Alice did not come, and so he said, “Oh, what a prudent Alice I have; she is so industrious that she does not 
even come home to eat anything.” By-and-by, however, evening came on, and still she did not return; so Hans went out to see how much she had reaped; but, behold, nothing at all, and there lay Alice fast 
asleep among the corn. So home he ran very fast, and brought a net with little bells hanging on it, which he threw over her head while she still slept on. When he had done this he went back again and shut 
to the house-door, and, seating himself on his stool, began working very industriously. 

At last, when it was quite dark, the Clever Alice awoke, and as soon as she stood up the net fell all over her hair, and the bells jingled at every step she took. This quite frightened her, and she began to 
doubt whether she were really Clever Alice or no, and said to herself, “Am I she, or am I not?” This question she could not answer, and she stood still a long while considering. At last she thought she would 
go home and ask whether she were really herself — supposing they would be able to tell. When she came to the house-door it was shut; so she tapped at the window, and asked, “Hans, is Alice within?” 
“Yes,” he replied, “she is.” Now she was really terrified, and exclaiming, “Ah, heaven, then I am not Alice!” she ran up to another house; but as soon as the folks within heard the jingling of the bells they 
would not open their doors, and so nobody would receive her. Then she ran straight away from the village, and no one has ever seen her since. 

The Table, the Ass, and the Stick 

Along while ago there lived a Tailor who had three sons, but only a single Goat, which, as it had to furnish milk for all, was obliged to have good fodder every day, and to be led into the meadow for it. This 
the sons had to do by turns; and one morning the eldest took the Goat into the churchyard, where grew the finest herbs, which he let it eat, and then it frisked about undisturbed till the evening, when it was 
time to return; and then he asked, “Goat, are you satisfied?” The Goat replied — 

“I am satisfied, quiet; 

No more can I bite." 

“Then come home,” said the youth, and catching hold of the rope, he led it to the stall and made it fast. “Now,” said the old Tailor, “has the Goat had its proper food?” “Yes,” replied his son, “it has eaten 

all it can.” The father, however, would see for himself; and so, going into the stall, he stroked the goat and asked it whether it was satisfied. The Goat replied — 

“Whereof should I be satisfied! 

I only jumped about the graves, 

And found not a single leaf.” 

“What do I hear!” exclaimed the Tailor, and ran up to his son and said, “Oh, you bad boy! you said the Goat was satisfied, and then brought it away hungry;” and, taking the yard-measure down from the 
wall, he hunted his son out of the house in a rage. 

The following morning was the second son’s turn, and he picked out a place in the garden-hedge, where some very fine herbs grew, which the Goat ate up entirely. When, in the evening, the wanted to 
return, he asked the Goat first whether it were satisfied, and it replied as before — 

“I am satisfied, quite; 

No more can I bite.” 

“Then come home,” said the youth, and drove it to its stall, and tied it fast. Soon after the old Tailor asked, “Has the Goat had its usual food?” “Oh, yes!” answered his son; “it ate up all the leaves.” But 

the Tailor would see for himself, and so he went into the stall, and asked the Goat whether it had had enough. 

“Whereof should I be satisfied! 

I only jumped about the hedge, 

And found not a single leaf.” 
replied the animal. 

“The wicked scamp!” exclaimed the Tailor, “to let such a capital animal starve!” and, running in doors, he drove his son out of the house with his yard-measure. 

It was now the third son’s turn, and he, willing to make a good beginning, sought some bushes full of beautifully tender leaves, of which he let the Goat plentifully partake; and at evening time, when he 
wished to go home, he asked the Goat the same question as the others had done, and received the same answer — 

“I am satisfied, quite; 

No more can I bite.” 

So then he led it home, and tied it up in its stall; and presently the old man came and asked whether the Goat had had its regular food, and the youth replied, “Yes.” But he would go and see for himself, 
and then the wicked beast told him, as it had done before — 

“Whereof should I be satisfied? 

I only jumped about the bush, 

And found not a single leaf.” 

“Oh, the scoundrel!” exclaimed the Tailor, in a rage “he is just as careless and forgetful as the others; he shall no longer eat of my bread!” and, rushing into the house he dealt his youngest son such 
tremendous blows with the yard-measure that the boy ran quite away. 

The old Tailor was now left alone with his Goat, and the following morning he went to the stall, and fondled the animal, saying, “Come, my dear little creature; I will lead you myself into the meadow;” and, 
taking the rope he brought it to some green lettuces, and let it feed to its heart’s content. When evening arrived he asked it, as his sons had done before whether it were satisfied, and it replied — 

“I am satisfied, quite; 

No more can I bite.” 

So he led it home, and tied it up in its stall; but, before he left it, he turned round and asked once more, “Are you quite satisfied?” The malicious brute answered in the same manner as before — 

“Whereof should I be satisfied 
I only jumped about the green, 

And found not a single leaf.” 

As soon as the Tailor heard this he was thunderstruck, and perceived directly that he had driven away his three sons without cause. “Stop a bit, you ungrateful beast!” he exclaimed. “To drive you away 
will be too little; I will mark you so that you shall no more dare to show yourself among honourable tailors.” So saying, he sprang up with great speed, and, fetching a razor, shaved the Goat’s head as bare 
as the palm of his hand; and, because the yard-measure was too honourable for such service, he laid hold of a whip, and gave the animal such hearty cuts with it, that it ran off as fast as possible. 

When the old man sat down again in his house he fell into great grief, and would have been only too happy to have had his three sons back; but no one knew whither they had wandered. 

The eldest, however, had gone apprentice to a joiner, with whom he worked industriously and cheerfully; and when his time was out, his master presented him with a table, which had certainly a very 
ordinary appearance, and was made of common wood; but it had one excellent quality: — If its owner placed it before him, and said, “Table, cover thyself,” the good table was at once covered with a fine 
cloth, and plates, and knives and forks, and dishes of roast and baked meat took their places on it, and a great glass filled with red wine, which gladdened one’s heart. Our young fellow thought, “Herewith 
you have enough for your lifetime,” and went, full of glee, about the world, never troubling himself whether the inn were good or bad, or whether it contained any thing or nothing. Whenever he pleased he 
went to no inn at all, but in the field, or wood, or any meadow, in fact, just where he liked to take the table off his back, and set it before him, saying, “Table, cover thyself,” he had all he could desire to eat 
and drink. 

At last it came into his head that he would return to his father, whose anger, he thought, would be abated by time, and with whom he might live very comfortably with his excellent table. It fell out that, on 
his journey home, he one evening arrived at an inn which was full of people, who bade him welcome, and invited him to come in and eat with them, or he would get nothing at all. But our Joiner replied, “No; 
I will not take a couple of bites with you; you must rather be my guests.” At this the others laughed, and thought he was making game of them; but he placed his wooden table in the middle of the room, and 
said, “Table, cover thyself;” and in the twinkling of an eye it was set out with meats as good as any that the host could have furnished, and the smell of which mounted very savoury into the noses of the 
guests. “Be welcome, good friends,” said the Joiner; and the guests, when they saw he was in earnest, waited not to be asked twice, but, quickly seating themselves, set to valiantly with their knives. What 
made them most wonder, however, was that when any dish became empty, another full one instantly took its place; and the landlord, who stood in a corner looking on, thought to himself, “You could make 
good use of such a cook as that in your trade;” but he said nothing. Meanwhile the Joiner and his companions sat making merry till late at night; but at last they went to bed, and the Joiner too, who placed 
his wishing-table against the wall before going to sleep. The landlord, however, could not get to sleep, for his thoughts troubled him, and, suddenly remembering that there stood in his lumber-room an old 
table which was useless, he went and fetched it, and put it in the place of the wishing-table. The next morning the Joiner counted out his lodging-money, and placed the table on his back, ignorant that it 
had been changed, and went his way. At noon-day he reached his father’s house, and was received with great joy. 

“Now, my dear son,” said the old man, “what have you learned?” 

“I have become a joiner, father.” 

“A capital trade, too. But what have you brought home with you from your travels?” 

“The best thing I have brought,” said the youth, “is this table.” 

The father looked at it on every side, and said, “You have made a very bad hand of that; it is an old, worthless table.” 

“But,” interrupted his son, “it is one which covers itself; and when I place it before me and say, Table, cover thyself,’ it is instantly filled with the most savoury meats and wine, which will make your heart 
sing. Just invite your friends and acquaintances, and you shall soon see how they will be refreshed and revived.” 

As soon, then, as the company was arrived, he placed his table in the middle of the room, and called out to it to cover itself. But the table did not stir, and remained as empty as any other table which 
does not understand what is spoken; and the poor Joiner at once perceived that the table was changed, and he was ashamed to appear thus like an impostor before the guests, who laughed at him and 
were obliged to go home without eating or drinking. So the father took up his mending again, and stitched away as fast as ever, and the son was obliged to go and work for a master carpenter. 

Meanwhile the second son had been living with a miller, and learning his trade, and as soon as his time was up, his master said to him, “Because you have served me so well, I present you with this ass, 
which has a wonderful gift, although it neither can draw a wagon nor carry a sack.” “For what, then, is it useful?” asked the youth. “It speaks gold,” replied the miller. “If you tie a pocket under his chin, and 
cry, ‘ Bricklebrit,’ then the good beast will pour out gold coin like hail.” “That is a very fine thing,” thought the youth; and, thanking the master, he went off upon his journey. Now, whenever he needed money, 
he had only to say to his ass, “Bricklebrit,” and it rained down gold pieces, so that he had no other trouble than to pick them up again from the ground. Wherever he went the best only was good enough for 
him, and the dearer it was the better, for he had always a full purse. When he had looked about him for some time in the world, he thought he would go and visit his father, whose anger he supposed had 
abated, and moreover since he brought with him an ass of gold, he would no doubt receive him gladly. It so happened that he came to the very same inn where his brother’s table had been changed, and 
as he came up, leading his ass by the hand, the landlord would have taken it and tied it up, but our young master said to him, “You need not trouble yourself; I will lead my grey beast myself into the stable 
and tie him, for I must know where he stands.” The landlord wondered at this, and he thought that one who looked after his own beast would not spend much; but presently our friend, dipping into his pocket 
and taking out two pieces of gold, gave them to him, and bade him fetch the best he could. This made the landlord open his eyes, and he ran and fetched, in a great hurry, the best he could get. When he 
had finished his meal, the youth asked what further he was indebted, and the landlord, having no mind to spare him, said that a couple of gold pieces more was due. The youth felt in his pocket, but his 
money was just at an end; so he exclaimed, “Wait a bit, my landlord; I will go and fetch some gold,” and, taking the table-cloth with him, he went out. The landlord knew not what to think, but being covetous 
he slinked out after the youth, and, as he bolted the stable-door, the landlord peeped through a hole in the wall. The youth spread the cloth beneath the ass, and called out, “Brickle-brit,” and in a moment 
the beast began to speak out gold, as if rain were falling. “By the powers,” exclaimed the landlord, “ducats are soon coined so; that is not a bad sort of purse!” The youth now paid his bill and laid down to 
sleep, but in the middle of the night the landlord slipped into the stable, and led away the mint-master, and tied up a different ass in its place. 

In the morning early, the youth drove away with his ass, thinking it was his own, and at noon-day he arrived at his father’s, who was very glad to see him return, and received him kindly. “What trade have 
you become?” asked the father. “A miller,” was the reply. “And what have you brought home with you from your wanderings?” “Nothing but an ass.” “Oh, there are plenty of that sort here now; it had far 
better been a goat,” said the old man. “Yes,” replied the son, “but this is no common animal, but one which, when I say ‘Bricklebrit,’ speaks gold right and left. Just call your friends here, and I will make 
them all rich in a twinkling.” “Well,” exclaimed the Tailor, “that would please me very well, and so I need not use my needle any more;” and running out he called together all his acquaintances. As soon as 
they were assembled, the young Miller bade them make a circle, and, spreading out a cloth, he brought the ass into the middle of the room. “Now, pay attention,” said he to them, and called out, 

“Bricklebrit;” but not a single gold piece fell, and it soon appeared that the ass did not understand, for it is not every one that can be so taught. The poor young man began to make a long face, when he 
saw that he had been deceived, and he was obliged to beg pardon of the guests, who were forced to return as poor as they came. So it happened that the old man had to take to his needle again, and the 
youth to bind himself with another master. 

Meanwhile the third brother had gone to a turner- to learn his trade; but he got on very slowly, as it was a very difficult art to acquire. And while he was there, his brothers sent him word how badly things 
had gone with them, and how the landlord had robbed them of their wishing-gifts on their return home. When the time came round that he had learnt every thing and wished to leave, his master presented 
him with a sack, saying, “In it there lies a stick.” 

“I will take the sack readily, for it may do me good service,” replied the youth. “But what is the stick for it only makes the sack heavier to carry.” 

“That I will tell you: — If any one does you an injury, you have only to say, ‘Stick, out of the sack!’ and instantly the stick will spring out, and dance about on the people’s backs in such style that they will not 
be able to stir a finger for a week afterwards; and, moreover, it will not leave off till you say, ‘Stick, get back into the sack.’ ” 

The youth thanked him, and hung the sack over his shoulders; and when any one came too near, and wished to meddle with him, he said, “Stick, come out of the sack,” and immediately it sprang out, 
and began laying about it; and when he called it back, it disappeared so quickly that no one could tell where it came from. 

One evening he arrived at the inn where his brothers had been basely robbed, and, laying his knapsack on the table, he began to talk of all the wonderful things he had seen in the world. “Yes,” said he, 
“one may find, indeed, a table which supplies itself, and a golden ass, and suchlike things — all very good in their place, and I do not despise them; but they shrink into nothing beside the treasure which I 
carry with me in this sack.” 

The landlord pricked up his ears, saying, “What on earth can it be?” but he thought to himself, “The sack is certainly full of precious stones, and I must manage to get hold of them; for all good things 
come in threes.” 

As soon as it was bedtime our youth stretched himself upon a bench, and laid his sack down for a pillow; and, when he appeared to be in a deep sleep, the landlord crept softly to him, and began to pull 
very gently and cautiously at the sack, to see if he could manage to draw it away, and put another in its place. The young Turner, however, had been waiting for him to do this, and, just as the man gave a 
good pull, he exclaimed, “Stick, out of the sack with you!” Immediately out it jumped, and thumped about on the landlord’s back and ribs with a good will. 

The landlord began to cry for mercy, but the louder he cried, the more forcibly did the stick beat time on his back, until at last he fell exhausted to the ground. 

Then the Turner said, “If you do not give up the table which feeds itself, and the golden ass, that dance shall commence again.” 

“No, no!” cried the landlord, in a weak voice; “I will give them up with pleasure, but just let your horrible hobgoblin get back into his sack.” 

“I will give you pardon, if you do right; but, take care what you are about,” replied the Turner; and he let him rest, and bade the stick return. 

On the following morning the Turner, accordingly, went away with the table and the ass, on his road home to his father, who, as soon as he saw him, felt very glad, and asked what he had learned in 
foreign parts. 

“Dear father,” replied he, “I have become a turner.” 

“A difficult business that; but what have you brought back with you from your travels?” 

“A precious stick,” replied the son; “a stick in this sack.” 

“What!” exclaimed the old man, “a stick! Well, that is worth the trouble! Why, you can cut one from every tree!” 

“But not such a stick as this; for if I say, ‘Stick, out of the sack,’ it instantly jumps out, and executes such a dance upon the back of any one who would injure me, that at last he is beaten to the ground, 
crying for mercy. Do you see, with this stick I have got back again the wonderful table and the golden ass of which the thievish landlord robbed my brothers? Now, let them both be summoned home, and 
invite all your acquaintances, and I will not only give them plenty to eat and drink, but pocketfuls of money.” 

The old Tailor would scarcely believe him; but, nevertheless, he called in his friends. Then the young Turner placed a table-cloth in the middle of the room, and led on the ass, saying to his brother, “Now, 
speak to him.” 

The Miller called out “Bricklebrit!” and in a moment the gold pieces dropped down on the floor in a pelting shower; and so it continued until they had all so much that they could carry no more. (I fancy my 
readers would have been very happy to have been there too!!) 

After this the table was fetched in, and the Joiner said, “Table, cover thyself;” and it was at once filled with the choicest dishes. Then they began such a meal as the Tailor had never had before in his 
house; and the whole company remained till late at night merry and jovial. 

The next day the Tailor forsook needle and thread, and put them all away, with his measures and goose, in a cupboard, and for ever after lived happily and contentedly with his three sons. 

But now I must tell you what became of the Goat, whose fault it was that the three brothers were driven away. It was so ashamed of its bald head that it ran into a Fox’s hole and hid itself. When the Fox 
came home he saw a pair of great eyes looking at him in the darkness, which so frightened him that he ran back, and presently met a Bear, who, perceiving how terrified Reynard appeared, said to him, 
“What is the matter, Brother Fox, that you make such a face?” 

“Ah!” he replied, “in my hole sits a horrible beast, who glared at me with most fiery eyes.” 

“Oh! we will soon drive it out,” said the Bear; and, going up to the hole, he peeped in himself; but, as soon as he saw the fiery eyes, he also turned tail, and would have nothing to do with the terrible 
beast, and so took to flight. On his way a Bee met him, and soon saw he could not feel much through his thick coat; and so she said, “You are making a very rueful face, Mr. Bear; pray, where have you left 
your merry one?” 

“Why,” answered Bruin, “a great horrible beast has laid himself down in Reynard’s house, and glares there with such fearful eyes, we cannot drive him out.” 

“Well, Mr. Bear,” said the Bee, “I am sorry for you; I am a poor creature whom you never notice, but yet I believe I can help you.” 

So saying, she flew into the Fox’s hole, and, settling on the clean-shaved head of the Goat, stung it so dreadfully that the poor animal sprang up and ran madly off; and nobody knows to this hour where it 
ran to. 


Once upon a time there lived a poor peasant, who used to sit every evening by the hearth, poking the fire, while his wife spun. One night he said, “How sad it is that we have no children; every thing is so 
quiet here, while in other houses it is so noisy and merry.” 

“Ah!” sighed his wife, “if we had but only one, and were he no bigger than my thumb, I should still be content, and love him with all my heart.” A little while after the wife fell ill; and after seven months a 
child was born, who, although he was perfectly formed in all his limbs, was not actually bigger than one’s thumb. So they said to one another that it had happened just as they wished; and they called the 
child “Thumbling.” Every day they gave him all the food he could eat; still he did not grow a bit, but remained exactly the height he was when first born; he looked about him, however, very knowingly, and 
showed himself to be a bold and cleverfellow, who prospered in everything he undertook. 

One morning the peasant was making ready to go into the forest to fell wood, and said, “Now I wish I had some one who could follow me with the cart.” 

“Oh! father,” exclaimed Thumbling, “I will bring the cart; don’t you trouble yourself; it shall be there at the right time.” 

The father laughed at this speech, and said, "How shall that be? You are much too small to lead the horse by the bridle.” 

“That matters not, father. If mother will harness the horse, I can sit in his ear, and tell him which way to take.” 

“Well, we will try for once,” said the father; and so, when the hour came, the mother harnessed the horse, and placed Thumbling in its ear, and told him how to guide it. Then he set out quite like a man, 
and the cart went on the right road to the forest; and just as it turned a corner, and Thumbling called out “Steady, steady,” two strange men met it; and one said to the other, “My goodness, what is this? 
Here comes a cart, and the driver keeps calling to the horse; but I can see no one.” “That cannot be all right,” said the other: “let us follow and see where the cart stops.” 

The cart went on safely deep into the forest, and straight to the place where the wood was cut. As soon as Thumbling saw his father, he called to him, “Here, father; here I am, you see, with the cart: just 
take me down.” The peasant caught the bridle of the horse with his left hand, and with his right took his little son out of its ear; and he sat himself down merrily on a straw. When the two strangers saw the 
little fellow, they knew not what to say for astonishment; and one of them took his companion aside, and said, “This little fellow might make our fortune if we could exhibit him in the towns. Let us buy him.” 
They went up to the peasant, and asked, “Will you sell your son? We will treat him well.” “No,” replied the man; “he is my heart’s delight, and not to be bought for all the money in the world!” But Thumbling, 
when he heard what was said, climbed up by his father’s shirt, and set himself on his shoulder, and whispered in his ear, “Let me go now, and I will soon come back again.” So his father gave him to the 
two men for a fine piece of gold; and they asked him where he would sit. “Oh,” replied he, “put me on the rim of your hat; and then I can walk round and survey the country. I will not fall off.” They did as he 
wished; and when he had taken leave of his father, they set out. Just as it was getting dark he asked to be lifted down; and, after some demur, the man on whose hat he was took him off and placed him on 
the ground. In an instant Thumbling ran off, and crept into a mouse-hole, where they could not see him. “Good evening, masters,” said he, “you can go home without me;” and with a quiet laugh he crept into 
his hole still further. The two men poked their sticks into the hole, but all in vain; for Thumbling only went down further; and when it had grown quite dark they were obliged to return home full of vexation and 
with empty pockets. 

As soon as Thumbling perceived that they were off, he crawled out of his hiding-place, and said, “How dangerous it is to walk in this field in the dark: one might soon break one’s head or legs;” and so 
saying he looked round, and by great good luck saw an empty snail-shell. “God be praised,” he exclaimed, “here I can sleep securely;” and in he went. Just as he was about to fall asleep he heard two men 
coming by, one of whom said to the other, “How shall we manage to get at the parson’s gold and silver?” 

“That I can tell you,” interrupted Thumbling. 

“What was that?” exclaimed the thief, frightened. “I heard some one speak.” They stood still and listened; and then Thumbling said, “Take me with you, and I will help you.” 

“Where are you?” asked the thieves. 

“Search on the ground, and mark where my voice comes from,” replied he. The thief looked about, and at last found him; and lifted him up in the air. “What, will you help us, you little wight?”i said they. 
“Do you see I can creep between the iron bars into the chamber of the parson, and reach out to you whatever you require.” 

“Very well; we will see what you can do,” said the thief. 

When they came to the house, Thumbling crept into the chamber, and cried out with all his might, “Will you have all that is here?” The thieves were terrified, and said, “Speak gently, or some one will 

But Thumbling feigned not to understand, and exclaimed louder still, “Will you have all that is here?” 

This awoke the cook, who slept in the room, and sitting up in her bed she listened. The thieves, however, had run back a little way, quite frightened; but, taking courage again, and thinking the little fellow 
wished to tease them, they came and whispered to him to make haste and hand them out something. At this, Thumbling cried out still more loudly, “I will give you it all, only put your hands in.” The listening 
maid heard this clearly, and, springing out of bed, hurried out at the door. The thieves ran off as if they were pursued by the wild huntsman, but the maid, as she could see nothing, went to strike a light. 
When she returned, Thumbling escaped without being seen into the barn, and the maid, after she had looked round and searched in every corner, without finding anything, went to bed again, believing she 
had been dreaming with her eyes open. Meanwhile Thumbling had crept in amongst the hay, and found a beautiful place to sleep, where he intended to rest till daybreak, and then to go home to his 

Other things, however, was he to experience, for there is much tribulation and trouble going on in this world. 

The maid got up at dawn of day to feed the cow. Her first walk was to the barn, where she took an armful of hay, and just the bundle where poor Thumbling lay asleep. He slept so soundly, however, that 
he was not conscious, and only awoke when he was in the cow’s mouth. “Ah, goodness!” exclaimed he, “however came I into this mill?” but soon he saw where he really was. Then he took care not to 
come between the teeth, but presently slipped quite down the cow’s throat. “There are no windows in this room,” said he to himself, “and no sunshine, and I brought no light with me.” Overhead his quarters 
seemed still worse, and, more than all, he felt his room growing narrower, as the cow swallowed more hay. So he began to call out in terror as loudly as he could, “Bring me no more food. I do not want any 
more food!” Just then the maid was milking the cow, and when she heard the voice without seeing any thing, and knew it was the same she had listened to in the night, she was so frightened that she 
slipped off her stool and overturned the milk. In great haste she ran to her master, saying, “Oh, Mr. Parson, the cow has been speaking.” 

“You are crazy,” he replied; but still he went himself into the stable to see what was the matter, and scarcely had he stepped in when Thumbling began to shout out again, “Bring me no more food, bring 
me no more food.” This terrified the parson himself, and he thought an evil spirit had entered into his cow, and so ordered her to be killed. As soon as that was done, and they were dividing the carcase, a 
fresh accident befell Thumbling, for a wolf, who was passing at the time, made a snatch at the cow, and tore away the part where he was stuck fast. However, he did not lose courage, but as soon as the 
wolf had swallowed him, he called out from inside, “Oh, Mr. Wolf, I know of a capital meal for you.” “Where is it to be found?” asked the wolf. “In the house by the meadow; you must creep though the gutter, 
and there you will find cakes, and bacon, and sausages, as many as you can eat,” replied Thumbling, describing exactly his father’s house. 

The wolf did not wait to be told twice, but in the night crept in, and ate away in the larder, to his heart’s content. When he had finished, he tried to escape by the way he entered, but the hole was not large 
enough. Thereupon Thumbling, who had reckoned on this, began to make a tremendous noise inside the poor wolf, screaming and shouting as loud as he could. “Will you be quiet?” said the wolf; “you will 
awake the people.” “Eh, what!” cried the little man, “since you have satisfied yourself, it is my turn now to make merry;” and he set up a louder howling than before. At last his father and mother awoke, and 
came to the room and looked through the chinks of the door; and as soon as they perceived the ravages the wolf had committed, they ran and brought, the man, his axe, and the woman, the scythe. “Stop 

you behind,” said the man, as they entered the room; “if my blow does not kill him, you must give him a cut with your weapon, and chop off his head if you can.” 

When Thumbling heard his father’s voice, he called out, “Father dear, I am here, in the wolfs body!” “Heaven be praised,” said the man, full of joy, “our dear child is found again;” and he bade his wife 
take away the scythe, lest it should do any harm to his son. Then he raised his axe, and gave the wolf such a blow on its head that it fell dead, and, taking a knife, he cut it open and released the little fellow, 
his son. “Ah,” said his father, “what trouble we have had about you.” “Yes, father,” replied Thumbling, “I have been traveling a great deal about the world. Heaven be praised! I breathe fresh air again.” 
“Where have you been, my son?” he inquired. 

“Once I was in a mouse’s hole, once inside a cow, and lastly inside that wolf; and now I will stop here with you,” said Thumbling. 

“Yes,” said the old people, “we will not sell you again for all the riches of the world;” and they embraced and kissed him with great affection. Then they gave him plenty to eat and drink, and had new 

clothes made for him, for his old ones were worn out with traveling. 

The Wedding of Mrs. Fox 


There was once upon a time a Fox with nine tails, who thought his wife was not faithful to him, and determined to put it to the proof. So he stretched himself along under a bench, and, keeping his legs 
perfectly still, he appeared as if quite dead. Mrs. Fox, meanwhile, had ascended to her room, and shut herself in; and her maid, the young Cat, stood near the hearth cooking. As soon as it was known that 
Mr. Fox was dead, several suitors came to pay their respects to his widow. The maid, hearing some one knocking at the front door, went and looked out, and saw a young Fox, who asked, 

“How do you do, Miss Kitten? 

Is she asleep or awake?" 

The maid replied, 

“I neither sleep nor wake; 

Would you know my business! 

Beer and butter both I make; 

Come and be my guest!” 

“I am obliged, Miss Kitten,” said the young Fox; “but how is Mrs. Fox?” 

The maid replied, 

“She sits in her chamber, 

Weeping so sore; 

Her eyes red with crying — 

Mr. Fox is no more.” 

“Tell her then, my maiden, that a young Fox is here, who wishes to marry her,” said he. So the Cat went pit-pat, pit-a-pat up the stairs, and tapped gently at the door, saying, “Are you there, Madam Fox?” 
“Yes, my good little Cat,” was the reply. “There is a suitor below.” “What does he look like?” asked her mistress. “Has he nine as beautiful tails as my late husband?” “Oh no,” answered the maid, “he has 
only one.” “Then I will not have him,” said the mistress. The young Cat went down and sent away the suitor; and soon after there came a second knock at the door, from another Fox with two tails, who 
wished to marry the widow; he fared, however, no better than the former one. Afterwards came six more, one after the other, each having one tail more than he who preceded him; but these were all turned 
away. At last there arrived a Fox with nine tails, like the deceased husband, and when the widow heard of it, she said, full of joy, to the Cat, “Now you may open all the windows and doors, and turn the old 
Fox out of the house.” But just as the wedding was about to be celebrated, the old Fox roused himself from his sleep beneath the bench, and drubbed the whole rabble, together with his wife, out of the 
house, and hunted them far away. 


Narrates that when the old Fox appeared dead, the Wolf came as a suitor, and knocked at the door; and the Cat, who served as servant to the widow, got up to see who was there. 

“Good day, Miss Cat; how does it happen that you are sitting all alone? What good are you about?” 

The Cat answered, “I have been making some bread and milk. Will my lord be my guest?” 

“Thanks, many thanks,” replied the Wolf, “is Madam Fox not at home?” 

The Cat sung, 

“She sits in her chamber, 

Weeping so sore; 

Her eyes red with crying — 

Mr. Fox is no more.” 

Then the Wolf said, “If she wishes for another husband, she had better come down to me.” 

So the Cat ran up the stairs, her tail trailing behind, and when she got to the chamber door, she knocked five times, and asked, “Is Madam Fox at home? If so, and she wishes to have another husband, 
she must come down stairs.” 

Mrs. Fox asked, “Does the gentleman wear red stockings, and has he a pointed mouth?” “No,” replied the Cat. “Then he will not do for me,” said Mrs. Fox, and shut the door. 

After the Wolf had been turned away, there came a Dog, a Stag, a Hare, a Bear, a Lion, and all the beasts of the forest, one after another. But each one was deficient of the particular qualities which the 
old Fox had possessed, and the Cat was obliged therefore to turn away every suitor. At last came a young Fox; and when the question was asked whether he had red stockings and a pointed mouth, the 

cat replied, “Yes,” and she was bid to call him up and prepare for the wedding. Then they threw the old Fox out of the window, and the Cat caught and ate as many mice as she could, in celebration of the 
happy event. 

And after the marriage they had a grand ball, and, as I have never heard to the contrary, perhaps they are dancing still. 

The Little Elves 


There was once a Shoemaker, who, from no fault of his own, had become so poor that at last he had nothing left, but just sufficient leather for one pair of shoes. In the evening he cut out the leather, 
intending to make it up in the morning; and, as he had a good conscience, he lay quietly down to sleep, first commending himself to God. In the morning he said his prayers, and then sat down to work; but 
behold the pair of shoes was already made, and there they stood upon his board. The poor man was amazed, and knew not what to say; but he took the shoes into his hand to look at them more closely, 
and they were so neatly worked that not a stitch was done wrong; just as if they had been done for a prize. Presently a customer came in; and because the shoes pleased him very much, he paid down 
more than was usual; and so much that the Shoemaker was able to buy with it leather for two pairs. By the evening he had got his leather shaped out; and when he arose the next morning he prepared to 
work with fresh spirit; but there was no need, — for the shoes stood all perfect on his board. He did not want either for customers; for two came who paid him so liberally for the shoes, that he bought with 
the money material for four pairs more. These also, when he awoke, he found all ready-made, and so it continued; what he cut out overnight was, in the morning, turned into the neatest shoes possible. 
This went on until he had regained his former appearance, and was even becoming a prosperous man. 

One evening — not long before Christmas — as he had cut out the usual quantity, he said to his wife, before going to bed, “What say you to stopping up this night, to see who it is that helps us so kindly?” 
His wife was satisfied, and fastened up a light; and then they hid themselves in the corner of the room, where hung some clothes which concealed them. As soon as it was midnight in came two little 
manikins, who squatted down on the board; and, taking up the prepared work, set to with their little fingers, stitching, and sewing, and hammering so swiftly and lightly, that the Shoemaker could not take 
his eyes off them for astonishment. They did not cease until all was brought to an end, and the shoes stood ready on the table; and then they sprang quickly away. 

The following morning the wife said, “The little men have made us rich, and we must show our gratitude to them; for although they run about, they must be cold, for they have nothing on their bodies. I will 
make a little shirt, coat, waistcoat, trousers, and stockings for each, and do you make a pair of shoes for each.” 

The husband assented; and one evening, when all was ready, they laid presents, instead of the usual work, on the board, and hid themselves to see the result. 

At midnight in came the Elves, jumping about, and soon prepared to work; but when they saw no leather, but the natty little clothes, — they at first were astonished, but soon showed their rapturous glee. 
They drew on their coats, and, smoothing them down, sang, — and so they went on hopping and jumping over the stools and chairs, and at last out at the door. After that evening they did not come again; 
but the Shoemaker prospered in all he undertook, and lived happily to the end of his days. 

“Smart and natty boys are we; 

Shoemakers we’ll no longer be;” 


Once upon a time there was a poor servant girl, who was both industrious and cleanly, for every day she dusted the house and shook out the sweepings on a great heap before the door. One morning, 
just as she was going to throw them away, she saw a letter lying among them, and, as she could not read, she put her broom by in a corner, and took it to her master. It contained an invitation from the 
Elves, asking the girl to stand godmother to one of their children. The girl did not know what to do, but at last, after much consideration, she consented, for the little men will not easily take a refusal. So 
there came three Elves, who conducted her to a hollow mountain where they lived. Every thing was very small of course, but all more neat and elegant than I can tell you. The mother lay in a bed of ebony 
studded with pearls, and the coverings were all wrought with gold; the cradle was made of ivory, and the bath was of gold. The girl stood godmother, and afterwards wished to return home, but the little 
Elves pressed her earnestly to stay three days longer. So she remained, passing the time in pleasure and play, for the Elves behaved very kindly to her. At the end of the time she prepared to return home, 
but first they filled her pockets full of gold, and then led her out of the hill. As soon as she reached the house, she took the broom, which still stood in the corner, and went on with her sweeping; and 
presently out of the house came some strange people, who asked her who she was, and what she was doing there. Then she found out that it was not three days, as she had supposed, but seven years 
that she had passed with the little Elves in the hill, and that her former master had died in her absence. 


The little Elves once stole a child out of its cradle and put in its place a changeling* with a clumsy head and red eyes, who would neither eat nor drink. The mother in great trouble went to a neighbour to 
ask her advice, and she advised her to carry the changeling into the kitchen, set it on the hearth, and boil water in two egg-shells. If the changeling was made to laugh, then all was up with him. The woman 
did all the neighbour said, and as she set the egg-shells over the fire the creature sung out — and then it burst into a hoarse laugh. While he was laughing a number of little Elves entered, bringing the real 
child, whom they placed on the hearth, and then they took away the changeling with them. 

“Though I am as old as the oldest tree, 

Cooking in an egg-shell never did I see;” 

The Robber Bridegroom 

There was once a Miller who had a beautiful daughter, whom he much wished to see well married. Not long after there came a man who appeared very rich, and the Miller, not knowing any thing to his 
disadvantage, promised his daughter to him. The maiden, however, did not take a fancy to this suitor, nor could she love him as a bride should; and, moreover, she had no confidence in him, but as often 
as she looked at him, or thought about him, her heart sank within her. Once he said to her, “You are my bride, yet you never visit me.” The maiden answered, “I do not know where your house is.” “It is deep 
in the shades of the forest,” said the man. Then the maiden tried to excuse herself by saying she should not be able to find it; but the Bridegroom said, “Next Sunday you must come and visit me; I have 
already invited guests, and in order that you may find your way through the forest I will strew the path with ashes.” 

When Sunday came, the maiden prepared to set out; but she felt very anxious and knew not why, and, in order that she might know her way back, she filled her pockets with beans and peas. These she 
threw to the right and left of the path of ashes, which she followed till it led her into the thickest part of the forest; there she came to a solitary house, which looked so gloomy and desolate that she felt quite 
miserable. She went in, but no one was there, and the most profound quiet reigned throughout. Suddenly a voice sang — 

“Return, fair maid, return to your home: 

’Tis to a murderer’s den you’ve come.” 

The maiden looked round, and perceived that it was a bird in a cage against the wall which sang the words. Once more it uttered them — 

“Return, fair maid, return to your home; 

’Tis to a murderer’s den you’ve come.” 

Now the maiden went from one room to the other, through the whole house, but all were empty, and not a human being was to be seen anywhere. At last she went into the cellar, and there sat a withered 
old woman, shaking her head. “Can you tell me,” asked the maiden, “whether my bridegroom lives in this house?” 

“Ah, poor girl,” said the old woman, “when are you to be married? You are in a murderer’s den. You think to be a bride, and to celebrate your wedding, but you will only wed with Death! See here, I have 
a great caldron filled with water, and if you fall into their power they will kill you without mercy, cook, and eat you, for they are cannibals. If I do not have compassion and save you, you are lost.” 

So saying, the old woman led her behind a great cask, where no one could see her. “Be as still as a mouse,” said she, “and don’t move hand or foot, or all is lost. At night, when the robbers are asleep, 
we will escape; I have long sought an opportunity.” She had scarcely finished speaking when the wicked band returned, dragging with them a poor girl, to whose shrieks and cries they paid no attention. 
They gave her some wine to drink, three glasses, one white, one red, and one yellow, and at the last she fell down in a swoon. Then they tore off her fine clothes, chopped her beautiful body into pieces, 
and sprinkled them with salt. Meanwhile the poor Bride behind the cask trembled and shuddered to see what a fate would have been hers. Presently one of the robbers remarked a gold ring on the finger 
of the murdered girl, and, as he could not draw it off easily, he took a hatchet and chopped off the finger. But the finger, with the force of the blow, flew up and fell behind the cask, right into the lap of the 
Bride; and the robber, taking a light, went to seek it, but could not find it. Then one of the others asked, “Have you looked behind the cask?” 

“Oh! do come and eat,” cried the old woman in a fright: “come and eat, and leave your search till the morning: the finger will not run away.” 

“The old woman is right,” said the robbers, and, desisting from their search, they sat down to their meal; and the old woman mixed with their drink a sleeping draught; so that presently they lay down to 
sleep on the floor and snored away. As soon as the Bride heard them, she came from behind the cask and stepped carefully over the sleepers, who lay side by side, fearing to awake any of them. Heaven 
helped her in her trouble, and she got over this difficulty well; and the old woman started up too and opened the door, and then they made as much haste as they could out of the murderer’s den. The wind 
had blown away the ashes, but the beans and peas the Bride had scattered in the morning had sprouted up, and now showed the path in the moonlight. All night long they walked on, and by sunrise they 
came to the mill, and the poor girl narrated her adventures to her father, the Miller. 

Now, when the day came, that the wedding was to be celebrated, the Bridegroom appeared, and the Miller gathered together all his relations and friends. While they sat at table each kept telling some 
tale, but the Bride sat silent, listening. Presently the Bridegroom said, “Can you not tell us something, my heart; do not you know of anything to tell?” 

“Yes,” she replied, “I will tell you a dream of mine. I thought I went through a wood, and by-and-by I arrived at a house wherein there was not a human being, but on the wall there hung a bird in a cage, 
who sang — And it sang this twice. — My treasure, thus dreamed I. — Then I went through all the rooms, and everyone was empty and desolate, and at last I stepped down into the cellar, and there sat a very 
old woman, shaking her head from side to side. I asked her, ‘Does my bridegroom dwell in this house?’ and she replied, ‘Ah, dear child, you have fallen into a murderer’s den; thy lover does dwell here, but 
he will kill you, and then he’ll cook and eat you. — My treasure, thus dreamed I. — Then I thought that the old woman hid me behind a great cask, and scarcely had she done so when the robbers came home, 
dragging a maiden with them, to whom they gave three glasses of wine, one red, one white, and one yellow; and at the third her heart snapped. They pulled off her fine clothes, chopped her beautiful body 
into pieces, and sprinkled them with salt. — My treasure, thus dreamed I. — Then one of the robbers saw a gold ring on her finger, and because he could not draw it off he took up a hatchet and hewed at it, 
and the finger flew up, and fell behind the cask into my lap. And there is the finger with the ring!” 

‘Return, fair maid, return to your home; 

’Tis to a murderer’s den you’ve come.’ 

With these words she threw it down before him, and showed it to all present. 

The robber, who during her narration had become pale as death, now sprang up, and would have escaped; but the guests held him, and delivered him up to the judges. 

And soon afterwards he and his whole band were condemned to death for their wicked deeds. 

Herr Korbes 

There once lived a Cock and a Hen, who agreed to set out on their travels together. The Cock therefore bought a smart carriage, which had four red wheels, and to which he harnessed four little Mice; and 
then the Hen got inside along with him, and they set off together. They had not gone far, when they met a Cat, who asked them where they were going. The Cock answered, “To Herr Korbes.” “Will you take 
me with you?” said the Cat. “Oh yes willingly; but get up behind, for you might fall out in front, and take care that you do not dirty my red wheels,” replied the Cock; and then he cried, “Now turn away little 
Wheels, and hurry on, little Mice, or we shall be too late to find Herr Korbes at home.” 

On the road there afterwards came a Grindstone, a Pin, an Egg, a Duck, and, last of all, a Needle, and every one mounted into the carriage and went on with it. When they arrived at the house, Herr 
Korbes was not at home so the Mice drew the carriage into the barn, the Cock and Hen flew on to a perch, the Cat seated herself on the hearth, the Duck perched on a water-butt, the Egg wrapped itself 
up in the towel, the Pin hid itself in the cushion of a chair, the Needle jumped on to the bed and buried itself in the pillow, and the Grindstone placed itself just over the door. Soon afterwards Herr Korbes 
returned, and going to the hearth poked the fire; then the Cat threw the ashes in his face. He ran into the kitchen to wash himself, and the Duck spirted the water in his eyes; so he took up the towel to wipe 
them, and the Egg broke and ran about over his chin. All these mishaps made him feel tired, and he dropped into a chair to rest himself; but the Pin was there before him, and made him jump up in a rage 
and throw himself on the bed; where the Needle in the pillow pricked him so that he shouted with pain, and ran in a terrible wrath out of the room. Just as he got to the door the Stone fell down on his head, 
and knocked him down on the spot. 

So we conclude that this Herr Korbes must have been a very bad man. 

The Godfather 

Acertain poor man had so many children, that he had already asked all the world and his wife to stand godfathers and godmothers to them; and when yet another child was born, he knew not where to find 
any one to ask. In great perplexity he went to sleep, and dreamed that he should go out of his door and ask the first person he met to be godfather. As soon as he awoke the next morning he resolved to 
follow out his dream; so he went out and asked the first person he met. This was a man who gave him a little glass of water, saying, “This is a miraculous water, with which you can restore the sick to 
health; only you must observe where the disease lies. If it is near the head, give the patient some of the water and he will become well again; but if it is near the feet, all your labour will be in vain, the sick 
person must die.” 

The man was now able to say at anytime whether such an one would recover, and through this ability he became famous and earned much money. Once he was summoned to the child of the King, and 
as soon as he entered he saw the disease was situated near the head, and so he healed it with the water. This happened a second time also, but at the third time the malady affected the feet, and he 
knew at once the child would die. 

Not long after this event the man determined to visit the Godfather, and tell him all his adventures with the water. But when he came to the house, behold most wonderful doings were going on within! On 
the first stair were a dustpan and a broom quarrelling and beating one another, and he asked them where the master lived. The broom replied, “A stair higher.” On the second stair he saw a number of 
fingers lying, and he asked them where the master lived. One of the fingers replied, “A stair higher.” On the third stair lay a heap of bowls, who showed him up a stair higher yet, and on this fourth stair he 
found some fish frying themselves in a pan over the fire, who told him to go a stair higher yet. When he had mounted this fifth stair he came to a room and peeped through the keyhole of the door, and saw 
the Godfather there with a pair of long horns on. As soon as the poor man opened the door and went in, the Godfather got very quickly into a bed and covered himself up. Then the man said, “Ah, Mr. 
Godfather, what wonderful doings are these I see in your house? When I mounted the first stair there were a broom and a dustpan quarrelling and beating one another.” 

“How very simple you are!” replied the Godfather: “they were my boy and maid talking to one another.” 

“But on the second stair I saw some fingers lying.” 

“Why, how absurd you are!” said the other; “those were roots of plants.” 

“But on the third stair I found a heap of bowls,” said the man. 

“Why, you silly fellow,” replied the Godfather; “those were cabbages!” 

“But on the fourth stair I saw fish frying themselves in a pan;” and as the man spoke the fish came and served up themselves on a dish. 

“And when I mounted the fifth stair, I peeped through the keyhole of a door, and there I saw you, O Godfather, and you wore two very long horns.” 

“Holloa, that is not true!” exclaimed the Godfather; which so frightened the man that he ran straight off, or nobody knows what the Godfather would have done to him! 

The Godfather Death 

Acertain poor man had twelve children, and was obliged to work day and night to find them bread to eat; but when the thirteenth child was born, he ran out in his despair on the high road to ask the first he 
should meet to stand godfather to it. 

Presently he met Death striding along on his withered legs, who said, “Take me for godfather.” The man asked him who he was, and received for reply, “I am Death, who make all things equal.” “Then,” 
answered the man, “you are the right person — you make no difference between the rich and poor; you shall be godfather for my boy.” 

Death replied, “I will make your child rich and famous; he who has me for a friend can need nought.” Then the man told him the christening was fixed for the following Sunday, and invited him to come; 
and at the right time he did appear, and acted very becomingly on the occasion. 

When the boy arrived at years of discretion, the godfather came and took him away with him, and leading him into a forest showed him an herb which grew there. “Now,” said Death, “you shall receive 
your christening gift. I make you a famous physician. Every time you are called to a sick person I will appear to you. If I stand at the head of your patient, you may speak confidently that you can restore him, 
and if you give him a morsel of that vegetable he will speedily get well; but if I stand at the feet of the sick he is mine, and you must say all medicine is in vain, for the best physician of the world could not 
cure him. Dare not, however, to use the herb against my will, for then it will go ill with you.” 

In a very short space of time the youth became the most renowned physician in the world. “He only wants just to see the sick person, and he knows instantly whether he will live or die,” said everyone to 
his neighbour; and so it came to pass, that from far and near people came to him, bringing him the sick, and giving him so much money that he soon became a very rich man. Once it happened that the 
King fell sick, and our Physician was called in to say if recovery were possible. When he came to the bedside, he saw that Death stood at the feet of the King. “Ah,” thought he, “if I might this once cheat 
Death; he will certainly take offence; but then I am his god-child, and perhaps he will shut his eyes to it, — I will venture.” 

So saying he took up the sick man, and turned him round, so that Death stood at the head of the King; then he gave the King some of the herb, and he instantly rose up quite refreshed. 

Soon afterwards Death, making an evil and gloomy face, came to the Physician, and pressed him on the arm, saying, “You have put my light out, but this time I will excuse you, because you are my god- 
child; however, do not dare to act so again, for it will cost you your life, and I shall come and take you away.” 

Soon after this event the daughter of the King fell into a serious illness, and, as she was his only child, he wept day and night until his eyes were almost blinded. He also caused to be made known, that 

whoever saved her life should receive her for a bride, and inherit his crown. When the Physician came to the bedside of the sick, he perceived Death at her feet, and he remembered the warning of his 
godfather; but the great beauty of the Princess, and the fortune which her husband would receive, so influenced him that he cast all other thoughts to the wind. He would not see that Death cast angry looks 
at him, and threatened him with his fist; but he raised up his patient, and laid her head where her feet had been. Then he gave her a portion of the wonderful herb, and soon her cheeks regained their 
colour, and her blood circulated freely. 

When Death thus saw his kingdom a second time invaded, and his power mocked, he strode up swiftly to the side of the Physician, and said, “Now is your turn come;” and he struck him with his icy-cold 
hand so hard, that the Physician was unable to resist, and was obliged to follow Death to his underground abode. There the Physician saw thousands upon thousands of lamps burning in immeasurable 
rows, some large, others small, and others yet smaller. Every moment some were extinguished, but others in the same instant blazed out, so that the flames appeared to dance up here and there in 
continual variation. 

“Do you see?” said Death. “These are the lamps of men’s lives. The larger ones belong to children, the next to those in the flower of their age, and the smallest to the aged and grey-headed. Yet some of 
the children and youth in the world have but the smallest lamps.” 

The Physician begged to be shewn his own lamp, and Death pointed to one almost expiring, saying, “There, that is thine.” 

“Ah, my dear godfather,” exclaimed the Physician, frightened, “kindle a new one for me; for your love of me do it, that I may enjoy some years of life, marry the Princess, and come to the crown.” 

“I cannot,” answered Death; “one lamp must be extinguished before another can be lighted.” 

“Then place the old one over a new lamp, that its dying fire may kindle a fresh blaze,” said the Physician entreatingly. 

Death made as if he would perform his wish, and prepared a large and fresh lamp; but he did it very slowly, in order to revenge himself, and the little flame died before he finished. Then the Physician 
sank to the earth, and fell for ever into the hands of Death! 

The Golden Bird 

Along, long while ago there was a King who had, adjoining his palace, a fine pleasure-garden, in which stood a tree which bore golden apples; and as soon as the apples were ripe they were counted, but 
the next day one was missed. This vexed the King very much, and he ordered that watch should be kept every night beneath the tree; and having three sons he sent the eldest, when evening set in, into the 
garden; but about midnight the youth fell into a deep sleep, and in the morning another apple was missing. The next night the second son had to watch, but he also fared no better; for about midnight he fell 
fast asleep, and another apple was wanting in the morning. The turn was come now to the third son, who was eager to go; but the King hesitated for a long time, thinking he would be even less wakeful 
than his brothers, but at last he consented. The youth lay down under the tree and watched steadily, without letting sleep be his master; and, just as twelve o’clock struck, something rustled in the air, and, 
looking up, he saw a bird flying by whose feathers were of bright gold. The bird lighted upon the tree, and had just picked off one of the apples, when the youth shot a bolt at it, which did not prevent its 
flying away, but one of its golden feathers dropped off. The youth took the feather up, and, showing it the next morning to the King, told him what he had seen during the night. Thereupon the King 
assembled his council, and everyone declared that a single feather like this was worth a kingdom. “Well, then,” said the King, “if this feather is so costly, I must and will have the whole bird, for one feather 
is of no use to me.” The eldest son was now sent out on his travels, and, relying on his own prudence, he doubted not that he should find the Golden Bird. When he had walked about a mile he saw sitting 
at the edge of a forest a Fox, at which he levelled his gun; but it cried out, “Do not shoot me, and I will give you a piece of good advice! You are now on the road to the golden bird, and this evening you will 
come into a village, where two inns stand opposite to each other: one will be brightly lit up and much merriment will be going on inside, but turn not in there; enter rather into the other, though it seem a poor 
place to you.” 

The young man, however, thought to himself, “How can such a silly beast give me rational advice?” and going nearer, he shot at the Fox; but he missed, and the Fox ran away with its tail in the air. After 
this adventure he walked on, and towards evening came to the village where stood the two public-houses, in one of which singing and dancing was going on, while the other looked a very ill-conditioned 
house. “I should be a simpleton,” said he to himself, “if I were to go into this dirty inn while that capital one stood opposite.” So he entered the dancing-room, and there, living in feasting and rioting, he 
forgot the golden bird, his father, and all good manners. 

As time passed by and the eldest son did not return home, the second son set out also on his travels to seek the golden bird. The Fox met him as it had his brother, and gave him good counsel which he 
did not follow. He likewise arrived at the two inns, and out of the window of the riotous house his brother leaned, and invited him in. He could not resist, and entered, and lived there only to gratify his 

Again a long time elapsed with no news of either brother, and the youngest wished to go and try his luck; but his father would not consent. “It is useless,” said he; “you are still less likely than your brothers 
to find the golden bird, and, if a misfortune should happen to you, you cannot help yourself, for you are not very quick.” The King at last, however, was forced to consent, for he had no rest while he refused. 

On the edge of the forest the Fox was again sitting, and again he offered in return for his life the same piece of good advice. The youth was good-hearted and said, “Be not afraid, little Fox; I will do you 
no harm.” 

“You shall not repent of your goodness,” replied the Fox; “but, that you may travel quicker, get up behind on my tail.” 

Scarcely had he seated himself when away they went, over stones and sticks, so fast that his hair whistled in the wind. 

As soon as they arrived at the village the youth dismounted, and following the advice he had received, turned, without looking round, into the mean-looking house, where he passed the night comfortably. 
The next morning, when he went into the fields, he found the Fox already there, who said, “I will tell you what further you must do. Go straight forwards, and you will come to a castle before which a whole 
troop of soldiers will be sleeping and snoring; be not frightened at them, but go right through the middle of the troop into the castle, and through all the rooms, till you come into a chamber where a golden 
bird hangs in a wooden cage. Near by stands an empty golden cage for show, but take care you do not take the bird out of its ugly cage, or place it in the golden one, or you will fare badly.” With these 
words the Fox again stretched out its tail, and the King’s son riding as before, away they went over sticks and stones, till their hair whistled in the wind from the pace they travelled at. When they arrived at 
the castle the youth found everything as the Fox had said. He soon discovered the room where the golden bird sat in its wooden cage, and by it stood the golden one, and three golden apples were lying 
around. The youth thought it would be a pity to take the bird in such an ugly and dirty cage, and opening the door he put it in the splendid one. At the moment he did this the bird set up a piercing shriek, 
which woke the soldiers, who started up and made him a prisoner. The next morning he was brought to trial, and when he confessed all he was condemned to death. Still the King said he would spare his 
life under one condition, namely, if he brought to him the golden horse which travelled faster than the wind, and then for a reward he should also receive the golden bird. 

The young Prince walked out, sighing and sorrowful, for where was he to find the golden horse? All at once he saw his old friend the Fox, who said, “There, you see what has happened because you did 
not mind what I said. But be of good courage; I will protect you and tell you where you may find the horse. You must follow this road straight till you come to a castle: in the stable there this horse stands. 
Before the door a boy will lie fast asleep and snoring, so you must lead away the horse quietly; but there is one thing you must mind: put on his back the old saddle of wood and leather, and not the golden 
one which hangs close by, for if you do it will be very unlucky.” So saying, the Fox stretched out his tail, and again they went as fast as the wind. Everything was as the Fox had said, and the youth went into 
the stall where the golden horse was; but, as he was about to put on the dirty saddle, he thought it would be a shame if he did not put on such a fine animal the saddle which appeared to belong to him, and 
so he took up the golden saddle. Scarcely had it touched the back of the horse when it set up a loud neigh, which awoke the stable-boys, who put our hero into confinement. The next morning he was 
condemned to death; but the King promised to give him his life and the horse, if he would bring the Beautiful Daughter of the King of the Golden Castle. 

With a heavy heart the youth set out, and by great good fortune soon met the Fox. “I should have left you in your misfortune,” said he; “but I felt compassion for you, and am willing once more to help you 
out of your trouble. Your road to the palace lies straight before you, and when you arrive there, about evening, wait till night, when the Princess goes to take a bath. And as soon as she enters the bath- 
house, do you spring up and give her a kiss, and she will follow you wheresoever you will; only take care that she does not take leave of her parents first, or all will be lost.” 

With these words the Fox again stretched out his tail, and the King’s son seating himself thereon, away they went over stone and stick like the wind. When they arrived at the golden palace, the youth 
found everything as the Fox had foretold, and he waited till midnight when everybody was in a deep sleep, and at that hour the beautiful Princess went to her bath, and he sprang up instantly and kissed 
her. The Princess said she was willing to go with him, but begged him earnestly, with tears in her eyes, to permit her first to take leave of her parents. At first he withstood her prayers; but, when she wept 
still more and even fell at his feet, he at last consented. Scarcely had the maiden stepped up to her father’s bedside, when he awoke, and all the others who were asleep awakening too, the poor youth 
was captured and put in prison. 

The next morning the King said to him, “Thy life is forfeited, and thou canst only find mercy if thou clearest away the mountain which lies before my window, and over which I cannot see; but thou must 
remove it within eight days. If thou accomplish this, then thou shalt have my daughter as a reward.” 

The King’s son at once began digging and shovelling away; but when, after seven days, he saw how little was effected and that all his work went for nothing, he fell into great grief and gave up all hope. 
But on the evening of the seventh day the Fox appeared and said, “You do not deserve that I should notice you again, but go away and sleep while I work for you.” 

When he awoke the next morning, and looked out of the window, the hill had disappeared, and he hastened to the King full of joy, and told him the conditions were fulfilled; and now, whether he liked it or 
not, the King was obliged to keep his word, and give up his daughter. 

Away then went these two together, and no long time had passed before they met the faithful Fox. “You have the best certainly,” said he, “but to the Maid of the golden castle belongs also the golden 

“How shall I obtain it?” inquired the youth. 

“That I will tell you,” answered the Fox; “first take to the King who sent you to the golden castle the beautiful Princess. Then there will be unheard-of joy, and they will readily give you the golden horse and 
lead you to it. Do you mount it, and then give your hand to each for a parting shake, and last of all to the Princess, whom you must keep tight hold of, and pull her up behind you, and as soon as that is done 
ride off, and no one can pursue you, for the horse goes as fast as the wind.” All this was happily accomplished, and the King’s son led away the beautiful Princess in triumph on the golden horse. The Fox 
did not remain behind, and said to the Prince, “Now I will help you to the golden bird. When you come near the castle where it is, let the maiden get down, and I will take her into my cave. Then do you ride 
into the castle yard, and at the sight of you there will be such joy that they will readily give you the bird; and as soon as you hold the cage in your hand ride back to us, and fetch again the maiden.” 

As soon as this deed was done, and the Prince had ridden back with his treasure, the Fox said, “Now you must reward me for my services.” 

“What do you desire?” asked the youth. 

“When we come into yonder wood, shoot me dead and cut off my head and feet.” 

“That were a curious gratitude,” said the Prince; “I cannot possibly do that.” 

“If you will not do it, I must leave you,” replied the Fox; “but before I depart I will give you one piece of counsel. Beware of these two points: buy no gallows-flesh, and sit not on the brink of a spring!” With 
these words it ran into the forest. 

The young Prince thought, “Ah, that is a wonderful animal, with some curious fancies! Who would buy gallows-flesh? and I don’t see the pleasure of sitting on the brink of a spring!” Onwards he rode with 
his beautiful companion, and by chance the way led him through the village where his two brothers had stopped. There he found a great uproar and lamentation; and when he asked the reason, he was told 
that two persons were about to be hanged. When he came nearer, he saw that they were his two brothers, who had done some villanous deeds, besides spending all their money. He inquired if they could 
not be freed, and was told by the people that he might buy them off if he would, but they were not worth his gold, and deserved nothing but hanging. Nevertheless, he did not hesitate, but paid down the 
money, and his two brothers were released. 

After this they all four set out in company, and soon came to the forest where they had first met the Fox; and as it was cool and pleasant beneath the trees, for the sun was very hot, the two brothers said, 
“Come, let us rest awhile here by this spring, and eat and drink.” The youngest consented, forgetting in the heat of conversation the warning he had received, and feeling no anxiety; but all at once the 
brothers threw him backwards into the water, and taking the maiden, the horse, and the bird, went home to their father. “We bring you,” said they to him, “not only the golden bird, but also the golden horse 
and the Princess of the golden castle.” At their arrival there was great joy; but the horse would not eat, the bird would not sing, and the maiden would not speak, but would cry bitterly. 

The youngest brother, however, was not dead. The spring, by great good luck, was dry, and he fell upon soft moss without any injury; but he could not get out again. Even in this necessity the faithful Fox 
did not leave him, but soon came up, and scolded him for not following his advice. “Still I cannot forsake you,” said he; “I will again help you into daylight. Hold fast upon my tail, and I will draw you up to the 
top.” When this was done the Fox said, “You are not yet out of danger, for your brothers are not satisfied of your death, and have set watches all round the forest, who are to kill you if they should see you.” 

The youth thereupon changed clothes with a poor old man who was sitting near, and in that guise went to the King’s palace. Nobody knew him; but instantly the bird began to sing, the horse began to 
eat, and the beautiful maiden ceased weeping. Bewildered at this change, the King asked what it meant. “I know not,” replied the maiden; “but I who was sad am now gay, for I feel as if my true husband 
were returned.” Then she told him all that had happened; although the other brothers had threatened her with death if she disclosed anything. And the King summoned before him all the people who were in 
the castle, and among them came the poor youth, dressed as a beggar, in his rags; but the maiden knew him, and fell upon his neck. The wicked brothers were seized and tried; but the youngest married 
the Princess, and succeeded to the King’s inheritance. 

But what had happened to the poor Fox? Long after, the Prince went once again into the wood; the Fox met him, and said, “You have now everything that you can desire, but to my misfortune there is no 
end; although it lies in your power to release me.” And, with tears, he begged him to cut off his head and feet. At last he did so; and scarcely was it accomplished when the Fox became a man, who was no 
other than the brother of the Princess, delivered at length from the charm which bound him. From that day to this nothing was ever wanting to the happiness of the Hero of the Golden Bird. 

The Travels of Thumbling 

Acertain Tailor had a son who was so very diminutive in stature that he went by the nickname of Thumbling; but the little fellow had a great deal of courage in his soul, and one day he said to his father, “I 
must and will travel a little.” “You are very right, my son,” replied his father; “take a long darning-needle with you and stick a lump of sealing-wax on the end of it, and then you will have a sword to travel with.” 

Now, the tailor would eat once more with his son, and so he skipped into the kitchen to see what his wife had cooked for their last meal. It was just ready, however, and the dish stood upon the hearth, 
and he asked his wife what it was. 

“You can see for yourself,” replied she. 

Just then Thumbling jumped on the fender and peeped into the pot; but, happening to stretch his neck too far over the edge of it, the smoke of the hot meat carried him up the chimney. For a little 
distance he rode on the smoke in the air; but at last he sank down on the earth. The little tailor was now embarked in the wide world, and went and engaged with a master in his trade; but with him the 
eating was not good, so Thumbling said to the mistress, “If you do not give us better food, I shall leave you, and early to-morrow morning write on your door with chalk, Too many potatoes, too little meat; 
adieu, my lord potato-king. ’ ” “What do you think you will do, grasshopper?” replied the mistress, and in a passion she snatched up a piece of cloth, and would have given him a thrashing; but the little 
fellow crept nimbly under a thimble, and peeped out beneath at the mistress, and made faces at her. So she took up the thimble and tried to catch him; but Thumbling skipped into the cloth, and as she 
threw it away to look for him he slipped into the crevice of the table. “He, he, he, old mistress!” laughed he, putting his head up; and when she would have hit him he dropped down into the drawer beneath. 
At last, however, she did catch him, and hunted him out of the house. 

The little tailor wandered about till he came to a great forest, where he met a band of robbers who were going to steal the King’s treasure. As soon as they saw the tailor, they thought to themselves, “Ah, 
such a little fellow as that can creep through the keyhole and serve us as pick-lock!” “Hilloa,” cried one, “you Goliath, will you go with us to the treasure-chamber? You can easily slip in, and hand us out the 
gold and silver.” 

Thumbling considered for a while, and at last consented and went with them to the palace. Then he looked all over the doors to see if there were any chinks, and presently discovered one which was just 
wide enough for him to get through. Just as he was about to creep in one of the watchmen at the door saw him, and said to the other, “What ugly spider is that crawling there? I will crush it.” 

“Oh, let the poor thing be,” said the other; “he has done nothing to you.” So Thumbling got luckily through the chink into the chamber, and, opening the window beneath which the robbers stood, threw out 
one by one the silverdollars. Just as the tailor was in the heat of his work, he heard the King coming to visit his treasure-chamber, and in a great hurry he hid himself. The King observed that many dollars 
were gone; but he could not imagine who could have stolen them, for the locks and bolts were all fast, and everything appeared quite safe. So he went away again, and said to the watchmen, “Have a care; 
there is some one at my gold.” Presently Thumbling began his work again, and the watchmen heard the gold moving, chinking, and falling down with a ring; so they sprang in and would have seized the 
thief. But the tailor, when he heard them coming, was still quicker, and ran into a corner and covered himself over with a dollar, so that nothing of him could be seen. Then he called to the watchmen, "Here I 
am!” and they went up to the place; but before they could search he was in another corner, crying, "Ha, ha! here I am!” The watchmen turned there, but he was off again in a third corner, crying, “He, he, he! 
here I am!” So it went on, Thumbling making fools of them each time; and they ran here and there so often about the chamber, that at last they were wearied out and went away. Then he threw the dollars 
out as before, and when he came to the last he gave it a tremendous jerk, and, jumping out after, flew down upon it to the ground. The robbers praised him very highly, saying, “You are a mighty hero; will 
you be our captain?” Thumbling refused, as he wished first to see the world. So they shared the booty among them; but the little tailor only took a farthing, because he could not carry any more. 

After this deed he buckled his sword again round his body, and, bidding the robbers good day, set out further on his travels. He went to several masters seeking work; but none of them would have him, 
and at last he engaged himself as waiter at an inn. The maids, however, could not bear him, for he could see them without their seeing him, and he gave information to the master of what they took secretly 
from the larder, and how they helped themselves out of the cellar. So the servants determined among themselves to serve him out by playing him some trick. Not long afterwards one of them was mowing 
grass in the garden and saw Thumbling skipping about from daisy to daisy, so she mowed down in a great hurry the grass where he was, and tying it in a bundle together threw it slily into the cows’ stall. A 
great black cow instantly swallowed it up, and Thumbling too, without injuring him; but he was not at all pleased, for it was a very dark place, and no light to be seen at all! While the cow was being milked, 
Thumbling called out, “Holloa, when will that pail be full?” but the noise of the running milk prevented his being heard. By-and-by the master came into the stable, and said, “This cow must be killed to- 
morrow!” This speech made Thumbling tremble, and he shouted out in a shrill tone, “Let me out first, I say; let me out!” 

The master heard him, but could not tell where the voice came from, and he asked, “Where are you?” 

“In the dark,” replied Thumbling; but this the master could not understand, so he went away. 

The next morning the cow was killed. Happily Thumbling escaped without a wound from all the cutting and carving, and was sent away in the sausage-meat. As soon as the butcher began his work, he 
cried with all his might, “Don’t chop too deep! don’t chop too deep!” But the whirring of the cleaver again prevented his being heard. Necessity is the mother of invention, and so Thumbling set his wits to 
work, and jumped so cleverly out between the cuts that he came off with a whole skin. He was not able to get away very far, but fell into the basin where the fragments were, and presently he was rolled up 
in a skin for a sausage. He found his quarters here very narrow, but afterwards, when he was hung up in the chimney to be smoked, the time appeared dreadfully long to him. At last, one day he was taken 
down, for a guest was to be entertained with a sausage. When the good wife cut the sausage in half, he took care not to stretch out his neck too far, lest it should be cut through. Then, seizing his 
opportunity, he made a jump, and sprang quite out. 

In this house, however, where things had gone so badly, the little tailor would not stop any longer; so he set out again on his travels. His liberty did not last very long. In the open fields he met a Fox, who 
snapped him up in a twinkling. “Ah, Mr. Fox,” called Thumbling, “I don’t want to stick here in your throat; let me out again.” 

“You are right,” replied the Fox, “you are no use there; but if you will promise me all the hens in your father’s farmyard I will let you off scot-free.” 

“With all my heart,” said Thumbling; “you shall have all the fowls, I promise you.” 

Then the Fox let him out, and carried him home; and as soon as the farmer saw his dear son again, he gave all the hens instantly to the Fox as his promised reward. Thereupon Thumbling pulled out the 
farthing which he had earned upon his wanderings, and said, “See, I have brought home with me a beautiful piece of gold.” 

“But why did they give the Fox the poor little hens to gobble up?” 

“Why, you simpleton, don’t you think your father would rather have his dear child than all the fowls in his farmyard!” 

The Feather Bird6 

Once upon a time there lived a Sorcerer, who used to take the form of a beggar, and go begging before the houses, and stealing little girls, and nobody knew where he took them. One day he appeared 
before the house of a man, who had three pretty daughters, as a poor, weak, old cripple, carrying a sack on his back to put all his alms in. He begged for something to eat, and when the eldest girl came 
out and offered him a piece of bread, he only touched her and she was compelled to jump into his sack. Then he hurried away with great strides, and carried her through a dark forest to his house, in which 
everything was very splendid. There he gave her what she wished, and told her, “All will be well with you, for you will have all your heart can desire.” This lasted two days, and he then said, “I must be off and 
leave you for a short time alone: these are the house-keeping keys, you can look over everything; but into one room which this little key unlocks, I forbid you to enter, on pain of death.” He gave her also an 
egg, saying, “Preserve this carefully for me, and always carry it about with you, for if it be lost a great misfortune will happen.” 

She took the key and the egg, and promised all he required; but as soon as he was gone her curiosity overmastered her, and after she had looked over the whole house, from attic to cellar, she 
unlocked the forbidden door and went in. She was terribly frightened when she entered the room, for in the middle there stood a large basin full of blood, and in it there were dead bodies chopped in 
pieces. Beside the basin was a block of wood, and on it a gleaming ax. In her terror the egg fell from her hand, and rolled into the basin; and although she fished it out again directly and wiped it, it was of 
no use, for, scrub and wash all she might, the blood appeared as fresh as ever. The next day the man came home, and demanded the key and the egg. She handed them to him with trembling; and he 
instantly perceived that she had been into the forbidden chamber. “Have you then dared to enter that room against my will?” said he; “then now you enter it again against yours. Your life is forfeited.” So 
saying, he drew her in by the hair and cut off her head on the block. Her blood ran down on the floor. Then he chopped her up and threw her into the basin with the others. 

“Now I will fetch the second one,” said the Sorcerer to himself; and, assuming the disguise of a beggar, he went and begged before the house. Then the second girl brought him a piece of bread, and he 
seized her, as the first, and bore her away. It happened to her as it had to her elder sister, curiosity led her astray: she opened the forbidden door and on the Sorcerer’s return paid with her life. 

He went now and fetched the third sister; but she was prudent and cunning. As soon as he had given her his directions and had ridden away, she first carefully laid by the egg, and then went and opened 
the forbidden chamber. Ah, what a scene. She saw her two dear sisters lying there chopped in pieces. But she got to work and gathered the pieces and put them in their right place, head and body, arms 
and legs. When nothing was missing, the pieces began to move and knit together, and the two girls came alive again. They were very happy, and kissed and embraced one another. 

On his return the Sorcerer demanded the key and the egg; and when he could find no spot of blood on them, he said to the maiden, “You have withstood temptation; you shall be my bride, and whatever 
you desire that will I do.” 

“Very well,” she replied; “then first you must take my father and mother a sackful of gold, and you must carry it yourself on your back; in the mean time I will arrange the wedding.” Then she ran to her 
sisters, whom she had concealed in a chamber, and said, “The moment has arrived when I can save you; the Sorcerer himself shall carry you away; and as soon as you arrive at our home send me help.” 
Then she placed them both in a sack, and covered them over with gold, so that nothing of them could be seen; and then, calling the Sorcerer in, she said, “Now carry away the sack; but I shall peep through 
my window, and keep a sharp look-out that you do not rest at all on your journey.” 

The Sorcerer raised the sack on his shoulder, and went away with it; but it weighed so heavily that the perspiration ran down his face. Presently he wished to rest a minute, but a voice called to him out 
of the sack, “I am looking through my window, and see that you are stopping; will you go on!” He thought it was his Bride calling to him, so he instantly got up again. A little further he would have rested 
again; but the same voice called, “I am looking through my window, and see that you are stopping; will you go on again!” And as often as he stopped he heard the same words; and so he was obliged to 
keep on, until he at last arrived, exhausted and out of breath, with the sack of gold at the house of the father and mother. 

Meanwhile, at home the Bride prepared the weddingfeast, and invited the friends of the Sorcerer to come. Then she took a skull, put a head-dress on it and a crown of flowers, and set it at the topmost 
window, and left it there peeping down. As soon as all was ready she dipped herself in a cask full of honey, and then, ripping up the bed, she rolled herself among the feathers until she looked like a 
marvellous bird, whom no one could possibly recognise. After this she went out of the house; and on the way some of the wedding-guests met her, and asked her whence she came; and she replied, “I 
come from the house of the Feather King.” 

“How does the young Bride?” asked they. 

“She has taken herself to the top of the house, and is peeping out of the window.” 

Soon after the bridegroom met her, as he was slowly travelling back, and asked exactly the same questions as the others, and received the same answers. Then the bridegroom looked up and saw the 
decorated skull, and he thought it was his Bride, and nodded to it and kissed his hand lovingly. But just as he was gone into the house with his guests, the brothers and relations of the Bride, who had been 
sent to her rescue, arrived. They immediately closed up all the doors of the house, so that no one could escape, and then set fire to it; and the Sorcerer and all his accomplices were burnt to ashes. 

The Six Swans 

Aking was once hunting in a large wood, and pursued his game so hotly, that none of his courtiers could follow him. But when evening approached he stopped, and looking around him perceived that he 
had lost himself. He sought a path out of the forest, but could not find one, and presently he saw an old woman with a nodding head, who came up to him. “My good woman,” said he to her, “can you not 
show me the way out of the forest?” “Oh yes, my lord King,” she replied, “I can do that very well, but upon one condition, which if you do not fulfil you will never again get out of the wood, but will die of 

“What, then, is this condition?” asked the King. 

“I have a daughter,” said the old Woman, “who is as beautiful as any one you can find in the whole world, and well deserves to be your bride. Now, if you will make her your Queen, I will show you your 
way out of the wood.” In the anxiety of his heart the King consented, and the old Woman led him to her cottage, where the daughter was sitting by a fire. She received the King as if she had expected him, 
and he saw at once that she was very beautiful, but yet she did not quite please him, for he could not look at her without a secret shuddering. However, after all, he took the maiden up on his horse, and the 
old woman showed him the way, and the King arrived safely at his palace, where the wedding was to be celebrated. 

The King had been married once before, and had seven children by his first wife, six boys and a girl, whom he loved above everything else in the world. He became afraid, soon, that the stepmother 
might not treat them very well, and might even do them some great injury, so he took them away to a lonely castle which stood in the midst of a forest. This castle was so hidden, and the way to it so difficult 
to discover, that he himself could not have found it if a wise woman had not given him a ball of cotton which had the wonderful property, when he threw it before him, of unrolling itself and showing him the 
right path. The King went, however, so often to see his dear children, that the Queen noticed his absence, became inquisitive, and wished to know what he went to fetch out of the forest. So she gave his 
servants a great quantity of money, and they disclosed to her the secret, and also told her of the ball of cotton which alone could show the way. She had now no peace until she discovered where this ball 
was concealed, and then she made some fine silken shirts, and, as she had learned of her mother, she sewed within each one a charm. One day soon after, when the King was gone out hunting, she took 
the little shirts and went into the forest, and the cotton showed her the path. The children, seeing some one coming in the distance, thought it was their dear father, and ran out towards her full of joy. Then 
she threw over each of them a shirt, which as it touched their bodies changed them into Swans, which flew away over the forest. The Queen then went home quite contented, and thought she was free of 
her step-children; but the little girl had not met her with the brothers, and the Queen did not know of her. 

The following day the King went to visit his children, but he found only the maiden. “Where are your brothers?” asked he. “Ah, dear father,” she replied, “they are gone away and have left me alone;” and 
she told him how she had looked out of the window and seen them changed into Swans, which had flown over the forest; and then she showed him the feathers which they had dropped in the courtyard, 
and which she had collected together. The King was much grieved, but he did not think that his wife could have done this wicked deed, and, as he feared the girl might also be stolen away, he took her with 
him. She was, however, so much afraid of the stepmother, that she begged him not to stop more than one night in the castle. 

The poor Maiden thought to herself, “This is no longer my place, I will go and seek my brothers;” and when night came she escaped and went quite deep into the wood. She walked all night long and 
great part of the next day, until she could go no further from weariness. Just then she saw a rude hut, and walking in she found a room with six little beds, but she dared not get into one, but crept under, 
and, laying herself upon the hard earth, prepared to pass the night there. Just as the sun was setting, she heard a rustling, and saw six white Swans come flying in at the window. They settled on the ground 
and began blowing one another until they had blown all their feathers off, and their swan’s down stripped off like a shirt. Then the maiden knew them at once for her brothers, and gladly crept out from under 
the bed, and the brothers were not less glad to see their sister, but their joy was of short duration. “Here you must not stay,” said they to her; “this is a robbers’ hiding-place; if they should return and find you 
here, they will murder you.” “Can you not protect me, then?” inquired the sister. 

“No,” they replied, “for we can only lay aside our swan’s feathers for a quarter of an hour each evening, and for that time we retain our human form, but afterwards we resume our usual appearance.” 

Their sister then asked them with tears, “Can you not be restored again?” 

“Oh no,” replied they, “the conditions are too difficult. For six long years you must neither speak nor laugh, and during that time you must sew together for us six little shirts of star-flowers, and should there 
fall a single word from your lips, then all your labour will be vain.” Just as the brother finished speaking, the quarter of an hour elapsed, and they all flew out of the window again like Swans. 

The little sister, however, made a solemn resolution to rescue her brothers or die in the attempt; and she left the cottage, and, penetrating deep into the forest, passed the night amid the branches of a 
tree. The next morning she went out and collected the star-flowers to sew together. She had no one to converse with, and as for laughing she had no spirits, so there up in the tree she sat, intent only upon 
her work. After she had passed some time there, it happened that the King of that country was hunting in the forest, and his huntsmen came beneath the tree on which the maiden sat. They called to her 
and asked, “Who art thou?” But she gave no answer. “Come down to us,” continued they, “we will do thee no harm.” She simply shook her head, and, when they pressed her further with questions, she 
threw down to them her gold necklace, hoping therewith to satisfy them. They did not, however, leave her, and she threw down her girdle, but in vain; and even her rich dress did not make them desist. At 
last the hunter himself climbed the tree and brought down the maiden and took her before the King. The King asked her, “Who art thou? what dost thou upon that tree?” But she did not answer, and then he 
asked her, in all the languages that he knew, but she remained dumb to all, as a fish. Since, however, she was so beautiful, the King’s heart was touched, and he conceived for her a strong affection. Then 
he put around her his cloak, and, placing her before him on his horse, took her to his castle. There he ordered rich clothing to be made for her, and, although her beauty shone as the sunbeams, not a word 
escaped her. The King placed her by his side at the table, and there her dignified mien^ and manners so won upon him, that he said, “This maiden will I to marry, and no other in the world,” and after some 
days he was united to her. 

Now, the King had a wicked stepmother who was discontented with his marriage, and spoke evil of the young Queen. “Who knows whence the wench comes?” said she. “She who cannot speak is not 
worthy of a King.” A year after, when the Queen brought her first-born son into the world, the old woman took him away. Then she went to the King and complained that the Queen was a murderess. The 

King, however, would not believe it, and suffered no one to do any injury to his wife, who sat composedly sewing at her shirts and paying attention to nothing else. When a second child was born, the false 
stepmother used the same deceit, but the King again would not listen to her words, but said, “She is too pious and good to act so: could she but speak and defend herself, her innocence would come to 
light.” But when again the third time the old woman stole away the child, and then accused the Queen, who answered her not a word to the accusation, the King was obliged to give her up to be tried, and 
she was condemned to suffer death by fire. 

When the time had elapsed, and the sentence was to be carried out, during which she had neither spoken nor laughed, it was the very day when her dear brothers should be made free; the six shirts 
were also ready, all but the last, which yet wanted the left sleeve. As she was led to the scaffold she placed the shirts upon her arm, and just as she had mounted it, and the fire was about to be kindled, she 
looked round, and saw six Swans come flying through the air. Her heart leapt for joy as she perceived her deliverers approaching, and soon the Swans, flying towards her, alighted so near that she was 
enabled to throw over them the shirts, and as soon as she had so done their feathers fell off and the brothers stood up alive and well; but the youngest wanted his left arm, instead of which he had a swan’s 
wing. They embraced and kissed each other, and the Queen going to the King, who was thunderstruck, began to say, “Now may I speak, my dear husband, and prove to you that I am innocent and falsely 
accused;” and then she told him how the wicked old woman had stolen away and hidden her three children. When she had concluded, the King was overcome with joy, and the wicked stepmother was led 
to the scaffold and bound to the stake and burnt to ashes. 

The King and the Queen for ever after lived in peace and prosperity with their six brothers. 

Briar Rose 

In olden times there lived a King and Queen, who lamented day by day that they had no children, and yet never a one was born. One day, as the Queen was bathing and thinking of her wishes, a Frog 
skipped out of the water, and said to her, “Your wish shall be fulfilled, — before a year passes you shall have a daughter.” 

As the Frog had said, so it happened, and a little girl was born who was so beautiful that the King almost lost his senses, but he ordered a great feast to be held, and invited to it not only his relatives, 
friends, and acquaintances, but also all the wise women who are kind and affectionate to children. There happened to be thirteen in his dominions, but, since he had only twelve golden plates out of which 
they could eat, one had to stop at home. The feote was celebrated with all the magnificence possible, and, as soon as it was over, the wise women presented the infant with their wonderful gifts; one with 
virtue, another with beauty, a third with riches, and so on, so that the child had everything that is to be desired in the world. Just as eleven had given their presents, the thirteenth old lady stepped in 
suddenly. She was in a tremendous passion because she had not been invited, and, without greeting or looking at anyone, she exclaimed loudly, “The Princess shall prick herself with a spindle on her 
fifteenth birthday and die!” and without a word further she turned her back and left the hall. All were terrified, but the twelfth fairy, who had not yet given her wish, then stepped up, but because she could not 
take away the evil wish, but only soften it, she said, “She shall not die, but shall fall into a sleep of a hundred years duration.” 

Briar Rose 

Luting Emit Cnmm 

The King who naturally wished to protect his child from this misfortune, issued a decree commanding that every spindle in the kingdom should be burnt. Meanwhile all the gifts of the wise women were 

fulfilled, and the maiden became so beautiful, gentle, virtuous, and clever, that everyone who saw her fell in love with her. It happened on the day when she was just fifteen years old that the Queen and the 
King were not at home, and so she was left alone in the castle. The maiden looked about in every place, going through all the rooms and chambers just as she pleased, until she came at last to an old 
tower. Up the narrow winding staircase she tripped until she arrived at a door, in the lock of which was a rusty key. This she turned, and the door sprang open, and there in the little room sat an old woman 
with a spindle, spinning flax. “Good day, my good old lady,” said the Princess, “what are you doing here?" 

“I am spinning,” said the old woman, nodding her head. 

“What thing is that which twists round so merrily?” inquired the maiden, and she took the spindle to try her hand at spinning. Scarcely had she done so when the prophecy was fulfilled, for she pricked her 
finger; and at the very same moment she fell back upon a bed which stood near in a deep sleep. This sleep extended over the whole palace. The King and Queen, who had just come in, fell asleep in the 
hall, and all their courtiers with them — the horses in the stables, the doves upon the eaves, the flies upon the walls, and even the fire upon the hearth, all ceased to stir — the meat which was cooking ceased 
to frizzle, and the cook at the instant of pulling the hair of the kitchen-boy lost his hold and began to snore too. The wind also fell entirely, and not a leaf rustled on the trees round the castle. 

Now around the palace a thick hedge of briars began growing, which every year grew higher and higher, till the castle was quite hid from view, so that one could not even see the flag upon the tower. 
Then there went a legend through the land of the beautiful maiden Briar Rose, for so was the sleeping Princess named, and from time to time Princes came endeavouring to penetrate through the hedge 
into the castle; but it was not possible, for the thorns held them, as if by hands, and the youths were unable to release themselves, and so perished miserably. 

After the lapse of many years, there came another King’s son into the country, and heard an old man tell the legend of the hedge of briars: how that behind it stood a castle where slept a wondrously 
beauteous Princess called Briar Rose, who had slumbered nearly a hundred years, and with her the Queen and King and all their court. The old man further related what he had heard from his grandfather, 
that many Princes had come and tried to penetrate the hedge, and had died a miserable death. But the youth was not to be daunted, and, however much the old man tried to dissuade him, he would not 
listen, but cried out, “I fear not, I will see this hedge of briars!” 

Just at that time came the last day of the hundred years when Briar Rose was to wake again. As the young Prince approached the hedge, the thorns turned to fine large flowers, which of their own 
accord made a way for him to pass through, and again closed up behind him. In the courtyard he saw the horses and dogs lying fast asleep, and on the eaves were the doves with their heads beneath their 
wings. As soon as he went into the house, there were the flies asleep upon the wall, the cook still stood with his hand on the hair of the kitchen-boy, the maid at the board with the unplucked fowl in her 
hand. He went on, and in the hall he found the courtiers lying asleep, and above, by the throne, were the King and Queen. He went on further, and all was so quiet that he could hear himself breathe, and at 
last he came to the tower and opened the door of the little room where slept Briar Rose. There she lay, looking so beautiful that he could not turn away his eyes, and he bent over her and kissed her. Just 
as he did so she opened her eyes, awoke, and greeted him with smiles. Then they went down together, and immediately the King and Queen awoke, and the whole court, and all stared at each other 
wondrously. Now the horses in the stable got up and shook themselves, — the dogs wagged their tails, — the doves upon the eaves drew their heads from under their wings, looked around, and flew away, 
— the flies upon the walls began to crawl, the fire to burn brightly and to cook the meat, — the meat began again to frizzle, — the cook gave his lad a box upon the ear which made him call out, — and the maid 
began to pluck the fowl furiously. The whole palace was once more in motion as if nothing had occurred, for the hundred years’ sleep had made no change in any one. 

By-and-by the wedding of the Prince with Briar Rose was celebrated with great splendour, and to the end of their lives they lived happily and contented. 

King Thrush-Beard 

Acertain King had a daughter who was beautiful above all belief, but withal so proud and haughty, that no suitor was good enough for her, and she not only turned back every one who came, but also made 
game of them all. Once the King proclaimed a great festival, and invited thereto from far and near all the marriageable young men. When they arrived they were all set in a row, according to their rank and 
standing: first the Kings, then the Princes, the Dukes, the Marquesses, the Earls, and last of all the Barons. Then the King’s daughter was led down the rows, but she found something to make game of in 
all. One was too fat. “The wine-tub!” said she. Another was too tall. “Long and lanky has no grace,” she remarked. A third was too short and fat. “Too stout to have any wits,” said she. A fourth was too pale. 
“Like death himself,” was her remark; and a fifth who had a great deal of colour she called “a cockatoo.” The sixth was not straight enough, and him she called “a green log scorched in the oven!” And so 
she went on, nicknaming everyone of the suitors, but she made particularly merry with a good young King whose chin had grown rather crooked. “Ha ha!” laughed she, “he has a chin like a thrush’s beak,” 
and after that day he went by the name of Thrush-Beard. 

The old King, however, when he saw that his daughter did nothing but mock at and make sport of all the suitors who were collected, became very angry, and swore that she should take the first decent 
beggar for a husband who came to the gate. 

A couple of days after this a player came beneath the windows to sing and earn some bounty if he could. As soon as the King saw him he ordered him to be called up, and presently he came into the 
room in all his dirty ragged clothes, and sang before the King and Princess, and when he had finished he begged for a slight recompense. The King said, “Thy song has pleased me so much that I will give 
thee my daughter for a wife.” 

The Princess was terribly frightened, but the King said, “I have taken an oath, and mean to perform it, that I will give you to the first beggar.” All her remonstrances were in vain, the priest was called, and 
the Princess was married in earnest to the player. When the ceremony was performed, the King said, “Now it cannot be suffered that you should stop here with your husband, in my house; no! you must 
travel about the country with him.” 

So the beggarman led her away with him, and she was forced to trudge along with him on foot. As they came to a large forest she asked — 

Next they came to a meadow, and she asked, 

“To whom belongs this beautiful wood?” 

The echo replied — 

“King Thrush-Beard the good! 

Had you taken him, so was it thine.” 

“Ah, silly,” said she, 

“What a lot had been mine 

Had I happily married King Thrush-Beard!” 

“To whom belongs this meadow so green?” 

“To King Thrush-Beard,” was again the reply. 

Then they came to a great city, and she asked, 

“To whom does this beautiful town belong?” 

“To King Thrush-Beard,” said one. 

“Ah, what a simpleton was I that I did not marry him when I had the chance!” exclaimed the poor Princess. 

“Come,” broke in the Player, “it does not please me, I can tell you, that you are always wishing for another husband: am I not good enough for you?” 

By-and-by they came to a very small hut, and she said, “Ah, heavens, to whom can this miserable wretched hovel belong?” 

The Player replied, “That is my house, where we shall live together.” 

The Princess was obliged to stoop to get in at the door, and when he was inside she asked, “Where are the servants?” “What servants!” exclaimed her husband, “you must yourself do all that you want 
done. Now make a fire and put on some water, that you may cook my dinner, for I am quite tired.” 

The Princess, however, understood nothing about making fires or cooking, and the beggar had to set to work himself, and as soon as they had finished their scanty meal they went to bed. In the morning 
the husband woke up his wife very early, that she might set the house to rights, and for a couple of days they lived on in this way, and made an end of their store. Then the husband said, “Wife, we must not 

go on in this way any longer, stopping here, doing nothing: you must weave some baskets.” So he went out and cut some osiers and brought them home, but when his wife attempted to bend them the 
hard twigs wounded her hands and made them bleed. “I see that won’t suit,” said her husband; “you had better spin, perhaps that will do better.” 

So she sat down to spin, but the harsh thread cut her tender fingers very badly, so that the blood flowed freely. “Do you see,” said the husband, “how you are spoiling your work? I made a bad bargain in 
taking you! Now I must try and make a business in pots and earthen vessels: you shall sit in the market and sell them.” 

“Oh, if anybody out of my father’s dominions should come and see me in the market selling earthenware,” thought the Princess to herself, “how they will laugh at me!” 

However, all her excuses were in vain: she must either do that or die with hunger. 

The first time all went well, for the people bought of the Princess, because she was so pretty-looking, and not only gave her what she asked, but some even laid down their money and left the pots 
behind. On her earnings this day they lived for some time as long as they lasted; and then the husband purchased a fresh stock of pots. With these she placed her stall at a corner of the market, offering 
them for sale. All at once a drunken hussar came plunging down the street on his horse, and rode right into the midst of her earthenware, and shattered it into a thousand pieces. The accident, as well it 
might, set her a-weeping, and in her trouble, not knowing what to do, she ran home crying, “Ah, what will become of me, what will my good man say?” When she had told her husband he cried out, 
“Whoever would have thought of sitting at the corner of the market to sell earthenware? but well, I see you are not accustomed to any ordinary work. There, leave off crying; I have been to the King’s palace, 
and asked if they were not in want of a kitchenmaid, and they have agreed to take you, and there you will live free of cost.” 

Now the Princess became a kitchenmaid, and was obliged to do as the cook bade her, and wash up the dirty things. Then she put a jar into each of her pockets, and in them she took home what was 
left of what fell to her share of the good things, and of these she and her husband made their meals. Not many days afterwards it happened that the wedding of the King’s eldest son was to be celebrated, 
and the poor wife placed herself near the door of the saloon to look on. As the lamps were lit and guests more and more beautiful entered the room, and all dressed most sumptuously, she reflected on her 
fate with a saddened heart, and repented of the pride and haughtiness which had so humiliated and impoverished her. Every now and then the servants threw her out of the dishes morsels of rich 
delicacies which they carried in, and whose fragrant smells increased her regrets, and these pieces she put into her pockets to carry home. Presently the King entered, clothed in silk and velvet and having 
a golden chain round his neck. As soon as he saw the beautiful maiden standing at the door he seized her by the hand and would dance with her, but she, terribly frightened, refused; for she saw it was 
King Thrush-Beard who had wooed her, and whom she had laughed at. Her struggles were of no avail, he drew her into the ball-room, and there tore off the band to which the pots were attached, so that 
they fell down and the soup ran over the floor, while the pieces of meat, &c., skipped about in all directions. When the fine folks saw this sight they burst into one universal shout of laughter and derision, 
and the poor girl was so ashamed that she wished herself a thousand fathoms below the earth. She ran out at the door and would have escaped; but on the steps she met a man, who took her back, and 
when she looked at him, lo! it was King Thrush-Beard again. He spake kindly to her, and said, “Be not afraid; I and the musician, who dwelt with you in the wretched hut, are one; for love of you I have acted 
thus; and the hussar who rode in among the pots was also myself. All this has taken place in order to humble your haughty disposition, and to punish you for your pride, which led you to mock me.” 

At these words she wept bitterly, and said, “I am not worthy to be your wife, I have done you so great a wrong.” But he replied, “Those evil days are passed: we will now celebrate our marriage.” 
Immediately after came the bridemaids, and put on her the most magnificent dresses; and then her father and his whole court arrived, and wished her happiness on her wedding-day; and now 
commenced her true joy as Queen of the country of King Thrush-Beard. 

The Twelve Hunters 

Acertain King’s son, unknown to his father, was betrothed to a Maiden whom he loved very much, and once while he was sitting by her side, happy and contented, news came that his father was very ill, 
and desired to see him before his end. So the Prince said to his beloved, “I must go away and leave you; I will give you this ring for a memorial. When I become King I will return and take you home with 

So saying, he rode off; and when he arrived he found his father at the point of death. The old King said to him, “My dearest son, I have desired to see you once more before I died, that I may have your 
promise to marry according to my wishes;” and he named to him a certain Princess whom he was to make his bride. The young King was so grieved that he did not know what he was saying, and so 
promised his father that he would fulfil his wish. Soon afterwards the old King closed his eyes in death. 

When the time of mourning for the late King was over, the young Prince, who had succeeded to the throne, was called upon to fulfil the promise which he had given to his father, and the Princess was 
betrothed to him accordingly. By chance the Maiden heard of this, and grieved so much about the faithlessness of her beloved that she fast faded away. Then her father said to her, “My dear child, why are 
you sad? whatever you wish for you shall have.” 

Fora few minutes she considered, and at last said, “Dear father, I wish for eleven maidens exactly like myself in figure and stature.” 

Her father told her that if it were possible her wish should be carried out, and he ordered a search to be made in his country until eleven maidens were found resembling exactly his daughter in figure and 
stature. When they came to the Maiden she had twelve hunters’ dresses made all exactly alike, and each of the maidens had to put on one, while she herself drew on the twelfth. Thereupon she took leave 
of her father, and rode away with her companions to the court of her former betrothed, whom she loved so much. There she inquired if he needed any Huntsmen; and if he would not take them all into his 
service. The King looked at her without recognising her, and as they were such handsome people he consented to take them, and so they became the twelve royal Huntsmen. 

The King, however, possessed a Lion who was such a wonderful beast that he knew all hidden and secret affairs. So one evening he said to the King, “Do you suppose that you have got twelve 
Huntsmen?” “Yes,” replied he; “twelve Huntsmen.” “You are mistaken there,” replied the Lion, “they are twelve maidens.” 

“That can never be true,” said the King; “how will you prove it to me?” 

“Order some peas to be strewn in your ante-room,” said the Lion, “and you will at once see; for men have a firm tread when walking on peas, and do not slip, but maidens trip, and stumble, and slide, 
and make the peas roll about.” 

This advice pleased the King, and he ordered peas to be strewn. 

Now, there was a servant of the King’s who was kind to the Huntsmen; and, as he heard that they were to be put to this trial, he went and told them all that had passed, and that the Lion wished to show 
the King that they were maidens. The Maiden thanked him, and told her companions to compel themselves to tread firmly on the peas. When, therefore, the next morning the King summoned the twelve 
Hunters, and they came into the ante-room, they trod firmly upon the peas with so sturdy a step that not one rolled or moved in the least. Afterwards, when they had left the room, the King said to the Lion, 
“You have deceived me; they walk like men!” 

The Lion replied, “They knew that they were to be put to the proof, and so summoned all their strength. Let twelve spinning-wheels be now brought into the ante-room, and, when they come to pass them, 
they will be pleased at the sight thereof as no man would be.” 

This advice also pleased the King, and he caused the twelve spinning-wheels to be placed in the room. 

But the servant who was kind to the Hunters went and disclosed the plan to the Maiden, who instructed her eleven attendants to take no notice whatever of the spinning-wheels. The following morning the 
King summoned his Hunters, and they passed through the ante-room without once looking round at the spinning-wheels. So the King said to the Lion again, “You have deceived me; these are men, for 
they have not noticed the wheels.” 

The Lion replied as before, “They knew that they should be put on trial, and they have behaved accordingly;” but the King would believe the Lion no more. 

After this the twelve Hunters followed the King customarily in his sporting, and the longer he had them the more he seemed to like them. Now, it happened, that once as they were going out to the hunt, 
news came that the Princess who had been betrothed to the young King was on her way to his court. As soon as the true betrothed heard this, she was so much overcome that all her strength forsook her, 
and she fell heavily to the ground. The King soon perceived that something had happened to his best Huntsman, and ran up to help him just as his glove was drawn off. He then saw upon one finger the 
ring which he had given to his first love, and, as he looked in the face of the supposed Huntsman, he recognised her. At this sight his heart was so touched that he kissed her, and, as she opened her eyes, 
he said, “You are mine, and I am thine, and no power on earth shall make it otherwise.” 

The King then sent a messenger to the Princess, begging her to return to her own country, for he had already a bride. 

Soon afterwards the wedding was celebrated, and the Lion came again into favour, because, after all, he had spoken the truth. 

Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs 

Once upon a time in the depth of winter, when the flakes of snow were falling like feathers from the clouds, a Queen sat at her palace window, which had an ebony black frame, stitching her husband’s 
shirts. While she was thus engaged and looking out at the snow she pricked her finger, and three drops of blood fell upon the snow. Because the red looked so well upon the white, she thought to herself, 
“Had I now but a child as white as this snow, as red as this blood, and as black as the wood of this frame!” Soon afterwards a little daughter was born to her, who was as white as snow, and red as blood, 
and with hair as black as ebony, and thence she was named “Snow-White,” and when the child was born the mother died. 

About a year afterwards the King married another wife, who was very beautiful, but so proud and haughty that she could not bear any one to be better-looking than herself. She possessed a wonderful 
mirror, and when she stepped before it and said, it replied — 

“Oh mirror, mirror on the wall, 

Who is the fairest of us all?” 

“Thou art the fairest, lady Queen.” 

Then she was pleased, for she knew that the mirror spoke truly. 

Little Snow-White, however, grew up, and became pretty and prettier, and when she was seven years old her complexion was as clear as the noon day, and more beautiful than the Queen herself. When 
the Queen now asked her mirror — it replied — 


Lulling F.m;.’ Grimm 

“Oh mirror, mirror on the wall, 

Who is the fairest of us all?” 

“Thou wert the fairest, lady Queen; 

Snow-White is fairest now, I ween.” 

This answer so frightened the Queen that she became quite yellow with envy. From that hour, whenever she perceived Snow-White, her heart was hardened against her, and she hated the maiden. Her 
envy and jealousy increased so that she had no rest day or night, and she said to a Huntsman, “Take the child away into the forest, I will never look upon her again. You must kill her, and bring me her heart 
and tongue for a token.” 

The Huntsman listened and took the maiden away, but when he drew out his knife to kill her, she began to cry, saying, “Ah, dear Huntsman, give me my life! I will run into the wild forest, and never come 
home again.” 

This speech softened the Hunter’s heart, and her beauty so touched him that he had pity on her and said, “Well, run away then, poor child;” but he thought to himself, “The wild beasts will soon devour 
you.” Still he felt as if a stone had been taken from his heart, because her death was not by his hand. Just at that moment a young boar came roaming along to the spot, and as soon as he clapt eyes upon 
it the Huntsman caught it, and, killing it, took its tongue and heart and carried them to the Queen for a token of his deed. 

But now the poor little Snow-White was left motherless and alone, and, overcome with grief, she was bewildered at the sight of so many trees, and knew not which way to turn. Presently she set off 
running, and ran over stones and through thorns, and wild beasts sprang up as she passed them, but they did her no harm. She ran on till her feet refused to go farther, and as it was getting dark, and she 
saw a little house near, she entered it to rest. In this cottage every thing was very small, but more neat and elegant than I can tell you. In the middle stood a little table with a white cloth over it, and seven little 
plates upon it, each plate having a spoon and a knife and a fork, and there were also seven little mugs. Against the wall were seven little beds ranged in a row, each covered with Snow-White sheets. Little 
Snow-White, being both hungry and thirsty, ate a little morsel of porridge out of each plate, and drank a drop or two of wine out of each glass, for she did not wish to take away the whole share of any one. 
After that, because she was so tired, she laid herself down on one bed, but it did not suit; she tried another, but that was too long; a fourth was too short, a fifth too hard, but the seventh was just the thing, 

and tucking herself up in it she went to sleep, first commending herself to God. 

When it became quite dark the lords of the cottage came home, seven Dwarfs, who dug and delved for ore in the mountains. They first lighted seven little lamps, and perceived at once — for they 
illumined the whole apartment — that somebody had been in, for everything was not in the order in which they had left it. The first asked, “Who has been sitting on my chair?” The second, “Who has been 
eating off my plate?” The third said, “Who has been nibbling at my bread?” The fourth, “Who has been at my porridge?” The fifth, “Who has been meddling with my fork?” The sixth grumbled out, “Who has 
been cutting with my knife?” The seventh said, “Who has been drinking out of my glass?” Then the first looking round began again. “Who has been lying on my bed?” he asked, for he saw that the sheets 
were tumbled. At these words the others came, and looking at their beds cried out too, “Some one has been lying in our beds!” But the seventh little man, running up to his, saw Snow-White sleeping in it; 
so he called his companions, who shouted with wonder and held up their seven torches, so that the light fell upon the maiden. “Oh heavens! oh heavens!” said they, “what a beauty she is!” and they were so 
much delighted that they would not awaken her, but left her to her repose, and the seventh Dwarf, in whose bed she was, slept with each of his fellows one hour, and so passed the night. 

As soon as morning dawned Snow-White awoke, and was quite frightened when she saw the seven little men; but they were very friendly, and asked her what she was called. “My name is Snow-White,” 
was her reply. “Why have you entered our cottage?” they asked. Then she told them how her stepmother would have had her killed, but the Huntsman had spared her life, and how she had wandered about 
the whole day until at last she had found their house. When her tale was finished the Dwarfs said, “Will you see after our household; be our cook, make the beds, wash, sew, and knit for us, and keep 
everything in neat order? if so, we will keep you here, and you shall want for nothing.” 

And Snow-White answered, “Yes, with all my heart and will:” and so she remained with them, and kept their house in order. In the mornings the Dwarfs went into the mountains and searched for ore and 
gold, and in the evenings they came home and found their meals ready for them. During the day the maiden was left alone, and therefore the good Dwarfs warned her and said, “Be careful of your 
stepmother, who will soon know of your being here; therefore let nobody enter the cottage.” 

The Queen meanwhile, supposing she had eaten the heart and tongue of her daughter-in-law, did not think but that she was above all comparison the most beautiful of every one around. One day she 
stepped before her mirror, and said — 

“Oh mirror, mirror on the wall, 

Who is the fairest of us all?” 

“Thou wert the fairest, lady Queen; 

Snow-White is fairest now, I ween. 

Amid the forest, darkly green, 

She lives with Dwarfs — the hills between.” 

This reply frightened her, for she knew that the mirror spoke the truth, and she perceived that the Huntsman had deceived her, and that Snow-White was still alive. Now she thought and thought how she 
should accomplish her purpose, for, so long as she was not the fairest in the whole country, jealousy left her no rest. At last a thought struck her, and she dyed her face and clothed herself as a pedlar 
woman, so that no one could recognise her. In this disguise she went over the seven hills to the seven Dwarfs, knocked at the door of the hut, and called out, “Fine goods for sale! beautiful goods for sale!” 
Snow-White peeped out of the window and said, “Good day, my good woman, what have you to sell?” “Fine goods, beautiful goods!” she replied, “stays- of all colours;” and she held up a pair which was 
made of variegated silks. “I may let in this honest woman,” thought Snow-White; and she unbolted the door and bargained for one pair of stays. “You can’t think, my dear, how it becomes you!” exclaimed 
the old woman, “Come, let me lace it up for you.” Snow-White suspected nothing and let her do as she wished, but the old woman laced her up so quickly and so tightly that all her breath went, and she fell 
down like one dead. “Now,” thought the old woman to herself, hastening away, “now am I once more the most beautiful of all!” 

Not long after her departure, at eventide, the seven Dwarfs came home, and were much frightened at seeing their dear little maid lying on the ground, and neither moving nor breathing, as if she were 
dead. They raised her up, and when they saw she was laced too tight they cut the stays in pieces, and presently she began to breathe again, and by little and little she revived. When the Dwarfs now heard 
what had taken place, they said, “The old pedlar woman was no other than your wicked mother-in-law; take more care of yourself, and let no one enter when we are not with you.” 

Meanwhile the old Queen had reached home, and, going before her mirror, she repeated her usual words — and it replied as before — 

“Oh mirror, mirror on the wall, 

Who is the fairest of us all!” 

“Thou wert the fairest, lady Queen; 

Snow-White is fairest now, I ween. 

Amid the forest, darkly green, 

She lives with Dwarfs — the hills between.” 

As soon as it had finished, all her blood rushed to her heart, for she was so frightened to hear that Snow-White was yet living. “But now,” thought she to herself, “will I contrive something which shall 
destroy her completely.” Thus saying, she made a poisoned comb, by arts which she understood, and then disguising herself she took the form of an old widow. She went over the seven hills to the house 
of the seven Dwarfs, and, knocking at the door, called out, “Good wares to sell to-day!” Snow-White peeped out and said, “You must go further, for I dare not let you in.” 

“But still you may look,” said the old woman, drawing out her poisoned comb and holding it up. The sight of this pleased the maiden so much, that she allowed herself to be persuaded and opened the 
door. As soon as she had made a purchase the old woman said, “Now let me for once comb you properly,” and Snow-White consented, but scarcely was the comb drawn through the hair when the poison 
began to work and the maiden soon fell down senseless. “You pattern of beauty,” cried the wicked old Queen, “it is now all over with you,” and so saying she departed. 

Fortunately, evening soon came, and the seven Dwarfs returned, and as soon as they saw Snow-White lying, like dead, upon the ground, they suspected the old Queen, and soon discovering the 
poisoned comb, they immediately drew it out, and the maiden very soon revived and related all that had happened. Then they warned her again against the wicked stepmother, and bade her to open the 
door to nobody. 

Meanwhile the Queen on her arrival home had again consulted her mirror, and received the same answer as twice before. This made her tremble and foam with rage and jealousy, and she swore Snow- 
White should die if it cost her her own life. Thereupon she went into an inner secret chamber where no one could enter, and there made an apple of the most deep and subtle poison. Outwardly it looked 
nice enough, and had rosy cheeks which would make the mouth of every one who looked at it water; but whoever ate the smallest piece of it would surely die. As soon as the apple was ready, the old 
Queen again dyed her face, and clothed herself like a peasant’s wife, and then over the seven mountains to the seven Dwarfs she made her way. She knocked at the door, and Snow-White stretched out 
her head and said, “I dare not let anyone enter; the seven Dwarfs have forbidden me.” 

“That is hard for me,” said the old woman, “for I must take back my apples; but there is one which I will give you.” 

“No,” answered Snow-White, “no, I dare not take it.” 

“What! are you afraid of it?” cried the old woman, “there, see, I will cut the apple in halves; do you eat the red-cheeks, and I will eat the core.” (The apple was so artfully made that the red-cheeks alone 
were poisoned.) Snow-White very much wished for the beautiful apple, and when she saw the woman eating the core she could no longer resist, but, stretching out her hand, took the poisoned part. 
Scarcely had she placed a piece in her mouth when she fell down dead upon the ground. Then the Queen, looking at her with glittering eyes, and laughing bitterly, exclaimed, “White as snow, red as blood, 
black as ebony this time the Dwarfs cannot re-awaken you.” 

When she reached home and consulted her mirror — it answered — 

“Oh mirror, mirror on the wall, 

Who is fairest of us all?” 

“Thou art the fairest, lady Queen.” 

Then her envious heart was at rest, as peacefully as an envious heart can rest. 

When the little Dwarfs returned home in the evening, they found Snow-White lying on the ground, and there appeared to be no life in her body: she seemed to be quite dead. They raised her up and 
searched if they could find anything poisonous; unlaced her, and even uncombed her hair, and washed her with water and with wine; but nothing availed: the dear child was really and truly dead. Then they 
laid her upon a bier, and all seven placed themselves around it, and wept and wept for three days without ceasing. Afterwards they would bury her, but she looked still fresh and lifelike, and even her red 
cheeks had not deserted her, so they said to one another, “We cannot bury her in the black ground,” and they ordered a case to be made of transparent glass. In this, one could view the body on all sides, 
and the Dwarfs wrote her name with golden letters upon the glass, saying that she was a King’s daughter. Now they placed the glass case upon the ledge of a rock, and one of them always remained by it 
watching. Even the beasts bewailed the loss of Snow-White; first came an owl, then a raven, and last of all a dove. 

For a long time Snow-White lay peacefully in her case, and changed not, but looked as if she were only asleep, for she was still white as snow, red as blood, and black-haired as ebony. By-and-by it 
happened that a King’s son was travelling in the forest, and came to the Dwarfs’ house to pass the night. He soon perceived the glass case upon the rock, and the beautiful maiden lying within, and he 
read also the golden inscription. 

When he had examined it he said to the Dwarfs, “Let me have this case, and I will pay you what you like for it.” 

But the Dwarfs replied, “We will not sell it for all the gold in the world.” 

“Then give it to me,” said the Prince, “for I cannot live without Snow-White. I will honour and protect her so long as I live.” 

When the Dwarfs saw he was so much in earnest, they pitied him, and at last gave him the case, and the Prince ordered it to be carried away on the shoulders of one of his attendants. Presently it 
happened that they stumbled over a rut, and with the shock the piece of poisoned apple which lay in Snow-White’s mouth fell out. Very soon she opened her eyes, and, raising the lid of the glass case, she 
rose up and asked, “Where am I?” 

Full of joy, the Prince answered, “You are safe with me;” and he related to her what she had suffered, and how he would rather have her than any other for his wife, and he asked her to accompany him 
home to the castle of the King his father. Snow-White consented, and when they arrived there the wedding between them was celebrated as speedily as possible, with all the splendour and magnificence 
proportionate to the happy event. 

By chance the old mother-in-law of Snow-White was also invited to the wedding, and, when she was dressed in all her finery to go, she first stepped in front of her mirror and asked — and it replied — 

“Oh mirror, mirror on the wall, 

Who is fairest of us all!” 

“Thou wert the fairest, oh lady Queen; 

The Prince’s bride is more fair, I ween.” 

At these words the old Queen was in a fury, and was so terribly mortified that she knew not what to do with herself. At first she resolved not to go to the wedding, but she could not resist the wish for a sight 
of the young Queen, and as soon as she entered she recognised Snow-White, and was so terrified with rage and astonishment that she remained rooted to the ground. Just then a pair of red-hot iron 
shoes were brought in with a pair of tongs and set before her, and these she was forced to put on and to dance in them till she fell down dead. 

The Knapsack, the Hat, and the Horn 

Once upon a time there were three brothers who every day sank deeper and deeper in poverty, until at last their need was so great that they were in danger of death from starvation, having nothing to bite 
or break. So they said to one another, “We cannot go on in this way; we had better go forth into the wide world and seek our fortunes.” With these words they got up and set out, and travelled many a long 
mile over green fields and meadows without happening with any luck. One day they arrived in a large forest, and in the middle of it they found a hill, which, on their nearer approach, they saw was all silver. 
At this sight the eldest brother said, “Now I have met with my expected good fortune, and I desire nothing better.” And so saying, he took as much of the silver as he could carry and turned back again to his 

The others, however, said, “We desire something better than mere silver;” and they would not touch it, but went on further. After they had travelled a couple of days longer, they came to another hill, which 
was all gold. There the second brother stopped, and soon became quite dazzled at the sight. “What shall I do?” said he to himself, “shall I take as much gold as I can, that I may have enough to live upon, or 
shall I go further still?” At last he came to a conclusion, and, putting what he could in his pockets, he bade his brother good-bye and returned home. The third brother said, however, “Silver and gold will I not 
touch; I will seek my fortune yet; perhaps something better than all will happen to me.” 

So he travelled along for three days alone, and at the end of the third he came to a great forest, which was a great deal more extensive than the former, and so much so that he could not find the end; 
and, moreover, he was almost perished with hunger and thirst. He climbed up a high tree to discover if he could by chance find an outlet to the forest; but so far as his eyes could reach there was nothing 
but tree-tops to be seen. His hunger now began to trouble him very much, and he thought to himself, “Could I now only for this once have a good meal, I might get on.” Scarcely were the words out of his 
mouth when he saw, to his great astonishment, a napkin under the tree, spread over with all kinds of good food, very grateful to his senses. “Ah, this time,” thought he, “my wish is fulfilled at the very nick;” 
and, without any consideration as to who brought or who cooked the dishes, he sat himself down and ate to his heart’s content. When he had finished, he thought it would be a shame to leave such a fine 
napkin in the wood, so he packed it up as small as he could and carried it away in his pocket. After this he went on again, and as he felt hungry towards evening he wished to try his napkin; and, spreading 
it out, he said aloud, “I should like to see you again spread with cheer;” and scarcely had he spoke when as many dishes as there was room for stood upon the napkin. At the sight he exclaimed, “Now you 
are dearer to me than a mountain of silver and gold, for I perceive you are a wishing-cloth;” but, however, he was not yet satisfied, but would go farther and seek his fortune. 

The next evening he came up with a Charcoal-burner who was busy with his coals, and who was roasting some potatoes at his fire for his supper. “Good evening, my black fellow,” said our hero, “how 
do you find yourself in your solitude?” “One day is like another,” replied he, “and every night potatoes; have you a mind for some? if so, be my guest.” 

“Many thanks,” replied the traveler, “but I will not deprive you of your meal; you did not reckon on having a guest; but, if you have no objection, you shall yourself have an invitation to supper.” “Who will 
invite me?” asked the Charcoal-burner, “I do not see that you have got anything with you, and there is no one in a circuit of two hours’ walk who could give you anything.” 

“And yet there shall be a meal,” returned the other, “better than you have ever seen.” 

So saying, he took out his napkin, and spreading it on the ground said, “Cloth, cover thyself!” and immediately meats boiled and baked, as hot as if just out of the kitchen, were spread about. The 
Charcoal-burner opened his eyes wide, but did not stare long, but soon began to eat away, cramming his black mouth as full as he could. When they had finished, the man, smacking his lips, said, “Come, 
your cloth pleases me; it would be very convenient for me here in the wood, where I have no one to cook. I will strike a bargain with you. There hangs a soldier’s knapsack, which is certainly both old and 
shabby; but it possesses a wonderful virtue, which, as I have no more use for, I will give you in exchange for your cloth.” 

“But first I must know in what this wonderful virtue consists,” said the traveller. 

“I will tell you,” replied the other. “If you tap thrice with your fingers upon it, out will come a corporal and six men, armed from head to foot, who will do whatsoever you command them.” 

“In faith,” cried our hero, “I do not think I can do better; let us change;” and, giving the man his wishing-cloth, he took the knapsack off its hook and strode away with it on his back. 

He had not gone very far before he wished to try the virtue of his bargain; so he tapped upon it, and immediately the seven warriors stepped before him, and the leader asked his commands. “What 
does my lord and master desire?” 

“March back quickly to the Charcoal-burner, and demand my wishing-cloth again,” said our hero. 

The soldiers wheeled round to the left, and before very long they brought what he desired, having taken it from the collier without so much as asking his leave. This done, he dismissed them, and 
travelled on again, hoping his luck might shine brighter yet. At sunset he came to another Charcoal-burner, who was also preparing his supper at the fire, and asked, “Will you sup with me? Potatoes and 
salt, without butter, is all I have; sit down if you choose.” 

“No,” replied the traveller; “this time you shall be my guest;” and he unfolded his cloth, which was at once spread with the most delicate fare. They ate and drank together, and soon got very merry; and 
when their meal was done the Charcoal-burner said, “Up above there on that board lies an old worn-out hat, which possesses the wonderful power, if one puts it on and presses it down on his head, of 
causing, as it were, twelve field-pieces to go off, one after the other, and shoot down all that comes in their way. The hat is of no use to me in that way, and therefore I should like to exchange it for your 

“Oh! I have no objection to that,” replied the other; and, taking the hat, he left his wishing-cloth behind him; but he had not gone very far before he tapped on his knapsack, and bade the soldiers who 
appeared to fetch it back from his guest. 

“Ah,” thought he to himself, “one thing happens so soon upon another, that it seems as if my luck would have no end.” And his thoughts did not deceive him; for he had scarcely gone another day’s 
journey when he met with a third Charcoal-burner, who invited him, as the others had, to a potato supper. However, he spread out his wishing-cloth, and the feast pleased the Charcoal-burner so well, that 

he offered him in return for his cloth, a horn, which had still more wonderful properties than either the knapsack or hat; for, when one blew it, every wall and fortification fell down before its blast, and even 
whole villages and towns were overturned. For this horn he gladly gave his cloth, but he soon sent his soldiers back for it; and now he had not only that, but also the knapsack, the hat, and the horn. 

“Now,” said he, “I am a made man, and it is high time that I should return home and see how my brothers get on.” 

When he arrived at the old place, he found his brothers had built a splendid palace with their gold and silver, and were living in clover. He entered their house; but because he came in with a coat torn to 
rags, the shabby hat upon his head, and the old knapsack on his back, his brothers would not own him. They mocked him, saying, “You pretend to be our brother; why, he despised silver and gold, and 
sought better luck for himself; he would come accompanied like a mighty king, not as a beggar!” and they hunted him out of doors. 

This treatment put the poor man in such a rage, that he knocked upon the knapsack so many times till a hundred and fifty men stood before him in rank and file. He commanded them to surround his 
brothers’ house, and two of them to take hazel sticks and thrash them both until they knew who he was. They set up a tremendous howling, so that the people ran to the spot and tried to assist the two 
brothers; but they could do nothing against the soldiers. By-and-by the King himself heard the noise, and he ordered out a captain and troop to drive the dis turber of the peace out of the city; but the man, 
with his knapsack, soon gathered together a greater company, who beat back the captain and his men, and sent them home with bleeding noses. At this the King said, “This vagabond fellow shall be 
driven away;” and the next day he sent a larger troop against him; but they fared no better than the first. The beggar, as he was called, soon ranged more men in opposition, and, in order to do the work 
quicker, he pressed his hat down upon his head a couple of times; and immediately the heavy guns began to play, and soon beat down all the King’s people, and put the rest to flight. “Now,” said our hero, 
“I will never make peace till the King gives me his daughter to wife, and he places me upon the throne as ruler of his whole dominion.” This vow which he had taken he caused to be communicated to the 
King, who said to his daughter, “Must is a hard nut to crack; what is there left to me but that I do as this man desires? If I wish for peace, and to keep the crown upon my head, I must yield.” 

So the wedding was celebrated; but the Princess was terribly vexed that her husband was such a common man, and wore not only a very shabby hat, but also carried about with him everywhere a dirty 
old knapsack. She determined to get rid of them; and day and night she was always thinking howto manage it. It struck her suddenly that perhaps his wonderful power lay in the knapsack; so she flattered, 
caressed him, saying, “I wish you would lay aside that dirty knapsack; it becomes you so ill that I am almost ashamed of you.” 

“Dear child,” he replied, “this knapsack is my greatest treasure; as long I possess it I do not fear the greatest power on earth;” and he further told her all its wonderful powers. When he had finished, the 
Princess fell on his neck as if she would kiss him; but she craftily untied the knapsack, and, loosening it from his shoulders, ran away with it. As soon as she was alone she tapped upon it, and ordered the 
warriors who appeared to bind fast her husband and lead him out of the royal palace. They obeyed; and the false wife caused other soldiers to march behind, who were instructed to hunt the poor man out 
of the kingdom. It would have been all over with him had he not still possessed the hat, which he pressed down on his head as soon as his hands were free; and immediately the cannons began to go off, 
and demolished all before them. The Princess herself was at last obliged to go and beg pardon of her husband. He at last consented to make peace, being moved by her supplications and promises to 
behave better in future; and she acted so lovingly, and treated him so well for some time after, that he entrusted her with the secret, that although he might be deprived of the knapsack, yet so long as he 
had the hat no one could overcome him. As soon as she knew this, she waited until he was asleep and then stole away the hat, and caused her husband to be thrown into a ditch. The horn, however, was 
still left to him; and, in a great passion, he blew upon it such a blast that in a minute down came tumbling the walls, forts, houses, and palaces, and buried the King and his daughter in the ruins. Luckily he 
ceased to blow for want of breath; for had he kept it up any longer all the houses would have been overturned, and not one stone left upon another. After this feat nobody dared to oppose him, and he set 
himself up as King over the whole country. 

Rumpelstiltskin 7 

There was once a poor Miller who had a beautiful daughter; and one day, having to go to speak with the King, he said, in order to make himself appear of consequence, that he had a daughter who could 
spin straw into gold. The King was very fond of gold, and thought to himself, “That is an art which would please me very well;” and so he said to the Miller, “If your daughter is so very clever, bring her to the 
castle in the morning and I will put her to the proof.” 

As soon as she arrived the King led her into a chamber which was full of straw; and, giving her a wheel and a reel, he said, “Now set yourself to work, and if you have not spun this straw into gold by an 
early hour to-morrow you must die.” With these words he shut the room door and left the maiden alone. 

There she sat for a long time, thinking how to save her life; for she understood nothing of the art whereby straw might be spun into gold; and her grief became stronger and stronger, till at last she began 
to weep. All at once the door opened and in stepped a little Man, who said, “Good evening, fair maiden; why do you weep so sore?” “Ah,” she replied, “I must spin this straw into gold, and I am sure I don’t 
know how.” 

The little Man asked, “What will you give me if I spin it for you?” 

“My necklace,” said the maiden. 

The Dwarf took it, placed himself in front of the wheel and whirr, whirr, whirr, three times round, and the bobbin was full. Then he set up another, and whirr, whirr, whirr, thrice round again, and a second 
bobbin was full; and so he went all night long until all the straw was spun and the bobbins were full of gold. At sunrise the King came, very much astonished to see the gold; the sight of which gladdened him 
but did not make his heart less covetous. He caused the maiden to be led into another room, still larger, full of straw; and then he bade her spin it into gold during the night if she valued her life. The maiden 
was again quite at a loss what to do; but while she cried the door opened suddenly, as before, and the Dwarf appeared and asked her what she would give him in return for his assistance. “The ring off my 
finger,” she replied. The little Man took the ring and began to spin at once, and by the morning all the straw was changed to glistening gold. The King was rejoiced above measure at the sight of this, but 
still he was not satisfied; but, leading the maiden into another still larger room full of straw as the others, he said, “This you must spin during the night; but if you accomplish it you shall be my bride.” “For,” 
thought he to himself, “a richer wife thou canst not have in all the world.” 

When the maiden was left alone, the Dwarf again appeared, and asked for the third time, “What will you give me to do this for you?” 

“I have nothing left that I can give you,” sighed the maiden. 

“Then promise me your first-born child if you become Queen,” said he. 

The Miller’s daughter thought, “Who can tell if that will ever happen?” and, ignorant how else to help herself out of her trouble, she promised the Dwarf what he desired; and he immediately set about and 
finished the spinning. When morning came, and the King found all he had wished for done, he celebrated his wedding; and the fair Miller’s daughter became Queen. 

About a year after the marriage, when she had ceased to think about the little Dwarf, she brought a fine child into the world; and suddenly, soon after its birth, the very man appeared and demanded what 
she had promised. The frightened Queen offered him all the riches of the kingdom if he would leave her her child; but the Dwarf answered, “No; something human is dearer to me than all the wealth of the 

The Queen began to weep and groan so much, that the Dwarf pitied her, and said, “I will leave you three days to consider; if you in that time discover my name you shall keep your child.” 

All night long the Queen racked her brains for all the names she could think of, and sent a messenger through the country to collect far and wide any new names. The following morning came the Dwarf, 
and she began with “Caspar,” “Melchior,” “Bal thassar,” and all the odd names she knew; but at each the little Man exclaimed, “That is not my name.” The second day the Queen inquired of all her people 
for uncommon and curious names, and called the Dwarf “Ribs-of-beef,” “Sheep-shank,” “Whalebone;” but at each he said, “That is not my name.” The third day the messenger came back and said, “I have 
not found a single new name; but as I came to a high mountain near the edge of the forest, where foxes and hares say good night to each other, I saw there a little house, and before the door a fire was 
burning, and round this fire a very curious little man was dancing on one leg, and shouting — 

To-day I stew, and then I’ll bake, 

To-morrow I shall the Queen’s child take; 

Ah! how famous it is that nobody knows 
That my name is Rumpelstiltskin,” 

When the Queen heard this she was very glad; for now she knew the name; and soon after came the Dwarf, and asked, “Now, my lady Queen, what is my name?” 

First she said, “Are you called Conrade?” “No.” 

“Are you called Hal?” “No.” 

“Are you called Rumpelstiltskin?” 

“A witch has told you; a witch has told you!” shrieked the little Man; and stamped his right foot so hard in the ground with rage that he could not draw it out again. Then he took hold of his left leg with both 
his hands, and pulled away so hard that his right came off in the struggle, and he hopped away howling terribly. And from that day to this the Queen has heard no more of her troublesome visitor. 


Once upon a time there lived a real old Witch who had two daughters, one ugly and wicked, whom she loved very much, because she was her own child, and the other fair and good, whom she hated, 
because she was her step-daughter. One day the stepchild wore a very pretty apron, which so pleased the other that she turned jealous, and told her mother she must and would have the apron. “Be quiet, 
my child,” said she, “you shall have it, your sister has long deserved death. To-night, when she is asleep, I will come and cut off her head; but take care that you lie nearest the wall, and push her quite to the 
side of the bed.” 

Luckily the poor maiden, hid in a corner, heard this speech, or she would have been murdered; but all day long she dared not go out of doors, and when bedtime came she was forced to lie in the place 
fixed for her: but happily the other sister soon went to sleep, and then she contrived to change places and get quite close to the wall. At midnight the old Witch sneaked in, holding in her right hand an axe, 
while with her left she felt for her intended victim, and then raising the axe in both her hands she chopped off the head of her own daughter. 

As soon as she went away, the maiden got up and went to her sweetheart, who was called Roland, and knocked at his door. When he came out she said to him, “Dearest Roland, we must flee at once, 
my stepmother would have killed me, but in the dark she has murdered her own child: if day comes, and she discovers what she has done, we are lost.” 

“But I advise you,” said Roland, “first to take away her magic wand, or we cannot save ourselves if she should follow and catch us.” 

So the maiden stole away the wand, and taking up the head dropped three drops of blood upon the ground: one before the bed, one in the kitchen, and one upon the step: this done she hurried away 
with her lover. 

When the morning came and the old Witch had dressed herself, she called to her daughter and would have given her the apron, but no one came. “Where are you?” she called. “Here upon the step,” 
answered one of the drops of blood. The old woman went out, but, seeing nobody on the step, she called a second time, “Where are you?” “Hi, hi, here in the kitchen, I am warming myself,” replied the 
second drop of blood. She went into the kitchen, but could see nobody, and once again she cried, “Where are you?” 

“Ah, here I sleep in the bed,” said the third drop, and she entered the room, but what a sight met her eyes! There lay her own child covered with blood, for she herself had cut off her head. 

The old Witch flew into a terrible passion, sprang out of the window, and looking far and near presently spied out her step-daughter, who was hurrying away with Roland. “That won’t help you!” she 
shouted, “were you twice as far you should not escape me.” So saying, she drew on her boots, in which she went an hour’s walk with every stride, and before long she overtook the fugitives. But the 
maiden, as soon as she saw the Witch in sight, changed her dear Roland into a lake with the magic wand, and herself into a duck who could swim upon its surface. When the old Witch arrived at the shore, 
she threw in bread-crumbs, and tried all sorts of means to entice the duck; but it was all of no use, and she was obliged to go away at evening without accomplishing her ends. When she was gone the 
maiden took her natural form, and Roland also, and all night long till daybreak they travelled onwards. Then the maiden changed herself into a rose, which grew amid a very thorny hedge, and Roland 
became a fiddler. Soon after up came the old Witch, and said to him, “Good player, may I break off your flower?” “Oh! yes,” he replied, “and I will accompany you with a tune.” In great haste she climbed up 
the bank to reach the flower, and as soon as she was in the hedge he began to play, and whether she liked it or not she was obliged to dance to the music, for it was a bewitched tune. The quicker he 
played, the higher was she obliged to jump, till the thorns tore all the clothes off her body, and scratched and wounded her so much, that at last she fell down dead. 

Then Roland, when he saw they were saved, said, “Now I will go to my father, and arrange the wedding.” 

“Yes,” said the maiden, “and meanwhile I will rest here and wait for your return, and, that no one may know me, I will change myself into a red stone.” 

Roland went away and left her there, but when he reached home he fell into the snares laid for him by another maiden, and forgot his true love, who fora long time waited his coming; but at last, in sorrow 
and despair of ever seeing him again, she changed herself into a beautiful flower, and thought that perhaps some one might pluck her and carry her to his home. 

A day or two after a shepherd who was tending his flock in the field chanced to see the enchanted flower, and because it was so very beautiful he broke it off, took it with him, and laid it by in his chest. 

From that day everything prospered in the shepherd’s house, and marvellous things happened. When he arose in the morning he found all the work already done: the room was swept, the chairs and 

tables dusted, the fire lighted upon the hearth, and the water fetched; when he came home at noonday the table was laid, and a good meal prepared for him. He could not imagine how it was all done, for 
he could find nobody ever in his house when he returned, and there was no place for any one to conceal himself. The good arrangements certainly pleased him well enough, but he became so anxious at 
last to know who it was, that he went and asked the advice of a wise woman. The woman said, “There is some witchery in the business; listen one morning if you can hear anything moving in the room, and 
if you do and can see anything, be it what it will, throw a white napkin over it, and the charm will be dispelled.” 

The shepherd did as he was bid, and the next morning, just as day broke, he saw his chest open and the flower come out of it. He instantly sprang up and threw a white napkin over it, and immediately 
the spell was broken, and a beautiful maiden stood before him, who acknowledged that she was the handmaid who, as a flower, had put his house in order. She told him her tale, and she pleased the 
shepherd so much, that he asked her if she would marry him, but she said, “No,” for she would still keep true to her dear Roland, although he had left her; nevertheless, she promised still to remain with the 
shepherd, and see after his cottage. 

Meanwhile the time had arrived for the celebration of Roland’s wedding, and according to the old custom it was proclaimed through all the country round, that every maiden might assemble to sing in 
honour of the bridal pair. When the poor girl heard this, she was so grieved that it seemed as if her heart would break, and she would not have gone to the wedding if others had not come and taken her 
with them. 

When it came to her turn to sing, she stepped back till she was quite by herself, and as soon as she began, Roland jumped up, exclaiming, “I know the voice, that is the true bride, no other will I have!” All 
that he had hitherto forgotten and neglected to think of was suddenly brought back to his heart’s remembrance, and he would not again let her go. 

And now the wedding of the faithful maiden to the dear Roland was celebrated with great magnificence, and, their sorrows and troubles being over, happiness became their lot. 

The Juniper Trees 

It is now long ago, perhaps two thousand years, there was a rich man who had a beautiful and pious wife; and they were very fond one of another, but had no children. Still they wished for some very much, 
and the wife prayed for them day and night; still they had none. 

Before their house was a yard; in it stood a juniper tree, under which the woman stood once in the winter peeling an apple; and as she peeled the apple she cut her finger, and the blood dropped on the 
snow. “Ah!” said the woman, with a deep sigh, and she looked at the blood before her, and was very sad, “had I but a child as red as blood and as white as snow;” and as she said that, she felt quite lively; 
and it seemed quite as if something would come of it. Then she went into the house; and a month passed, the snow disappeared; and two months, then all was green; and three months, then came the 
flowers out of the ground; and four months, then all the trees in the wood squeezed up against one another, and the green boughs all grew twisted together, and the little birds sang, so that the whole wood 
resounded, and the blossoms fell from the trees; then the fifth month had gone, and she stood under the juniper tree, it smelt so sweet, then her heart leaped for joy, and she couldn’t help falling down on 
her knees; and when the sixth month had passed, the fruits were large, and she was quite pleased; and the seventh month, then she snatched the berries and ate them so greedily that she was dreadfully 
ill; then went the eighth month, and she called her husband and cried, and said, “If I die bury me under the juniper tree;” then she was quite easy, and was glad, till the next month was gone: then she had a 
child as white as snow and as red as blood; and when she saw it she was so delighted that she died. 

Then her husband buried her under the juniper tree, and began to cry most violently: a little time, and he was easier; and when he had cried a bit more, he left off; and a little time longer, and he took 
another wife. 

With the second wife he had a daughter; but the child by the first wife was a little son, and was as red as blood and as white as snow. When the woman looked at her daughter, she loved her so much; 
but then she looked at the little boy, and it seemed to go right through her heart; and it seemed as if he always stood in her way, and then she was always thinking how she could get all the fortune for her 
daughter; and it was the Evil One who suggested it to her, so that she couldn’t bear the sight of the little boy, and poked him about from one corner to another, and buffetted him here, and cuffed him there, 
so that the poor child was always in fear; and when he came from school he had no peace. 

Once the woman had gone into the store-room, and the little daughter came up and said, “Mother, give me an apple.” “Yes, my child,” said the woman, and gave her a beautiful apple out of the box: the 
box had a great heavy lid, with a great sharp iron lock. “Mother,” said the little daughter, “shall not brother have one too?” That annoyed the woman, but she said, “Yes, when he comes from school.” And as 
she saw out of the window that he was coming, it was just as if the Evil One came over her, and she snatched the apple away from her daughter again, and said, “You shall not have one before your 
brother.” She threw the apple into the box and shut it. Then the little boy came in at the door; and the Evil One made her say, in a friendly manner, “My son, will you have an apple?” and she looked at him 
wickedly. “Mother,” said the little boy, “how horribly you look; yes, give me an apple.” Then she thought she must pacify him. “Come with me,” she said, and opened the lid; “Reach out an apple;” and as the 
little boy bent into the box, the Evil One whispered to her — bang! she slammed the lid to, so that his head flew off and fell amongst the red apples. Then in her fright she thought, “Could I get that off my 
mind!” Then she went up into her room to the chest of drawers, and got out a white cloth from the top drawer, and she set the head on the throat again, and tied the handkerchief round so that nothing could 
be seen; and placed him outside the door on a chair, and gave him the apple in his hand. After a while little Marline came in the kitchen to her mother who stood by the fire and had a kettle with hot water 
before her, which she kept stirring round. “Mother,” said little Marline, “brother is sitting outside the door, and looks quite white, and has got an apple in his hand. I asked him to give me the apple, but he 
didn’t answer me; then I was quite frightened.” “Go again,” said the mother, “and if he will not answer you, give him a box in the ear.” Then Marline went to the brother and said, “Give me the apple;” but he 
was silent. Then she gave him a box on the ear, and the head tumbled off; at which she was frightened, and began to cry and sob. Then she ran to the mother and said, “Oh, mother, I have knocked my 
brother’s head off;” and she cried and cried, and would not be pacified. “Marline,” said the Mother, “what have you done? But be quiet, so that nobody may notice it; it can’t be helped now; we’ll bury him 
under the juniper tree.” 

Then the mother took the little boy and put him into a box, and put it under the almond tree; but little Marline stood by, and cried and cried, and the tears all fell into the box. 

Soon the father came home, and sat down to table, and said, “Where is my son?” Then the mother brought in a great big dish of stew; and little Marline cried, and could not leave off. Then the father said 
again, “Where is my son?” “Oh,” said the mother, “he had gone across the country to Muotten; he is going to stop there a bit.” 

“What is he doing there? and why did he not say good-bye to me?” “Oh, he wanted to go, and asked me if he might stop there six weeks; he will be taken care of there.” “Ah,” said the man, “I feel very 
dull; that was not right; he ought to have wished me good-bye.” With that he began to eat, and said to Marline, “What are you crying for? your brother will soon come back.” “Oh, wife,” said he then, “how 
delicious this tastes; give me some more!” And he ate till all the broth was done. 

Little Marline went to her box, and took from the bottom drawer her best silk handkerchief, and carried it outside the door, and cried bitter tears. Then she laid herself under the juniper tree on the green 
grass; and when she had laid herself there, all at once she felt quite light and happy, and cried no more. Then the juniper tree began to move, and the boughs spread out quite wide, and then went back 
again; just as when one is very much pleased, and claps with the hands. At the same time a sort of mist rose from the tree; in the middle of the mist it burned like a fire; and out of the fire there flew a 
beautiful bird, that sang very sweetly and flew high up in the air: and when it had flown away, the juniper tree was as it had been before. Then little Marline was as light and happy as if her brother were alive 
still; and went into the house to dinner. 

The bird flew away and perched upon a Goldsmith’s house, and began to sing — 

“My mother killed me; 

My father grieved for me; 

My sister, little Marline, 

Wept under the juniper tree: 

Kywitt, kywitt, what a beautiful bird am I.” 

The Goldsmith sat in his workshop, and was making a gold chain, when he heard the bird that sat upon his roof and sang; and it seemed to him so beautiful. Then he got up, and as he stepped over the 
sill of the door he lost one of his slippers; but he went straight up the middle of the street with one slipper and one sock on. He had his leather apron on, and in the one hand he had the gold chain and in the 
other the pincers, and the sun shone brightly up the street. He went and stood and looked at the bird. “Bird,” said he then, “how beautifully you can sing. Sing me that song again.” “Nay,” said the bird, “I 
don’t sing twice for nothing. Give me the gold chain and I will sing it you again.” “There,” said the Goldsmith, “take the gold chain; now sing me that again.” Then the bird came and took the gold chain in the 
right claw, and sat before the Goldsmith, and sang — 

“My mother killed me; 

My father grieved for me; 

My sister, little Marline, 

Wept under the juniper tree: 

Kywitt, kywitt, what a beautiful bird am I.” 

Then the bird flew off to a Shoemaker, and perched upon the roof of his house, and sang — 

“My mother killed me; 

My father grieved for me; 

My sister, little Marline, 

Wept under the juniper tree: 

Kywitt, kywitt, what a beautiful bird am I.” 

The Shoemaker heard it, and ran outside the door in his shirt sleeves and looked up at the roof, and was obliged to hold his hand before his eyes to prevent the sun from blinding him. “Bird,” said he, 
“how beautifully you can sing.” Then he called in at the door, “Wife, come out, here’s a bird; look at the bird; he just can sing beautifully.” Then he called his daughter, and children, and apprentices, servant 
boy, and maid; and they all came up the street, and looked at the bird: oh! how beautiful he was, and he had such red and green feathers, and round about the throat was all like gold, and the eyes 
sparkled in his head like stars. “Bird,” said the Shoemaker, “now sing me that piece again.” “Nay,” said the bird, “I don’t sing twice for nothing; you must make me a present of something.” “Wife,” said the 
man, “go into the shop; on the top shelf there stands a pair of red shoes, fetch them down.” The wife went and fetched the shoes. “There, bird,” said the man; “now sing me that song again.” Then the bird 
came and took the shoes in the left claw, and flew up on to the roof again and sang — 

“My mother killed me; 

My father grieved for me; 

My sister, little Marline, 

Wept under the juniper tree: 

Kywitt, kywitt, what a beautiful bird am I.” 

And when he had done singing he flew away. The chain he had in the right claw, and the shoes in the left claw; and he flew far away to a mill; and the mill went clipp-clapp, clipp-clapp, clipp-clapp. And in 
the mill there sat twenty miller’s men; they were shaping a stone, and chipped away hick-hack, hick-hack, hick-hack; and the mill went clipp-clapp, clipp-clapp, clipp-clapp. Then the bird flew and sat on a 
lime tree that stood before the mill, and sang — then one left off; then two more left off and heard it; then again four left off; now there were only eight chipping away; now only five; now only one; 

“My mother killed me;” 

“My father grieved for me;” 

“My sister,” 

“little Marline,” 

“Wept under” 

“the juniper tree:” 

“Kywitt, kywitt, what a beautiful bird am I.” 

Then the last left off, when he heard the last word. “Bird,” said he, “how beautifully you sing! let me too hear that; sing me that again.” “Nay,” said the bird, “I don’t sing twice for nothing. Give me the 
millstone, and I will sing it again.” “Ay,” said he, “if it belonged to me alone, you should have it.” “Yes,” said the others, “if he sings again he shall have it.” Then the bird came down, and all the twenty millers 
caught hold of a pole, and raised the stone up, hu, uh, upp, hu, uh, upp, hu, uh, upp! And the bird stuck his head through the hole, and took it round his neck like a collar, and flew back to the tree, and sang 

“My mother killed me; 

My father grieved for me; 

My sister, little Marline, 

Wept under the juniper tree: 

Kywitt, kywitt, what a beautiful bird am I.” 

And when he had done singing he spread his wings, and had in his right claw the gold chain, in his left the shoes, and round his neck the millstone, and he flew far away, to his father’s house. 

In the room sat the father, the mother, and little Marline, at dinner; and the father said, “Oh dear, how light and happy I feel!” “Nay,” said the mother, “I am all of a tremble, just as if there were going to be a 
heavy thunderstorm.” But little Marline sat and cried and cried, and the bird came flying, and as he perched on the roof, the father said, “I feel so lively, and the sun shines so deliciously outside, it’s exactly 
as if I were going to see some old acquaintance again.” “Nay,” said the wife, “I am so frightened, my teeth chatter, and it’s like fire in my veins;” and she tore open her stays; but little Marline sat in a corner 
and cried, and held her plate before her eyes and cried it quite wet. Then the bird perched on the juniper tree, and sang — 

“My mother killed me;” 

Then the mother held her ears and shut her eyes, and would neither see nor hear; but it rumbled in her ears like the most terrible storm, and her eyes burned and twittered like lightning. 

“My father grieved for me;” 

“Oh, mother,” said the man, “there is a beautiful bird that sings so splendidly; the sun shines so warm, and everything smells all like cinnamon.” 

“My sister, little Marline,” 

Then Marline laid her head on her knees and cried away; but the man said, “I shall go out, I must see the bird close.” “Oh! do not go,” said the woman; “it seems as if the whole house shook and were on 
fire.” But the man went out and looked at the bird. 

“Wept under the juniper tree: 

Kywitt, kywitt, what a beautiful bird am I.” 

And the bird let the gold chain fall, and it fell just round the man’s neck, and fitted beautifully. Then he went in and said, “See what an excellent bird it is; it has given me such a beautiful gold chain, and it 
looks so splendid.” But the woman was so frightened, that she fell her whole length on the floor, and her cap tumbled off her head. Then the bird sang again — 

“My mother killed me;” 

“Oh that I were a thousand fathoms under the earth, not to hear that!” 

“My father grieved for me;” 

Then the woman fainted. 

“My sister, little Marline,” 

“Ah,” said Marline, “I will go out too, and see if the bird will give me something;” and she went out. Then the bird threw the shoes down. 

“Wept under the juniper tree: 

Kywitt, kywitt, what a beautiful bird am I.” 

Then, she was so happy and lively, she put the new red shoes on, and danced and jumped back again. “Oh,” said she, “I was so dull when I went out, and now I am so happy. That is a splendid bird; he has 
given me a pair of red shoes.” 

“Well,” said the woman, and jumped up, and her hair stood on end like flames of fire, “I feel as if the world were coming to an end; I will go out too, and see if it will make me easier.” And as she stepped 
outside the door — bang! the bird dropped the millstone on her head and crushed her to death. The father and little Marline heard it, and went out. Then a smoke, and flames, and fire rose from the place, 
and when that had passed there stood the little brother; and he took his father and little Marline by the hand, and all three were happy and lively, and went into the house to dinner. 

The Little Farmer 

There was a certain village, wherein several rich farmers were settled, and only one poor one, who was therefore called “The Little Farmer.” He had not even a cow, nor money to buy it, though he and his 
wife would have been too happy to have had one. One day he said to her, “A good thought has just struck me; our father-in-law, the carver, can make us a calf out of wood and paint it brown, so that it will 
look like any other: in time perhaps it will grow big and become a cow.” This proposal pleased his wife, and the carver was instructed accordingly, and he cut out the calf, painted it as it should be, and so 
made it that its head was bent down as if eating. 

When the next morning the cows were driven out to pasture, the Farmer called the Shepherd in, and said, “See, I have here a little calf, but it is so small that it must as yet be carried.” The Shepherd 
said, “Very well,” and, taking it under his arm, carried it down to the meadow and set it among the grass. All day the calf stood there as if eating, and the Shepherd said, “It will soon grow big and go alone: 
only see how it is eating.” At evening time, when he wanted to drive his flocks home, he said to the calf, “Since you can stand there to satisfy your hunger, you must also be able to walk upon your four legs, 
and I shall not carry you home in my arms.” The Little Farmer stood before his house-door waiting for his calf, and as the Shepherd drove his herd through the village he asked after it. The Shepherd 
replied, “It is still standing there eating; it would not listen and come with me.” The Farmer exclaimed, “Eh, what! I must have my calf!” and so they both went together down to the meadow, but some one 
had stolen the calf, and it was gone. The Shepherd said, “Perhaps it has run away itself;” but the Farmer replied, “Not so, that won’t do for me;” and dragging him before the mayor, he was condemned for 
his negligence to give the Little Farmer a cow in the place of the lost calf. 

Now the Farmer and his wife possessed the long-desired cow, and were very glad; but having no fodder they could give her nothing to eat, so that very soon they were obliged to kill her. The flesh they 
salted down, and the skin the Little Farmer took to the next town to sell, to buy another calf with what he got for it. On the way he passed a mill where a raven was sitting with a broken wing, and out of 
compassion he took the bird up and wrapped it in the skin he was carrying. But the weather being just then very bad, a great storm of wind and rain falling, he was unable to go further, and turning into the 
mill begged for shelter. The Miller’s wife was at home alone, and said to the Farmer, “Lie down on that straw,” and gave him a piece of bread and cheese. The Farmer ate it and lay down, with his skin 
near him, and the Miller’s wife thought he was asleep. Presently in came the parson, whom she received well, and invited to sup with her; but the Farmer, when he heard talk of the feast, was vexed that he 
should have been treated only to bread and cheese. So the woman went down into the cellar and brought up four dishes, roast meat, salad, boiled meat, and wine. As they were sitting down to eat there 
was a knock outside, and the woman exclaimed, “Oh, gracious! there is my husband!” In a great hurry she stuck the roast meat into the oven, the wine under the pillow, the salad upon the bed, and the 
boiled meat under it, and the parson stepped into a closet where she kept the linen. This done, she let in her husband and said, “God be praised, you are returned again! what weather it is, as if the world 
were coming to an end!” 

The Miller remarked the man lying on the straw, and asked what the fellow did there. His wife said, “Ah! the poor fellow came in the wind and rain and begged for shelter, so I gave him some bread and 
cheese, and showed him the straw.” 

The husband said he had no objection, but bade her bring him quickly something to eat. The wife said, “I have nothing but bread and cheese,” and her husband told her with that he should be contented, 
and asked the Farmer to come and share his meal. The Farmer did not let himself be twice asked, but got up and ate away. Presently the Miller remarked the skin lying upon the ground, in which was the 
raven, and asked, “What have you there?” The Farmer replied, “I have a truth-teller therein.” “Can it tell me the truth too?” inquired the Miller. 

“Why not?” said the other, “but he will only say four things, and the fifth he keeps to himself.” The Miller was curious and wished to hear it speak, and the Farmer squeezed the raven’s head so that it 
squeaked out. The Miller then asked, “What did he say?” and the Farmer replied, “The first is, under the pillow lies wine.” “That is a rare tell-tale!” cried the Miller, and went and found the wine. “Now again,” 
said he. The Farmer made the raven croak again, and said, “Secondly, he declares there is roast meat in the oven.” “That is a good tell-tale!” again cried the Miller, and, opening the oven, he took out the 
roast meat. Then the Farmer made the raven croak again, and said, “For the third thing, he declares there is salad on the bed.” 

“That is a good tell-tale!” cried the Miller, and went and found the salad. Then the Farmer made his bird croak once more, and said, “For the fourth thing, he declares there is boiled meat under the bed.” 

“That is a capital tell-tale!” cried the Miller, while he went and found as it said. 

The worthy pair now sat down together at the table, but the Miller’s wife felt terribly anxious, and went to bed, taking all the keys with her. The Miller was very anxious to know the fifth thing, but the man 
said, “First let us eat quietly these four things, for the other is somewhat dreadful.” 

After they had finished their meal, the Miller bargained as to how much he should give for the fifth thing, and at last he agreed for three hundred dollars. Then the Farmer once more made the raven 
croak, and when the Miller asked what it said, he told him, “He declares that in the cupboard where the linen is there is an evil spirit.” 

The Miller said, “The evil spirit must walk out!” and tried the door, but it was locked, and the woman had to give up the key to the Farmer, who unlocked it. The parson at once bolted out and ran out of the 
house, while the Miller said, “Ah! I saw the black fellow, that was all right.” Soon they went to sleep, but at daybreak the Farmer took his three hundred dollars and made himself scarce. 

The Farmer was now quite rich at home, and built himself a fine house, so that his fellows said, “The Little Farmer has certainly found the golden snow, of which he has brought away a basketful,” and 
they summoned him before the Mayor, that he might be made to say whence his riches came. The man replied, “I have sold my cow’s skin in the city for three hundred dollars.” And as soon as the others 
heard this, they desired also to make a similar profit. The farmers ran home, killed all their cows, and, taking the skins off, took them to the city to sell them for as good a price. The Mayor, however, said, 
“My maid must go first;” and when she arrived at the city she went to the merchant, but he gave her only three dollars for her skin. And when the rest came he would not give them so much, saying, “What 
shall I do with all these skins?” 

The farmers were much vexed at being outwitted by their poor neighbour, and, bent on revenge, they complained to the Mayor of his deceit. The innocent Little Farmer was condemned to death 

unanimously, and was to be rolled in a cask full of holes into the sea. He was led away, and a priest sent for who should say for him the mass for the dead. Every one else was obliged to remove to a 
distance, and when the farmer looked at the priest he recognised the parson who was with the Miller’s wife. So he said to him, “I have delivered you out of the cupboard, now deliver me from this cask.” 
Just at that moment the Shepherd passed by with a flock of sheep, and the Farmer, knowing that for a long time the man had desired to be mayor, cried out with all his might, “No, no! I will not do it, if all the 
world asked me I would not be it! No! I will not.” 

When the Shepherd heard this he came up and said, “What are you doing here? What will you not do?” 

The Farmer replied, “They will make me mayor if I keep in this cask; but, no, I will not be here!” 

“Oh,” said the Shepherd, “if nothing more is wanting to be mayor, I am willing to put myself in the cask.” 

“Yes, you will be mayor if you do that,” said the Farmer; and getting out of the cask the other got in, and the Farmer nailed the lid down again. Now he took the Shepherd’s flock and drove it away, while 
the parson went to the judge and told him he had said the prayers for the dead. Then they went and rolled the cask down to the water; and while it rolled the Shepherd called out, “Yes, I should like to be 
mayor!” They thought it was the Little Farmer who spoke; and saying, “Yes, we mean it; only you must first go below there;” and they sent the cask right into the sea. 

That done, the farmers returned home; and as they came into the village, so came also the Little Farmer driving a flock of sheep quietly and cheerfully. The sight astounded the others, and they asked, 
“Whence comest thou? dost thou come out of the water?” “Certainly” answered he, “I sank deeper and deeper till I got to the bottom, where I pushed up the head of the cask, and, getting out, there were 
beautiful meadows upon which many lambs were pasturing, and I brought this flock of them up with me.” 

“Are there any more?” inquired the farmers. “Oh, yes!” replied he, “more than you know what to do with.” 

Then the farmers agreed that they would go and each fetch up a flock for himself, but the Mayor said, “I must go first.” So they went together down to the water, and there happened to be a fine blue sky 
with plenty of fleecy clouds over it, which were mirrored in the water and looked like little lambs. The farmers called one to another, “Look there! we can see the sheep already on the ground below the 
water!” and the Mayor, pressing quite forward, said, “I will go first and look about me, and see if it is a good place, and then call you.” 

So saying, he jumped in plump, and, as he splashed the water about, the others thought he was calling, “Come along!” and so one after another the whole assemblage plunged in in a grand hurry. Thus 
was the whole village cleared out, and “the Little Farmer,” as their only heir, became a very rich man. 

Jorinde and Joringel 

Once upon a time, in a castle in the midst of a large thick wood, there lived an old Witch, all by herself. By day she changed herself into a cat or an owl; but in the evening she resumed her right form. She 
was able also to allure to her the wild animals and birds, whom she killed, cooked, and ate, for whoever ventured within a hundred steps of her castle was obliged to stand still, and could not stir from the 
spot until she allowed it; but if a pretty maiden came into the circle the Witch changed her into a bird, and then put her into a basket, which she carried into one of the rooms in the castle; and in this room 
were already many thousand such baskets of rare birds. 

Now, there was a young maiden called Jorinde, who was exceedingly pretty, and she was betrothed to a youth named Joringel, and, just at the time that the events which I am about to relate happened, 
they were passing the days together in a round pleasure. One day they went into the forest for a walk, and Joringel said, “Take care that you do not go too near the castle.” It was a beautiful evening; the 
sun shining between the stems of the trees, and brightening up the dark green leaves, and the turtle-doves cooing softly upon the may-bushes. Jorinde began to cry, and sat down in the sunshine with 
Joringel, who cried too, for they were quite frightened, and thought they should die, when they looked round and saw how far they had wandered, and that there was no house in sight. The sun was yet half 
above the hills and half below, and Joringel, looking through the brush wood, saw the old walls of the castle close by them, which frightened him terribly, so that he fell off his seat. Then Jorinde sang — 

“My little bird, with his ring so red, 

Sings sorrow, and sorrow, and woe, 

For he sings that the turtle-dove soon will be dead, 

Oh sorrow, and sorrow — jug, jug, jug.’— 

Joringel lifted up his head, and saw Jorinde was changed into a nightingale, which was singing “Jug, jug, jug,” and presently an owl flew round thrice, with his eyes glistening, and crying, “Tu wit, tu woo.” 
Joringel could not stir; there he stood like a stone, and could not weep, nor speak, nor move hand or foot. Meanwhile the sun set, and, the owl flying into a bush, out came an ugly old woman, thin and 
yellow, with great red eyes, and a crooked nose which reached down to her chin. She muttered, and seized the nightingale, and carried it away in her hand, while Joringel remained there incapable of 
moving or speaking. At last the Witch returned, and said with a hollow voice, “Greet you, Zachiel! if the moon shines on your side, release this one at once.” Then Joringel became free, and fell down on his 
knees before the Witch, and begged her to give him back Jorinde; but she refused, and said he should never again have her, and went away. He cried, and wept, and groaned after her, but all to no 
purpose; and at length he rose and went into a strange village, where for some time he tended sheep. He often went round about the enchanted castle, but never too near, and one night, after so walking, 
he dreamt that he found a blood-red flower, in the middle of which lay a fine pearl. This flower, he thought, he broke off, and, going therewith to the castle, all he touched with it was free from enchantment, 
and thus he regained his Jorinde. 

When he awoke the next morning he began his search over hill and valley to find such a flower, but nine days had passed away. At length, early one morning he discovered it, and in its middle was a 
large dewdrop, like a beautiful pearl. Then he carried the flower day and night, till he came to the castle, and although he ventured within the enchanted circle he was not stopped, but walked on quite to the 
door. Joringel was now in high spirits, and touching the door with his flower it flew open. He entered, and passed through the hall, listening, for the sound of the birds, which at last he heard. He found the 
room, and went in, and there was the enchantress feeding the birds in the seven thousand baskets. As soon as she saw Joringel she became frightfully enraged, and spat out poison and gall at him, but 
she dared not come too close. He would not turn back for her, but looked at the baskets of birds; but, alas! there were many hundreds of nightingales, and how was he to know his Jorinde? While he was 
examining them he perceived the old woman secretly taking away one of the baskets, and slipping out of the door. Joringel flew after her, and touched the basket with his flower, and also the old woman, 
so that she could no longer bewitch; and at once Jorinde stood before him, and fell upon his neck, as beautiful as she ever was. Afterwards he disenchanted all the other birds, and then returned home with 
his Jorinde, and for many years they lived together happily and contentedly. 

Fir - Apple 

Once on a time as a forester was going into the wood he heard a cry like that of a child, and walking in the direction of the sound he came to a fir-tree on which sat a little boy. A mother had gone to sleep 
under the tree with her child in her lap, and while she slept a golden eagle had seized it, and borne it away to the topmost bough in his beak. So the forester mounted and fetched the child down, and took 
it home to be brought up with his daughter Helen, and the two grew up together. The boy whom he had rescued he named Fir-apple, in remembrance of his adventure, and Helen and the boy loved each 
other so fondly, that they were quite unhappy whenever they were separated. This forester had also an old cook, who one evening took two pails and went to fetch water; but she did not go once only, but 
many times, to the spring. Little Helen, seeing her, asked, “Why do you carry in so much water, old Sarah?” 

“If you will promise not to tell any one, I will let you know,” replied the Cook. 

Little Helen promised not to tell, and the Cook said, “Early in the morning, when the forester is away to the chase, I shall heat the water, and when it boils I shall throw in Fir-apple and stew him!” 

The next day the forester arose with the sun and went out, while the children were still in bed. Then Helen said to Fir-apple, “Forsake me not, and so I will never leave you;” and he replied, “Now and for 
ever I will stay with you.” 

“Do you know,” continued Helen, “yesterday the old cook fetched ever so many pails of water, and I asked her why she did so, and she said to me, ‘If you do not say anything I will tell you;’ and, as I 
promised not to tell, she said, early this morning, when father has gone out, she should boil the copper full of water and stew you in it. But let us get up very quickly, and escape while there is time.” So 
saying, they both arose, and dressing themselves very hastily, ran away as quickly as they could. When the water had become boiling hot the old Cook went into the sleeping-room to fetch Fir-apple, but 
lo! as soon as she entered and stepped up to the beds, she perceived that both the children were off, and at the sight she grew very anxious, saying to herself, “What shall I say if the forester comes home 
and finds both the children gone? I must send after them and fetch them back.” 

Thus thinking, she sent after them three slaves, bidding them overtake the children as quickly as possible and bring them home. But the children saw the slaves running towards them, and little Helen 
said, “Forsake me not, and so I will never leave you.” 

“Nowand always I will keep by you,” replied Fir-apple. 

“Do you then become a rose-stock, and I will be the bud upon it,” said Helen. 

So, when the slaves came up, the children were nowhere to be found, and only a rose-tree with a single bud thereon to be seen, and the three agreed there was nothing to do, and went home and told 
the old cook they had seen nothing at all in the world but a rose-tree with a single flower upon it. At their tale the old Cook began to scold terribly, and said, “You stupid simpletons, you should have cut the 
rose-bush in two, and broken off the flower and brought it home to me; make haste now and do so.” For the second time they had to go out and search, and, the children seeing them at a distance, little 
Helen asked her companion the same question as the first time, and when he gave the same reply she said, “Do you then become a church and I will be the crown therein.” 

When now the three slaves approached, they found nothing but a church and a crown inside, so they said to one another, “What can we do here? let us go home.” As soon as they reached the house, 
the cook inquired what they had found, and when they had told their tale she was very angry, and told them they ought to have pulled down the church and brought the crown home with them. When she had 
finished scolding she set out herself, walking with the three slaves, after the children, who espied her coming from a distance. This time little Helen proposed that she should become a pond, and Fir-apple 
a duck, who should swim about on it, and so they changed into these immediately. When the old woman came up and saw the pond, she lay down by it and began to drink it up, but the duck swam very 
quickly towards her, and without her knowledge stuck his beak into her cap and drew her into the water, where, after vainly endeavouring to save herself, she sank to the bottom. 

After this the children returned home together and were very happy; and, if they are not dead, I suppose they are still alive and merry. 

Catherine and Frederick 

Once upon a time there were a youth named Frederick, and a girl called Catherine, who had married and lived together as a young couple. One day Fred said, “I am now going into the fields, dear 
Catherine, and by the time I return let there be something hot upon the table, for I shall be hungry, and something to drink too, for I shall be thirsty.” 

‘‘Very well, dear Fred,” said she, ‘‘go at once, and I will make all right for you.” 

As soon, then, as dinner time approached, she took down a sausage out of the chimney, and putting it in a frying-pan with batter set it over the fire. Soon the sausage began to frizzle and spit while 
Catherine stood by holding the handle of the pan and thinking; and among other things she thought that while the sausage was getting ready she might go into the cellar and draw some beer. So she took 
a can and went down into the cellar to draw the beer, and while it ran in she bethought herself that perhaps the dog might steal the sausage out of the pan, and so up the cellar stairs she ran, but too late, 
for the rogue had already got the meat in his mouth and was sneaking off. Catherine, however, pursued the dog for a long way over the fields, but the beast was quicker than she, and would not let the 
sausage go, but bolted off at a great rate. “Off is off!” said Catherine, and turned round, and, being very tired and hot, she went home slowly to cool herself. All this while the beer was running out of the 
cask, for Catherine had forgotten to turn the tap off, and so as soon as the can was full the liquor ran over the floor of the cellar until it was all out. Catherine saw the misfortune at the top of the steps. “My 
gracious!” she exclaimed, “what shall I do that Fred may not find this out?” She considered for some time till she remembered that a sack of fine malt yet remained from the last brewing, in one corner, 
which she would fetch down and strew about in the beer. “Yes,” said she, “it was spared at the right time to be useful to me now in my necessity;” and down she pulled the sack so hastily that she 
overturned the can of beer for Fred, and away it mixed with the rest on the floor. “It is all right,” said she, “where one is, the other should be;” and she strewed the malt over the whole cellar. When it was 
done she was quite overjoyed at her work, and said, “How clean and neat it does look, to be sure!” 

At noontime Fred returned. “Now, wife, what have you ready for me?” said he. “Ah, my dear Fred,” she replied, “I would have fried you a sausage, but while I drew the beer the dog stole it out of the pan, 
and while I hunted the dog the beer all ran out, and as I was about to dry up the beer with the malt I overturned your can; but be contented, the cellar is quite dry again now.” 

“Oh, Catherine, Catherine!” said Fred, “you should not have done so! to let the sausage be stolen! and the beer ran out! and over all to shoot our best sack of malt!!!” 

“Well, Fred,” said she, “I did not know that; you should have told me.” 

But the husband thought to himself, if one’s wife acts so, one must look after things oneself. Now he had collected a tolerable sum of silver dollars, which he changed into gold, and then he told his wife, 
“Do you see, these are yellow counters, which I will put in a pot and bury in the stable under the cow’s stall; but mind that you do not meddle with it, or you will come to some harm.” 

Catherine promised to mind what he said, but, as soon as Fred was gone, some hawkers came into the village with earthenware for sale, and amongst others they asked her if she would purchase 
anything. “Ah, good people,” said Catherine, “I have no money, and cannot buy anything, but if you can make use of yellow counters I will buy them.” 

“Yellow counters! ah! why not? let us look at them,” said they. 

“Go into the stable,” she replied, “and dig under the cow’s stall, and there you will find the yellow counters. I dare not go myself.” 

The rogues went at once, and soon dug up the shining gold, which they quickly pocketed, and then they ran off, leaving behind them their pots and dishes in the house. Catherine thought she might as 
well make use of the new pottery, and, since she had no need of anything in the kitchen, she set out each pot on the ground, and then put others on the top of the palings round the house for ornament. 
When Fred returned, and saw the fresh decorations, he asked Catherine what she had done. “I have bought them, Fred,” said she, “with the yellow counters which lay under the cow’s stall; but I did not dig 
them up myself; the pedlars did that.” 

“Ah, wife, what have you done?” replied Fred, “they were not yellow counters, but bright gold, which was all the property we possessed: you should not have done so.” 

“Well, dear Fred,” replied his wife, “you should have told me so before. I did not know that.” 

Catherine stood considering for a while, and presently she began, “Come, Fred, we will soon get the gold back again; let us pursue the thieves.” 

“Well, come along,” said Fred; “we will try at all events; but take butter and cheese with you, that we may have something to eat on our journey.” 

“Yes, Fred,” said she, and soon made herself ready; but, her husband being a good walker, she lagged behind. “Ah!” said she, “this is my luck, for when we turn back I shall be a good bit forward.” 
Presently she came to a hill, on both sides of which there were very deep ruts. “Oh, see!” said she, “how the poor earth is torn, flayed, and wounded: it will never be well again all its life!” And out of 
compassion she took out her butter, and greased the ruts over right and left, so that the wheels might run more easily through them, and, while she stooped in doing this, a cheese rolled out of her pocket 
down the mountain. Catherine said when she saw it, “I have already once made the journey up, and I am not coming down after you: another shall run and fetch you.” So saying, she took another cheese 
out of her pocket, and rolled it down; but, as it did not return, she thought, “Perhaps they are waiting for a companion, and don’t like to come alone,” and down she bowled a third cheese. Still all three 
stayed, and she said, “I cannot think what this means; perhaps it is that the third cheese has missed his way: I will send a fourth, that he may call him as he goes by.” But this one acted no better than the 
others, and Catherine became so anxious that she threw down a fifth and a sixth cheese also, and they were the last. For a long time after this she waited, expecting they would come, but when she found 
they did not she cried out, “You are nice fellows to send after a dead man! you stop a fine time! but do you think I shall wait for you? Oh, no! I shall go on; you can follow me; you have younger legs than I.” 

So saying; Catherine walked on and came up with Fred, who was waiting for her, because he needed something to eat. “Now,” said he, “give me quickly what you brought.” She handed him the dry 
bread. “Where are the butter and cheese?” cried her husband. “Oh, Fred, dear,” she replied, “with the butter I have smeared the ruts, and the cheeses will soon come, but one ran away, and I sent the 
others after it to call it back!” 

“It was silly of you to do so,” said Fred, “to grease the roads with butter, and to roll cheeses down the hill!” 

“If you had but told me so,” said Catherine, vexatiously. 

So they ate the dry bread together, and presently Fred said, “Catherine, did you make things fast at home before you came out?” 

“No, Fred,” said she, “you did not tell me.” 

“Then go back and lock up the house before we go further; bring something to eat with you, and I will stop here for you.” 

Back went Catherine, thinking, “Ah! Fred will like something else to eat. Butter and cheese will not please; I will bring with me a bag of dried apples and a mug of vinegar to drink.” When she had put 
these together she bolted the upper half of the door, but the under door she raised up and carried away on her shoulder, thinking that certainly the house was well protected if she took such good care of 
the door! Catherine walked along now very leisurely, for said she to herself, “Fred will have all the longer rest!” and as soon as she reached him she gave him the door, saying, “There, Fred, now you have 
the house door, you can take care of the house yourself.” 

“Oh! my goodness,” exclaimed the husband, “what a clever wife I have! she has bolted the top door, but brought away the bottom part, where any one can creep through! Now it is too late to go back to 
the house, but since you brought the door here you may carry it onwards.” 

“The door I will willingly carry,” replied Catherine, “but the apples and the vinegar will be too heavy, so I shall hang them on the door, and make that carry them!” 

Soon after they came into a wood and looked about for the thieves, but they could not find them, and when it became dark they climbed up into a tree to pass the night. But scarcely had they done this 
when up came the fellows who carry away what should not go with them, and find things before they are lost. They laid themselves down right under the tree upon which Fred and Catherine were, and, 
making a fire, prepared to share their booty. Then Fred slipped down on the other side, and collected stones, with which he climbed the tree again, to beat the thieves with. The stones, however, did them 
no harm, for the fellows called out, “Ah! it will soon be morning, for the wind is shaking down the chestnuts.” All this while Catherine still had the door upon her shoulder, and, as it pressed very heavily, she 
thought the dried apples were in fault, and said to Fred, “I must throw down these apples.” “No, Catherine,” said he, “not now, they might discover us.” “Ah, I must though, they are so heavy.” 

“Well, then, do it in the hangman’s name!” cried Fred. 

As they fell down the rogues said, “Ah! the birds are pulling off the leaves.” 

A little while after Catherine said again, “Oh! Fred, I must pour out the vinegar, it is so heavy.” 

“No, no!” said he, “it will discover us.” 

“Ah! but I must, Fred, it is very heavy,” said Catherine. 

“Well, then, do it in the hangman’s name!” cried Fred. 

So she poured out the vinegar, and as it dropped on them the thieves said, “Ah! the dew is beginning to fall.” 

Not many minutes after Catherine found the door was still quite as heavy, and said again to Fred, “Now I must throw down this door.” 

“No, Catherine,” said he, “that would certainly discover us.” 

“Ah! Fred, but I must; it presses me so terribly.” 

“No, Catherine dear! do hold it fast,” said Fred. 

“There — it is gone!” said she 

“Then let it go in the hangman’s name!” cried Fred, while it fell crashing through the branches. The rogues below thought the Evil One was descending the tree, and ran off, leaving every thing behind 
them. And early in the morning Fred and his wife descended, and found all their gold under the tree. 

As soon as they got home again, Fred said, “Now, Catherine, you must be very industrious and work hard.” 

“Yes, my dear husband,” said she; “I will go into the fields to cut corn.” When she was come into the field she said to herself, “Shall I eat before I cut, or sleep first before I cut?” She determined to eat, 
and soon became so sleepy over her meal, that when she began to cut she knew not what she was doing, and cut off half her clothes, gown, petticoat, and all. When after a long sleep Catherine awoke, 
she got up half stripped and said to herself, “Am I myself? or am I not? Ah! I am not myself.” By-and-by night came on, and Catherine ran into the village, and, knocking at her husband’s window, called, 

“What is the matter?” cried he. 

“I want to know if Catherine is in doors?” said she. 

“Yes, yes!” answered Fred, “she is certainly within, fast asleep.” 

“Then I am at home,” said she, and ran away. 

Standing outside Catherine found some thieves, wanting to steal, and going up to them she said, “I will help you.” 

At this the thieves were very glad, not doubting but that she knew where to light on what they sought. But Catherine, stepping in front of the houses, called out, “Good people, what have you that we can 
steal?” At this the thieves said, “You will do for us with a vengeance!” and they wished they had never come near her; but in order to rid themselves of her they said, “Just before the village, the parson has 
some roots lying in his field; go and fetch us some.” 

Catherine went as she was bid, and began to grub for them, and soon made herself very dirty with the earth. Presently a man came by and saw her, and stood still, for he thought it was the Evil One who 
was grovelling so among the roots. Away he ran into the village to the parson, and told him the Evil One was in his field, rooting up the turnips. “Ah! heavens!” said the parson, “I have a lame foot, and I 

cannot go out to exorcise him.” 

“Then I will carry you a pick-a-back,” said the man, and took him up. 

Just as they arrived in the field, Catherine got up and drew herself up to her full height. 

“Oh! it is the Evil One!” cried the parson, and both he and the man hurried away; and, behold! the parson ran faster with his lame legs, through fear and terror, than the countryman could with his sound 

The Two Brothers 

Once upon a time there were two brothers; the one rich and the other poor. The rich man was a Goldsmith and of an evil disposition; but the poor brother maintained himself by mending brooms, and 
withal was honest and pious. He had two children, — twins, as like one another as two drops of water, — who used often to go into their rich uncle’s house and receive a meal of the fragments which he left. 
One day it happened when the poor man had gone into the wood for twigs that he saw a bird which was of gold and more beautiful than he had ever before set eyes on. He picked up a stone and flung it at 
the bird, and luckily hit it, but so slightly that only a single feather dropped off. This feather he took to his brother, who looked at it and said, “It is of pure gold!” and gave him a good sum of money for it. The 
next day he climbed up a birch-tree to lop off a bough or two, when the same bird flew out of the branches, and as he looked round he found a nest which contained an egg, also of gold. This he took home 
as before to his brother, who said it was of pure gold, and gave him what it was worth, but said that he must have the bird itself. For the third time now the poor brother went into the forest, and saw the 
golden bird sitting again upon the tree, and taking up a stone he threw it at it, and, securing it, took it to his brother, who gave him for it a large pile of gold. With this the man thought he might return, and 
went home light-hearted. 

But the Goldsmith was crafty and bold, knowing very well what sort of a bird it was. He called his wife and said to her, “Roast this bird for me, and take care of what ever falls from it, for I have a mind to 
eat it by myself.” Now, the bird was not an ordinary one certainly, for it possessed this wonderful power, that whoever should eat its heart and liver would find henceforth every morning a gold piece under 
his pillow. The wife made the bird ready, and putting it on a spit set it down to roast. Now it happened that while it was at the fire, and the woman was gone out of the kitchen on some other necessary 
work, the two children of the poor Broom-mender ran in, and began to turn the spit round at the fire for amusement. Presently two little titbits fell down into the pan out of the bird, and one of the boys said, 
“Let us eat these two little pieces, I am so hungry, and nobody will find it out.” So they quickly despatched the two morsels, and presently the woman came back, and, seeing at once they had eaten 
something, asked them what it was. “Two little bits which fell down out of the bird,” was the reply. “They were the heart and liver!” exclaimed the woman, quite frightened, and, in order that her husband 
might not miss them and be in a passion, she quickly killed a little chicken, and, taking out its liver and heart, put it inside the golden bird. As soon as it was done enough she carried it to the Goldsmith, 
who devoured it quite alone, and left nothing at all on the plate. The next morning, however, when he looked under his pillow, expecting to find the gold pieces, there was not the smallest one possible to be 

The two children did not know what good luck had fallen upon them, and, when they got up the next morning, something fell ringing upon the ground, and as they picked it up they found it was two gold 
pieces. They took them to their father, who wondered very much, and considered what he should do with them, but as the next morning the same thing happened, and so on every day, he went to his 
brother and narrated to him the whole story. The Goldsmith perceived at once what had happened, that the children had eaten the heart and liver of his bird; and in order to revenge himself, and because 
he was so covetous and hard hearted, he persuaded the father that his children were in league with the devil, and warned him not to take the gold, but to turn them out of the house, for the Evil One had 
them in his power, and would make them do some mischief. Their father feared the Evil One, and, although it cost him a severe pang, he led his children out into the forest and left them there with a sad 

Now, the two children ran about the wood, seeking the road home, but could not find it, so that they only wandered farther away. At last they met a Huntsman, who asked them to whom they belonged. 
“We are the children of the poor Broom-mender,” they replied, and told him that their father could no longer keep them at home, because a gold piece lay under their pillows every morning. “Well,” replied 
the Huntsman, “that does not seem right, if you are honest, and not idle.” And the good man, having no children of his own, took home with him the twins, because they pleased him, and told them he would 
be their father and bring them up. With him they learnt all kinds of hunting, and the gold pieces, which each one found at his uprising, they laid aside against a rainy day. 

When now they became quite young men the Huntsman took them into the forest, and said, “To-day you must perform your shooting trial, that I may make you free-huntsmen like myself.” So they went 
with him, and waited a long time, but no wild beast approached, and the Huntsman, looking up, saw a flock of wild geese flying over in the form of a triangle. “Shoot one from each corner,” said he to the 
twins, and, when they had done this, another flock came flying over in the form of a figure of two, and from these they were also bid to shoot one at each corner. When they had likewise performed this 
deed successfully, their foster-father said, “I now make you free; for you are capital marksmen.” 

Thereupon the two brothers went together into the forest, laying plans and consulting with each other; and, when at evening time they sat down to their meal, they said to their foster-father, “We shall not 
touch the least morsel of food till you have granted our request.” 

He asked them what it was, and they replied, 

“We have now learned everything: let us go into the world, and see what we can do there, and let us set out at once.” 

“You have spoken like brave huntsmen,” cried the old man, overjoyed; “what you have asked is just what I wished; you can set out as soon as you like, for you will be prosperous.” 

Then they ate and drank together once more in great joy and hilarity. 

When the appointed day arrived, the old Huntsman gave to each youth a good rifle and a dog, and let them take from the gold pieces as many as they liked. Then he accompanied them a part of their 
way, and at leaving gave them a bare knife, saying, “If you should separate, stick this knife in a tree by the roadside, and then, if one returns to the same point, he can tell how his absent brother fares; for 
the side upon which there is a mark will, if he die, rust; but as long as he lives it will be as bright as ever.” 

The two brothers now journeyed on till they came to a forest so large, that they could not possibly get out of it in one day, so there they passed the night, and ate what they had in their hunters’ pockets. 
The second day they still walked on, but came to no opening, and, having nothing to eat, one said, “We must shoot something, or we shall die from hunger;” and he loaded his gun and looked around. Just 
then an old Hare came running up, at which he aimed, but it cried out, 

“Dear huntsman, pray now, let me live, 

And I will two young lev 1 rets give.” 

So saying, it ran back into the brush-wood and brought out two hares, but they played about so prettily and actively that the Hunters could not make up their mind to kill them. So they took them with them, 
and the two leverets followed in their footsteps. Presently a Fox came up with them, and, as they were about to shoot it, it cried out, 

“Dear hunters, pray now, let me live, 

And I will two young foxes give.” 

These it brought; and the brothers, instead of killing them, put them with the young hares, and all four followed. In a little while a Wolf came out of the brush-wood, whom the hunters also aimed at, but he 
cried out as the others, 

“Dear hunters, pray now, let me live, 

Two young ones, in return, I’ll give.” 

The Hunters placed the two wolves with the other animals, who still followed them; and soon they met a Bear, who also begged for his life, saying, 

“Dear hunters, pray now, let me live, 

Two young ones, in return, I’ll give.” 

These two Bears were added to the others; they made eight; and now who came last? A Lion, shaking his mane. The two brothers were not frightened, but aimed at him, and he cried, 

“Dear hunters, pray now, let me live, 

Two young ones, in return, I’ll give.” 

The Lion then fetched his two young cubs, and now the Huntsmen had two lions, two bears, two wolves, two foxes, and two hares following and waiting upon them. Meanwhile their hunger had received no 
satisfaction, and they said to the foxes. “Here, you slinks, get us something to eat, for you are both sly and crafty.” 

The Foxes replied, “Not far from here lies a village, where we can procure many fowls, and thither we will show you the way.” 

So they went into the village, and bought something to eat for themselves and their animals, and then went on further, for the Foxes were well acquainted with the country where the hen-roosts were, and 
so could direct the Huntsmen well. 

For some little way they walked on without finding any situations where they could live together, so they said to one another, “It cannot be otherwise — we must separate.” Then the two brothers divided 
the beasts, so that each one had a lion, a bear, a wolf, a fox, and a hare, and then they took leave of each other, promising to love one another till death; and the knife which their foster-father gave them 
they stuck in a tree, so that one side pointed to the east, and the other to the west. 

The younger brother came afterwards with his animals to a town which was completely hung with black crape. He went into an inn and inquired if he could lodge his beasts, and the landlord gave him a 
stable, and in the wall was a hole through which the hare crept and seized upon a cabbage; the fox fetched himself a hen, and when he had eaten it he stole the cock also; but the lion, the bear, and the 
wolf, being too big for the hole, could get nothing. The master, therefore, made the host fetch an ox for them, on which they regaled themselves merrily, and so, having seen after his beasts, he asked the 
landlord why the town was all hung in mourning. The Landlord replied it was because the next day the King’s only daughter was to die. “Is she then sick unto death?” inquired the Huntsman. 

“No,” replied the other, “she is well enough; but still she must die.” 

“How is that?” asked the Huntsman. 

“Out there before the town,” said the Landlord, “is a high mountain on which lives a Dragon, who must every year have a pure maiden, or he would lay waste all the country. Now, all the maidens have 
been given up, and there is but one left — the King’s daughter, who must also be given up, for there is no other escape, and to-morrow morning it is to happen.” 

The Huntsman asked, “Why is the Dragon not killed?” 

“Ah!” replied the Landlord, “many knights have tried, but every one has lost his life; and the King has promised his own daughter to him who conquers the Dragon, and after his death the inheritance of 
his kingdom.” 

The Huntsman said nothing further at that time, but the next morning, taking with him his beasts, he climbed the Dragon’s mountain. A little way up stood a chapel, and upon an altar therein were three 
cups, and by them was written, “Whoever drinks the contents of these cups will be the strongest man on earth, and may take the sword which lies buried beneath the threshold.” Without drinking, the 
Huntsman sought and found the sword in the ground, but he could not move it from its place; so he entered, and drank out the cups, and then easily pulled out the sword, and was so strong that he waved it 
about like a feather. 

When the hour arrived that the maiden should be delivered over to the Dragon, the King and his Marshal accompanied her with all the court. From a distance they perceived the Huntsman upon the 
mountain, and took him for the Dragon waiting for them, and so would not ascend; but at last, because the whole city must otherwise have been sacrificed, the Princess was forced to make the dreadful 
ascent. The King and his courtiers returned home full of grief, but the Marshal had to stop and watch it all from a distance. 

As the King’s daughter reached the top of the hill, she found there, not the Dragon, but the young Hunter, who comforted her, saying he would save her, and, leading her into the chapel, shut her up 
therein. In a short time the seven-headed Dragon came roaring up with a tremendous noise, and, as soon as he perceived the Hunter, he was amazed, and asked, “What do you do here on my mountain?” 
The Hunter replied that he came to fight him, and the Dragon said, breathing out fire as he spoke from his seven jaws, “Many a knight has already left his life behind him, and you I will soon kill as dead 
as they.” The fire from its throats set the grass in a blaze, and would have suffocated the Hunter with the smoke, had not his beasts come running up and stamped it out. Then the Dragon made a dart at 
the Hunter, but he swung his sword round so that it whistled in the air, and cut off three of the beast’s heads. The Dragon now became furious, and raised himself in the air, spitting out fire over his enemy, 

and trying to overthrow him; but the Hunter, springing on one side, raised his sword again, and cut off three more of his heads. The beast was half killed with this, and sank down, but tried once more to 
catch the hunter, but he beat him off, and, with his last strength, cut off his tail; and then, being unable to fight longer, he called his beasts, who came and tore the Dragon in pieces. 

As soon as the battle was over, he went to the chapel and unlocked the door, and found the Princess lying on the floor; for, from anguish and terror, she had fainted away while the contest was going on. 
The Hunter carried her out, and, when she came to herself and opened her eyes, he showed her the Dragon torn in pieces, and said she was now safe for ever. The sight made her quite happy, and she 
said, “Now you will be my husband, for my father has promised me to him who should kill the Dragon.” So saying, she took off her necklace of coral, and divided it among the beasts for a reward, the lion 
receiving the gold snap for his share. But her handkerchief, on which her name was marked, she presented to the Huntsman, who went and cut out the tongues of the Dragon’s seven mouths, and, 
wrapping them in the handkerchief, preserved it carefully. 

All this being done, the poor fellow felt so weary with the battle with the Dragon and the fire that he said to the Princess, “Since we are both so tired, let us sleep awhile.” She consented, and they lay 
down on the ground, and the Hunter bid the Lion watch that nobody surprised them. Soon they began to snore, and the Lion sat down near them to watch; but he was also weary with fighting, and said to 
the Bear, “Do you lie down near me, for I must sleep a bit; but wake me up if any one comes.” So the Bear did as he was bid; but soon getting tired, he asked the Wolf to watch for him. The Wolf 
consented, but before long he called the Fox, and said, “Do watch for me a little while, I want to have a nap, and you can wake me if any one comes.” The Fox lay down by his side, but soon felt so tired 
himself that he called the Hare, and asked it to take his place, and watch while he slept a little. The Hare came, and, lying down too, soon felt very sleepy; but he had no one to call in his place, so by 
degrees he dropped off himself, and began to snore. Here, then, were sleeping the Princess, the Huntsman, the Lion, the Bear, the Wolf, the Fox, and the Hare, and all were very sound asleep. 

Meanwhile the Marshal, who had been set to watch below, not seeing the Dragon fly away with the Princess, and all appearing very quiet, took heart and climbed up the mountain. There lay the Dragon, 
dead and torn in pieces on the ground, and not far off the King’s daughter and a huntsman with his beasts, all reposing in a deep sleep. Now, the Marshal was very wickedly disposed, and, taking his 
sword, he cut off the head of the Huntsman, and then taking the maiden under his arm, carried her down the mountain. At this she awoke, terrified, and the Marshal cried to her, “You are in my hands: you 
must say that it was I who have killed the Dragon.” 

“That I cannot,” she replied, “for a hunter and his animals did it.” 

Then he drew his sword, and threatened her with death if she did not obey, till at last she was forced to consent. Thereupon he brought her before the King, who went almost beside himself with joy at 
seeing again his dear daughter, whom he supposed had been torn in pieces by the monster. The Marshal told the King that he had killed the Dragon, and freed the Princess and the whole kingdom, and 
therefore he demanded her for a wife, as it had been promised. The King inquired of his daughter if it were true? “Ah yes,” she replied, “it must be so; but I make a condition, that the wedding shall not take 
place for a year and a day;” for she thought to herself that perhaps in that time she might hear some news of her dear Huntsman. 

But up the Dragon’s mountain the animals still laid asleep beside their dead master, when presently a great Bee came and settled on the Hare’s nose, but it lifted its paw and brushed it off. The Bee 
came a second time, but the Hare brushed it off again, and went to sleep. For the third time the Bee settled, and stung the Hare’s nose so that it woke quite up. As soon as it had risen and shaken itself, it 
awoke the Fox, and the Fox awoke the Wolf, the Wolf awoke the Bear, and the Bear awoke the Lion. As soon as the Lion got up and saw that the maiden was gone, and his dear master dead, he began 
to roar fearfully, and asked, “Who has done this? Bear, why did you not wake me?” The Bear asked the Wolf, “Why did you not wake me?” The Wolf asked the Fox, “Why did you not wake me?” and the 
Fox asked the Hare, “Why did you not wake me?” The poor Hare alone had nothing to answer, and the blame was attached to it; and the others would have fallen upon it, but he begged for his life, saying, 
“Do not kill me and I will restore our dear master to life. I know a hill where grows a root, and he who puts it in his mouth is healed immediately from all diseases or wounds; but this mountain lies two 
hundred hours’ journey from hence.” 

The Lion said, “In four and twenty hours you must go and return here, bringing the root with you.” 

The Hare immediately ran off, and in four and twenty hours returned with the root in his mouth. Now the Lion put the Huntsman’s head again to his body, while the Hare applied the root to the wound, and 
immediately the Huntsman began to revive, and his heart beat and life returned. The Huntsman now awoke, and was frightened to see the maiden no longer with him, and he thought to himself, “Perhaps 
she ran away while I slept, to get rid of me.” But, in his haste, the Lion had unluckily set his master’s head on the wrong way, but the Hunter did not find it out till midday, when he wanted to eat, being so 
occupied with thinking about the Princess. Then, when he wished to help himself, he discovered his head was turned to his back, and, unable to imagine the cause, he asked the animals what had 
happened to him in his sleep. The Lion told him that from weariness they had all gone to sleep, and, on awaking, they had found him dead, with his head cut off; that the Hare had fetched the life-root, but in 
his great haste he had turned his head the wrong way, but that he would make it all right again in no time. So saying, he cut off the Huntsman’s head and turned it round, while the Hare healed the wound 
with the root. 

After this the Hunter became very mopish, and went about from place to place, letting his animals dance to the people for show. It chanced, after a year’s time, that he came again into the same town 
where he had rescued the Princess from the Dragon; and this time it was hung all over with scarlet cloth. He asked the Landlord of the inn, “What means this? a year ago the city was hung with black 
crape, and to-day it is all in red?” The Landlord replied, “A year ago our King’s daughter was delivered to the Dragon, but our Marshal fought with it and slew it, and this day their marriage is to be 
celebrated; before the town was hung with crape in token of grief and lamentation, but to-day with scarlet cloth, to show our joy.” 

The next day, when the wedding was to take place, the Huntsman said to the Landlord, “Believe it or not, mine host, but to day I will eat bread at the same table with the King!” 

“Well,” said he, “I will wager you a hundred pieces that that doesn’t come true.” 

The Huntsman took the bet, and laid down his money and then, calling the Hare, he said, “Go, dear Jumper, and fetch me a bit of bread such as the King eats.” 

Now, the Hare was the smallest, and therefore could not entrust her business to anyone else, but was obliged to make herself ready to go. “Oh!” thought it, “if I jump along the streets alone, the butchers’ 
dogs will come out after me.” 

While it stood considering it happened as it thought for the dogs came behind and were about to seize it for a choice morsel, but it made a spring (had you but seen it!) and escaped into a sentry-box 
without the soldier knowing it. The dogs came and tried to hunt it out, but, the soldier, not understanding their sport, beat them off with a club so that they ran howling and barking away. As soon as the Hare 
saw the coast was clear, it ran up to the castle and into the room where the Princess was; and, getting under her stool, began to scratch her foot. The Princess said, “Will you be quiet?” thinking it was her 

dog. The the Hare scratched her foot a second time, and she said again, “Will you be quiet?” but the Hare would not leave off, and a third time scratched her foot; and now she peeped down and 
recognised the Hare by its necklace. She took it up in her arms, and carried it into her chamber, saying, “Dear Hare, what do you want?” The Hare replied, “My master who killed the Dragon is here, and 
sent me: I am come for a piece of bread such as the King eats.” 

At these words she became very glad, and bade her servant bring her a piece of bread such as the King was accustomed to have. When it was brought, the Hare said, “The Baker must carry it for me, 
or the butchers’ dogs will seize it.” So the Baker carried it to the door of the inn, where the Hare got up on its hind legs, and, taking the bread in its forepaws, carried it to his master. Then the Huntsman 
said, “See here, my host: the hundred gold pieces are mine.” 

The Landlord wondered very much, but the Huntsman said further, “Yes, I have got the King’s bread, and now I will have some of his meat.” To this the Landlord demurred, but would not bet again; and 
his guest, calling the Fox, said, “My dear Fox, go and fetch me some of the meat which the King is to eat to day.” 

The Fox was more cunning than the Hare, and went through the lanes and alleys, without seeing a dog, straight to the royal palace, and into the room of the Princess, under whose stool it crept. 
Presently it scratched her foot, and the Princess, looking down, recognised the Fox with her necklace, and, taking it into her room, she asked, “What do you want, dear Fox?” It replied, “My master who 
killed the Dragon is here, and sent me to beg a piece of the meat such as the King will eat to-day.” 

The Princess summoned the cook, and bade her prepare a dish of meat like the King’s; and, when it was ready, carry it for the Fox to the door of the inn. There the Fox took the dish himself; and, first 
driving the flies away with a whisk of his tail, carried it in to the Hunter. 

“See here, Master Landlord,” said he; “here are the bread and meat: now I will have the same vegetables as the King eats.” 

He called the Wolf, and said, “Dear Wolf, go and fetch me some vegetables the same as the King eats to-day.” 

The Wolf went straight to the castle like a person who feared nobody, and, when it came into the Princess’s chamber, it plucked at her clothes behind so that she looked round. The maiden knew the 

Wolf by its necklace, and took it with her into her room, and said, “Dear Wolf, what do you want?” 

The beast replied, “My master who killed the Dragon is here, and has sent me for some vegetables like those the King eats to day.” 

Then she bade the cook prepare a dish of vegetables the same as the King’s, and carry it to the inn door for the Wolf, who took it of her and bore it in to his master. The Hunter said, “See here, my host: 
now I have bread, meat, and vegetables the same as the King’s, but I will also have the same sweetmeats.” Then he called to the Bear, “Dear Bear, go and fetch me some sweetmeats like those the King 
has for his dinner to-day, for you like sweet things.” The Bear rolled along up to the castle, while every one got out of his way; but, when he came to the guard, he pointed his gun at him and would not let 
him pass into the royal apartments. The Bear, however, got up on his hind legs, and gave the guard right and left boxes on the ears with his paw, which knocked him down; and thereupon he went straight 
to the room of the Princess, and, getting behind her, growled slightly. She looked round, and perceived the Bear, whom she took into her own chamber, and asked him what he came for. “My master who 
slew the Dragon is here,” said he, “and has sent me for some sweetmeats such as the King eats.” The Princess let the sugar-baker be called, and bade him prepare sweetmeats like those the King had, 

and carry them for the Bear to the inn. There the Bear took charge of them; and, first licking off the sugar which had boiled over, he took them into his master. 

“See here, friend Landlord,” said the Huntsman; “now I have bread, meat, vegetables, and sweetmeats from the table of the King; but I mean also to drink his wine.” 

He called the Lion, and said, “Dear Lion, I should be glad to have a draught: go and fetch me some wine like that the King drinks.” 

The Lion strode through the town, where all the people made way for him, and soon came to the castle, where the watchmen attempted to stop him at the gates; but, just giving a little bit of a roar, they 
were so frightened that they all ran away. He walked on to the royal apartments, and knocked with his tail at the door; and, when the Princess opened it, she was at first frightened to see a Lion; but soon 
recognising him by the gold snap of her necklace which he wore, she took him into her room, and asked, “Dear Lion, what do you wish?” 

The Lion replied, “My master who killed the Dragon is here, and has sent me to fetch him wine like that the King drinks at his own table.” The Princess summoned the butler, and told him to give the Lion 
wine, such as the King drank. But the Lion said, “I will go down with you, and see that I have the right.” So he went with the butler; and, as they were come below, he was about to draw the ordinary wine 
such as was drunk by the King’s servants, but the Lion cried, “Hold! I will first taste the wine;” and, drawing for himself half a cupful, he drank it, and said, "No; that is not the real wine.” The butler looked at 
him askance, and went to draw from another mask which was made for the king’s marshal. Then the Lion cried, “Hold! first I must taste;” and, drawing half a flagon full, he drank it off, and said, “This is 
better; but still not the right wine.” At these words the butler put himself in a passion, and said, “What does such a stupid calf as you know about wine?” The Lion gave him a blow behind the ear, so that he 
fell down upon the ground; and, as soon as he came to himself, he led the Lion quite submissively into a peculiar little cellar where the King’s wine was kept, of which no one ever dared to taste. But the 
Lion, first drawing for himself half a cupful, tried the wine, and saying, “This must be the real stuff,” bade the butler fill six bottles with it. When this was done they mounted the steps again, and as the Lion 
came out of the cellar into the fresh air he reeled about, being a little elevated; so that the butler had to carry the wine-basket for him to the inn, where the Lion, taking it again in his mouth, carried it in to his 
master. The Hunter called the Landlord and said, “See here: now I have bread, meat, vegetables, sweetmeats, and wine, the very same as the King himself will eat to-day, and so I will make my dinner with 
my animals.” They sat down and ate and drank away, for he gave the Hare, the Fox, the Wolf, the Bear, and the Lion, their share of the good things, and was very happy, for he felt the King’s daughter still 
loved him. When he had finished his meal he said to the Landlord, “Now, as I have eaten and drunk the same things as the King, I will even go to the royal palace and marry the Princess.” 

The Landlord said, “How can that be, for she is already betrothed, and to-day the wedding is to be celebrated?” 

Then the Hunter drew out the handkerchief which the King’s daughter had given him on the Dragon’s mountain, and wherein the seven tongues of the Dragon’s seven heads were wrapped, and said, 
“This shall help me to it!” 

The Landlord looked at the handkerchief and said, “If I believe all that has been done, still I cannot believe that, and will wager my house and garden upon it.” 

Thereupon the Huntsman took out a purse with a thousand gold pieces in it, and said, “I will bet you that against your house and garden.” 

Meantime the King asked his daughter, “What do all these wild beasts mean who have come to you to-day, and passed and repassed in and out of my castle?” 

She replied, “I dare not tell you, but send and let the master of these beasts be fetched, and you will do well.” 

The King sent a servant to the inn to invite the strange man to come, and arrived just as the Hunter had concluded his wager with the Landlord. So he said, “See, mine host, the King even sends a 
servant to invite me to come, but I do not go yet.” And to the servant he said, “I beg that the King will send me royal clothes, and a carriage with six horses, and servants to wait on me.” 

When the King heard this answer, he said to his daughter, “What shall I do?” “Do as he desires, and you will do well,” she replied. So the King sent a suit of royal clothes, a carriage with six horses, and 
some servants to wait upon the man. As the Hunter saw them coming, he said to the Landlord, “See here, I am fetched just as I desired,” and, putting on the royal clothes, he took the handkerchief with him 
and drove to the King. When the King saw him coming he asked his daughter how he should receive him, and she said, “Go out to meet him, and you will do well.” So the King met him and led him into the 
palace, the animals following. The King showed him a seat near himself and his daughter, and the Marshal sat upon the other side as the bridegroom. Now, against the walls was the seven-headed 
Dragon placed, stuffed as if he were yet alive; and the King said, “The seven heads of the Dragon were cut off by our Marshal, to whom this day I give my daughter in marriage.” 

Then the Hunter rose up, and, opening the seven jaws of the Dragon, asked where were the seven tongues. This frightened the Marshal, and he turned pale as death, but at last, not knowing what else to 
say, he stammered out, “Dragons have no tongues!” 

The Hunter replied, “Liars should have none, but the Dragon’s tongues are the trophies of the Dragon-slayer;” and so saying he unwrapped the handkerchief, and there lay all seven, and he put one into 
each mouth of the monster, and they fitted exactly. Then he took the handkerchief upon which her name was marked and showed it to the maiden, and asked her to whom she had given it, and she replied, 
“To him who slew the Dragon.” Then he called his beasts, and taking from each the necklace, and from the Lion the golden snap, he put them together, and, showing them to the Princess too, asked her to 
whom they belonged. The Princess said, “The necklace and the snap were mine, and I shared it among the animals who helped to conquer the Dragon.” Then the Huntsman said, “When I was weary and 
rested after the fight, the Marshal came and cut off my head, and then took away the Princess, and gave out that it was he who had conquered the Dragon. Now that he has lied, I show these tongues, this 
necklace and this handkerchief for proofs.” And then he related how the beasts had cured him with a wonderful root, and that for a year he had wandered and at last had come hither again, where he had 
discovered the deceit of the Marshal through the innkeeper’s tale. Then the King asked his daughter, “Is it true that this man killed the Dragon?” 

“Yes,” she replied, “it is true, for I dared not disclose the treachery of the Marshal, because he threatened me with instant death. But now it is known without my mention, and for this reason have I 
delayed the wedding a year and a day.” 

After these words the King ordered twelve councillors to be summoned who should judge the Marshal, and they condemned him to be torn in pieces by four oxen. So the Marshal was executed, and the 
King gave his daughter to the Huntsman, and named him Stadtholder over all his kingdoms. The wedding was celebrated with great joy and the young King caused his father and foster-father to be 
brought to him, and loaded them with presents. He did not forget either the Landlord, but bade him welcome, and said to him, “See you here, my host: I have married the daughter of the King, and thy 
house and garden are mine.” The Landlord said that was according to right; but the young King said, “It shall be according to mercy;” and he gave him back not only his house and garden, but also 
presented him with the thousand gold pieces he had wagered. 

Now the young King and Queen were very happy, and lived together in contentment. He often went out hunting, because he delighted in it; and the faithful animals always accompanied him. 

In the neighbourhood there was a forest which it was said was haunted, and that if one entered it he did not easily get out again. The young King, however, took a great fancy to hunt in it, and he let the 
old King have no peace till he consented to let him. Away then he rode with a great company; and as he approached the forest, he saw a snow-white hind n going into it; so, telling his companions to wait 
his return, he rode off among the trees, and only his faithful beasts accompanied him. The courtiers waited and waited till evening, but he did not return; so they rode home, and told the young Queen that 
her husband had ridden into the forest after a white doe, and had not again come out. The news made her very anxious about him. He, however, had ridden farther and farther into the wood after the 
beautiful animal without catching it; and when he thought it was within range of his gun, with one spring it got away, till at last it disappeared altogether. Then he remarked for the first how deeply he had 
plunged into the thickets; and, taking his horn, he gave a blast, but there was no answer, for his people could not hear it. Presently night began to close in; and, perceiving that he could not get home that 
day, he dismounted, and, making a fire, prepared to pass the night. While he sat by the fire, with his beasts lying near all around him, he thought he heard a human voice, but, on looking round, he could 
see nobody. Soon after he heard again a groan, as if from a box; and, looking up, he saw an old Woman sitting upon the tree, who was groaning and crying, “Oh, oh, oh, how I do freeze!” He called out, 
“Come down and warm yourself if you freeze.” But she said, “No; your beasts will bite me.” He replied, “They will not harm you, my good old lady, if you like to come down.” But she was a Witch, and said, “I 
will throw you down a twig, which if you beat on their backs they will then do nothing to me.” He did as he was requested; and immediately they laid down quietly enough, for they were changed into stones. 
Now, when the old Woman was safe from the animals, she sprang down, and, touching the King too with a twig, converted him also into a stone. Thereupon she laughed to herself, and buried him and his 
beasts in a grave where already were many more stones. 

Meantime the young Queen was becoming more and more anxious and sad when her husband did not return; and just then it happened that the other brother, who had traveled towards the east when 
they separated, came into the territory. He had been seeking and had found no service to enter, and was, therefore, travelling through the country, and making his animals dance for a living. Once he 
thought he would go and look at the knife which they had stuck in the tree at their separation, in order to see how his brother fared. When he looked at it, lo! his brother’s side was half rusty and half bright! 
At this he was frightened, and thought his brother had fallen into some great misfortune; but he hoped yet to save him, for one half of the knife was bright. He therefore went with his beasts towards the 
west; and, as he came to the capital city, the watch went out to him, and asked if he should mention his arrival to his bride, for the young Queen had for two days been in great sorrow and distress at his 
absence, and feared he had been killed in the enchanted wood. The watchman thought certainly he was no one else than the young King, for he was so much like him, and had also the same wild beasts 
returning after him. The Huntsman perceived he was speaking of his brother, and thought it was all for the best that he should give himself out as his brother, for so, perhaps, he might more easily save 
him. So he let himself be conducted by the watchman into the castle, and was there received with great joy, for the young Queen took him for her husband also, and asked him where he had stopped so 
long. He told her he had lost his way in a wood, and could not find his way out earlier. 

For a couple of days he rested at home, but was always asking about the enchanted wood: and at last he said, “I must hunt there once more.” The King and the young Queen tried to dissuade him, but 
he was resolved, and went out with a great number of attendants. As soon as he got into the wood it happened to him as to his brother: he saw a white hind, and told his people to wait his return where 
they were, while he hunted the wild animal, and immediately rode off, his beasts following his footsteps. But he could not catch the hind any more than his brother; and he went so deep into the wood that 
he was forced to pass the night there. As soon as he had made a fire he heard some one groaning above him, and saying, “Oh, oh, oh, how I do freeze!” Then he looked up, and there sat the same old 
Witch in the tree, and he said to her, “If you freeze, old Woman, why don’t you come down and warm yourself?” She replied, “No, your beasts would bite me; but if you will beat them with a twig which I will 

throw down to you they can do me no harm.” When the Hunter heard this he doubted the old Woman, and said to her, “I do not beat my beasts; so come down, or I will fetch you.” But she called out, “What 
are you thinking of, you can do nothing to me!” He answered, “Come down, or I will shoot you.” The old Woman laughed, and said, “Shoot away! I am not afraid of your bullets!” 

He knelt down and shot, but she was bullet-proof; and, laughing till she yelled, called out, “You cannot catch me!” However, the Hunter knew a trick or two, and, tearing three silver buttons from his coat, 
he loaded his gun with them; and while he was ramming them down the old Witch threw herself from the tree with a loud shriek, for she was not proof against such shot. He placed his foot upon her neck, 
and said, “Old Witch, if you do not quickly tell me where my brother is, I will tie your hands together, and throw you into the fire.” 

She was in great anguish, begged for mercy, and said, “He lies with his beasts in a grave turned into stone.” Then he forced her to go with him, threatening her, and saying, “You old cat! now turn my 
brother and all the creatures which lie here into their proper forms, or I will throw you into the fire!” 

The old Witch took a twig, and changed the stone back to what it was, and immediately his brother and the beasts stood before the Huntsman, as well as many merchants, work-people, and shepherds, 
who, delighted with their freedom, returned home. But the twin brothers, when they saw each other again, kissed and embraced, and were very glad. They seized the old Witch, bound her, and laid her on 
the fire; and, when she was consumed, the forest itself disappeared, and all was clear and free from trees, so that one could see the royal palace, three miles off. 

Now the two brothers went together home; and on the way told each other their adventures. And, when the younger one said he was lord over the whole land in place of the King, the other one said, “All 
that I was well aware of; for when I went into the city I was taken for you. And all kingly honour was paid to me, the young Queen even mistaking me for her true husband, and making me sit at her table, and 
sleep in her room.” When the first one heard this he became very angry, and so jealous and passionate, that, drawing his sword, he cut off the head of his brother. But as soon as he had done so, and saw 
the red blood flowing from the dead body, he repented sorely, and said, “My brother has saved me, and I have killed him for so doing;” and he groaned pitifully. Just then the Hare came up, and offered to 
fetch the healing root, and then, running off, brought it just at the right time, so that the dead man was restored to life again, and not even the mark of his wound was to be seen. 

After this adventure they went on, and the younger brother said, “You see that we have both got on royal robes, and have both the same beasts following us; we will, therefore, enter the city at opposite 
gates, and arrive from the two quarters the same time, before the King.” 

So they separated; and at the same moment the watchman from each gate came to the King, and informed him that the young Prince with the beasts had returned from the hunt. The King said, “It is not 
possible, for your two gates are a mile asunder!” But in the mean time the two brothers had arrived in the castle-yard, and began to mount the stairs. When they entered the King said to his daughter, “Tell 
me which is your husband, for one appears to me the same as the other, and I cannot tell.” The Princess was in great trouble, and could not tell which was which; but at last she bethought herself of the 
necklace which she had given to the beasts, and she looked and found on one of the Lions her golden snap, and then she cried exultingly, “He to whom this Lion belongs is my rightful husband.” Then the 
young King laughed and said, “That is right;” and they sat down together at table, and ate, and drank, and were merry. At night when the young King went to bed his wife asked him why he had placed on 
the two previous nights a sword in the bed, for she thought it was to kill her. Then the young King knew how faithful his brother had been. 

How Six Traveled Through the World 

There was once a man who understood a variety of arts; he had served in the army, where he had behaved very bravely, but when the war came to an end he received his discharge, and three dollars’ 

salary for his services. “Wait a bit! this does not please me,” said he; “if I find the right people, I will make the King give me the treasures of the whole kingdom.” Thereupon, inflamed with anger, he went 

into a forest, where he found a man who had just uprooted six trees, as if they were straw, and he asked him whether he would be his servant, and travel with him. “Yes,” replied the man; “but I will first take 
home to my mother this bundle of firewood;” and, taking up one of the trees, he wound it round the other five, and, raising the bundle upon his shoulder, bore it away. Soon he returned, and said to his 
master, “We two shall travel well through the world!” They had not gone far before they came upon a hunter who was kneeling upon one knee, and preparing to take aim with his gun. The master asked him 
what he was going to shoot, and he replied, “Two miles from hence sits a fly upon the branch of an oak-tree, whose left eye I wish to shoot out.” 

“Oh, go with me!” said the man, “for if we three are together, we must pass easily through the world.” 

The huntsman consented, and went with him, and soon they arrived at seven windmills, whose sails were going round at a rattling pace, although right or left there was no wind and not a leaf stirring. At 
this sight the man said, “I wonder what drives these mills, for there is no breeze!” and they went on; but they had not proceeded more than two miles when they saw a man sitting upon a tree who held one 
nostril while he blew out of the other. “My good fellow,” said our hero, “what are you driving up there?” 

“Did you not see,” replied the man, “two miles from hence, seven windmills? it is those which I am blowing, that the sails may go round.” 

“Oh, then, come with me,” said our hero, “for, if four people like us travel together, we shall soon get through the world.” 

So the blower got up and accompanied him, and in a short while they met with another man standing upon one leg, with the other leg unbuckled and lying by his side. The leader of the others said, “You 
have done this, no doubt, to rest yourself?” “Yes,” replied the man, “I am a runner, and in order that I may not spring along too quickly I have unbuckled one of my legs, for when I wear both I go as fast as a 
bird can fly.” 

“Well, then, come with me,” said our hero; “five such fellows as we are will soon get through the world.” 

The five heroes went on together, and soon met a sixth man who had a hat which he wore quite over one ear. The captain of the others said to him, “Manners! manners! don’t hang your hat on one side 
like that; you look like a simpleton!” 

“I dare not do so,” replied the other; “for, if I set my hat straight, there will come so sharp a frost that the birds in the sky will freeze and fall dead upon the ground.” 

“Then come with me,” said our hero, “for it is odd if six fellows like us cannot travel quickly through the world.” 

These six new companions went into a city where the King had proclaimed that whoever should run a race with his daughter, and bear away the prize, should become her husband; but if he lost the race 
he should also lose his head. This was mentioned to our hero, who said that he would have his servant run for him; but the King told him that in that case he must agree that his servant’s life, as well as his 
own, should be sacrificed if the wager were lost. To this he agreed and swore, and then he bade his runner buckle on his other leg, and told him to be careful and to make sure of winning. The wager was, 
that whoever first brought back water from a distant spring should be victor. Accordingly the runner and the princess both received a cup, and they both began to run at the same moment. But the princess 
had not proceeded many steps before the runner was quite out of sight, and it seemed as if but a puff of wind had passed. In a short time he came to the spring, and, filling his cup, he turned back again, 
but had not gone very far, before, feeling tired, he set his cup down again, and laid down to take a nap. He made his pillow of a horse’s skull which lay upon the ground; thinking, from its being hard, that he 
would soon awake. Meantime the princess, who was a better runner than many of the men at court, had arrived at the spring, and was returning with her cup of water, when she perceived her opponent 
lying asleep. In great joy she exclaimed, “My enemy is given into my own hands!” and, emptying his cup, she ran on faster still. All would now have been lost, if, by good luck, the huntsman had not been 
standing on the castle, looking on with his sharp eyes. When he saw the princess was gaining the advantage, he loaded his gun and shot so cleverly that he carried away the horse’s skull under the 
runner’s head, without doing the man any injury. This awoke him, and, jumping up, he found his cup empty and the princess far in advance. However, he did not lose courage, but ran back again to the 
spring, and, filling his cup, returned home ten minutes earlier than his opponent. “See you,” said he, “now I have used my legs, the former was not worth calling running.” The King was disgusted, and his 
daughter not less, that a common soldier should carry off the prize, and they consulted together how they should get rid of him and his companions. At last the King said, “Do not distress yourself, my dear: 

I have found a way to prevent their return.” Then he called to the six travellers, and, saying to them, “You must now eat and drink and be merry,” he led them into a room with a floor of iron, doors of iron, and 
the windows guarded with iron bars. In the room was a table set out with choice delicacies, and the King invited them to enter and refresh themselves, and as soon as they were inside he locked and 
bolted all the doors. That done, he summoned the cook, and commanded him to keep a fire lighted beneath till the iron was red hot. The cook obeyed, and the six companions, sitting at table, soon began 
to feel warm, and at first thought it arose from eating; but, as it kept getting warmer and warmer, they rose to leave the room, and found the doors and windows all fast. Then they perceived that the King 
had some wicked design in hand, and wished to suffocate them. “But he shall not succeed!” cried the man with the hat; “I will summon such a frost as shall put to shame and crush this fire;” and, so saying, 
he put his hat on straight, and immediately such a frost fell that all the heat disappeared, and even the meats upon the dishes began to freeze. When two hours had passed, the King thought they would be 
stifled, and he caused the door to be opened, and went in himself to see after them. But, as soon as the door was opened, there stood all six fresh and lively, and requested to come out to warm 
themselves, for the cold in the room had been so intense that all the dishes were frozen! In a great passion the King went down to the Cook and scolded him, and asked why he had not obeyed his 
instructions. The Cook, however, pointing to the fire, said, “There is heat enough there, I should think!” and the King was obliged to own there was, and he saw clearly that he should not be able to get rid of 
his visitors in that way. 

The King now began to think afresh how he could free himself, and he caused the master to be summoned, and said, “Will you not take money, and give up your right to my daughter? If so, you shall 

have as much as you wish.” 

“Well, my lord King,” replied the man, “just give me as much as my servant can carry, and you are welcome to keep your daughter.” 

This answer pleased the King very much, and our hero said that he would come and fetch the sum in fourteen days. During that time he collected all the tailors in the kingdom, and made them sew him a 
sack, which took up all that time. As soon as it was ready, the Strong Man, who had uprooted the trees, took the sack upon his shoulder, and carried it to the King. At the sight of him the King said, “What a 
powerful fellow this must be, carrying this great sack upon his shoulders!” and, sorely frightened, he wondered how much gold he would slip in. The King first of all caused a ton of gold to be brought, which 
required sixteen ordinary men to lift; but the Strong Man, taking it up with one hand, shoved it into the sack, saying, “Why do you not bring more at a time? this scarcely covers the bottom of the sack.” Then 
by degrees the King caused all his treasures to be brought, which the Strong Man put in, and yet they did not half fill his sack. “Bring more, more!” said he; “these are only a couple of crumbs.” Then they 
were obliged to bring seven thousand waggons laden with gold, and all these the man pushed into his sack — gold, waggons, oxen, and all. Still it was not full, and the Strong Man offered to take whatever 
they brought, if they would but fill his sack. When everything that they could find was put in, the man said, “Well, I must make an end to this; and, besides, if one’s sack is not quite full, why, it can be tied up 
so much easier!” and so saying, he hoisted it upon his back, and went away, and his companions with him. 

When the King saw this one man bearing away all the riches of his kingdom, he got into a tremendous passion, and ordered his cavalry to pursue the six men, and at all risk to bring back the Strong 
Man with the sack. Two regiments accordingly pursued them quickly, and shouted out to them, “You are our prisoners! laydown the sack of gold, or you will be hewn to pieces!” 

“What is that you are saying?” asked the Blower; “you will make us prisoners? but first you shall have a dance in the air!” So saying, he held one nostril, and blew with the other the two regiments right 
away into the blue sky, so that one flew over the hills on the right side, and the other on the left. One sergeant begged for mercy: he had nine wounds, and was a brave fellow undeserving of such disgrace. 
So the Blower sent after him a gentle puff which brought him back without harming him, and then sent him back to the King with a message that, whatever number of knights he might yet send, all would be 
blown into the air like the first lot. When the King heard this message, he said, “Let the fellows go! they will meet with their deserts!” So the six companions took home all the wealth of that kingdom, and, 
sharing it with one another, lived contentedly all the rest of their days. 

The Queen Bee 

Once upon a time two King’s sons set out to see adventures, and fell into such a wild kind of life that they did not return home. So their youngest brother, Dummling, went forth to seek them; but when he 
found them they mocked him because of his simplicity. Nevertheless they journeyed on, all three together, till they came to an ant-hill, which the two eldest brothers would have overturned, to see how the 
little ants would run in their terror, carrying away their eggs; but Dummling said, “Let the little creatures be in peace; I will not suffer them to be overturned!” Then they went further, till they came to a lake, on 
which ducks were swimming in myriads. The two brothers wanted to catch a pair and roast them; but Dummling would not allow it, saying, “Let these fowls alone; I will not suffer them to be killed!” At last 
they came to a bee’s nest, in which was lain so much honey that it was running out at the mouth of the nest. The two brothers would have lain down under the tree and caught the bees as they passed, for 
the sake of their honey; but Dummling again held them back, saying, “Leave the creatures alone; I will not suffer them to be touched!” 

After this the three brothers came to a castle, where in the stable stood several stone horses, but no man was to be seen; and they went through all the rooms, until they came to a door quite at the end 
on which hung three locks, and in the middle of the door was a hole through which one could see into the room. Peeping through this hole, they saw a fierce-looking man sitting at the table. They called to 
him once, twice, but he heard not; but as they called the third time he got up, opened the door, and came out. Not a word did he speak, but led them to a well-supplied table, and, when they had eaten and 
drunk, he took each of them into a sleeping chamber. The next morning the man came to the eldest, and, beckoning him up, led him to a stone table on which were written three sentences. The first was 
that under the moss in the wood lay the pearls of the King’s daughter, a thousand in number, which must be sought for, and, if at sunset even one was wanting, he who had searched for them would be 
changed into stone. The eldest brother went off and searched the whole day, but only found a hundred, so that it happened to him as the table had said — he was changed into stone. The next day the 
second brother undertook the adventure, but he fared no better than the other, for he found but two hundred pearls, and he, therefore, was turned into stone. Then the turn came to Dummling, who searched 
the moss, but it was very difficult to find the pearls, and the work went on but slowly. Then he sat himself down on a stone, and wept, and while he did so the ant-king whose life he had formerly saved came 
up with five thousand companions, and before very long they searched for and found, and piled in a heap, the whole thousand pearls. But the second sentence was to fetch the key of the Princess’s 
sleeping chamber out of a lake which by chance, the brothers had passed. When Dummling came to the lake, the ducks whose lives he had before saved swam up to him, and, diving below the water, 
quickly brought up the key. The third sentence, however, was the most difficult of all: of the three daughters of the King to pick out the youngest and the prettiest. They were all asleep, and appeared all the 
same, without a single mark of difference, except that before they fell asleep they had eaten different sweetmeats — the eldest a piece of sugar, the second a little syrup, and the youngest a spoon full of 
honey. Presently in came the Queen Bee of all the bees, who had been saved by Dummling from the fire, and tried the mouths of all three. At last she settled on the mouth which had eaten the honey, and 
thus the King’s son soon knew which was the right Princess. Then the spell was broken; every one was delivered from the sleep, and those who had been changed into stone received their human form 
again. Now Dummling was married to the youngest and prettiest Princess, and became King at his father’s death; but his two brothers were obliged to be content with the two other sisters. 

The Three Feathers 

Once upon a time there was a King who had three sons, two of whom were bold and decided, but the third was a simpleton, and, having nothing to say for himself, was called Dummling. When the King 
became old and weak, and thought his end was approaching, he knew not which of his sons to appoint to succeed him. So he said to them, “Go out upon your travels, and whoever brings me back the 
finest carpet shall be king at my death.” Then, to prevent their quarrelling, he led them out before his castle, and, blowing three feathers into the air, said, “As they fly, so shall you go.” 

One feather flew towards the east, another towards the west, but the third went in a straight direction, and soon fell to the ground. So one brother went right, another left, laughing at poor Dummling, who 
had to remain where the third feather had fallen. 

Dummling sat himself down, and was sad at heart; but presently he remarked that near the feather was a trap door. He raised it, and, finding steps, descended below the ground. He came to another 
door, and knocking heard a voice singing — 

“Frog, with the crooked leg, 

Small and light green, 

See who ’tis that knocks, 

Be quick; let him in!” 

The door was opened, and, going in, he saw a large Frog and round her were squatted several smaller ones. The big one asked what he desired and he replied, “I seek the finest and most beautiful 
carpet.” The big Frog then called a young one, and said, “Bring me hither the great box.” So the young Frog fetched it; and the old one, opening it, took out and gave to Dummling a carpet more beautiful 
than anyone could make. Dummling thanked her for the gift and came up the steps again. 

His two brothers meanwhile, thinking their youngest brother so simple, believed that he would not bring home anything at all, and said to each other, “Let us take the best shawl we can from the back of 
some shepherd’s wife.” So they stole the first they met with, and carried it to the King. At the same time Dummling arrived, bringing his fine and beautiful carpet, and as soon as the King saw it he was 
astonished, and said, “By right, this kingdom belongs to the youngest of you.” 

But the two others let the King have no peace, saying, “It is impossible that Dummling should have the kingdom, for he lacks common understanding.” So the King then decreed that whoever brought him 
the most beautiful ring should be his heir; and, taking the three brothers out, he blew, as before, three feathers into the air, for them to follow. The two eldest went east and west, but Dummling’s feather flew 
again as far as the trap-door, and there settled down. He descended a second time to the fat old Frog, and told her he needed the most beautiful ring in the world. The Frog ordered her jewel-casket to be 
brought, and gave him out of it a ring which sparkled with diamonds, and was finer than any goldsmith in the world could have made. The two eldest brothers gave themselves no further trouble than the 
beating of a nail, which they carried to the King. But, as soon as Dummling displayed his gold ring, the father said, “The kingdom belongs to him.” The two eldest brothers, however, would not let the King 
be at peace until he appointed a third condition, which was, that whoever brought him the prettiest woman should have the kingdom. A third time he blew the feathers into the air, and they flew, as before, 
east and west, and one straight out. 

Now Dummling went again down to the fat Frog, and said, “I have to take home the most beautiful bride I can find.” “Ah,” said the Frog, “the most beautiful bride! that is not easy for every one, but you 
shall have her;” and, so saying, she gave him a hollow carrot, to which six little mice were harnessed. Dummling asked sadly what he was to do with them, and the Frog told him to place in the carriage one 
of her little handmaids. He took up one Frog at random out of the circle, and placed her in the carrot; but no sooner was she seated than she became a beautiful maiden, and the carrot and the six mice 
were changed into a fine carriage and horses. Dummling kissed the maiden, and drove awayfrom the place to the King’s palace. His brothers came afterwards, having given themselves no trouble to find 
a pretty girl, but taking the first peasants they met. When the King had seen them all, he said, “At my death the kingdom belongs to my youngest son.” 

But the two elder brothers again besieged the ears of the King with their cries, saying, “We cannot allow that Dummling should be king;” and they requested that there should be a trial for the superiority, 
to see whose wife could best jump through a ring which hung in the hall; for they thought to themselves, “These peasant girls will be strong enough, but that tender thing will kill herself in the attempt.” At last 
the King consented. The two peasant girls sprang easily through the ring, but they were so plump that they fell down and broke their arms and legs. Then the beautiful bride of Dummling sprang through as 
lightly and gracefully as a fawn, and all opposition was put an end to. So Dummling, after all, received the crown, and ruled a long time happily and wisely. 

The Golden Goose 

There was once a man who had three sons, the youngest of whom was named Dummling, and on that account was despised and slighted, and put back on every occasion. It happened that the eldest 
wished to go into the forest to hew wood, and before he went his mother gave him a fine large pancake and a bottle of wine to take with him. Just as he got into the forest, he met a grey old man, who bade 
him good-day, and said, “Give me a piece of your pancake and a sip of your wine, for I am very hungry and thirsty.” The prudent youth, however, would not, saying, “If I should give you my cake and wine, I 
shall have nothing left for myself; no, pack off!” and he left the man there and went onwards. He now began to hew down a tree, but he had not made many strokes before he missed his aim, and the axe 
cut into his arm so deeply that he was forced to go home and have it bound up. But this wound came from the little old man. 

Afterwards the second son went into the forest, and the mother gave him, as she had given the eldest, a pancake and a bottle of wine. The same little old man met him also, and requested a piece of his 
cake and a draught from his bottle. But he likewise refused, and said, “What I give to you I cannot have for myself; go, take yourself off!” and, so speaking, he left the old man there and went onwards. His 
reward, however, soon came, for when he had made two strokes at the tree he cut his own leg, so that he was obliged to return home. 

Then Dummling asked his father to let him go and hew wood; but his father said. “No; your brothers have harmed themselves in so doing, and so will you, for you do not understand anything about it.” But 
Dummling begged and prayed so long that his father at length said, “Well then, go, and you will become prudent through experience.” His mother gave him only a cake which had been baked in the ashes, 
and a bottle of sour beer. As he entered the forest, the same grey old man greeted him, and asked, “Give me a piece of your cake and a draught out of your bottle, for I am hungry and thirsty.” 

Dummling answered, “I have only a cake baked in the ashes and a bottle of sour beer, but, if they will suit you, let us sit down and eat.” 

They sat down, and as soon as Dummling took out his cake, lo! it was changed into a nice pancake, and the sour beer had become wine. They ate and drank, and when they had done the little man 
said, “Because you have a good heart, and have willingly shared what you had, I will make you lucky. There stands an old tree, cut it down, and you will find something at the roots.” Thereupon the little man 
took leave. 

Dummling went directly and cut down the tree, and, when it fell, there sat among the roots a goose which had feathers of pure gold. He took it up, and carried it with him to an inn where he intended to 
pass the night. The landlord had three daughters, who, as soon as they saw the goose, were very covetous of such a wonderful bird, even to have but one of its feathers. The eldest girl thought she would 
watch an opportunity to pluck out one, and just as Dummling was going out she caught hold of one of the wings, but her finger and thumb stuck there and she could not move. Soon after came the second, 
desiring also to pluck out a feather; but scarcely had she touched her sister when she was bound fast to her. At last the third came also, with like intention, and the others exclaimed, “Keep away, for 
heaven’s sake keep away!” But she did not see why she should, and thought, “The others are there, why should not I be too?” and, springing up to them, she touched her sister, and at once was made fast, 
so they had to pass the night with the goose. 

The next morning Dummling took the goose under his arm and went out, without troubling himself about the three girls, who were still hanging on, and who were obliged to keep on the run behind him, 
now to the left and now to the right, just as he thought proper. In the middle of a field the Parson met them, and when he saw the procession he cried out, “For shame, you good-for-nothing wenches, what 
are you running after that young man across the fields for? Come, pray leave off that sport!” So saying, he took the youngest by the hand and tried to pull her away, but as soon as he touched her he also 
stuck fast, and was forced to follow in the train. Soon after came the Clerk, and saw his master the Parson following in the footsteps of the three maidens. The sight astonished him much, and he called, 
“Holloa, master! where are you going so quickly? have you forgotten that there is a christening to-day?” and he ran up to him and caught him by the gown. The Clerk also could not release himself, and so 
there tramped the five, one behind another, till they met two countrymen returning with their hatchets in their hands. The Parson called out to them, and begged them to come and release him and the Clerk; 
but no sooner had they touched the Clerk than they stuck fast to him, and so now there were seven all in a line following behind Dummling and the golden goose. By-and-by he came into a city, where a 
King ruled who had a daughter so seriously inclined that no one could make her laugh; so he had made a law that whoever should cause her to laugh should have her to wife. 

Now, when Dummling heard this, he went with his goose and all his train before the Princess, and, as soon as she saw these seven poor creatures continually on the trot behind one another, she began 
to laugh so heartily as if she were never going to cease. Dummling thereupon demanded his bride; but his intended son-in-law did not please the King, who, after a variety of excuses, at last said he must 
bring him a man who could drink a cellarful of wine. Dummling bethought himself of the grey little man, who would, no doubt, be able to help him; and going into the forest, on the same spot where he had 
felled the tree, he saw a man sitting with a very melancholy countenance. Dummling asked him what he was taking to heart so sorely? and he answered, “I have such a great thirst and cannot quench it; for 
cold water I cannot bear, and a cask of wine I soon empty; for what good is such a drop as that to a hot stone?” 

“There I can help you,” said Dummling; “come with me, and you shall be satisfied.” 

He led him into the King’s cellar, and the man drank and drank away at the casks till his veins swelled; but before the day was out he had emptied all the wine-barrels. Dummling now demanded his 
bride again, but the King was vexed that such an ugly fellow, whom everyone called Dummling, should take away his daughter, and he made a new condition that he must first find a man who could eat a 
whole mountain of bread. Dummling did not consider long, but set off into the forest, where, on the same spot as before, there sat a man, who was strapping his body round with a leather strap, and all the 
while making a horrible face, and saying, “I have eaten a whole ovenful of rolls; but what use is that, when one has such a hunger as I? My stomach remains empty still, and I must strap myself to prevent my 
dying of hunger!” 

At these words Dummling was glad, and said, “Get up, and come with me, and you shall eat enough to satisfy you.” 

He led him to the royal palace, where the King had collected all the meal in his whole kingdom, and had caused a huge mountain of bread to be baked with it. The man out of the wood, standing before 
it, began to eat, and in the course of the day the whole mountain had vanished. 

Dummling then, for the third time, demanded his bride, but the King began again to make fresh excuses, and desired a ship which could travel both on land and water. 

“So soon as you return blessed with that,” said the King, “you shall have my daughter for your bride.” 

Dummling went, as before, straight into the forest, and there he found the little old grey man to whom he had given his cake. When Dummling had said what he wanted, the old man gave him the vessel 
which could travel both on land and water, with these words, “Since I have eaten and drunk with you, I give you the ship, and all this I do because you were good-natured.” 

As soon now as the King saw the ship he could not any longer keep back his daughter, and the wedding was celebrated, and, after the King’s death, Dummling inherited the kingdom, and lived for a 
long time contentedly with his bride. 



There was once a King whose wife had golden hair, and was altogether so beautiful that her equal was not to be found in the world. It happened that she fell ill, and when she felt she must soon die she 
called the King, and said, “If you marry again after my death, take no one who is not as beautiful as I have been, nor who has not golden hair like mine, and this you must promise me.” After the King had 
promised she closed her eyes, and soon died. 

For a long time the King would not be comforted, and thought not of taking a second wife, but his councillors said at last that he must marry again. Then messengers were sent far and wide to seek such 
a bride as should be as beautiful as the late Queen, but there was no one to be found in the whole world so beautiful, and with such golden hair. So the messengers returned home without accomplishing 

Now, the King had a daughter who was just as beautiful as her dead mother, and had also the same golden hair, and, as she grew up, the King saw how like she was to his lost wife. He fell passionately 
in love with her and told his councillors: “I am going to marry my daughter, for she is the living image of my dead wife, and I'll never find another like her.” The councillors were horrified. “A father cannot 
marry his daughter,” they said. “It is forbidden by God. No good can come of such a sin, and the whole kingdom will be dragged down to ruin with you.” The daughter was even more terrified when she 
heard of her father’s decision, but hoped yet to turn him from his intention. So she said to him, “Before I fulfil your wish I must first have three dresses: one as golden as the sun, another as silver as the 
moon, and a third as shining as the stars; further, I desire a cloak composed of thousands of skins and hides, and to which every beast in your kingdom must contribute a portion of his skin.” 

The Princess thought this would be impossible to do, and so she should reclaim her father from his intention. But the King would not give it up, and the cleverest maidens in his kingdom had to weave 
the three dresses, one as golden as the sun, a second as silver as the moon, and a third as shining as the stars, while his Huntsmen had to catch all the beasts in the whole kingdom, and from each take a 
piece of his skin wherewith a mantle of a thousand pieces was made. At length, when all was ready, the King let the mantle be fetched, and, spreading it before him, said, “To-morrow shall the wedding 

When the King’s daughter now saw that there was no hope left of turning her father from his resolve, she determined to flee away. In the night, while all slept, she got up and took three of her treasures, a 
golden ring, a gold spinning-wheel, and a gold reel; she put also in a nutshell the three dresses of the sun, moon, and stars, and, putting on the mantle of all skins, she dyed her hands and face black with 
soot. Then, commending herself to God, she set off and travelled the whole night till she came to a large wood, where, feeling very tired, she took refuge in a hollow tree, and went to sleep. The sun arose, 
and she still slept and slept on till it was again far into the morning. Then it happened that the King who owned this forest came to hunt in it. As soon as his dogs ran to the tree they snapped about it, 
barked, and growled, so that the King said to his Huntsmen, “See what wild animal it is that is concealed there.” The Hunters obeyed his orders, and, when they returned, they said, “In that hollow lies a 
wonderful creature whose like we have never before seen; its skin is composed of a thousand different colours, but it lies quite quiet and asleep.” The King said, “Try if you can catch it alive, and then bind 
it to the carriage, and we will take it with us.” 

As soon as the Hunters caught hold of the Maiden she awoke full of terror, and called out to them, “I am a poor child forsaken by both father and mother! pray pity me and take me with you!” They named 
her “Allerleirauh,”- because of her mantle, and took her home with them to serve in the kitchen, and rake out the ashes. They went to the royal palace, and there they showed her a little stable under the 
step where no daylight could enter, and told her she could live and sleep there. Afterwards she went into the kitchen, and there she had to carry water and wood to make the fire, to pluck the fowls, to peel 
the vegetables, to rake out the ashes, and to do all manner of dirty work. 

Here, for a length of time, Allerleirauh lived wretchedly; but it happened once that a feast was held in the palace, and she asked the Cook, “May I go and look on for a little while? I will place myself just 
outside the door.” The Cook said, “Yes, but in half an hour’s time you must return and rake out the ashes.” 

Allerleirauh took an oil-lamp, and, going to her stable, put off the gown of skins, and washed the soot from her face and hands so that her real beauty was displayed. Then she opened her nut, and took 
out the dress which shone as the sun, and as soon as she was ready she went up to the ball-room, where every one made way for her, supposing that she was certainly some Princess. The King himself 
soon came up to her, and, taking her hand, danced with her, thinking the while in his heart that he had never seen any one like her. As soon as the dance was finished she curtsied, and before the King 
could look round she had disappeared, and nobody knew whither. The Watchmen also at the gates were called and questioned, but they had not seen her. 

She had run back to her stable, and, having quickly taken off her dress, had again blackened her face and hands, and put on the dress of all skins, and became “Allerleirauh” once more. As soon as she 
went into the kitchen to do her work in sweeping up the ashes, the Cook said, "Let that be for once till the morning, and cook the King’s supper for me instead, while I go up stairs to have a peep; but mind 
you do not let one of your hairs fall in, or you will get nothing to eat for the future.” 

So saying, he went away, and Allerleirauh cooked the King’s supper, making some soup as good as she possibly could, and when it was ready she went into the stable, and fetched her gold ring, and 
laid it in the dish. When the dance was at an end, the King ordered his supper to be brought, which, when he had tasted, he thought he had never eaten anything so nice before. Just as he nearly finished it 
he saw a gold ring at the bottom, and, not being able to imagine how it came there, he commanded the Cook to be brought before him. The Cook was terrified when he heard this order, and said to 
Allerleirauh, “Are you certain you did not let a hair fall into the soup, for if it is so, you will catch a beating?” 

Then he came before the King, who asked who had cooked the supper, and he answered, “I did.” But the King said, “That is not true; for it is of a much better kind and much better cooked than usual.” 
Then the Cook said, “I must confess that not I, but Allerleirauh, cooked it.” So the King commanded that she should be brought up. 

When Allerleirauh came, the King asked, — 

“Who are you?” 

“I am a poor child, without father or mother,” replied she. 

“Why did you come to my palace?” then inquired the King. 

“I am good for nothing else but to have the boots thrown at my head,” said she. 

The King asked again, “Where did you get this ring, then, which was in the soup?” 

Allerleirauh said, “I know nothing of it.” And, as she would say no more, she was at last sent away. 

After a time there was another ball, and Allerleirauh asked the Cook’s permission to go again and look on, and he consented, and told her, “Return here in half an hour to cook the King again the same 
soup which he liked so much before.” 

Allerleirauh ran into the stable, and, washing herself quickly, took out of the shell the dress which was silver as the moon, and put it on. Then she went up to the ballroom and appeared like a princess, 
and the King, stepping up to her, was very glad to see her again; and, as the dancing was just begun, they joined it. But as soon as it was over, his partner disappeared so quickly, that the King did not 
notice where she went. She ran to her stable and changed her garments again, and then went into the kitchen to make the soup. While the Cook was upstairs, she fetched the golden spinning-wheel and 
put it in the tureen, so that the soup was served up with it. Afterwards it was brought before the King, who ate it, and found it taste as good as the former; and the Cook was called, who was obliged to 
confess again that Allerleirauh had made it. Allerleirauh was accordingly taken before the King, but she repeated what she had before said, that she was of no use but to have boots thrown at her, and that 
she knew nothing of the gold spinning-wheel. 

Not long afterwards a third feote was given by the King, at which everything went as before. The Cook said to Allerleirauh when she asked leave to go, “You are certainly a witch, and always put 
something in the soup which makes it taste better than mine. Still, since you beg so hard, you shall go at the usual time.” This time she put on the dress shining as the stars, and stepped with it into the ball- 
room. The King danced again with her, and thought he had never seen any maiden so beautiful, and while the dance went on he slipped the gold ring on to her finger without her perceiving it, and told the 
musicians to prolong the time. When at last it ended, he would have kept fast hold of her hand, but she tore herself away, and sprang so quickly in among the people that she disappeared from his sight. 
Allerleirauh ran as well as she could back to her stable; but she had stayed over and above the half hour, and she had not time to pull off her beautiful dress, but was obliged to throw over it her cloak of 
skins. She did not either quite finish the blacking of her skin, but left one finger white. Then she ran into the kitchen, cooked the soup for the King, and put in it the reel while the Cook stayed upstairs. 
Afterwards, when the King found the reel at the bottom of his soup, he summoned Allerleirauh, and perceived at once her white finger, and the ring which he had put on it during the dance. He took her by 
the hand, and held her fast, and when she tried to force herself from him and run away, her cloak of skins fell partly off, and the starry dress was displayed to view. The King then pulled the cloak wholly off, 
and down came her golden hair, and there she stood in all her beauty, and could no longer conceal herself. As soon, then, as the soot and ashes were washed off her face, she stood up and appeared 
more beautiful than any one could conceive possible on earth. But the King said to her, “You are my dear bride, and we will never separate from each other.” Thereupon was the wedding celebrated, and 
they lived happily to the end of their lives. 

The Three Luck-Children 

There was once upon a time a father who called his three sons to him, and gave the first a cock, the second a scythe, and the third a cat, and then addressed them thus: — “I am very old, and my end 
draweth nigh, but I wish to show my care for you before I die. Money I have not, and what I now give you appears of little worth; but do not think that, for if each of you use his gift carefully, and seek some 
country where such a thing is not known, your fortunes will be made.” 

Soon after the father died, and the eldest son set out on his travels with his cock, but wherever he came such a creature was already well known. In the towns he saw it from afar, sitting upon the church 
steeples, and turning itself round with the wind; and in the villages he heard more than one crow, and nobody troubled himself about another, so that it did not seem as if he would ever make his fortune by 
it! At last, however, it fell out that he arrived on an island where the people knew nothing about cocks, nor even howto divide their time. They knew certainly when it was evening and morning, but at night, if 
they did not sleep through it, they could not comprehend the time! “See,” said he to them, “what a proud creature it is, what a fine red crown it wears on its head, and it has spurs like a knight! Thrice during 
the night it will crow at certain hours, and the third time it calls you may know the sun will soon rise; but, if it crows by day, you may prepare then fora change of weather.” 

The good people were well pleased, and the whole night they lay awake and listened to the cock, which crowed loudly and clearly at two, four, and six o’clock. The next day they asked if the creature 
were not for sale, and how much he asked, and he replied, “As much gold as an ass can bear.” “A ridiculously small sum,” said they, “for such a marvellous creature!” and gave him readily what he asked. 

When he returned home with his money, his brothers were astonished, and the second said he would also go out and see what luck his scythe would bring him. But at first it did not seem likely that 
fortune would favour him, for all the countrymen he met carried equally good scythes upon their shoulders. At last, however, he also came to an island whose people were ignorant of the use of scythes, for 
when a field of corn was ripe, they planted great cannons and shot it down! In this way it was no uncommon thing that many of them shot quite over it; others hit the ears instead of the stalks, and shot them 
quite away, so that a great quantity was always ruined, and the most doleful lamentations ensued. But our hero, when he arrived, mowed way so silently and quickly that the people held their breath and 
noses with wonder, and willingly gave him what he desired, which was a horse laden with as much gold as it could carry. 

On his return the third brother set out with his cat to try his luck, and it happened to him exactly as it had done to the others: so long as he kept on the old roads he met with no place which did not already 
boast its cat; indeed so many were there that the new-born kittens were usually drowned. At last he voyaged to an island where, luckily for him, cats were unknown animals; and yet the mice were so 
numerous that they danced upon the tables and chairs, whether the master of the house were at home or not. These people complained continually of the plague, and the King himself knew not how to 
deliver them from it; for in every corner the mice were swarming, and destroyed what they could not carry away in their teeth. The cat however, on its arrival, commenced a grand hunt; and so soon cleared 
a couple of rooms of the troublesome visitors, that the people beg]ged the King to buy it for the use of his kingdom. The King gave willingly the price that was asked for the wonderful animal, and the third 
brother returned home with a still larger treasure, in the shape of a mule laden with gold. 

Meanwhile the cat was having capital sport in the royal palace with the mice, and bit so many that the dead were not to be numbered. At last she became very thirsty with the hot work, and stopped, and, 
raising its head, cried, “Miau, miau!” At the unusual sound, the King, together with all his courtiers, was much frightened, and in terror they ran out of the castle. There the King held a council what it were 
best to do, and at length it was resolved to send a herald to the cat, to demand that it should quit the castle, or force would be used to make it. “For,” said the councillors, “we would rather be plagued by 
the mice, to which we are accustomed, then surrender ourselves a prey to this beast.” A page was accordingly sent to the cat to ask whether it would quit the castle in peace; but the cat, whose thirst had 
all the while been increasing, replied nothing but “Miau, miau!” The page understood it to say, “No, no!” and brought the King word accordingly. The councillors agreed then that it should feel their power, 
and cannons were brought out and fired so that the castle was presently in flames. When the fire reached the room where the cat was, it sprang out of the window, but the besiegers ceased not until the 
whole was levelled with the ground. 

The Wolf and the Fox 

A wolf, once upon a time, caught a Fox. It happened one day that they were both going through the forest, and the Wolf said to his companion, “Get me some food, or I will eat you up." 

The Fox replied, “I know a farmyard where there are a couple of young lambs which, if you wish, we will fetch.” 

This proposal pleased the Wolf, so they went, and the Fox, stealing first one of the lambs, brought it to the Wolf, and then ran away. The Wolf devoured it quickly, but was not contented, and went to fetch 
the other lamb by himself, but he did it so awkwardly that he aroused the attention of the mother, who began to cry and bleat loudly, so that the peasants ran up. There they found the Wolf, and beat him so 
unmercifully that he ran, howling and limping, to the Fox and said, “You have led me to a nice place, for, when I went to fetch the other lamb, the peasants came and beat me terribly.” 

“Why are you such a glutton?” asked the Fox. 

The next day they went again into the fields, and the covetous Wolf said to the Fox, “Get me something to eat now, or I will devour you!” 

The Fox said that he knew a country house where the cook was going that evening to make some pancakes, and thither they went. When they arrived, the Fox sneaked and crept round the house, until 
he at last discovered where the dish was standing, out of which he drew six pancakes, and took them to the Wolf, saying, “There is something for you to eat!” and then ran away. The Wolf despatched 
these in a minute or two, and, wishing to taste some more, he went and seized the dish, but took it away so hurriedly that it broke in pieces. The noise of its fall brought out the woman, who, as soon as she 
saw the Wolf, called her people, who, hastening up, beat him with such a good will that he ran home to the Fox, howling, with two lame legs! “What a dirty place have you drawn me into now!” cried he; “the 
peasants have caught me, and dressed my skin finely!” 

“Why, then, are you such a glutton?” said the Fox. 

When they went out again the third day, the Wolf limping along with weariness, he said to the Fox, “Get me something to eat now, or I will devour you!” 

The Fox said he knew a man who had just killed a pig, and salted the meat down in a cask in his cellar, and that they could get at it. The Wolf replied that he would go with him on condition that he helped 
him if he could not escape. “Oh, of course I will, on mine own account!” said the Fox, and showed him the tricks and ways by which they could get into the cellar. When they went in there was meat in 
abundance, and the Wolf was enraptured at the sight. The Fox, too, had a taste, but kept looking round while eating, and ran frequently to the hole by which they had entered, to see if his body would slip 
through it easily. Presently the Wolf asked, “Why are you running about so, you Fox, and jumping in and out?” “I want to see if any one is coming,” replied the Fox, cunningly; “but mind you do not eat too 

The Wolf said he would not leave till the cask was quite empty; and meanwhile the peasant, who had heard the noise made by the Fox, entered the cellar. The Fox, as soon as he saw him, made a 
spring, and was through the hole in a jiffy; and the Wolf tried to follow his example, but he had eaten so much that his body was too big for the hole, and he stuck fast. Then came the peasant with a cudgel, 
and beat him to death; but the Fox leapt away into the forest, very glad to get rid of the old glutton. 

The Pink 

Once upon a time there lived a Queen who had been denied children hitherto, but every morning she went into the garden and prayed to God that he would grant her a son or a daughter. And once an 
Angel came down and said to her, “Be satisfied! you shall have a son gifted with this power: whatsoever he wishes for in this world shall be given unto him.” 

The Queen went directly to the King, and told him the joyful message; and when the time arrived she bore a son, and the King rejoiced exceedingly. 

Now, the Queen went every morning into the park with her child, and washed it at a clear spring which flowed there. One day she fell asleep with the child in her lap, and the old Cook, who knew that the 
child possessed wishing powers, took it from her; and, killing a fowl, sprinkled the blood upon the Queen’s apron and clothes. Then he carried the child away to a secret place, where a nurse took charge 
of it, and then ran to the King, and stated that the Queen had allowed her son to be torn from her by the wild beasts. The King, when he saw the blood upon her apron, believed the tale, and fell in such a 
rage that he caused a high tower to be built, into which neither sun nor moon shone, and therein he shut up his wife, to stay there for seven years without meat or drink, and so perish. But two white doves 
flew daily twice to her with food during the whole seven years. 

But the Cook thought to himself, “Since this child has the gift of wishing, it may bring me into misfortune if I stop here;” and so he left the castle and went to the child, who had already grown so much that 
he could speak. He told the child to wish for a noble house, with a garden, and all appurtenances; and scarcely were the words out of his mouth before all appeared. After a time had elapsed the Cook 
said to the boy, “It is not good for you to be so alone; therefore wish for a beautiful maiden to bear you company.” This also the boy did, and immediately there stood before him one more beautiful than any 
painter could depict. The two children played together, and grew to love each other much, while the old Cook went daily to hunt like any gentleman. By-and-by, however, the thought occurred to him that 
perhaps the young Prince might wish to be with his father, and so bring him into great trouble, and to prevent that he took the maiden aside one day, and said to her, “To-night, when the boy sleeps, stick 
this dagger into his heart, and cut out his tongue; and if you do not do it your own life shall be sacrificed.” 

So saying, he went out as usual, and when he returned the next day she had not done it, and excused herself by saying, “What! shall I take the life of an innocent youth who has never yet injured any 

“If you do not,” said the Cook, “your own life shall pay the forfeit!” 

Afterwards, when he was gone out, the maiden had a little calf fetched, and killed, and its heart and tongue taken out, which she laid upon a plate, and, when she saw the old Cook return, she told the 
youth to get into bed and draw the covering over him. 

Soon the old wretch came in, and asked, “Where is the heart and tongue of the boy?” The maiden reached him the plate, but the Prince threw off the covering and cried, “You old sinner! why would you 
have killed me? now I will pronounce your sentence. You shall become a black poodle-dog, and wear a golden chain about your neck, and swallow live coals, so that you shall breathe out fire.” 

As soon as he had spoken these words, the Cook took the form of a poodle-dog, and had a golden chain round his neck, and when he ate live coals a flame burst out of his mouth. The King’s son 
remained in the palace a short time, but soon remembered his mother, and wondered if she were yet alive. And at last he said to the maiden, “I must go home to my father, and if you will go with me I will 
take care of you.” 

“Alas!” she replied, “the way is too far, and what shall I do in a strange land where I am unknown?” 

But the young Prince would not depart without her, and when he found her inflexible he wished her into a beautiful pink and carried her away in that form. The dog had to run behind, and so they 
travelled to their native land. There he went to the tower where his mother dwelt, and as it was so lofty he wished for a ladder which reached to the top. Then he mounted, and, looking in, called, “Dearest 
mother, lady Queen, are you yet alive, or are you dead?” 

The Queen replied, “I have just eaten, and am satisfied;” for she thought it was the dove who spoke. 

But the prince said, “I am your dear son, whom the wild beasts were said to have stolen from your lap, but I am yet alive, and will soon rescue you.” 

So saying, he went down, and came to his father’s palace, and caused himself to be announced as a huntsman who desired to enter the King’s service. The King answered, that he might do so if he 
could procure any venison, but he himself had not been able to find any in any part of his territories. Then the huntsman promised to procure him as many deer as he could use for the royal table, and 
caused all the others to be summoned to accompany him. So they went out, and the young Prince bade them enclose a large circle, open at one end, in the middle of which he placed himself, and began 
to wish. Soon two hundred and odd head of game ran into the circle, at which the huntsmen began to shoot. All these were heaped upon sixty carts, and driven home to the king, who once more, after a 
long interval, was enabled to garnish his table with venison. 

The King therefore received the game with great satisfaction, and ordered that on the following day his whole court should dine with him at a great festival. When they were assembled, he said to the 
young huntsman, “Since you are so clever, you must sit next me;” but he replied, “May it please your majesty to excuse me, I am but a poor huntsman.” 

The King, however, was resolved, and said, “You must sit next me,” and as the Prince did so he thought of his dear mother, and wished that one of the King’s courtiers might inquire whether the Queen 
were yet alive, or had perished in the tower. Scarcely had he so wished when the marshal began to speak, saying, “May it please your majesty, here are we living in great happiness, but how fares our lady 
the Queen in the tower? is she still alive or dead?” 

But the King said, “She suffered my beloved son to be torn away by wild beasts, and I will hear nothing of her.” 

At these words the huntsman got up and said, “My dear and gracious father, she is still alive, and I am her son, for the wild beasts did not take me away, but that wretch the Cook took me out of her lap 

when she was asleep, and sprinkled the blood of a hen over her apron.” 

Thereupon he took up the dog with the golden necklace, and said, “This is the wretch!” and he ordered live coals to be brought, which he was forced to eat in the presence of all, so that the flames burst 
out of his mouth. Then he changed him back into his right form again, and there stood the Cook with his white apron on, and his knife by his side. As soon as the King recognised him he became terribly 
angry, and ordered him to be thrown into the deepest dungeon of the castle. Then the young Prince asked his father whether he would see the maiden who had treated him so tenderly, and had saved his 
life at the peril of her own, and the King replied, “Yes, most willingly.” “I will show you her first in the form of a flower,” said the Prince, and searching in his bosom he took out the pink, and placed it upon the 
royal table, and all confessed they had never seen so beautiful a flower. “Now I will show you the real maiden,” said the Prince, and, wishing again, she stood before all, and appeared more beautiful than 
any artist could have painted. 

After this the King sent two men of the household, and two attendants, up into the tower, to fetch the Queen and bring her to the royal table. But as soon as she was led in she ceased to eat, and 
murmured, “The all-gracious and all-merciful God who preserved me in the tower will soon release me!” For three days after this she lingered, and then she died happily; and, when she was buried, two 
white doves followed her, which were those which had brought her food in the tower, and after her burial they hovered above her grave in the form of two angels from heaven. 

But the old King grieved at heart for her for some time, and at length died, and the young King then married the beautiful maiden whom he had cherished in his bosom as a flower; but whether they yet 
live is not known to me. 

The Clever Grethel 

Once upon a time there was a Cook who wore shoes with red knots, and when she went out with them on she used to figure her feet about here and there, and then say to herself, quite complacently, “Ah, 
you are still a pretty girl!” And when she came home she drank a glass of wine for joy, and, as the wine made her wish to eat, she used to look out the best she had, and excuse herself by saying, “The 
Cook ought to know how her cooking tastes.” 

One day it happened that the master said to her, “Grethel, this evening a guest is coming, so cook me two fowls.” “I will do it directly, master,” replied Grethel. She soon killed the fowls, plucked, dressed, 
and spitted them, and, as evening came on, she put them down to the fire to roast. They soon began to brown and warm through, but still the guest was not come, and Grethel said to the master, “If your 
guest does not come soon I shall have to take the fowls from the fire, but it will be a great shame not to eat them soon, when they are just in the gravy.” 

The master agreed, therefore, to run out himself and bring home his guest; and, as soon as he had turned his back, Grethel laid aside the spit, with its two fowls, and thought to herself, “Ah, I have stood 
so long before the fire, I am quite hot and thirsty; who knows when he will come? Meanwhile I will run down into the cellar and have a draught.” 

Grethel ran down the stairs and filled a jug, and, saying “God bless you, Grethel!” took a good pull at the beer, and when that was done she had another draught. Then she went up again, and placed the 
fowls before the fire, and turned the spit round quite merrily, first spreading some butter over their skins. However, the roasting fowls smelt so well that Grethel thought she had better try how they tasted; 
and so she dipped her finger into the gravy, and said, “Ah, how good these fowls are! it is a sin and shame that they should not be eaten at once!” She ran to the window, therefore, to see if her master 
was yet coming with his guest, but there was nobody, and she turned again to the fowls. “Ah, one wing is burnt!” said she, “I had better eat that!” and, cutting it off, she ate it. But then she thought, “Master 
will see that something is wanting, I had better take the other!” When she had finished the two wings, she went again to see whether her master was coming, but without success. “Who knows,” said she, 
“whether they will come or not? and perhaps they are stopping where they are. Come, Grethel, be of good courage! the one is begun, have another drink, and then eat it up completely, for when it is all 
done you will be at rest, and besides, why should the good things be spoiled?” So thinking, Grethel ran once more into the cellar, took a capital drink, and then ate up one fowl with great pleasure. As soon 
as it was down, and the master still had not returned, Grethel looked at the other fowl, and said, “Where the one is, the other ought to be also; the two belong to one another; what is right for the one is right 
for the other; I believe if I take another draught it will not hurt me.” So saying, she took a hearty drink, and let the second fowl slip down after the other. 

Just as she was in the best of the eating, the master came running up, and called, “Make haste, Grethel! the guest is coming directly!” 

“Yes, master,” said she, “it will soon be ready.” 

The master went in to see if the table were properly laid, and, taking up the great knife wherewith he was to carve the fowls, he went to sharpen it upon the stones. Meantime came the guest, and 
knocked politely at the door. Grethel ran to see who it was; and, when she perceived the guest, she held her finger to her mouth to enjoin silence, and said, “Make haste quickly away! if my master 
discovers you here, you are lost! he certainly did invite you here to supper, but he has it in his mind to cut off your ears; just listen now how he is sharpening his knife!” 

The guest listened to the sound, and then hurried down the steps as fast as he could, while Grethel ran screaming to her master, and said to him, “You have invited a fine guest!” 

“Eh! what?” said he, “what do you mean?” 

“Why,” replied Grethel, “just as I was about to serve them up, your guest has taken the two fowls from off the dish, and bolted away with them!” 

“That is fine manners, certainly!” said the master, grieved for his fine fowls, “if he had but left me one at the least, that I might have had something to eat!” Then he called after his guest, who pretended 
not to hear him; and so he pursued him, knife in hand, calling out, “Only one! only one!” meaning that his guest should leave one fowl behind him; but the latter supposed that his host meant that he would 
only cut off one ear, and so he ran faster and faster, as if fire were at his heels, that he might reach home safe and sound. 

The Gold Children 

Once upon a time there was a poor Man and his Wife, who had nothing in the world but their hut, and they lived from hand to mouth by catching fish. But once it happened that the man, sitting by the water’s 
edge, threw in his net and drew out a golden Fish. And while he was looking at the fish with great wonderment, it exclaimed, “Do you hear, fisherman? throw me back into the water, and I will change your 
hut into a fine castle.” But the Fisherman replied, “What use is a castle to me if I have nothing to eat?” “That is taken care about,” rejoined the Fish, “for in the castle you will find a cupboard which, on 
opening, you will see full of dishes of the most delicate food, and as much as you like.” 

“Well, if that be so,” said the Man, “you shall soon have your wish.” 

“Yes,” said the Fish, “but there is one condition: that you disclose to nobody in the world, whoever he may be, from whence your luck comes, for if you speak a single word about it, all will be lost.” 

The Man threw the wonderful Fish back into the water and went home, and where formerly stood his hut was a large castle. The sight made him open his eyes, and, stepping in, he found his Wife 
dressed out in costly clothes, sitting in a magnificent room. She appeared very much pleased, and said, “Husband, how has all this happened? this is very nice!” 

“Yes,” replied her Husband, “it pleases me also; but now I am tremendously hungry, so give me something to eat.” 

His Wife said, “I have got nothing, and I am sure I do not know where to find any food in this new house!” 

“Oh! there is a great cupboard; open that,” said the Husband; and, as soon as she did so, behold! there were cakes, meat, fruit, and wine. At the sight of these the Wife laughed exultingly, and cried, 

“What else can you wish for now, my dear?” and she and he commenced eating and drinking at once. But, when they had had enough, the Wife asked, “Now, my husband, whence comes all this?” “Ah,” he 
replied, “do not ask me! I dare not tell you, for if I let out the secret to any one our fortune will fly.” “Well, if I may not know, I am sure I do not want,” replied she; but she was not in earnest, and let him have no 
peace night or day, teasing and tormenting him so long, till at last, in a fit of impatience, he let out that all their fortune came from a golden Fish which he had caught and set at liberty again. Scarcely were 
the words out of his mouth when all the fine castle, with its cupboard, disappeared, and they found themselves again in their old hut. 

Now was the Man obliged to take up with his old trade of fishing, and fortune so favoured him that he pulled out a second time the golden Fish. “Alas!” said the Fish, “let me go again, and I will give you 
back your castle, with the cupboard of meat and wine; only keep it secret and reveal not on any account from whence they spring, or again you will lose all.” 

“I will take care,” replied the Fisherman, and threw the Fish into the water. At home immediately everything was in its former splendour, and the wife rejoiced at her good fortune; but her curiosity could 
not rest, and after a couple of days she began to plague her husband again to tell her the source of their prosperity. For a long time the man held his tongue, but at length he got into such a passion that he 
broke out and told the secret. At the same moment the castle disappeared, and they found themselves in the old hut. “There, are you satisfied now?” said the Man to his Wife; “now we may feel the pangs 

of hunger again.” “Ah,” she replied, “I would rather not have wealth at all than not know whence it comes; for then I have no peace of mind.” 

The Man went fishing again, and in a few days he was lucky enough to pull up the golden Fish for the third time. “Well, well,” said the Fish, “I see I am fated to fall into your hands, so take me home, and 
cut me into six pieces; two of which you must give to your wife to eat, two to your horse, and two you must put in the ground, and then you will be blessed.” 

The Man took home the Fish, and did as it had said, and it happened that from the two pieces which he sowed in the ground two golden lilies grew up; from the eating of the two pieces by the mare, two 
golden foals were born; and from the wife’s eating of her share, she brought forth two golden children. 

The children grew up beautiful and fair, and with them the two lilies and the two foals; and one day the children said to their father, “We will mount our golden steeds and travel in the world.” 

But he replied sorrowfully, “How shall I manage, when you are out, to know how you are getting on?” 

“The two golden lilies,” said they, “will remain here, and by them you can see how we prosper; are theyfresh, so are we well; do they droop, so are we ill; do they die, so are we dead.” 

With these words they rode away, and soon came to an inn wherein were many people, who, when they saw the two golden children, laughed at them mockingly. One of them, when he heard the jeers, 
was ashamed, and would not go onward, but turned round and went home to his father; while the other rode on till he came to a large forest. Just as he was about to ride into it, the people said to him, “You 
had better not go there, for the forest is full of robbers, who will act badly to you, and certainly when they see you are golden, and your horse too, they will kill you.” 

But the youth would not be frightened, and said, “I must and will go.” 

Then he took bear-skins, and covered with them himself and his horse; so that nothing golden could be seen, and, this done, he rode confidently into the wood. When he had ridden a little way he heard 
a rustling among the bushes, and soon distinguished voices talking to one another. One said, “Here comes one!” but another said, “Let him alone; he’s only a bear-hunter, and as poor and cold as a 
church mouse. What should we do with him?” 

So the Gold Child rode without danger through the forest, and came to no harm. Next it happened that he came to a village, wherein he saw a maiden so beautiful that he thought there could be no one 
more so in the world. He conceived a great love for her, and went to her and asked her whether she would be his wife. The maiden was very much pleased, and consented, saying, “Yes, I will become your 
wife, and be faithful to you all your life.” Then they celebrated the wedding together, and just as they were in the middle of their festivities the father of the bride returned, and, when he saw that his daughter 
was married, he asked, in great astonishment, where the bridegroom was? They showed him the Golden Child, who still wore his bear-skins around him, and the father exclaimed, “Never shall a bear- 
hunter marry my daughter,” and he would have murdered him. The bride begged for his life, saying, “He is my husband, and I love him with all my heart,” and she begged so piteously that her father at last 
spared him. 

The father, however, was always thinking about this man, and one morning he rose early in order to look at his daughter’s husband, and see whether he were a common and ragged beggar or no. But 

when he looked, behold there was a magnificent Golden Man in the bed, while the thrown-off bear-skin laid upon the ground. So the father went away, thinking “What a good thing it was I restrained my 
passion, or I should have made a grand mistake.” 

The same night the Gold Child dreamt that he hunted a fine stag, and, when he awoke in the morning, he said to his bride, “I must be off to the hunt!” She was grieved, and begged him to stay, and said, 
“A great misfortune may easily happen to you;” but he answered, “I must and will go!” So he rode away into the forest, and soon met a proud stag, just as he had dreamed. He aimed at it, and would have 
shot, but the stag sprang off. Then he followed it over hedges and ditches without wearying the whole day, and at evening it disappeared from his sight. When now the Gold Child looked round, he stood 
before a little house, wherein dwelt a Witch. He knocked at the door, and a little old woman came, and asked, “What are you doing so late in the midst of this forest?” 

“Have you not seen a stag?” he inquired. 

“Yes,” she replied; “I know the stag well:” and just then a little dog which was in-doors barked loudly at the stranger. “Will you be quiet, you rascally dog?” he cried; “or I will shoot you dead.” At this the 
Witch exclaimed in a great passion, “What! will you kill my dog?” and bewitched him at once, so that he lay there like a stone. His poor wife meanwhile waited for him in vain, and soon she thought, “Ah! 
what I feared in the anguish of my heavy heart has fallen upon him.” 

But at home the other brother stood by the golden lily, and suddenly one of them fell off. “Ah, Heaven!” said he, “some great misfortune has happened to my brother. I must be off, and see if, haply, I can 
save him.” 

But the father said, “Stop here. If I lose you too, what will become of me?” 

“I must and will go,” said the youth. So he mounted his golden horse, and rode away till he came to the large forest where his brother lay in the form of a stone. Out of her house came the old Witch, 
called to him, and would have enchanted him too, but he went not near her, but said “I will shoot you down if you do not restore to me my brother.” 

She was frightened, but still she acted very unwillingly, and, touching the stone with her fingers, the Gold Child took again his human form. The two Gold Children were overjoyed when they saw one 
another again, and kissed and embraced, and rode together out of the forest. There they parted — the one returned to his bride, and the other to his father. When the latter arrived, his father said to him, “I 
knew that you had saved your brother, for the golden lily all at once revived, and now flourishes again.” 

After this time they lived contentedly and happily, and all went well with them till the end of their lives. 

The Water-Sprite 

A little Boy and his Sister were once playing upon the edge of a stream, and both fell in. Under the water was a Sprite, who took them, saying, “Now I have got you I will make you work for me.” She gave 
the Maiden dirty and tangled flax to spin, and water to drink out of a hollow jar, while the Boy had to hew down a tree with a blunt axe, and received nothing to eat but stony lumps of sand. This treatment 
made the children so impatient, that they waited till one Sunday when the Water-Sprite was gone to church, and then they ran away. When the Sprite came out of church, therefore, she saw that her birds 
were flown, and set out after them with great leaps. But the little Girl threw behind her a large brush, with thousands and thousands of bristles, over which the Sprite could glide only with great difficulty, but 
at last she did so. 

As soon as the children saw her again, the Boy threw behind him a large comb, with thousands and thousands of teeth; but over this the Sprite glided at last, as she knew how to save herself from the 

Then the little Girl threw behind a mirror, which seemed like a glass mountain, and was so very smooth that she could not possibly get over it. 

The Water-Sprite thought she would go home quickly, and fetch an axe, to cut in halves this glass rock; but when she returned the children had swam far enough away, and so the Sprite had to amuse 
herself as best she could. 

Brother Lustig 

Once there was a great war, which at last came to an end, and then many soldiers received their discharge, and amongst others was Brother Lustig, who was sent away with nothing else but a small loaf 
of ammunition-bread and four farthings in money. Now, a holy Saint dressed himself as a poor beggar, and sat by the roadside where Brother Lustig passed, and begged an alms of him. “My good 
beggar,” said the Soldier in reply, “what shall I give you? I have been in the army, and have just received my discharge with no other reward than a loaf of ammunition-bread and four farthings; and when 
those are done I also must beg; still, what I have, that will I share with you.” So saying, Brother Lustig divided the loaf into four parts, and gave one to the beggar, and also one farthing. The Saint thanked 
him, and, going further, sat himself down in the form of another beggar by the roadside. And when the Soldier came up he asked him as before for a gift. Brother Lustig replied just as he had to the first 
beggar, and gave again a fourth part of his bread and a farthing. The Saint thanked him, and, going still further, took the form of a third beggar, and asked for an alms; and Brother Lustig gave him the third 
share of his bread, and one of his two remaining farthings. The Saint thanked him, and left him to pursue his way in peace with his one portion of bread and single piece of money. With these he entered 
an inn, ate his bread, and with his farthing procured some beer When he had done his meal, he went on again, and presently the Saint, in the form of a discharged soldier like himself, came up to him and 
said, “Good day, comrade; can you not give me a bit of bread and a farthing to buy some beer?” “Where shall I get them?” said Lustig, “I have just received my discharge, and nothing with it but a loaf of 
ammunition-bread and four farthings; and those I have shared with three beggars whom I have met by the way. The last farthing I have spent for a draught of beer to wash down my own share of the loaf, 
and so lam empty in purse, and, if you have no more, we may as well go begging together.” 

“No,” replied the Saint, “that is not yet necessary, for I understand a little of the healing art, and with that I can earn as much as I require.” 

“Ah well!” replied Brother Lustig, “then I must go alone, since I am quite ignorant of that science.” 

“You can come with me,” said the Saint, “and of what I earn you shall have the half.” 

“That is all right,” replied Brother Lustig; and they walked on together. 

Soon they came to a farmhouse, and heard within a great crying and groaning. So they entered, and found the master lying on his bed, very ill, and nigh unto death, while his wife sat by weeping and 
howling. “Cease your tears and groans!” said the Saint to the woman, “I will make your husband well;” and he took out of his pocket an ointment, with which he anointed him, and in a minute the farmer 
stood up quite recovered. In their joy and satisfaction, the man and his wife asked the Saint, “How can we reward you, or what shall we give you?” The Saint, however, would take nothing, and the more 
they begged him the more earnestly he refused; but Brother Lustig nudged him, and said, “Do take something, we shall want it.” At last the countrywoman brought a lamb and asked the Saint to take it, but 
he still refused, till Lustig, nudging him again and saying, “Pray take it, we shall certainly want it,” he consented, saying to Brother Lustig, “I will take this lamb, but I cannot carry it; you must do that, since you 
wish for it.” “Oh, as to that matter,” said Lustig, “I will readily take it;” and he tied his legs to a stick and put it upon his shoulder. Now they went on till they came to a forest, where the lamb would soon have 

become a burden to Lustig, but he was hungry, and said to the Saint, “See, here is a beautiful place to cook and eat the lamb.” 

“Very well,” replied his companion; “but I cannot stay here while you cook; do you see to that. Here is a kettle; meanwhile I will walk about till it is ready; but mind you must not begin to eat until I return, 
which will be at the right time.” “You can go if you please,” said Lustig; “I understand cooking well, and all will soon be ready.” And so saying, he killed the lamb, made a fire, and threw the flesh into the pot 
to boil. The meat was soon done enough, but still the Saint did not return, and Brother Lustig at length took it out of the pot, and, cutting it up, found the heart. “This is the best part,” said he as he ate it, and 
just then the Saint returned, and said to him, “You can eat the whole lamb by yourself, but give me the heart.” Brother Lustig took up his knife and fork and pretended to search very eagerly among the flesh 
for the heart without success. “There is none,” said he at length. “No! where should it be, then?” asked the Saint. “That I do not know,” replied the other; “but what simpletons we both are to expect to find a 
lamb’s heart when it has none!” 

“Eh!” said the Apostle, “that is something new; every animal has a heart, and why should not a lamb have one?” “No, certainly, comrade,” said Lustig, “a lamb has no heart; just think for a minute, and you 
will readily allow it has not.” 

“Well, then,” rejoined the Saint, “since there is no heart I need none of the flesh; you may eat it all yourself.” 

“And what I cannot eat I shall put in my knapsack,” said the Soldier, and as he ate but half he disposed of the other as he said. 

This over, they travelled on further, and soon came to a stream which they were obliged to pass. “Go you first,” said the Saint to his companion; but he refused, thinking, if the other went before, he 

should know whether the water were deep or no. The holy Saint walked through, and the water was only up to his knees, and then Brother Lustig followed, but the water had become deeper and covered 
him up to the neck, so that he called, “Help me, comrade!" But the Saint said, “Will you confess that you ate the heart of the lamb?” 

“No,” he replied, “I have not eaten it;” and immediately the water rose still more, till it reached his mouth. “Help me, comrade!” cried the Soldier again; but the Saint asked a second time, “Will you 
confess that you ate the lamb’s heart?” “No, I have not eaten it,” said Lustig; but nevertheless the Saint would not drown him, but took him by the hand and pulled him out. 

Now they walked on again, and came to a country where they heard that the King’s daughter lay deadly sick. “Halloa! comrade,” said the Soldier to the Saint, “here is a windfall for us; if we can restore 
her to life, our fortune is made for ever.” But the holy Saint would not hurry, and Lustig said, “Pray make haste, comrade, and lift your legs quicker, or we shall not arrive in time.” Still the Saint went on 
slowly, slowly, although his companion tried to push him along, until they at last heard that the Princess was dead. “There,” said the Soldier, “this comes of your sleepy walking.” 

But the Saint said, “Be quiet! I can do more than make the sick well, for I can also restore the dead to life.” 

“Well, if that be so,” said Brother Lustig, “that will please; but you must ask the half of the kingdom for a reward.” Thereupon they went into the royal palace, where all were in great grief, and the Saint 
said to the King, “I will restore your daughter to life.” So he was led to her, and he asked for a kettle of water, and as soon as it was brought he caused every one to go out of the room, and only Brother 

Lustig to remain. Then he cut all the limbs of the dead Princess one from another, and threw them into the water; and, making a fire beneath the kettle; waited till nothing was left but the bones. Then he 
took out the white bones and laid them upon a table, and arranged them in their natural order, and when that was done he stepped in front of them and said, “In the name of the most Holy, stand up, oh 

At the third repeating of these words the Princess arose, in full enjoyment of health and vigour, and the King was so rejoiced that he said to the Saint, “Ask your recompense, and whatever it is I will give 
it you, even to the half of my kingdom.” 

But the Saint answered, “I desire nothing.” “Oh, you simple fellow!” thought the Soldier to himself, and taking his comrade aside he whispered to him, “Be not so foolish; if you desire nothing, still I have 
need;” but the holy Saint would ask nothing. The King, however, seeing that the other wished for some recompense, caused his knapsack to be filled with gold by the treasurer. 

After this they traveled on further, and as they entered a wood, Brother Lustig said to the Saint, “Let us now share the gold.” “Yes,” replied the Saint, “now is the time,” and he divided the gold into three 
portions. Brother Lustig thought, “Why, what crotchet has he got in his head now, to make three portions while we are only two?” 

The Saint said, “I have now divided it, one share for me, one for you, and one for him who ate the lamb’s heart.” 

“Oh! I ate that,” replied Brother Lustig quickly, and snatched at the gold; “you may believe me.” 

“But how can that be true?” asked the Saint, “lambs have no hearts!” 

“Eh, what!” replied the Soldier; “why, what are you thinking of? A lamb has a heart as well as any other animal; why should a lamb alone have no heart?” 

“Ah!” said the Saint, “now you may keep the gold yourself, I will travel no longer with such a man, but will go my own path.” 

“As you like, comrade,” replied the Soldier; “as you like; farewell!” 

So the holy Saint went another road, and Brother Lustig thought, “It is well that he is gone; he is certainly a wonderful man.” The Soldier had gold enough now; but what with visiting, giving presents, 
feasting, and such like, before many months had elapsed he was again quite poor. At that time he came into a country where he heard that the King’s daughter had just died. “Ah!” thought he, “here is a 
good thing! I will restore her to life again, and I will have such a sum counted out as the importance of my art warrants!” So he went to the King and offered to bring the dead to life. Now this King had heard 
that a discharged Soldier was travelling about who had raised the dead, and he supposed our Brother Lustig to be the man. Nevertheless, as he did not feel certain, he first asked the advice of his 
councillors, who decided that there was no harm in trying the man as the Princess was really dead. So Brother Lustig caused water to be brought to him in a kettle, and when every one had left the room, 
he cut the limbs asunder, and put them into the water and made a fire beneath, just as he had seen the Saint do. Then when the water boiled, and nothing was left but the bones, he took them out and laid 
them on a table, but he knew not in what order to put them, and so placed them the wrong way. This done, he rose up and said thrice, “In the name of the most Holy, arise, oh dead!” but the bones did not 
move. “You shining fellows, get up, or it will be the worse for you!” said he, and just as he spoke the Saint came, in his former disguise as a discharged Soldier, and said, “You impious man! what are you 
about? how can the dead rise when you have placed the limbs all wrong?” 

“Comrade, I did it as well as I could,” said he. “This time,” continued the holy Saint, “I will help you out of your trouble, but do not undertake anything of this sort again, or it will be your ruin. Likewise I warn 
you, you are not to take or desire the least things of the King for this service.” 

Thereupon the Saint laid the bones in their right order, and said thrice aloud, “In the name of the most Holy, arise, oh dead!” and immediately the Princess arose as well as ever, and as beautiful. Then 
the Saint disappeared through the window, and left Brother Lustig rejoicing at the miracle, but vexed that he must not take any reward for the deed. “I should like to know,” said he, “what whim now he has 
taken into his head, for what he gives with one hand he takes with the other, and there is no understanding him.” And so thinking, when the King asked him what he wished for he dared not take anything, 
but through artifice and cunning he managed to get his knapsack filled with gold. Then he took his leave with many thanks, and as he went out the door the Saint stood there, and said, “What sort of a man 
are you? I forbade you to take anything, and yet you have your knapsack filled with gold.” 

“How can I help it, if it is put in for me?” replied Brother Lustig. 

“Well, this I tell you,” continued the Saint, “if you undertake such things in future you will suffer.” 

“Oh! comrade, what care I? now I have money what do I want with bone-boiling?” said Brother Lustig. 

“Ah!” said the Saint, “the gold will last long, will it not? but, that you may not tread again in forbidden paths, I will give your knapsack this power — whatever you wish, that shall you see within it. Farewell! 
you will not now see me again.” 

“Heaven be praised!” exclaimed Brother Lustig, “I am glad that you are gone, you strange fellow; I certainly will not follow you.” But of the wonderful power of his knapsack he did not then think. 

On again he traveled and traveled, spending and wasting his money as at first, till at length he had but four farthings left, with which sum he arrived at an inn on his road. “The money must go,” thought he, 
and he laid it out in three farthings’ worth of wine and one of bread. As he sat eating, the smell of roast goose tickled his nose, and he got up and peeped about, and presently discovered that the Landlord 
had put two geese into the oven to bake. Just then it occurred to him to try the wonderful power of his knapsack, and he went out at the door, and wished that the two roast geese were safe within it. As 
soon as he had said the words he unbuckled and looked in, and there they both lay snug enough! “Ah! all’s right,” said he, “I am a made man;” and he turned into a meadow and pulled out his prize. Just as 
he was in the best of his eating, two working men came by and looked at the goose which was yet untouched with hungry eyes. 

Brother Lustig, thinking when he saw them that he had quite enough with one, called up the two fellows and said, “There, take this goose, and eat it to my health and happiness.” They thanked him, and 
went on to the inn and ordered some wine and bread, and then, pulling out their present, began to eat. The Landlady looked at them, and then at her husband, and said to him, “They are eating a goose; 
just see if it is not one of ours out of the oven.” 

The Landlord ran to look, and behold there was the oven empty, and, coming back, he cried out, “You thieving rascals, would you eat goose so cheaply? Pay me for it quickly, or I will beat you with the 
thickest stick I can find!” 

But the two cried together, “We are not thieves! A discharged soldier out there on the meadow gave us this goose!” “Tell me no lies,” said the Landlord; “the soldier has been here certainly, but he has 
gone out at the door like an honest man; I have no suspicion of him, you are thieves, and must pay the reckoning.” But as they would not pay he took a stick and flogged them out of the house. Meanwhile 
Brother Lustig walked on till he came to a village, on one side of which stood a noble castle, and on the other a mean little inn, into which he went, and asked for a night’s lodging, but the Host refused, 
saying, “There is no room; my house is full of excellent guests.” “It is a wonder to me, then,” replied the Soldier, “that they come to you instead of going into that fine castle.” 

“Ah! that would be worth while surely,” said the Landlord. “Why, no one who has tried to sleep there one night has ever yet come out alive.” 

“I will try it, then, as others have,” replied Brother Lustig. 

“You had better not,” said the Landlord; “you will lose your life.” 

“We shall see, we shall see!” rejoined the Soldier. “Give me the key and something substantial to eat and drink.” 

The Landlord, therefore, gave him the key, and some meat and beer, and Brother Lustig took them into the castle and ate a hearty meal, after which, feeling sleepy, he laid down upon the ground, for 

there was no bed. He soon went to sleep, but in the middle of the night he was awakened by a great screeching, and when he aroused himself he saw nine ugly evil spirits, who had joined hands in a 
circle, and were dancing round him. When Brother Lustig saw them he said, “Dance as long as you like, but don’t come too near!” But the spirits did not pay any attention to him, and kept approaching 
nearer and nearer till they almost kicked their feet in his face. “Be quiet, you wretched spirits!” said the Soldier again; but still they came nearer and nearer, so that he grew quite angry and called out, 
“Then I will make you be still!” and, taking up the leg of a chair, he made an attack upon them. The evil spirits, however, were rather too many against one Soldier, and, even if he knocked one down, 
another instantly flew at his hair and tore it out unmercifully. “You pack of evils!” cried he, “this is too much for me; but wait. All nine into my knapsack!” No sooner had he said the words than in they tumbled, 
and, buckling up the knapsack instantly, he threw it into a corner. Then everything was quiet at once, and Brother Lustig laid himself down and slept till broad daylight. At that time the landlord and the 
nobleman to whom the castle belonged entered it, to see how he had passed the night, and as soon as they saw him alive and well they were astonished, and inquired, “What! have the spirits done 
nothing to you?” 

“No; and for a good reason,” replied Brother Lustig. “I have them all nine in my knapsack. You may live in your castle again in quiet: henceforth nothing of this sort will happen.” 

The nobleman thanked him, and rewarded him liberally, and begged him to remain in his service, and he would take care of him all his lifetime. But the Soldier refused, saying he was used to wandering 
about, and wished to proceed further. So Brother Lustig travelled on, and, coming to a smithy, he laid the knapsack wherein were the nine evil spirits upon the anvil, and bade the smith and his 
companions beat it, and they beat it with their heavy hammers with all their strength, so that the evil spirits received an unmerciful crushing, and when he opened the knapsack eight were dead; but one 
who had crept into a corner was still living, and slipped out, and ran away to the place he came from. 

After this Brother Lustig travelled about still more, the whole world through, and whoever knows them might tell many tales of his wanderings. At length he began to grow old, and be thought himself of his 
end; so he went to a pilgrim who was known as a very pious man, and said to him, “I am weary of wandering, and wish now to tread in a holy path.” 

The Pilgrim said to him, “There are two roads, the one broad and smooth, and leading to the abode of evil spirits, the other narrow and rugged, which leads to the abode of angels.” “I should be a 
simpleton,” thought Brother Lustig within himself, “if I should walk in the narrow and rugged road;” and, getting up, he chose the broad and smooth path, along which he travelled till he came to a large black 
gate, which was the entrance to the abode of evil. At this he knocked, and the door-porter peeped out to see who it was, and as soon as he saw Brother Lustig he was frightened, for he was the same 
ninth evil spirit who had been shut up in the knapsack, and had escaped with a black eye. He pushed the bolt in quicker than before, and ran to the chief evil spirit and said, “There is a fellow outside with a 
knapsack who wants to enter; but let him not get his body inside or he will wish the whole place in his knapsack, as he once did to me.” 

So Brother Lustig was told that he must go away again, for he could not enter, and he resolved, therefore, to try if he could find a welcome in the abode of angels, for somewhere he must go. So he 
turned and traveled on till he came to the door, at which he knocked, and there sat by the door at watch the same Saint who had travelled with him. Brother Lustig recognised him at once, and thought, 
“Since I find an old friend here, it will be more lucky for me.” 

But the holy Saint said, “I suppose you wish to enter this abode?” 

“Yes; let me in, comrade,” said he. 

“No,” said the Saint, “you cannot enter.” 

“No!” reiterated the old Soldier, “no! well then since you will not let me in, take back your knapsack, for I will have nothing of yours.” 

“Give it me here,” said the Saint; and he reached it through the bars of the gate, and the Saint hung it up near his seat. Then Brother Lustig said, “Now I wish myself inside the knapsack,” and in a 
moment he was there, and so outwitted the Saint, who was thus compelled to let him enter the abode of the angels. 

Hans in Luck 

Hans had served his master seven years, and at the end of that time he said to him, “Master, since my time is up, I should like to go home to my mother; so give me my wages, if you please.” 

His Master replied, “You have served me truly and honestly, Hans, and such as your service was, such shall be your reward;” and with these words he gave him a lump of gold as big as his head. Hans 
thereupon took his handkerchief out of his pocket, and, wrapping the gold up in it, threw it over his shoulder and set out on the road towards his native village. As he went along, carefully setting one foot to 
the ground before the other, a horseman came in sight, trotting gaily and briskly along upon a capital animal. “Ah,” said Hans, aloud, “what a fine thing that riding is! one is seated, as it were, upon a stool, 
kicks against no stones, spares one’s shoes, and gets along without any trouble!” 

The Rider, overhearing Hans making these reflections, stopped and said, “Why, then, do you travel on foot, my fine fellow?” 

“Because I am forced,” replied Hans, “for I have got a bit of a lump to carry home; it certainly is gold, but then I can’t carry my head straight, and it hurts my shoulder.” 

“If you like we will exchange,” said the Rider; “I will give you my horse, and you can give me your lump of gold.” 

“With all my heart,” cried Hans; “but I tell you fairly you undertake a very heavy burden.” 

The man dismounted, took the gold, and helped Hans on to the horse, and, giving him the reins into his hands, said, “Now, when you want to go faster, you must chuckle with your tongue and cry, ‘Gee 
up! gee up!’ ” 

Hans was delighted indeed when he found himself on the top of a horse, and riding along so freely and gaily. After a while he thought he should like to go rather quicker, and so he cried, “Gee up! gee 
up!” as the man had told him. The horse soon set off at a hard trot, and, before Hans knew what he was about, he was thrown over head and heels into a ditch which divided the fields from the road. The 
horse, having accomplished this feat, would have bolted off if he had not been stopped by a Peasant who was coming that way, driving a cow before him. Hans soon picked himself up on his legs, but he 
was terribly put out, and said to the countryman, “That is bad sport, that riding, especially when one mounts such a beast as that, which stumbles and throws one off so as to nearly break one’s neck: I will 
never ride on that animal again. Commend me to your cow: one may walk behind her without any discomfort, and besides one has, every day for certain, milk, butter, and cheese. Ah! what would I not give 
for such a cow!” 

“Well,” said the Peasant, “such an advantage you may soon enjoy; I will exchange my cow for your horse.” 

To this Hans consented with a thousand thanks, and the Peasant, swinging himself upon the horse, rode off in a hurry. 

Hans now drove his cow off steadily before him, thinking of his lucky bargain in this wise: “I have a bit of bread, and I can, as often as I please, eat with it butter and cheese; and when I am thirsty I can 
milk my cowand have a draught: and what more can I desire?” 

As soon, then, as he came to an inn he halted, and ate with great satisfaction all the bread he had brought with him for his noonday and evening meals, and washed it down with a glass of beer, to buy 
which he spent his two last farthings. This over, he drove his cow further, but still in the direction of his mother’s village. The heat meantime became more and more oppressive as noontime approached, 
and just then Hans came to a common which was an hour’s journey across. Here he got into such a state of heat that his tongue clave to the roof of his mouth, and he thought to himself, “This won’t do; I will 
just milk my cow, and refresh myself.” Hans, therefore, tied her to a stump of a tree, and, having no pail, placed his leathern cap below, and set to work, but not a drop of milk could he squeeze out. He had 
placed himself, too, very awkwardly, and at last the impatient cow gave him such a kick on the head that he tumbled over on the ground, and for a long time knew not where he was. Fortunately, not many 
hours after, a Butcher passed by, trundling a young pig along upon a wheelbarrow. “What trick is this!” exclaimed he, helping up poor Hans; and Hans told him all that had passed. The Butcher then handed 
him his flask and said, “There, take a drink; it will revive you. Your cow might well give no milk: she is an old beast, and worth nothing at the best but for the plough or the butcher!” 

“Eh! eh!” said Hans, pulling his hair over his eyes, “who would have thought it? It is all very well when one can kill a beast like that at home, and make a profit of the flesh; but for my part, I have no relish 
for cow’s flesh; it is too tough for me! Ah! a young pig like yours is the thing that tastes something like, let alone the sausages!” 

“Well now, for love of you,” said the Butcher, “I will make an exchange, and let you have my pig for your cow.” 

“Heaven reward you for your kindness!” cried Hans; and, giving up the cow, he untied the pig from the barrow, and took into his hand the string with which it was tied. 

Hans walked on again, considering how everything had happened just as he wished, and how all his vexations had turned out for the best after all! Presently a Boy overtook him, carrying a fine white 
goose under his arm, and after they had said “Good day” to each other, Hans began to talk about his luck, and what profitable exchanges he had made. The Boy on his part told him that he was carrying 
the goose to a christening-feast. “Just lift it,” said he to Hans, holding it up by its wings, “just feel how heavy it is; why, it has been fattened up for the last eight weeks, and whoever bites it when it is cooked 
will have to wipe the grease from each side of his mouth!” 

“Yes,” said Hans, weighing it with one hand, “it is weighty, but my pig is no trifle either.” 

While he was speaking the Boy kept looking about on all sides, and shaking his head suspiciously, and at length he broke out, “I am afraid it is not all right about your pig. In the village, through which I 
have just come, one has been stolen out of the sty of the mayor himself; and I am afraid, very much afraid, you have it now in your hand! They have sent out several people, and it would be a very bad job 
for you if they found you with the pig; the best thing you can do is to hide it in some dark corner!” 

Honest Hans was thunderstruck, and exclaimed, “Ah, Heaven help me in this fresh trouble! you know the neighbourhood better than I do; do you take my pig and let me have your goose,” said he to the 

“I shall have to hazard something at that game,” replied the Boy, “but still I do not wish to be the cause of your meeting with misfortune;” and, so saying, he took the rope into his own hand, and drove the 
pig off quickly by a side path, while Hans, lightened of his cares, walked on homewards with the goose under his arm. “If I judge rightly,” thought he to himself, “I have gained even by this exchange: first 
there is the good roast; then the quantity of fat which will drip out will make goose broth for a quarter of a year; and then there are the fine white feathers, which when once I have put into my pillow I warrant I 
shall sleep without rocking. What pleasure my mother will have!” 

As he came to the last village on his road there stood a Knife-grinder, with his barrow by the hedge, whirling his wheel round and singing — 

“Scissors and razors and such-like I grind; 

And gaily my rags are flying behind.” 

Hans stopped and looked at him, and at last he said, “You appear to have a good business, if I may judge by your merry song?” 

“Yes,” answered the Grinder, “this business has a golden bottom! A true knife-grinder is a man who as often as he puts his hand into his pocket feels money in it! But what a fine goose you have got; 
where did you buy it?” 

“I did not buy it at all,” said Hans, “but took it in exchange for my pig.” “And the pig?” “I exchanged for my cow.” “And the cow?” “I exchanged a horse for her.” “And the horse?” “For him I gave a lump of 
gold as big as my head.” “And the gold?” “That was my wages for a seven years’ servitude.” “And I see you have known how to benefit yourself each time,” said the Grinder; “but, could you now manage 
that you heard the money rattling in your pocket as you walked, your fortune would be made.” “Well! how shall I manage that?” asked Hans. 

“You must become a grinder like me; to this trade nothing peculiar belongs but a grindstone, the other necessaries find themselves. Here is one which is a little worn, certainly, and so I will not ask 
anything more for it than your goose; are you agreeable?” 

“How can you ask me?” said Hans, “why, I shall be the luckiest man in the world; having moneyas often as I dip my hand into my pocket, what have I to care about any longer?” 

So saying, he handed over the goose, and received the grindstone in exchange. 

“Now,” said the Grinder, picking up an ordinary big flint stone which lay near, “now, there you have a capital stone, upon which only beat them long enough and you may straighten all your old nails! Take 
it, and use it carefully!” 

Hans took the stone and walked on with a satisfied heart, his eyes glistening with joy. “I must have been born,” said he, “to a heap of luck; everything happens just as I wish, as if I were a Sunday-child.” 

Soon, however, having been on his legs since daybreak, he began to feel very tired, and was plagued too with hunger, since he had eaten all his provision at once in his joy about the cow bargain. At 
last he felt quite unable to go farther, and was forced, too, to halt every minute for the stones encumbered him very much. Just then the thought overcame him, what a good thing it were if he had no need to 
carry them any longer, and at the same moment he came up to a stream. Here he resolved to rest and refresh himself with a drink, and so that the stones might not hurt him in kneeling he laid them 
carefully down by his side on the bank. This done, he stooped down to scoop up some water in his hand, and then it happened that he pushed one stone a little too far, so that both presently went plump 
into the water. Hans, as soon as he saw them sinking to the bottom, jumped up for joy, and then kneeled down and returned thanks, with tears in his eyes, that so mercifully, and without any act on his part, 
and in so nice a way, he had been delivered from the heavy stones, which alone hindered him from getting on. 

“So lucky as I am,” exclaimed Hans, “is no other man under the sun!” 

Then with a light heart, and free from every burden, he leaped gaily along till he reached his mother’s house. 

The Fox and the Geese 

The Fox one day came to a meadow where a flock of fine fat Geese were feeding; and he said, with a grin, “I am come just as if I had been invited; you sit together so charmingly, I can eat you one after 
the other!” The Geese cackled for terror, and sprang on their feet, and began to groan and beg pitifully for their lives, but the Fox would hear nothing; and said, “There is no mercy — you must die!” At length 
one of them took heart and said, “If we poor Geese must at once give our young lives, show us yet one single grace, and permit us to say our prayers, that we may not die in our sins. Afterwards we will all 
stand in a row, and you can then pick out the fattest as you want us.” 

“Well,” said the Fox, “that is a just and pious request. Pray away! I will wait for you!” 

So the first one began a long prayer, and, because it would not cease, the second also commenced before his time and cried, “Ga! ga! ga!” The third and fourth soon followed, and in a few minutes they 
were all cackling together their prayers. 

When they have done praying, this tale shall be continued; but meanwhile, as I suppose, they are praying still. 

The Young Giant 

Acertain countryman had a son no bigger than a thumb when he was born, and even in after years he grew not a bit. One morning when the man was going forth to plough, the little fellow said, “Father, I will 
go with you.” “Will you though?” replied he. “You had better stop where you are of use: you would only get lost along with me.” 

Then Thumbling began to cry, and would not stop till his Father at last put him in his pocket and took him with him. When they got into the fields the Father took his son out and set him in a fresh furrow. 
Presently, over the mountains, came a great Giant towards them. “Do you see that great monster coming to fetch you?” asked the man of his son, thinking so to frighten him; but scarcely had he spoken 
when the Giant, making a couple of strides with his long legs, reached the furrow, and took little Thumbling out without speaking a word, and carried him away with him. The Father stood by, and from terror 
could not utter a sound, and he thought he had lost his son for ever. 

The Giant, however, carried Thumbling home, and fed him so heartily that he grew big and strong like a young giant. After the lapse of two years the Giant took the youth into the forest to try his strength, 
and said to him, “Now cut down a switch for yourself.” The young one was now so strong that he pulled a little tree by the roots out of the ground; but this was not enough for the Giant, who took him back 
and fed him two years longer. When they tried again the youth was so strong that he could break down an old tree; but still this was not enough for the old Giant, who took him home again and fed him for 
another two years. At the end of that time they again visited the forest, and when the old Giant said, “Now pluck up a good stick for me,” the youth tore out of the ground the thickest oak-tree there was as if 
it were merely a joke. “Now you have done enough,” cried the Giant; “you have learnt everything.” And with these words he conducted him back to the same field from whence he had fetched him. His 
Father was there walking behind his plough, and the young Giant went up to him and said, “Do you see, Father, what a man your son has grown?” But the Father was frightened, and said, “No, you are not 
my son; I know nothing about you.” 

“Really and truly I am your son, though,” said the young Giant. “Let me work here; I can plough as well and even better than you.” But the Peasant persisted, “No, no, you are not my son; you cannot 
plough; come, be off with you!” 

But at length, being afraid of the great fellow, he let go the plough, and, stepping back, stationed himself on one side near the hedge. Then the youth took the plough and pressed with one hand against 
it, but so powerfully that it cut deeply into the ground, and the Peasant called out, “If you must plough, do not press so heavily or your work will be badly done.” At this the young Giant unharnessed the horse 
and drew the plough himself, first saying to the Peasant, “Go you home, Father, and let Mother cook a large dish of victuals; meanwhile I will just plough over this field.” 

The Father, accordingly, went home, and ordered his wife to get dinner ready; but the son not only ploughed over the whole field, which was a usual two days’ job, but also harrowed it perfectly, making 
use of two harrows. As soon as that was done, he went into the forest and tore up two oak-trees, which he laid across his shoulders, and then, fixing them before and behind the two harrows, he carried 
them all home like a bundle of straw, driving the horse also before him. When he went into the courtyard his Mother did not recognise him, and asked, “Who is that frightful big man?” 

“That is our son,” replied the husband. “No, no!” said she, “our son was never like him; we never had such a great child; ours was a very little thing.” And, so saying, she ordered him to go away. The 
young Giant, however, was silent; and, driving the horse into the stable, he gave it beans and hay, and all that it needed. This done, he went into the kitchen, sat himself down upon the dresser, and said, 
“Mother, I want my dinner very much; is it not nearly ready?” 

“Yes,” said she, and brought two great dishes full of victuals which would have satisfied herself and her husband for eight days at the least; but the young Giant quickly devoured all, and then inquired if 
they could not give him more. His mother told him no, that was all they had. “That was only a taste then,” said he; “I must have more;” and this speech so frightened the woman that, not daring to oppose 
him, she went and fetched a large fish-kettle, which she filled and put on the fire, and, as soon as it was ready, bore its contents to the young Giant. “At length,” said he, “at length, comes a good bit;” but 
when he had eaten it all, his hunger was even then not satisfied. “Ah, Father,” said he, “I perceive quite well that I shall never get enough here; but if you will procure me a bar of iron so strong that I cannot 
break it across my knee I will go away into the world.” 

The Peasant was glad to hear this, and, harnessing his two horses to the waggon, he fetched from the smith’s a bar of iron as thick as his horses could drag. This the young Giant tried across his knee, 
and snap! he broke it like a twig, and threw it away. Then the Father harnessed four horses to the waggon, and brought back a bar as heavy as the four beasts could draw. This the son also broke in 
halves as soon as he tried it with his knee, and threw it away, saying, “Father, that is of no use; you must harness more, and fetch me a still stronger bar yet.” So he harnessed now eight horses to the 
waggon and fetched a bar as thick and heavy as they could carry; but when the young man took it he broke it just as easily as the two former ones, saying, “Ah, my Father, I see you cannot procure me 
such a bar as I need, and therefore I will not stop with you any longer.” 

So he went away, and announced himself as a smith wanting work, and soon he arrived at a village wherein dwelt a Smith, who was a very avaricious man, coveting the goods of everybody, and wishing 
to keep all for himself, and the young Giant asked him if he needed an assistant. The Smith looked at him and thought, “Ah! here is a brave fellow who will beat a good stroke and deserve his bread;” and 
so he nodded assent to the question, and inquired how much wages he would require. “Oh, very little will do for me,” was the reply; “only every fourteen days, when you pay the other workmen their wages, I 
will give you two strokes over the shoulders which you must endure.” To this the Smith readily consented, for he imagined he should thereby save money. The next morning the new workman had to be 
tried, and, as soon as he gave the first blow to the red-hot bar which the master brought, it split quite in halves and flew a long way off, while the anvil was driven so far into the ground that neither of them 
could pull it up again. The Smith flew into a tremendous passion, and cried out, “Ah! you are of no use to me; you strike much too hard! but what will you have for this one stroke?” The youth said, “I will only 
give you a slight blow, nothing further;” and so saying, he raised his foot and gave the Smith a kick which sent him flying over four stacks of hay. Then he looked out the thickest iron bar he could find in the 
smithy, and, using it for a walking-stick, trudged off. 

After travelling a short distance he came to a large farm, and there asked the Bailiff whether he needed a head servant. “Yes,” he replied, “I want one, and you seem a likely fellow to do what you profess; 
pray what amount of wages do you ask for a year?” The young Giant made the same answer as before, that he wanted no other privilege than to be allowed to give him three strokes which he must 

endure. To this the Bailiff consented, and thought he had made a capital bargain. 

The next morning men had to go and fetch wood, and when they were all ready they found the head servant still lying in bed. They called to him, “Get up! it is time; we have to fetch wood, and you must 
go with us.” “Oh, go away,” he replied, quite sleepy, “go away! I will yet get there before any of you.” 

So they went then to the Bailiff, and told him the head servant was still lying in bed and would not get up after the wood. The Bailiff bade them wake him once more and tell him to harness the horses; but 
when they did so the head servant only cried out as before, “Go away; I will come presently and be there before you.” With these words he turned over again and slept two hours longer, and then, raising 
himself up from the feathers, he first fetched two measures full of herbs and cooked a broth with them, which he ate very leisurely, and when he had finished he yoked the horses to and went after the wood. 
Now not far from the forest was a narrow valley through which he must pass, and so, first leading his waggon on, he made the horses stand still on the other side, and then, going back, he made with trees 
and shrubs such a huge barrier across the way that no horse could pass through. When he came out of the valley again, the other servants were just passing by on their way home with loaded waggons, 
and he told them to drive forward, for he would yet overtake them and reach home first. So saying, he walked a little way, and, presently tearing up two of the largest trees on the spot, he threw them on his 
waggon and turned it round. When he came to the barrier he found the others standing before it, unable to get through. “There,” said he, “do you not see you might have waited for me at first? you would 
have got home just as quickly, and had an hour’s more sleep into the bargain.” So saying, he tried to drive on himself, but his horses could not force the barrier down, and he at length unharnessed and laid 
them a-top of the trees, and then, taking the pole of the waggon under his own arm, he pressed on through everything, making the trees bend down like feathers. As soon as he reached the other side he 
called to the others, “There, you see after all I am through sooner than you!” and then, driving on, he left them standing there, lost in wonder. But no sooner had he reached the courtyard than, taking one 
tree in his hand, he showed it to the Bailiff, and asked him whether it was not a good stock of wood; and the Bailiff, turning to his wife, said, “This slave is a good fellow; for, if he does sleep a long time, he 
yet reaches home sooner than the others.” 

The young Giant after this served the Bailiff a year, and when that was past, and the other slaves received their wages, he thought it were time he took his own. But the Bailiff was much distressed about 
the strokes he had to receive, and he begged the head servant to forego them, for he would rather himself change places with him, and let him be bailiff, than take them. “No, no!” said the servant, “I will not 
be bailiff. I am head servant, and shall remain so; but still I will divide the conditions.” 

The poor Bailiff offered him what he desired; but nothing helped; the servant answered “No” to all offers; and at length, not knowing how to manage, he requested fourteen days’ respite to consider the 

To this the servant consented, and the Bailiff summoned all his secretaries to advise him what to do. For a length of time they consulted, and agreed together that nobody’s life was safe from the young 
Giant, who knocked men down as if they were gnats. At length they made a decision, which was, that the man should be asked to step into a pond and wash himself, and it was their intention that when he 
was there they should roll upon his head one of the millstones, so as to bury him for ever from the light of day. This advice pleased the Bailiff, and the servant stepped into the pond, and as soon as he was 
below water they threw down the largest millstone, and thought they had cracked his head in two; but instead, he called out, “Hunt those hens away from the pond-side; they keep throwing the corn into my 
eyes, so that I cannot see!” So the Bailiff made noises as if he were chasing the fowls away, and soon the servant reappeared, and as soon as he was out of the water he said, “See what a fine necklace I 
found at the bottom!” and when they looked they found he had put the millstone round his neck! The young Giant now demanded his reward, but the Bailiff asked for another fourteen days’ consideration, 
and when the secretaries were summoned they advised him to send the servant into the enchanted mill to grind corn there for a night, as no one had ever yet come out alive from the place. The proposal 
pleased the Bailiff, and, calling the servant to him the same evening, he bade him fetch eight measures of corn which he was to grind during the night, for they were in want of it. The servant went at once, 
and put two measures in his right pocket, two in his left, and four in a sack which he slung over his shoulders, so that half of its contents rested on his back and half on his breast. Thus laden, he went to the 
enchanted mill, where the Miller told him he might grind very well indeed by day, but at night the mill was enchanted, and whoever went into it at that time was always found dead in the morning. The young 
Giant told him, however, he should get safely through, and bade him hasten away and remark what passed. Thereupon he went into the mill and shot out the corn, and about eleven o’clock he sat himself 
down on a bench in the kitchen. He had not been there very long before all at once the door opened, and an immense table entered, upon which wine and meat, and every delicacy, were placed, and 
seemingly there was no one who brought it in. Next all the chairs ranged themselves round the table, but no guests appeared; till presently he saw fingers which carved with the knives and forks, and laid 
pieces upon the plates; and at length, being hungry himself at the sight of food, he sat down to table and took his share of the good things. As soon as he had satisfied himself, and the others had emptied 
their plates, all the lights were put out at once, and this he heard done clearly, and when it was quite dark he felt something like a box on the ears. He called out, “If that is done again, I shall give it back!” 
and when he felt a second box on the ears he struck out himself. And so it went on all night through: he took nothing without a return, and gave blows right and left until daybreak, when all ceased. 

In the morning the Miller came and was surprised to find him still living; but the young giant told him, “I have eaten and satisfied myself, and received boxes on the ears, and I have also given them.” The 
Miller was much pleased, and declared he had rescued his mill, and would willingly have given him any money as a reward. But the young Giant would not have any money, and taking his meal-sack upon 
his shoulders he returned home, and told the Bailiff he wished now to have his promised reward. The Bailiff was terribly frightened when he heard this, and knew not what to do with himself, walking up and 
down the room till the sweat ran off his brow in great drops. At last he opened his window for some fresh air, and while he stood there the young Giant gave him such a kick that he flew through the window 
away so high in the air that nobody could see him. When he was out of sight the young Giant said to the Bailiffs wife, “If your husband does not return, you must take the other stroke!” She cried out, “No, 
no! I cannot endure it!” and opened the other window to make her escape, while the sweat stood upon her brow in great drops. The young Giant as soon as he saw her at the window, gave her a kick 
which sent her much higher up than her husband, for she was lighter in weight. 

Her husband then called to her, “Come down to me!” but she cried, “Come you to me, I cannot come to you!” And there they fluttered about in the breeze, and neither could get to the other, and, for all I 
know, there they flutter still; but the young Giant took his iron staff, and travelled onwards. 

The Dwarfs 

There was once upon a time a rich King who had three daughters, who all day long were accustomed to walk in the palace gardens; and the King was such a great admirer of every species of tree, that of 
one it was said that whoever should pluck off a single apple would disappear a hundred feet into the ground. Now, when harvest came, the apples on this tree were as red as blood, and the three 
Princesses went every day under the tree to see if any of the fruit had fallen; but the wind did not blow any down, and the branches were so overloaded that they hung almost on the ground. At last the 
youngest of the three daughters took such a fancy to the fruit that she said to her sisters, “Our father loves us so much he will never cause us to disappear underground; he only meant that judgment for 
strangers;” and, so saying, she plucked an apple, and, jumping before her sisters, invited them also to taste it. So the three sisters shared it between them; but as soon as they had eaten it they all sank 
down below the earth, so far that no bird could scratch them up. 

By-and-by, when it became noon, the King wanted his daughters, but they were nowhere to be found, though the servants searched all over the house and gardens. At length, when he could hear nothing 
about them, the King caused it to be proclaimed throughout the country, that whoever should bring back the Princesses should receive one of them as a bride. Thereupon numbers of young men travelled 
about on land and sea to find the maidens; for every one was desirous to regain them, they were so amiable and pretty. Amongst others there went out three young Huntsmen, who, after travelling about 
eight days, came to a large castle, wherein every room was splendidly furnished; and in one room they found a large table, and on it was spread all manner of delicate food, and everything was still so 
warm that it smoked; yet nowhere did they hear or see any human being. Here they waited half the day, while the meats still smoked before them, till at length they became very hungry, and sitting down, 
they ate what they liked, and afterwards agreed together that one should remain in the castle while the two others sought the Princesses; and to decide the matter, they drew lots; and it fell to the share of 
the eldest to stop where they were. The next day, accordingly, the two younger Brothers took their departure, while the eldest remained in the castle; and about noon a little Dwarf entered, and brought in 
some pieces of roast meat, which he cut in pieces, and then handed them; and while he held it to the young Huntsman he let one piece fall, and the Dwarf asked him to be good enough to pick it up again. 
So he bent down to do so, and immediately the Dwarf jumped on him, and caught him by the hair, and beat him roughly. The next day the second Brother remained at home, but he fared no better: and, 
when the two others returned, the eldest asked him how he had passed the day. “Oh! badly enough, I can tell you,” he replied; and the two Brothers told each other of what had befallen them; but they said 
nothing to their youngest Brother, for fear he should refuse to have any part in the matter. So the third day he remained at home, and the Dwarf entered as usual with the meat, and, letting one piece fall, 
requested the youth to pick it up. But he said to the Dwarf, “What! can you not pick that up yourself?” If you had the trouble of earning your daily bread you would be glad enough, but now you are not worth 
what you eat!” 

This answer made the Dwarf very angry; but the youth gripped hold of him, and gave him such a shake that he exclaimed, “Stop, stop! and let me go, and I will tell you where the King’s daughters are." 

When the youth heard this he let him drop, and the little manikin said he was an underground Dwarf, and there were more than a thousand like him; and if any one went with him he could show him where 
the Princesses were living: that he knew the place, which was a deep well, where no water entered. The Dwarf told him further that he knew his Brothers would not act honourably to him, and, therefore, if 
he would rescue the King’s daughters he must go alone, and must take with him a great basket wherein to let himself down, and go armed with his forester’s knife; and below he would find three rooms, in 
each of which would sit a Princess, guarded by dragons with many heads, which he must cut off. As soon as the Dwarf had said all this he disappeared; and about evening the two Brothers returned, and 
asked the youngest how he had passed the time. “Oh! very well indeed,” he replied; “and about noon a Dwarf came in, who cut up the meat, and let one piece fall, which he asked me to pick up; but I 
refused; and, as he flew into a passion, I gave him a shake, and presently he told me where to find the Princesses.” 

This tale sorely vexed the other Brothers, who turned blue with suppressed rage; but the next morning they all went up the hill, and drew lots who should descend first in the basket. The lot fell, as before, 
to the eldest, and he went down, taking a bell with him, which when he rang they were to pull him up as fast as they could. So after he had been down a little while he rang his bell furiously; and, as soon as 
he was drawn up, the second Brother took his place and went down; but he quickly rang to be pulled up again. The turn now came to the youngest Brother, who allowed himself to be let down to the very 
bottom, and there, getting out of the basket, he marched boldly unto the first door, with his drawn knife in his hand. There he heard the dragons snoring loudly; and, on his carefully opening the door, he saw 
one of the Princesses sitting within, with the dragon’s nine heads in her lap. He raised his knife and cut these heads off; and immediately the Princess jumped up and hugged and kissed him, and fell upon 
his neck, and then gave him her golden necklace for a reward. Next he went after the second Princess, who had a dragon with seven heads by her side: he also freed her, and then went to the youngest, 
who was guarded by a four-headed dragon. This beast he also destroyed; and then the three Sisters embraced and kissed him so much that at last he clashed the bell very hard, so that those above might 
hear. When the basket came down he set each Princess in by turns, and let them be drawn up; but, as it descended for him, he remembered the Dwarfs saying that his Brothers would be faithless to him. 
So he picked up a huge stone, and laid it in the basket, and just as the false Brothers had drawn it half-way up they cut the cord at the top, and the basket with the stone in it fell plump to the bottom. By this 
means they thought they had rid themselves of their Brother; and they made the three Princesses promise that they would tell their father it was they who had delivered them; and then they went home to the 
King and demanded the Princesses for their wives. But meanwhile the youngest Brother wandered about sadly in the three chambers, and thought he should have to die there, when all at once he 
perceived on the walls a flute, and he thought to himself, “Ah! what good can this be here? What is there to make one merry!” He kicked, too, the dragons’ heads, saying, “And what good are you to me? 
you cannot help me!” Up and down, to and fro, many times he walked, so often, indeed, the floor was worn smooth. 

By-and-by other thoughts came into his head, and, seizing the flute, he blew a little on it; and, behold, ever so many little Dwarfs instantly appeared! He blew a little longer, and with every note a fresh one 
came, till at last the room was quite filled with them. Then all of them asked what his wishes were, and he told them that he wanted to be up above on earth again, and in the clear daylight. Immediately 
each Dwarf seized a hair of his head, and away they flew up the well with him till they landed him at the top. As soon as ever he was safe on his legs again he set out for the royal palace, and arrived about 
the time the weddings of the Princesses were to be celebrated. So he hurried up to the room where the King sat with his three daughters; and as soon as he entered they were so overcome that they 
fainted away. This made the King very angry; and he ordered the new comer to be put in prison, for he thought he had done his children some injury; but as soon as they recovered themselves they begged 
their father to set him at liberty. But he asked them the reason; and, when they said they dare not tell him, he bade them tell their story to the oven; and meantime he went outside and listened at the door. 

When the King had heard all, he caused the two traitorous Brothers to be hanged; but he gave his youngest daughter in marriage to the true deliverer. 

And to their wedding I went in a pair of glass shoes, and, kicking against the wall, broke them all to pieces. 

The Peasant’s Wise Daughter 

There was once upon a time a poor Peasant, who had no land, but merely a little cottage, and an only Daughter, who one day said to him, “We must ask the King for a piece of waste land.’’ 

Now, when the King heard of their poverty, he presented them with a corner of a field, which the man and his daughter tilled, and prepared to sow in it corn and seeds. As they turned the land about they 
found a mortar of pure gold, and the Peasant said to his Daughter, “Since his Majesty the King has been so gracious to us to present us with this acre, we ought to give him this treasure.” 

But to this the Daughter would not agree, saying, “If we have the mortar, and not the pestle, we must procure the pestle for it; therefore be silent.” 

However, the Father would not obey her, but took the mortar to the King, and said he had found it while tilling the ground, and asked the King if he would accept the offering. The King took it, and asked if 
he had found nothing more. “No,” replied the Peasant. “Then,” said the King, “you must procure the pestle for it.” The Peasant said they had not found that; but it was of no use, he might as well have 
spoken to the wind, and he was ordered to be put in prison until he discovered it. The keepers had to bring him daily bread and water, which is all one gets in prison, and when they did so they heard the 
man always lamenting, “Had I but obeyed my daughter! had I obeyed my daughter!” So these keepers went and told the King that the man was always crying, “Had I obeyed my daughter!” and would 
neither eat nor drink. His Majesty commanded them to bring the prisoner before him, and then he asked him why he was always crying out in this manner, and what his Daughter had said. 

“She told me,” said the man, “not to bring the mortar to you before I had found the pestle.” 

“What! have you such a wise daughter? let her come hither at once!” said the King. So the girl came, and the King asked her if she were so wise as was said, for he would propose a riddle, which if she 
solved, he would then marry her. “What is that which is unclothed and yet is not naked, that moves along and yet neither rides nor walks, and that goes not in the road nor out of it?” 

The girl said she would do her best, and went away and pulled off all her clothes, so that she was not clothed; then she took a large fishing-net and set herself in it, and wrapped it round her, so she was 
not naked; then she bought an ass, and bound the net to its tail, so it dragged her along, and thus she neither rode nor walked. The ass, too, had to trail her along in a rut, so that she was neither in the road 
nor out of it, for only her big toes touched the ground. Now, as the King saw her coming towards him, he said she had solved the riddle, and fulfilled all the conditions. Then he let her father out of prison, 
and made the Daughter his bride, and committed to her all the royal possessions. 

Several years had passed away, when once, as the King was walking on parade, it happened that several peasants, who had sold wood, stopped before the palace with their waggons: some of them 
had oxen yoked and some horses, and one peasant had three horses, one of which was a young foal, which ran away, and laid itself down between two oxen who were in front of a waggon. Soon the 
peasants grouped together and began to quarrel, wrangle, and dispute with each other: the peasant with the oxen would keep the foal, saying that it belonged to him, while the peasant with the horses 
denied it, and said the foal was his, for his horses went with it. The quarrel was brought before the King, and he gave judgment that the foal should keep where it was, and so it passed into possession of 
the man with the oxen, to whom it did not belong. So the other went away weeping and lamenting for his foal; but he had heard that the Queen was a very kind woman, because she had herself been born 
of peasant folk, so he went to her and asked her to help him that he might regain his own foal. The Queen said she would do so, and if he would promise not to betray her she would tell him how. Early in 
the morning when the King was on the watch-parade he was to place himself in the midst of the path by which he must pass, and take a large fish-net, and pretend to fish and shake the net about over the 
terrace as if it were full offish. She told him, also, what to answer if the King asked any questions; and the next day, accordingly, he stood there fishing in a dry place. When the King came by, and saw him, 
he sent his page to ask who the simpleton was, and what he was about. The peasant merely replied, “I am fishing.” 

The page asked how he could fish where there was no water; and the man replied, “So well as two oxen can bear a foal, so well can I fish in a dry place.” 

With this answer the page left him, and told it to the King, who bade the peasant come before him and asked him from whom he had the answer he made, for it could not be from himself. The man 
refused to tell, and replied to every question, “God forbid! I had it from myself.” At last they laid him upon a heap of straw, and beat him and tortured him so long till at last he confessed that he had the 
answer from the Queen. As soon as the King returned home afterwards, he said to his wife, “Why are you so false to me? I will no longer have you about me; your time is over: go away to whence you 
came — to your peasant’s hut.” 

He gave her leave, however, to take with her what she considered dearest and best to herself, and the Queen said, “Yes, dearest husband, I will do as you bid me,” and she fell upon his breast and 
kissed him, and said she would take her leave. But first she made a strong sleeping-mixture to pledge him in, and the King took a long draught, but she drank only a little. Soon he fell into a deep sleep, 
and when she perceived it was so, she called a servant, and, wrapping a fine white linen napkin over her lord’s face, she caused him to be laid in a carriage, and drawn to the cottage from whence she 
first came. There she laid him in a bed, where he slept a night and day, and when he awoke he looked round him amazed, and called for a servant, but none answered the call. At last came his wife to the 
bed, and said, “My dear Lord and King, you commanded me to take out of the castle whatever I thought dearest and best, and because I had nothing dearer or better than you, I have brought you with me 

At these words tears came into the King’s eyes, and he said, “Dear wife, you shall be mine and I will be thine!” and so he took her back again to the palace; and there they are living still in the full 
enjoyment of health and happiness, for aught I know to the contrary. 

The Three Birds 

Many years ago there lived up among the hills in our country some petty Kings, who every day went out hunting, and had their palaces high above everybody else. One day when one of them had come 
forth from his castle with his Huntsmen there were three Girls who were tending their cows, and, as they saw the King pass by with his people, the eldest of them, pointing to the King, called out to her 
companions, “Hilloa! hilloa! if I had any I would have him!” Then the two Girls on the other side of the hill exclaimed, each pointing to the two Men nearest the King, the one with her right hand, the other with 
her left, "Hilloa! hilloa! if I had any I would have him.” Now these two were the King’s Ministers. The King, who heard all that was said, as soon as he returned from the hunt, ordered the three Maidens to be 
fetched, and asked them what they had meant in the morning by what they said on the mountains. This question, however, they would not answer, and at last the King inquired of the eldest if she would 
have him fora husband. To this she said yes; and her two Sisters were then asked in marriage by the Ministers, for they were all three beautiful and fair, especially the King’s wife, who had flaxen hair. 

Now the two Sisters had no children at first, and, as the King had to go out on a journey, he invited them to come and stay with the Queen. During his absence the Queen bore a child who had a red 
forehead, and was besides very pretty. The two Sisters, however, agreed together they would throw the child into the mill-pond, and as they did so a little Bird flew up into the air, which sang, 

“Ready to die 
And for ever to quit 
These lilies and flowers, 

Brave boy, are you fit!” 

When the two Sisters heard this they were very much alarmed, and made all the haste they could home. Afterwards, when the King returned, they told him that the Queen had borne a dead child; but the 
King only replied, “What God wills I must bear.” Meanwhile a Fisherman had fished the little Boy up out of the water while it still breathed, and, as his wife had no children of her own they brought it up. A 
year after the King again went out on a journey, and in his absence another Boy was born, which the two Sisters stole away as before and threw into the water. Just as they did so a Bird flew up as at the 
first time and sang, 

“Ready to die 
And for ever to quit 
These lilies and flowers, 

Little boy, are you fit!” 

When the King returned they told the same tale as 
brought up with his brother. 

Some time passed before the King went out again, 
up, singing, 

“Ready to die 
And for ever to quit 
These lilies and flowers, 

Little maid, are you fit!” 

Afterwards, when the King returned, he was told the same tale as before, and this made him so angry that he caused the Queen to be put in prison, where she was kept for many years. 

During that time the Children grew up; but, when the eldest went out to fish, the other boys would not let him come near, and said, “Go your own way, you foundling!” This made him very sad, and he 
asked the Fisherman who he was, and the Fisherman told him how he had fished him and his brother and sister all out of the water in his net. The eldest Boy resolved, thereupon that he would go in search 
of their Father; but the Fisherman was very unwilling to part with him. At length he consented, and the Boy set out, and after travelling for several days came to an immense piece of water, by which stood a 
Woman fishing. 

“Good day, mother,” said the Boy. 

“Thank you, my lad,” she replied. 

“You will sit there a good long time before you catch any fish,” said the Boy. 

“And you will seek a long while before you find your Father,” returned the Woman. “And pray how do you mean to cross this water?” “Heaven alone knows!” he replied; and thereupon the old Woman 
took him on her back and carried him across, and there he searched everywhere, but could never find his Father. 

A year after his departure his Brother made up his mind to go in search of him, and he also, coming to the great water, found the old Woman, with whom he held the same conversation, and was 
likewise carried across as his Brother had been. The Sister was now left alone at home, but she became so restless and dispirited at her Brothers’ absence that she set out herself in search of them. On 
her way she came, as they had done, to the great piece of water, and found there the same old Woman, to whom she said, “Good day, mother.” “Thank you my child,” was the reply. “God bless your 
fishing!” said the Girl. As soon as the old Woman heard this she became very friendly, and after carrying the maiden across the water she gave her a staff, and said, “Now, go straight along on this path, 
my daughter, and when you come to a great black Dog you must take care neither to laugh at it nor kick it, but pass it by quietly. Then you will come to a large castle, upon whose threshold you must let the 

before about the Queen; but he merely replied, “What God wills I must bear.” However, the Fisherman had again luckily rescued the child, whom he 
but during his absence a child was born, and this time it was a little Girl, which the false Sisters also threw into the river, and the little Bird instantly flew 

staff fall, and then go straight through it to a fountain on the other side of the castle. This fountain will be in a stream, wherein stands also a tree, on which there will hang a bird in a cage, which you must 
take off. Then take also a glass of water from the fountain, and return with these the same way exactly as you came. On the threshold pick up your staff again, and when you pass the Dog the second time 
hit it in the face, and then come straight back to me.” The maiden found every thing just as the old Woman said, and at the back of the castle she found also her two Brothers, who had been seeking half 
through the world. So they went together and came to the place where the black Dog lay, whose face they knocked, and immediately the Dog became a handsome Prince, and accompanied them to the 
great water. There still stood the old Woman, who was very glad to see them return, and carried them all across the water. This done, she disappeared, for she was now released from her labours. The 
Brothers and Sister, however, returned to the Fisherman, and all were made happy on seeing each other again; but the Bird they hung upon the wall in his cage. The second Brother, however, could not 
rest at home, and soon he took his cross-bow and went to the hunt. When he got tired he took out his flute and played a tune which the King, who was also hunting, heard, and, coming up to the youth, 
inquired who had given him leave to hunt there. “Nobody,” he replied. 

“To whom do you belong then?” asked the King. 

“I am the fisherman’s son,” was the reply. 

“But he has no children,” said the King. 

“If you will not believe me,” said the Youth, “come and see.” So the King went to the Fisherman, who told him all that had taken place; and the Bird on the wall began to sing, 

“The mother sits lonely 
In prison fast kept, 

But there are her children 
Torn away while she slept 
By the false-hearted sisters, 

Who, the children to kill, 

In the deep waters threw them, 

By the side of the Mill. 

This frightened them all, and the King took the Bird, the Fisherman, and the three Children with him to the castle, and ordered the prison to be opened, and brought his Wife out, who at first was very ill 
and weak after her long confinement. So her Daughter gave her some of the water she had procured at the fountain, and that made her quite well again as soon as she had drunk it. Afterwards the two 
false Sisters were burnt, and the Daughter of the King married the handsome Prince; and so all were happy and lived to a good old age. 

The Raven 

Once upon a time there was a Queen who had a daughter so small that she was carried about on people’s arms, and one day the child was so naughty that, in spite of all the mother said, she would not be 
quiet. At last the Queen lost all patience, and, because the ravens were then flying about the palace, she opened the window and said, “I wish you were a raven, and could fly away, and then I should have 
some peace!” Scarcely had she said the words when the child changed into a raven, and flew away off her arm out at the window, and away into a dark forest, where she remained a long time, and the 
parents heard nothing about her. 

Some little time afterwards a man, while travelling along, found himself in this wood, and there he heard the Raven cry, and he went after the sound. As he came near, the Raven said to him, “I am a 
princess by birth, and am bewitched; but you can deliver me from the charm.” 

“What can I do, then?” he asked. 

“Go on further into the wood,” she replied, “and you will find a house wherein sits an old woman, who will offer you meat and drink; but do not venture to take anything, for if you do you will fall into a deep 
sleep, and fail to free me. In the garden behind this house is a large heap of tan, fl whereon you must stand and wait for me. For three days I shall come at two o’clock, in a carriage drawn, the first time, by 
four white horses, then byfour red, and lastly byfour black; and if you are asleep when I come you will not rescue me; so you must mind to keep awake.” 

The man promised to do all that she desired; but the Raven said, “Ah! but I know well you will not deliver me, for you will take something from the old woman.” The man promised again he would not 
touch either the meat or drink, and then he went on, and, when he came to the house and entered, the old woman met him, and said to him, “Poor man, how weary you look! come, and refresh yourself with 
these dishes.” But he said, “No, I will neither eat nor drink.” Still she pressed him, saying, “Well, if you will not eat, take a draught of wine; once is nothing at all.” So the man allowed himself to be 
persuaded, and drank a little, and by-and-by, when midnight came, he went out into the garden, on to the tan-heap, and waited for the Raven. But while he stood there he became all at once very tired, and 
could not shake off the feeling, so he laid down a bit, without venturing to sleep. However, he had scarcely stretched himself out when his eyes closed of themselves, and he soon began to snore, and was 
so very fast asleep, that nothing on earth could have awakened him. About two o’clock came the Raven, drawn by four white horses, and as she came along she felt assured she should find the man 
asleep; and so it was: as soon as she came into the garden, she saw him lying on the tan-heap fast asleep. She alighted from her carriage, went up to him, shook him, and shouted to him; but he did not 
awake. The next night, at twelve, the old woman came, and brought the man food and drink, but he would take nothing, till she pressed him so long and left him no rest till at last he took a long draught out 
of the glass of wine. About two o’clock he began again to watch upon the heap of tan for the Raven, but, as before, he soon felt so weary that his legs would not support him, and he was forced to lie down, 
and he fell into a deep sleep. When the Raven, therefore, came with her four red horses, she was in great distress, for she had a presentiment of finding the man asleep, as she did, and all her efforts to 
awaken him were in vain. The next day the old woman scolded the man and said, “What will happen if you neither eat nor drink? you will die!” “I dare not, and will not, eat and drink,” replied the man. 
Nevertheless, the old woman set the dishes before him, and, the savour of them was so nice, he could not resist, and he made a hearty meal, and afterwards, when the time came, he went out into the 
garden, and there waited for the Princess upon the tan-heap. Soon he felt more weary than he had ever been before, and he laid down, and went as fast asleep as a stone. About two o’clock came the 
Raven, drawn by four black horses, and the coach also was black, and all the harness. She was already in tears, for she knew, as she drove along, she should find the man asleep; and so he was. She 
shook him and called to him, but in vain; she could not awaken him. So she laid by him a loaf of bread, a joint of meat, and a bottle of wine, of which he might take as much as he would, without lessening 
the quantity. Then she drew a golden ring off her finger, and put it on his finger, and on it her name was engraven. Lastly, she laid beside him a letter, wherein was stated what was given to him; and further 
it said, “I see well thou wilt never save me here; but, if thou yet desire to do so, come to the Golden Castle of Stromberg; it is in thy power.” And as soon as she had done all this she placed herself in her 
carriage again, and was driven to this castle. 

By-and-by the man awoke and saw what happened, and he was sad at heart, for he thought, “Now she has gone away, and I have not saved her.” Then his eyes lighted upon the things she had left, and 
he read the letter which contained the account of them. Soon he arose and marched off on his way to the Golden Castle of Stromberg, but he recollected he did not know where it was. For some time he 
wandered about the world, and at length he came to a large forest, wherein for fourteen days he walked to and fro, and could not get out. One day, as evening came on, he felt tired and lay down in a 
thicket and went to sleep. The next day he walked still further, and lay down at night beneath another thicket; but there he heard such a howling and groaning that he could not sleep. When the time came 
that people put out their lights he saw a lamp glimmering, towards which he made his way, and there he came to a house before which stood a Giant. But he thought to himself, “If I go in, and the Giant see 
me, my life is scarce worth counting on;” and with this idea he waited a long while before he entered. At last he ventured, and as soon as the Giant saw him, he cried, “It is well that you have come, for I 
have eaten nothing for a long time, and you will serve for my supper.” 

“Let that be!” said the man; “I am not at all willing to be roasted; but, if you want to eat, I have enough here to satisfy you!” 

“Well, if that is true,” said the Giant, “you may rest quietly: I only meant to eat you because I had nothing else!” Thereupon they went in and sat down to table, and the man produced bread and meat and 
wine. “This pleases me well enough,” said the Giant; and he ate to his heart’s content. By-and-by the man asked him, “Can you tell me where the Golden Castle of Stromberg is situated?” 

“I will look at my map,” replied the Giant, “whereon are laid down all the cities, villages, and houses hereabouts.” So saying, he fetched the map, which he kept in another room, and looked for the castle, 
but it was nowhere to be found. “It does not matter,” said the Giant, “I have a still larger map upstairs in a closet;” but when they looked over that the name was not to be found there either. The man would 
then have proceeded further, but the Giant begged him to stop a couple of days, until his brother returned who was gone to seek for something to eat. As soon as the brother came home, they asked him 
after the Golden Castle of Stromberg; but he would not talk about anything till he had satisfied his hunger, and then he mounted with them to his chamber, and there they searched all over the map for the 
castle, without success; so then they fetched other maps, and did not leave off looking till at last they found the place; but it was many thousand miles away from where they were. “Now, how can I get 
there?” asked the man. 

“I have two hours to spare,” said the Giant, “and in that time I will carry you near the castle, but I must then return at once and feed the child we have.” So the Giant took the man within about a hundred 
miles of the castle, and there set him down, and told him he could easily go the rest of the way by himself. So saying, he turned homewards; but the man journeyed on day and night, till at length he arrived 
in sight of the Golden Castle of Stromberg. Now, this castle stood upon a glass mountain, and he could see the Princess riding round in her carriage, and then go into the gate. At this sight he felt very glad 
and began to mount up to the place, but every step he took he slipped back again. When, therefore, he perceived he could not reach the Princess, he became very sorrowful, and said to himself, “I will stop 
here, and wait upon her.” So he built himself a hut, and for a whole year lived in it, every day seeing the Princess driving about up above while he was unable to reach her. 

One day he perceived from his hut three robbers beating one another, and he called to them, “God be with you!” They ceased at the voice, but when they saw nobody they began again to knock each 
other about, so that it was quite dangerous. Then he called to them a second time, “God be with you!” They ceased at the word, looked about, but saw nobody, and they began to beat each other again; 
and so the man exclaimed for the third time, “God be with you!” and went out and asked the three combatants what they wanted. The first said he had found a stick which opened every door against which 
it was struck; the second had found a cloak which rendered its wearer invisible; but the third had caught a horse upon which any one could ride up the glass mountain. Now, they could not agree whether 
they should keep company with one another, or should separate; so the man said, “These three things I will exchange with you; money certainly I have not, but other things which are more valuable. Still, I 
must first have a trial, that I may see if you have spoken the truth.” So they let him mount the horse, and hung the cloak around him, and put the stick into his hand, and when they had given him all he was 
invisible to them. Then he gave them heavy blows upon the shoulders, and exclaiming, “Now, you bear-hunters, now you have your deserts; be content therewith!” he rode up the glass mountain, and as he 
arrived before the castle door he found it closed. He, therefore, tapped upon it with his stick, and immediately it flew open, and he entered and mounted the stairs which led to the room where the Princess 
sat with a golden cup full of wine before her. She could not see him, because he wore the cloak, and as he came close to her chair he drew off the ring which she had given him, and threw it into the cup of 
wine, so that it rang against the side. Then she exclaimed, “That is my ring, and the man must also be here who will deliver me!” and she made a search for him all over the castle; but he had gone out 
meanwhile, and now sat on his horse outside the door with the cloak thrown off. As soon, therefore, as she went out at the door she saw him, and cried for joy, and the man, dismounting from his horse, 
took her in his arms, and the Princess kissed him and said, “Now you have indeed saved me, and to-morrow we will be married!” 

Old Hildebrand 

Once upon a time there lived an old Farmer, and his wife with him, whom the Parson of the village, having once seen, took a great fancy to; and he thought he should be very happy if he could manage one 
day to have a long talk with her alone. To this the wife had no objection, and the Parson one day said to her, “Oh! my dear, hear what I have to say: I will tell you how to manage, that we may have a whole 
day all to ourselves. About the middle of this week do you lie in bed one morning, and tell your husband you are very ill, and groan and sigh very badly, and keep that up all the week. Then, on Sunday, 
when I come to deliver my sermon, I will preach that whoever has at home a sick child, a sick husband, a sick wife, a sick father or mother, a sick sister or brother, or any other relative, and shall make a 
journey to the Bell Mountain in Wales, such an one’s sick child, sick husband or wife, sick father or mother, sick sister or brother, or any other relative, shall become well on the instant.” 

“Oh! that I will do for you,” said the wife; and thereupon, about the middle of the week, she lay a-bed, and, spite of all her husband brought or did for her, she groaned and sighed till the Sunday, as if she 
were full of pain. On Sunday the wife said to her husband, “Oh! I am really so miserably ill, I feel as if I should die; but once before my end I should like to hear the Parson again, and hear the sermon which 
he will deliver to-day.” 

“Ah! my child,” replied the Farmer, “you must not do that; you would be all the worse for it if you got up. But never mind; I will go to church, and pay great attention to the sermon, and afterwards come and 
tell you all the Parson said.” 

“Ah! very well,” said the wife, “but mind you are very attentive, and tell me everything.” 

So away went the Farmer to church; and, after the Parson had chanted and read all the service, he got into the pulpit and began his sermon. In the course of it he said, “If anyone here has a sick child, a 
sick husband or a sick wife, a sick father or mother, a sick brother or a sick sister, or any other relative, and shall go to the Bell Mountain in Wales, to such an one shall the sick child, sick husband or wife, 
sick father or mother, sick sister or brother, or any other relative, regain health immediately; especially if he take with him a cross and some laurel leaves which I will give him after service.” Then was 
nobody quicker than the Farmer in going to the Parson after service for his laurel leaves and cross; and as soon as he had received them he hurried home; and almost before he got to the door he called 
out, “Come, my dear wife, you will soon be well. The Parson has preached to-day that whosoever having a sick child, a sick husband or wife, a sick mother or father, a sick brother or a sick sister, or any 
other person, shall go to the Bell Mountain, with a cross and laurel leaves given him by the Parson, his sick child, sick husband or wife, sick father or mother, sick sister or brother, or any other relative, shall 
recover immediately. Now, the laurel leaves and cross I have received from the Parson, and I shall set out immediately on the journey, that you may be the earlier in good health.” So saying, he set out; but 
scarcely had he gone when the wife got up, and very soon afterwards in stepped the Parson. Flere we will leave them a bit while we follow the Farmer in his wanderings. As we have said, he had set out at 
once, that he might reach the Bell Mountain the sooner; and on his way his Cousin met him, who was an egg-merchant, and was just come from market, having sold his eggs. 

“Good day to you,” said the Cousin; “whither are you going?” 

“To Wales, cousin,” he replied, “my wife is very ill; and the Parson said yesterday in his sermon that whoever having at home a sick child, a sick husband or wife, a sick father or a sick mother, a sick 
brother, sister, or any other relation, should then make a journey to the Bell Mountain in Wales, carrying in his hand some laurel and a cross, blessed and given by the Parson — whoever should do this, then 
that his sick child, sick mother or sick father, husband or wife, sick brother or sick sister, or any other relative, would immediately be restored to health. So this laurel and cross I have received from the 
Priest, and now I am hastening to the mountain.” 

“But hold, cousin, stop!” said the other to the Farmer, “are you so simple as to believe that? Why, how do you know that the Parson may not perchance wish to have a comfortable talk with your wife 
alone, and therefore has contrived this tale to take you away from home?” 

“Mercy on us!” said the Farmer, “if I did but know whether that were true or not!” 

“Well, you soon can see,” replied the Cousin; “just get into my cart, and I will drive you home, that you may satisfy yourself.” 

It was soon done; and as they drove nearer to the house they heard the sounds of merriment. There had the Farmer’s wife gathered the best of everything out of the farmyard and garden, and made all 
manner of savoury dishes, and the Parson was there to partake of them. So the Cousin knocked at the door, and the wife inquired who was there. 

“It is only me, cousin,” replied he; “will you give me a night’s lodging? I have just sold my eggs in the market, and I meant to have got home to-night; but it is so dark already that I dare not go.” 

“You have come at a very unlucky moment, cousin,” replied the Farmer’s wife; “but since you are quite alone you may come in and set yourself down in the chimney corner.” 

So the egg-merchant, carrying his basket, came in and sat down where he was bid, while the Parson and the wife made themselves very merry together over their meal. Presently the Parson said, “You 
can sing I think, my dear; just give us a bit of a song.” 

“Well,” said she, “I could sing once when I was very young; but now I have forgotten how, and it is almost all lost to me.” 

“Never mind; do just try!” entreated the Parson. So the Farmer’s wife began: — and then the Parson joined in — 

“Oh! well have I sent my husband away 
To the mountains in Wales so high!” 

“And there he shall stop for a year and a day; 

And merry the time will pass by.” 

Presently the Cousin within then struck up — (but here I must tell you the Farmer’s name was Hildebrand) — 

“Hearest thou that, my Hildebrand dear? 

Why sit’ st thou so quiet, so near, so near?” 

And directly the Farmer made answer — 

“Oh! more of your singing I never can stand! 

And out of this basket I must get my hand!” 

With these words he jumped up from the basket, took a stick to the Parson, and drove him out of the house. 

The Water of Life 

Once upon a time there was a King who was so ill that every body despaired of his life, and his three Sons were very sorry, and went out into the palace gardens to weep. There they met an old Man, who 
asked the cause of their grief, and they told him their Father was so ill that he must die, for nothing could save him. The old Man said, “I know a means of saving him: if he drinks of the water of life it will 
restore him to health; but it is very difficult to find.” 

“I will soon find it,” said the eldest Son, and, going to the sick King, he begged his permission to set out in search of the water of life, which alone could save him. “No; the danger is too great,” said the 
King; “I prefer to die.” Nevertheless the Son begged and entreated so long that the King consented, and the Prince went away, thinking in his own heart, “If I bring this water I am the dearest to my Father, 
and I shall inherit his kingdom.” 

After he had ridden a long way about he met a Dwarf on the road, who asked him, “Whither away so quickly?” 

“You stupid dandyprat,” replied the Prince proudly, “why should I tell you that?” and he rode off. But the little Man was angry and he wished an evil thing, so that soon after the Prince came into a narrow 
mountain pass, and the further he rode the narrower it grew, till at last it was so close that he could get no further; but neither could he turn his horse round, nor dismount, and he sat there like one amazed. 
Meanwhile the sick King waited a long while for him, but he did not come; and the second Son asked leave to go too and seek the water, for he thought to himself, “If my Brother is dead the kingdom 
comes to me.” At first the King refused to spare him; but he gave way, and the Prince set out on the same road as the elder one had taken, and met also the same Dwarf, who stopped him and asked him, 
“Whither ride you so hastily?” “Little dandyprat,” replied the Prince, “what do you want to know for?” and he rode off without looking round. The Dwarf, however, enchanted him, and it happened to him as it 
had to his Brother: he came to a defile where he could move neither forwards nor backwards. Such is the fate of all haughty people. 

Now, when the second Son did not return, the youngest begged leave to go and fetch the water, and the King was obliged at last to give his consent. When he met the Dwarf, and was asked whither he 
was going so hurriedly, he stopped and replied, “I seek the water of life, for my Father is sick unto death.” “Do you know where to find it?” asked the Dwarf. “No,” replied the Prince. “Since you have 
behaved yourself as you ought,” said the Dwarf, “and not haughtily like your false Brothers, I will give you information and show you where you may obtain the water of life. It flows from a fountain in the court 
of an enchanted castle, into which you can never penetrate if I do not give you an iron rod and two loaves of bread. With the rod knock thrice at the iron door of the castle, and it will spring open. Within lie 
two lions with open jaws, but if you throw down to each a loaf of bread they will be quiet. Then hasten and fetch some of the water of life before it strikes twelve, for then the door will shut again and you will 
be imprisoned.” 

The Prince thanked the Dwarf, and, taking the road and bread, he set out on his journey, and as he arrived at the castle he found it as the Dwarf had said. At the third knock the door sprang open; and, 
when he had stilled the Lions with the bread, he walked into a fine large hall, where sat several enchanted Princesses, from whose fingers he drew off the rings, and he also took away with him a sword 
and some bread which lay there. A little further he came to a room wherein stood a beautiful maiden, who was so pleased to see him that she kissed him and said he had freed her, and should have her 
whole kingdom, and if he came in another year their wedding should be celebrated. Then she told him where the fountain of the water of life was placed, and he hastened away lest it should strike twelve 
ere he gained it. He came next into a room where a fine clean covered bed stood, and, being tired, he laydown to rest himself a bit. But he went to sleep, and when he awoke it struck the quarter to twelve, 
and the sound made him hurry to the fountain, from which he took some water in a cup which stood near. This done, he hastened to the door, and was scarcely out before it struck twelve, and the door 
swung to so heavily that it carried away a piece of his heel. 

But he was very glad, in spite of this, that he had procured the water, and he journeyed homewards, and passed again where the Dwarf stood. When the Dwarf saw the sword and bread which he had 
brought away he declared he had done well, for with the sword he could destroy whole armies; but the bread was worth nothing. Now, the Prince was not willing to return home to his Father without his 
Brothers, and so he said to the Dwarf, “Dear Dwarf, can you tell me where my Brothers are? they went out before me in search of the water of life, and did not return.” “They are stuck fast between two 
mountains,” replied the Dwarf; “because they were so haughty, I enchanted them there.” 

Then the Prince begged for their release, till at last the Dwarf brought them out; but he warned the youngest to beware of them, for they had evil in their hearts. 

When his Brothers came he was very glad, and he related to them all that had happened to him; how he had found the water of life and brought away a cup full of it; and how he had rescued a beautiful 
Princess, who for a whole year was going to wait for him, and then he was to return to be married to her, and receive a rich kingdom. After this tale the three Brothers rode away together, and soon entered 
a province where there were war and famine raging, and the King thought he should perish, so great was his necessity. The youngest Prince went to this King and gave him the bread, with which he fed 
and satisfied his whole people; and then the Prince gave him the sword, wherewith he defeated and slew all his enemies, and regained peace and quiet. This effected, the Prince took back the bread, and 
sword, and rode on further with his Brothers, and by-and-by they came to two other provinces where also war and famine were destroying the people. To each King the Prince lent his bread and sword, 
and so saved three kingdoms. After this they went on board a ship to pass over the sea which separated them from home, and during the voyage the two elder Brothers said to one another, “Our Brother 
has found the water of life and we have not; therefore our Father will give the kingdom which belongs to us to him, and our fortune will be taken away.” With these thoughts they became revengeful, and 
consulted together how they should kill him, and one day waiting till he was fast asleep, they poured the water out of his cup and took it for themselves, while they filled his up with bitter salt-water. As soon 
as they arrived at home the youngest Brother took his cup to the sick King, that he might drink out of it and regain his health. But scarcely had he drunk a very little of the water when he became worse than 
before, for it was as bitter as wormwood. While the King lay in this state, the two elder Princes came, and accused their Brother of poisoning his Father; but they had brought the right water, and they 
handed it to the King. Scarcely had he drunk a little out of the cup when the King felt his sickness leave him, and soon he was as strong and healthy as in his young days. The two Brothers now went to the 
youngest Prince, mocking him, and saying, “You certainly found the water of life; but you had the trouble and we had the reward; you should have been more cautious and kept your eyes open, for we took 
your cup while you were asleep on the sea; and, moreover, in a year one of us intends to fetch your Princess. Beware, however, that you betray us not; the King will not believe you, and if you say a single 

word your life will be lost; but if you remain silent you are safe.” The old King, nevertheless, was very angry with his youngest Son, who had conspired, as he believed, against his life. He caused his court to 
be assembled, and sentence was given to the effect that the Prince should be secretly shot; and once as he rode out hunting, unsuspicious of any evil, the Huntsman was sent with him to perform the deed. 
By-and-by, when they were alone in the wood, the Huntsman seemed so sad that the Prince asked him what ailed him. The Huntsman replied, “I cannot and yet must tell you.” “Tell me boldly what it is,” said 
the Prince, “I will forgive you.” “Ah! it is no other than that I must shoot you, for so has the King ordered me,” said the Huntsman with a deep sigh. 

The Prince was frightened, and said, “Let me live, dear Huntsman, let me live! I will give you my royal coat and you shall give me yours in exchange.” To this the Huntsman readily assented, for he felt 
unable to shoot the Prince, and after they had exchanged their clothing the Huntsman returned home, and the Prince went deeper into the wood. 

A short time afterwards three waggons laden with gold and precious stones came to the King’s palace for his youngest Son, and they were sent by the three Kings in token of gratitude for the sword 
which had defeated their enemies, and the bread which had nourished their people. At this arrival the old King said to himself, “Perhaps after all my Son was guiltless,” and he lamented to his courtiers that 
he had let his Son be killed. But the Huntsman cried out, “He lives yet! for I could not find it in my heart to fulfill your commands,” and he told the King how it had happened. The King felt as if a stone had 
been removed from his heart, and he caused it to be proclaimed everywhere throughout his dominions that his Son might return and would again be taken into favour. 

Meanwhile the Princess had caused a road to be made up to her castle of pure shining gold, and she told her attendants that whoever should ride straight up this road would be the right person, and one 
whom they might admit into the castle; but, on the contrary, whoever should ride up not on the road, but by the side, they were ordered on no account to admit, for he was not the right person. When, 
therefore, the time came round which the Princess had mentioned to the youngest Prince, the eldest Brother thought he would hasten to her castle and announce himself as her deliverer, that he might gain 
her as a bride and the kingdom besides. So he rode away, and when he came in front of the castle and saw the fine golden road he thought it would be a shame to ride thereon, and so he turned to the left 
hand and rode up out of the road. But as he came up to the door the guards told him he was not the right person, and he must ride back again. Soon afterwards the second Prince also set out, and he, 
likewise, when he came to the golden road, and his horse set his forefeet upon it, thought it would be a pity to travel upon it, and so he turned aside to the right hand and went up. When he came to the gate 
the guards refused him admittance, and told him he was not the person expected, and so he had to return homewards. The youngest Prince, who had all this time been wandering about in the forest, had 
also remembered that the year was up, and soon after his Brothers’ departure he appeared before the castle and rode up straight on the golden road, for he was so deeply engaged in thinking of his 
beloved Princess that he did not observe it. As soon as he arrived at the door it was opened, and the Princess received him with joy, saying he was her deliverer and the lord of her dominions. Soon after 
their wedding was celebrated, and when it was over the Princess told her husband that his Father had forgiven him and desired to see him. Thereupon he rode to the old King’s palace, and told him how 
his Brothers had betrayed him while he slept and had sworn him to silence. When the King heard this he would have punished the false Brothers, but they had prudently taken themselves off in a ship, and 
they never returned home afterwards. 

The Spirit in the Bottle 

There was once upon a time a poor Woodcutter who worked from morning till quite late at night, and after doing so fora very long time he managed to save some money, and said to his Son, “You are my 
only child, and so this money, which I have earned by the hard sweat of my brow, shall be spent on your education. Do you learn something useful whereby you may support me in my old age, when my 
limbs become so stiff that I am obliged to sit still at home.” 

Thereupon the Son went to a great school, and was very industrious, so that he became much noticed for it; and there he remained a long time. After he had gone through a long course of study, but still 
had not learnt all that was to be learnt, the store of money which his Father had earned was exhausted, and he was obliged to return home again. 

“Ah, I can give you no more,” said the Father, sadly, “for in these dear times I can scarce earn enough for my daily bread.” 

“Make yourself easy on that point, my dear father,” replied the Son; “if it is God’s will, be sure it is all for the best: I will suit myself to the times.” 

Afterwards, when the Father was about to go to the forest to earn something by chopping and clearing, his Son said, “I will accompany you and help you.” “Ah, but my son,” said the Father, “that will be a 
hard matter for you, who have never been used to such hard work; you must not attempt it; besides, I have only one axe, and no money either to buy another.” 

“Go then and ask your neighbour to lend you one, till I shall have earned enough to buy one for myself,” replied the Son. 

So the Father borrowed an axe of his neighbour, and the next morning, at break of day, they went together to the forest. The Son assisted his Father, and was very lively and merry over his work, and 
about noon, when the sun stood right over their heads, the Father proposed to rest for a while, and eat their dinner, and then, after that, they would be able to work all the better. The Son, however, taking 
his share of bread, said, “Do you rest here, father; I am not tired; and I will go a little way into the forest, and look for birds’ nests.” 

“Oh, you silly fellow!” said the Father, “what do you want to run about for? you will make yourself so tired, you will not be able to raise your arm: keep quiet a bit and sit down here with me.” 

But the young man would not do so, but went off among the trees, eating his bread, and peeping about among the bushes for any nest he could find. To and fro he walked a long way, and presently 
came to an immense oak-tree, which was certainly many hundred years old, and could not have been spanned round by any five men. He stopped still to look at this tree, thinking that many a bird’s nest 
must be built within it, and while he did so he suddenly heard, as he thought, a voice. He listened, and soon heard again a half-smothered cry of “Let me out! let me out!” He looked around, but could see 
nothing; still the voice appeared to come, as it were, from the ground. So he called “Where are you?” and the Voice replied, “Here I stick, among the roots of the oak-tree: let me out! let me out!” The 
Scholar, therefore, began to search at the foot of the tree, where the roots spread, and at last, in a little hollow, he found a glass bottle. He picked it up, and, holding it to the light, he perceived a thing, in 
shape like a frog, which kept jumping up and down. “Let me out! let me out!” cried the thing again; and the Scholar, thinking no evil, drew out the stopper of the bottle. Immediately a Spirit sprang out, and 
began to grow and grow so fast, that in a very few moments he stood before the Scholar like a frightful giant, half the size of the tree. “Do you know,” he cried, with a voice like thunder, “do you know what 
your reward is for letting me out of the glass bottle?” 

“No,” replied the Scholar, without fear; “how should I?” 

“Then I will tell you,” cried the Spirit: “I must break your neck!” 

“You should have told me that before,” returned the Scholar, “and then you should have stuck where you were; but my head will stick on my shoulders in spite of you, for there are several people’s 
opinions to be asked yet about that matter.” 

“Keep your people out of my way,” rejoined the Spirit; “but your deserved reward you must receive. Do you suppose I have been shut up so long out of mercy? no; it was for my punishment: I am the 
mighty Mercury, and whoever lets me out, his neck must I break.” 

“Softly, softly!” said the Scholar, “that is quicker said than done; I must first know really that you were in the bottle, and that you are truly a spirit; if I see you return into the bottle, I will believe, and then you 
may do with me what you please.” 

Full of pride, the Spirit answered, “That is an easy matter,” and, drawing himself together, he became as thin as he had been at first, and soon crept through the same opening back again into the bottle. 
Scarcely was he completely in when the Scholar put the stopper back into the neck, and threw the bottle down among the oak-tree roots at the old place; so the Spirit was deceived. 

After this the Scholar would have gone back to his Father, but the Spirit cried lamentably, “Oh, let me out! do let me out!” 

“No,” replied the Scholar, “not a second time: he who tried to take away my life once I shall not let out in a hurry, when I have got him safe again.” 

“If you will free me,” pleaded the Spirit, “I will give you as much as will serve you for your lifetime.” 

“No, no!” rejoined the Scholar, “you will deceive me as you did at first.” 

“You are fighting against your own fortune,” replied the Spirit; “I will do you no harm, but reward you richly.” 

“Well, I will hazard it,” thought the Scholar to himself; “perhaps he will keep his word, and do me no injury;” and, so thinking, he took the stopper out of the bottle again, and the Spirit sprang out as before, 
stretched himself up, and became as big as a giant. 

“Now you shall have your reward,” said the Spirit, reaching the Scholar a little piece of rag in shape like a plaster. “If you apply one end of this to a wound it shall heal directly, and, if you touch with the 
other steel or iron, either will be changed into silver.” 

“That I must try first,” said the Scholar; and, going to a tree, he tore off a piece of the bark with his axe, and then touched it with the one end of the rag, and immediately the wound closed up as if nothing 
had been done. “Now it is all right,” said the Scholar, “now we can separate.” Then the Spirit thanked him for releasing him, and the Scholar thanked the Spirit for his present, and went back to his Father. 

“Where have you been roaming to?” asked the Father; “why, you have quite forgotten your work. I said rightly that you would do nothing of this kind well.” 

“Be contented, father; I will make up the time,” said the Son. 

“Yes, you will make it up, truly,” broke in the Father angrily, “without an axe!” 

“Now, see, father, I will cut down that tree at one blow!” and, so saying, the son took his rag, rubbed the axe with it, and gave a powerful blow, but because the axe was changed into silver the edge 
turned up. “Ah, father, do you see what an axe you have given me! it has no edge at all!” said the Son. 

The Father was frightened and said, “Ah! what have you done? now I must pay for the axe, and I know not how; for it is the one which I borrowed for your work.” 

“Don’t be angry; I will soon pay for the axe,” said the Son; but the Father exclaimed, “Why, you simpleton, how will you do that? you have nothing but what I give you: this is some student’s trick which is 
stuck in your head, but of woodcutting you know nothing at all!” 

After a pause the Scholar said, “Father, I can work no more; let us make holiday now.” 

“Eh? what?” was the answer, “do you think I can keep my hands in my pockets as you do? I must get on, but you can go home.” The Son replied he did not know the way, as it was his first time of being 
in the forest, and at last he persuaded his Father to accompany him home, his wrath being past away. When they arrived at their house, the Father told his son to go and sell the axe which was damaged, 
and the rest he must earn in order to pay his neighbour for it. So the Son took the axe, and carried it to a Goldsmith in the city, who, after proving it, laid it in his scales, and said, “It is worth four hundred 
dollars, and so much I have not by me in the house.” 

“Give me what you have,” said the Scholar, “and I will trust you the remainder.” The Goldsmith gave him three hundred dollars and left the other as a debt, and thereupon the Scholar went home, and said 
to his Father, “Go, ask the neighbour what he will have for his axe; for I have got some money.” 

“I know already,” answered his Father; “one dollar six groschen is the price.” 

“Then give him two dollars and twelve groschen; that is double, and enough; see, here, I have money in abundance!” and he gave his Father one hundred dollars, saying, “You shall never want now; live 
at your ease.” 

“My goodness!” said the man, “where have you procured this money?” 

The Son told his Father all that had happened, and how he had made such a capital catch by trusting to his luck. With the rest of the money, however, he returned to the university, and learnt all that he 
could; and afterwards, because he could heal all wounds with his plaster, he became the most celebrated doctor in the whole world. 

The Two Wanderers 

It is certain that hills and valleys always meet, and it often happens on the earth that her children, both the good and the wicked, cross each other’s paths continually. So it once occurred that a Shoemaker 
and a Tailor fell together during their travels. Now, the Tailor was a merry little fellow, always making the best of everything; and, as he saw the Shoemaker approaching from the opposite road, and 
remarked by his knapsack what trade he was, he began a little mocking rhyme, singing: — 

“Stitch, stitch away with your needle, 

Pull away hard with your thread, 

Rub it with wax to the right and the left, 

And knock the old peg on the head!” 

The Shoemaker, however, could not take a joke, and drew a long face as if he had been drinking vinegar, while he seemed inclined to lay hold of the Tailor by the collar. But the latter began to laugh, and 
handed his bottle to the other, saying, “It is not ill meant; just drink, and wash down the gall.” The Shoemaker thereupon took a long pull, and immediately the gathering storm vanished; and, as he gave the 
Tailor back his bottle, he said, “I should have spoken to you roughly, but one talks better after a great drinking than after long thirst. Shall we travel together now?” “Right willingly,” answered the Tailor, “if 
you have but a mind to go into some large town where work is not wanting to those who seek it.” “That is just the place I should like,” rejoined the Shoemaker; “in a little nest there is nothing to be earned, 
and the people in the country would rather go barefoot than buy shoes.” So they wandered away, setting always one foot before the other, like a weasel in the snow. 

Time enough had both our heroes, but little either to bite or break. When they came to the first town, they went round requesting work, and because the Tailor looked so fresh and merry, and had such 
red cheeks, everyone gave him what he could spare to do, and moreover he was so lucky that the master’s daughters, behind the shop, would give him a kiss as he passed. So it happened that, when he 
met again with his companion, his bundle was the better filled of the two. The fretful Shoemaker drew a sour face, and thought, “The greater the rogue the better the luck;” but the other began to laugh and 
sing, and shared all that he received with his comrade. For, if only a couple of groschen jingled in his pocket, he would out with them, throw them on the table with such force that the glasses danced, and 
cry out, “Lightly earned, lightly spent!” 

After they had wandered about for some time they came to a large forest, through which the road passed to the royal city; but there were two ways, one of which was seven days long, and the other only 
two, but neither of the travellers knew which was the shorter. They, therefore, sat down under an oak-tree, to consult how they should manage, and for how many days they could take bread with them. The 
Shoemaker said, “One must provide for further than one goes, so I will take with me bread for seven days.” 

“What!” cried the Tailor, “carry bread for seven days on your back like a beast of burden, so that you can’t look round! I shall commit myself to God, and care for nothing. The money which I have in my 
pocket is as good in summer as in winter, but the bread will get dry, and musty beside, in this hot weather. Why should we not find the right way? Bread for two days, and luck with it!” Thereupon each one 
bought his own bread, and then they started in the forest to try their fortune. 

It was as quiet and still as a church. Not a breath of wind was stirring, not a brook bubbling, a bird singing, nor even a sunbeam shining through the thick leaves. The Shoemaker spoke never a word, for 
the heavy bread pressed upon his back so sorely that the sweat ran down over his morose and dark countenance. The Tailor, on the other hand, was as merry as a lark, jumping about, whistling through 
straws, or singing songs. Thus two days passed; but on the third, when no end was to be found to the forest, the Tailor’s heart fell a bit, for he had eaten all his bread: still he did not lose courage, but put 
his trust in God and his own luck. The third evening he lay down under a tree hungry, and awoke the next morning not less so. The fourth day was just the same, and when the Shoemaker sat down on an 
uprooted tree, and devoured his midday meal, nothing remained to the Tailor but to look on. He begged once a bit of bread, but the other laughed in his face, and said, “You are always so merry, and now 
you can try for once in your life how a man feels when he is sad; birds which sing too early in the morning are caught by the hawk in the evening.” In short, he was without pity for his companion. The fifth 
morning, however, the poor Tailor could not stand upright, and could scarcely speak from faintness: his cheeks, besides, were quite white and his eyes red. Then the Shoemaker said to him, “I will give you 
to-day a piece of bread, but I must put out your right eye for it.” 

The unhappy Tailor, who still wished to preserve his life, could not help himself: he wept once with both eyes, and then the Shoemaker, who had a heart of stone, put out his right eye with a needle. Then 
the poor fellow recollected what his mother had once said to him when he had been eating in the store-room, “One may eat too much, but one must also suffer for it.” As soon as he had swallowed his 
dearly-purchased bread he got upon his legs again, forgot his misfortune, and comforted himself by reflecting that he had still one eye left to see with. But on the sixth day hunger again tormented him and 
his heart began to fail him. When evening came he sank down under a tree, and on the seventh morning he could not raise himself from faintness, for death sat on his neck. The Shoemaker said, “I will yet 
show you mercy and give you a piece of bread, but as a recompense I must put out your left eye.” The Tailor, remembering his past sinfulness, begged pardon of God, and then said to his companion, “Do 
what you will, I will bear what I must; but remember that our God watches every action; and that another hour will come when the wicked deed shall be punished which you have practised upon me, and 
which I have never deserved. In prosperous days I shared with you what I had. My business is one which requires stitch for stitch. If I have no longer sight, I can sew no more, and must go begging. Let me 
not, when I am blind, lie here all alone, or I shall perish.” 

The Shoemaker, however, had driven all thoughts about God out of his heart, and he took the knife and put out the left eye of his comrade. Then he gave him a piece of bread to eat, reached him a stick, 
and led him behind him. 

As the sun was setting they got out of the forest, and before them in a field stood a gallows. The Shoemaker led the blind Tailor to it, left him lying there, and went his way. From weariness, pain, and 
hunger, the poor fellow slept the whole night long, and when he awoke at daybreak he knew not where he was. Upon the gallows hung two poor sinners, and upon each of their heads sat a Crow, one of 
which said to the other, "Brother, are you awake?” “Yes, I am,” replied the second. “Then I will tell you something,” said the first Crow. “The dew which has fallen over us this night from the gallows will give 

sight to him who needs it if he but wash himself with it. If the blind knew this, how many are there who would once more be able to see who now think it impossible!” 

When the Tailor heard this he took his handkerchief, spread it on the grass, and as soon as it was soaked with dew he washed his eyeballs therewith. Immediately the words of the Crow were fulfilled, 
and he saw as clearly as ever. In a short while afterwards the Tailor saw the sun rise over the mountains, and before him in the distance lay the King’s city, with its magnificent gates and hundred towers, 
over which the spires and pinnacles began to glisten in the sunbeams. He discerned every leaf upon the trees, every bird which flew by, and the gnats which danced in the air. He took a needle out of his 
pocket, and, when he found he could pass the thread through the eye as easily as ever, his heart leaped for joy. He threw himself upon his knees and thanked God for the mercy shown to him, and while he 
said his morning devotions he did not forget to pray for the two poor sinners who swung to and fro in the wind like the pendulum of a clock. Afterwards he took his bundle upon his back, and, forgetting his 
past sorrows and troubles, he jogged along singing and whistling. 

The first thing he met was a brown Filly, which was running about in the fields at liberty. The Tailor caught it by its mane, and would have swung himself on its back to ride into the city, but the Filly begged 
for its liberty, saying, “I am still too young; even a light Tailor like you would break my back; let me run about till I am stronger; a time, perhaps, will come when I can reward you.” 

“Run away then,” replied the Tailor; “I see you are still a romp!” and with these words he gave it a cut with a switch which made it lift its hind legs for joy, and spring away over a hedge and ditch into a 

But the Tailor had eaten nothing since the previous day, and he thought to himself, “The sun certainly fills my eyes, but the bread does not fill my mouth. The first thing which meets me now must suffer, if 
it be at all eatable.” Just then a Stork came walking very seriously over the meadow. “Stop, stop!” cried the Tailor, catching it by the leg, “I don’t know if you are fit to eat, but my hunger will not admit of 
choice; so I must chop off your head and roast you.” “Do it not,” answered the Stork; “I am a sacred bird, to whom nobody offers an injury, and I bring great profit to man. Leave me alone, and then I can 
recompense you at some future time.” “Be off, Cousin Long-legs,” said the Tailor; and the Stork, raising itself from the ground, flew gracefully away, with its long legs hanging downwards. “What will come 
of this?” said the Tailor to himself, “my hunger grows ever stronger, and my stomach yet more empty: what next crosses my path is lost.” As he spoke he saw a pair of young Ducks swimming upon a pond. 
“You have come just when you were called,” cried he, and, seizing one by the neck, he was about to twist it round, when an old bird which was hid among the reeds began to quack loudly, and swam with 
open bill up to the Tailor, begging him pitifully to spare her dear child. “Think what your poor mother would say if one fetched you away and put an end to your life!” “Be quiet!” replied the good-natured 
Tailor, “you shall have your child again;” and he put the prisoner back into the water. As soon as he turned round again he perceived the old hollow tree, and the wild bees flying in and out. “Here at last I 
shall find the reward of my good deed,” said the Tailor; “the honey will refresh me.” But scarcely had he spoken when the Queen Bee flew out, and thus addressed him, “If you touch my people, and disturb 
my nest, our stings shall pierce your skin like ten thousand red-hot needles. Leave us in peace, and go your own way, and perhaps at a future time you shall receive a reward for it.” 

The Tailor perceived at once that nothing was to be had there. “Three empty dishes and nothing in the fourth is a bad meal,” thought he to himself; and, trudging on, he soon got into the city, where, as it 
was about noon, he found a dinner ready cooked in the inn, and gladly sat down to table. When he was satisfied he determined to go and seek work, and, as he walked around the city, he soon found a 
master, who gave him a good welcome. Since, however, he knew his business thoroughly, it very soon happened that he became quite famed, and everybody would have his new coat made by the little 
Tailor. Every day added to his consequence, and he said to himself, “I can get no higher in my art, and yet every day trade gets brisker.” At length he was appointed court tailor. 

But how things do turn out! The same day his former comrade was made court shoemaker; and when he saw the Tailor, and remarked that his eyes were as bright and good as ever, his conscience 
pricked him. But he thought to himself, “Before he revenges himself on me I must lay a snare for him.” Now, he who digs a pit for another often falls into it himself. In the evening, when the Shoemaker had 
left off work, and it was become quite dark, he slipped up to the King and whispered, “May it please your Majesty, this Tailor is a high-minded fellow, and has boasted that he can procure again the crown 
which has been lost so long.” 

“That would please me much!” replied the King; “but let the Tailor come here to-morrow.” When he came, the King ordered him to find the crown again, or to leave the city for ever. “Oho! oho!” thought 
the Tailor; “a rogue gives more than he has. If the crusty old King desires from me what no man can produce, I will not wait till morning, but this very day make my escape out of the town.” So thinking, he 
tied together his bundle, and marched out of the gate; but it grieved him sorely to give up his business, and to turn his back upon the city wherein he had been so fortunate. Soon he came to the pond 
where he had made acquaintance with the ducks, and there sat the old one whose children he had spared by the shore, pluming herself with her bill. She recognised him, and asked why he hung his head 
so. “You will not wonder,” he replied, “when you hear what has happened;” and he told her his story. “If that be all,” said the Duck, “we can assist you. The crown has fallen into the water, and lies at the 
bottom, whence we will soon fetch it. Meanwhile spread your handkerchief out on the shore.” With these words the Duck dived down with her twelve young ones, and in five minutes they were up again 
carrying the crown, which, resting on the old bird’s wings, was borne up by the bills of the twelve ducklings who swam around. They came to shore and laid the crown on the handkerchief. You could not 
believe how beautiful it was; for when the sun shone on it it glittered like a hundred carbuncles . 1 The Tailor tied it up in his handkerchief and carried it to the King, who was so much pleased that he gave its 
finder a chain of gold to hang round his neck. 

When the Shoemaker found his first plan had failed he contrived a second, and, stepping before the King, said, “May it please your Majesty, the Tailor has grown so high-minded again, he boasts he 
can model in wax the whole castle and all that is in it, fixed and unfixed, indoors and outdoors.” The King thereupon caused the Tailor to be summoned, and ordered him to model in wax the whole castle, 
and everything inside and outside; and if he did not complete it, or even omitted one nail upon the wall, he should be kept prisoner underground all his lifetime. The Tailor thought to himself, “It comes 
harder and harder upon me; no man can do that!” and, throwing his bundle over his shoulder, he walked out at the gate. When he came to the hollow tree he sat down, and hung his head in despair. The 
Bees came flying out, and the Queen asked if he had a stiff neck, because he kept his head in such a position. “Oh, no!” he replied; “something else oppresses me!” and he related what the King had 
demanded of him. The Bees thereupon began to hum and buzz together, and the Queen said to the Tailor, “Go home now, but return in the morning, and bring a great napkin with you, and about this hour 
all will be ready.” So he returned home, and the Bees flew to the royal palace, right in at the open window, crept into every corner, and observed all the things in the most minute manner. Then they flew 
back and formed a castle in wax with great speed, so that it was ready by the evening. The next morning the Tailor came, and there stood the whole beautiful building, with not a nail upon the wall or a tile 
upon the roof omitted, but all was delicately white, and, moreover, as sweet as sugar. The Tailor wrapped it carefully in his cloth, and took it to the King, who could not sufficiently admire it, and gave him a 
house made of stone as a reward. 

The Shoemaker, however, was not satisfied, and went again to the King; and said, “May it please your Majesty, it has come to the ears of the Tailor that no water springs in the castle-yard; and he has 
therefore boasted that it shall gush up in the middle, clear as crystal.” The King ordered the Tailor to be summoned, and told him that if a stream of water was not running the following morning, as he had 

said, the executioner should make him a head shorter in that very court. The poor Tailor did not think very long, but rushed out of the gate, and, as he remembered his life was in danger, tears rolled down 
his cheeks. Whilst he sat thus, full of grief, the Filly came jumping towards him to which he had once given liberty, and which had became a fine brown horse. “Now is the hour come,” it said to the Tailor, 
“when I can reward your kindness. I know already what you need, and will soon assist you; but now sit upon my back, which could carry two like you.” The Tailor’s heart came again, and he vaulted into the 
saddle, and the horse carried him full speed into the town, and straight to the castle-yard. There it coursed thrice round as quick as lightning, and at the third time fell down. At the same moment a fearful 
noise was heard, and a piece out of the ground of the court sprang up into the air like a ball, and bounded away far over the castle; and at the same time a stream of water, as high as the man and his 
horse, and as clear as crystal, played up and down like a fountain, and the sunbeams danced on it. As soon as the King saw this he was astounded, and went up and embraced the Tailor before all his 

But this fortune did not last long. The King had daughters enough, and each one prettier than the other, but no son at all. 

Now, the wicked Shoemaker went for the fourth time to the King, and said, “May it please your Majesty, the Tailor is as high-minded as ever. Now he has boasted that, if he might, he could bring the 
King a son down from the air.” Thereupon the King ordered the Tailor to be summoned, and said, “If you bring me a son within nine days you shall have my eldest daughter as a wife.” “The reward is 
immense,” thought the Tailor; “and one may as well have it as another; but now the cherries hang too high for me, and if I climb after them the branches will break beneath me, and I shall fall down.” So 
thinking, he went home, set himself with his legs crossed under him upon his work-table, and considered what he should do. “It is of no use,” he cried at length; “I must be off, I cannot rest in peace here!” 
So he tied up his bundle and hurried out of the door; but just as he arrived upon the meadow he perceived his old friend the Stork, who, like a world with man, walked up and down, awhile stood still and 
considered a frog nearer, and at length snapped it up. The Stork came up and greeted him. “I see,” said it, “you have your bundle upon your back; why have you left the city?” The Tailor told the Stork what 
the King had commanded of him, and how, as he could not do it, he was grieving at his ill luck. “Do not let your grey hairs grow-on that account!” replied the Stork, “I will assist you out of your trouble! 
Sometimes already I have brought infants into the city; and I can also fetch a little prince out of the spring. Go home and keep quiet. In nine days return to the royal palace, and I will come thither also.” 

The Tailor went home, and on the right day went to the palace. In a short time the Stork came flying through the air, and knocked at the window. The Tailor opened it, and cousin Long-legs marched 
gravely in, and with stately steps passed over the marble floors, carrying in his beak a child, as beautiful to look at as an angel, and already stretching out its hands towards the Queen. The Stork laid it 
upon her lap, and she embraced and kissed it, almost beside herself with joy. Before he flew away he took a knapsack off his shoulder, and handed it to the Queen; and therein were dates and coloured 
bonbons, which were divided among the Princesses. But the eldest received none, because she took instead the merry young Tailor as husband. “It seems to me,” said the Tailor, “as if I had won a great 
game. My mother rightly said, ‘He who trusts in God and his own fortune will never go amiss.’ ” 

The Shoemaker had to make the shoes in which the Tailor danced at the wedding, and as soon as he had done them he was ordered to leave the city. The road from thence to the forest led him past 
the gallows; and, from rage, disappointment, and weariness with the heat of the day, he threw himself on the ground beneath it. As soon as he had closed his eyes and prepared to go to sleep, the two 
Crows flew down from the heads of the two criminals, and with loud cries pecked out the Shoemaker’s eyes. Insane with rage and pain he ran into the forest, and there he must have perished; for nobody 
has seen or heard anything of the wicked Shoemaker ever since. 

The Experienced Huntsman 

There was once upon a time a young Lad who, after he had learnt the art of making locks, told his Father he wished to go and seek his fortune in the world. “Well,” said the Father, “very well, I am 
contented;” and gave him money for the journey. So he set off, looking about for work; but after a while he determined to follow his trade no longer, for he had got tired of it, and wished to learn the art of 
hunting. While he was in this mood he met a Huntsman, dressed in green, who asked him whence he came, and whither he would go. The Youth told him he was a locksmith, but his business did not suit 
him any longer, and he had a wish to learn how to shoot, if he would take him as a pupil. “Oh, yes,” replied the other, “come with me.” The youth accompanied him, and for several years abode with him 
while he learned the art of hunting. Afterwards he wished to leave, but the Huntsman gave him no further reward than an air-gun, which had the property of missing nothing at which it was fired. With this gift 
he went off, and by-and-by came to a very large forest, to which he could find no end the first day; so he perched himself upon a lofty tree where the wild beasts could not reach him. Towards midnight it 
seemed to him that a light was glimmering at a distance, and he peeped through the boughs in order to mark more exactly where it was. Then, taking his hat, he threw it in that direction that it might serve 
as a guide for him when he had descended the tree; and as soon as he was down, he ran after his hat, and, putting it on again, he walked straight ahead. The farther he went the larger the light appeared; 
and when he came nearly up to it he discovered that it was caused by a great fire, round which three Giants were sitting, watching the roasting of an ox, which hung on a spit above it. Just at that moment 
one of the Giants said he would taste and see if the meat were done enough; and, tearing a piece off, he was going to put it into his mouth, when the Huntsman shot it clean out of his hand. “Now, then,” 
cried the Giant, “the wind blows the meat out of my hand!” And, taking another piece, he was about to bite it when the Huntsman shot that out of his hand. Thereupon he gave the Giant next to him a box on 
the ear, saying, angrily, “Why do you snatch my piece away?” “I did not take it away,” replied the other; “it was some sharpshooter who shot it away.” So the Giant took a third piece, but that also he could 
not hold, for the Huntsman shot it away. “This must be a good shot,” cried all the Giants; “a man who can shoot away the food from one’s mouth would be very useful to us.” And then, speaking louder, they 
called to him, “Come, you sharpshooter, sit down by our fire, and eat till you are satisfied, and we will do you no harm; but if you don’t come, and we have to fetch you, you will be lost.” 

At these words the Huntsman stepped up to the fire, and said he was an experienced Huntsman, so much so, that whatever he aimed at, he shot, without ever missing. The Giants said that if he would 
go with them he should be well treated; and they told him, besides, that out of the forest there was a large piece of water, on the other side of which was a tower, wherein dwelt a beautiful Princess, whom 
they desired to possess. The Huntsman said he would willingly fetch her; and they further told him that outside the tower lay a little dog, which would begin to bark as soon as it saw anyone approach, and 
immediately it did so everybody would wake up in the royal palace; and it was on that account they had never been able to enter, and therefore he must first shoot the dog. To this the Huntsman assented, 
declaring it was mere play; and soon afterwards he went on board a ship, and sailed over the water; and, as he neared the land, the little dog came running down and would have barked, but he, aiming 
with his air-gun, shot it dead. As soon as the Giants saw this done they were very glad, and thought they had the Princess for certain; but the Huntsman told them to remain where they were until he called 
them, for he must first see how it was to be accomplished. He went into the castle, and found everybody as still as mice, for they were fast asleep; and as he entered the first room he saw a sabre hanging 
up made of pure silver, and ornamented with a golden star and the king’s name. Below it stood a table, whereon laid a sealed letter, which he broke open, and read that whoever possessed the sabre 
could bring to life whomever it passed. The Huntsman took the sabre down from the wall, and, hanging it around him, walked on till he came to a room, where the king’s daughter lay asleep. She was so 
beautiful that he stood still and looked at her, holding his breath, while he thought, “How dare I deliver this innocent maiden into the power of these Giants, with their evil intentions?” He peeped about, and 
under the bed espied a pair of slippers; on the right one was marked the king’s name, with a star; and on the left his daughter’s, also with a star. She had also a large handkerchief over her, woven of silk 
and gold, having on the right side her father’s name, and on the left her own, all done in golden threads. So the Huntsman took a knife and cut off the right corner, and then he took the slipper with the 
King’s name in it, and put them both in his knapsack. All the while the Princess remained quite passive; and as she was wrapped up in a sheet, the Huntsman cut off a piece of that, as well as the 
handkerchief, and put it in his knapsack with the others. All these things he did without touching her, and afterwards went away without noise. When he got outside he found the three Giants, who were 
waiting in expectation that he would bring the Princess with him. He shouted to them to come in, for the maiden was already in his power, but he could not open the door, and therefore they must creep 
through a hole which was in the wall. The first Giant came, and, as soon as he poked his head through the hole, the Huntsman seized him by the hair and chopped his head off with the sabre. Then he 
pulled the body through, and called to the second, whose head he chopped off likewise, and then the third Giant shared the same fate. As soon as this was done he cut out the tongue of each and put it in 
his knapsack, rejoicing to think he had freed the Princess from her enemies. He resolved next to visit his father, and show him what he had done, and afterwards to travel again about the world; for, said 
he, “The fortune which God apportions to me will reach me anywhere!” 

Meanwhile the King of the castle, when he awoke, had perceived the three Giants lying dead in the hall, and, going into his daughter’s apartment, he awoke her, and inquired who it was that had 
destroyed the Giants. “I know not, dear father,” she replied; “I have been sleeping.” But when she arose, and wished to put on her slippers, she found the one for the right foot missing; and her handkerchief 
also wanted the right-hand corner, which had been cut off, as well as a piece out of the sheet. The King thereupon caused the whole court to be assembled, soldiers and every one, and then put the 
question, who had freed his daughter and put to death the Giants? Now the King had a captain, a one-eyed and ugly man, who said he had done it. The old King, therefore, declared that since it was he, 
he must marry the Princess. But as soon as he said so the Princess exclaimed, “Rather than marry him, dear father, I will wander over the world as far as my feet will carry me!” The King replied she might 
do-as she pleased; but if she would not marry the man she must take off her royal clothes, and put on peasants clothes to travel in, and, also, she must go to a potter, and begin business in the 
earthenware trade. So the King’s daughter drew off her royal clothes, and went to a potter, from whom she hired a crate of earthenware, and promised that if she had sold them by the evening she would 
pay for them. The King commanded her to sit at a certain corner of the market, across which he ordered that several waggons should be driven, so as to crush in pieces all the crockery. By-and-by, 
therefore, when the Princess had stationed herself in the appointed place, the waggons came driving past and smashed her goods. Thereupon she began to cry, saying, “Ah, heaven! how am I to pay the 
potter?” But the King hoped by this means to have compelled his daughter to marry the captain; instead of which she went to the potter and asked if he would trust her with another crate. He refused till she 
should pay for the former one; and so the Princess was forced to go crying and groaning to her father, that she wished to wander into the wide world. The King said, “I will cause a cottage to be built in the 
middle of the wood, wherein you shall sit all your lifetime, and cook for anybody who comes, but without taking money for it.” When the house was ready a sign was hung over the door, on which was 
inscribed — 

“Gratis to-day: To-morrow, payment!” 

There she sat for a long time, while it was talked about in the world around that a maiden sat in a cottage in the wood, and cooked gratis, as was stated on a sign over the door. This the Huntsman heard, 
and he thought to himself, “This is good news for me, who am so poor, and have no money.” So he took his air-gun and knapsack, in which he kept all the memorials he had brought away from the castle; 
and, going into the forest, came soon to the cottage where was written up — 

“Gratis to-day: To-morrow, payment.” 

Now, he had the sword buckled round him which he had used to execute the three Giants; and he stepped into the cottage and ordered something to eat. The Princess asked him whence he came and 
whither he was going; and he replied, “I am wandering about the world.” She asked next where he procured his sword, on which she perceived her father’s name. “Are you the daughter of the King?” he 
inquired; and, as she nodded assent, he said, “With this sword I have cut off the heads of three Giants!” and he held up the three tongues for a token, together with the slipper, and the pieces which he had 
cut off the handkerchief and sheet. The Princess was glad indeed to see these things, and told the Huntsman it was he who had saved her. Then they went to the King; and the Princess led him to her 
chamber, and declared that it was the Huntsman who had delivered her from the three Giants. The King at first would not believe; but as soon as he was shown the tokens he could no longer doubt; and, in 
order to show his pleasure and his gratitude, he promised his daughter to the Huntsman as his wife, which pleased the Princess very much. Afterwards the King ordered a grand banquet, whereat the 
Huntsman appeared as a distinguished stranger. When they sat down to table the Captain took his place on the left hand of the King’s daughter, and the Huntsman, whom the former believed to be a 
visitor of rank, on the right. When they had finished eating and drinking, the old King told the Captain he would propound a question, which he must answer, and it was this: — “If one should say he had killed 
three Giants, and was asked therefore where the tongues of the Giants were, and should then go to seek them and find none, how would he explain that?” “By saying that they had had none!” replied the 
Captain. “Not so!” said the King; “every creature has a tongue; therefore, what would such an one deserve for his answer?” “To be torn in pieces!” said the Captain boldly. 

“You have pronounced your own sentence!” said the King to the Captain; who was first imprisoned, and afterwards torn in four pieces. But the Huntsman was married to the King’s daughter; and after 
the wedding he invited his father and mother to live with him; and, after the old King’s death, the Huntsman ascended the throne. 

Professor Know-All 

Along time ago there lived a peasant named “Crab,” who one day drove into a certain city his cart laden with a bundle of logs, drawn by two oxen. He soon found a purchaser for his wood in the person of 
a learned Professor, who bought it for two dollars, and, while the money was being counted out, the Peasant, peeping in at the door, saw how comfortably his customer was eating and drinking; and the 
thought thereupon came into his head that he would like to be a professor too. So he waited a little while, and at last mustered courage to ask whether he could not be a professor. “Oh, yes,” replied the 
Professor, “that can soon be managed!” 

“What must I do?” asked the Peasant. 

“First of all buy an A B C book, one which has a cock-a-doodle-doo for a frontispiece; secondly, sell your cart and oxen, and turn them into money to buy good clothes with, and what else belongs to a 
professor’s appearance; lastly, let a sign be painted, with the words, ‘I am the Professor Know-All,’ and nail that over your house door.” 

The Countryman did all that he was told, and after he had practised a little time, but not to much purpose, a certain very wealthy Baron had some money stolen from him. Mention was made to the Baron 
of this Professor Know-All who dwelt in such a village, and who would be sure to know where the money was gone. As soon as the Baron heard of him, he ordered his horses and his carriage and drove to 
the place where the Professor lived. The Baron inquired if he were the Professor Know-All, and, he replying “Yes,” the Baron said he must return with him and discover his money. 

“Very well,” replied the Professor; “but my wife Gertrude must accompany me.” 

To this the Baron agreed, and, all being seated in the carriage, away they drove back again. When they arrived at the house, a splendid collation was on the table, of which the Professor was invited to 
partake. “Certainly,” said he, “but my wife Gertrude too;” and he sat down with her at the bottom of the table. As soon as the first servant entered with a dish of delicate soup, the Professor poked his wife, 
saying, “He is the first!” meaning he was the first who had brought in meat. But the servant imagined he meant to say, “He is the first thief!” and, because he really was so, he felt very much disturbed, and 
told his comrades in the kitchen, “The Professor knows all; we shall come off badly, for he has said I am the first!” When the second servant heard this he felt afraid to go; but he was obliged, and, as soon 
as he entered the room with his dish, the man poked his wife again, and said, “Gertrude, that is the second!” This frightened the servant so much that he left the room as soon as possible; and the third 
servant who entered fared no better, for the Professor said to his wife, “That is the third!” The fourth servant had to bring in a covered dish, and the Baron said to the Professor he must show his powers by 
telling truly what was in the dish. Now, there were crabs in it; but the Peasant looked at the dish, ignorant how to get himself out of the scrape, till at last he cried out, “Oh, poor Crab that I am!” When the 
Baron heard this he exclaimed, “Good! he knows it! he knows, too, where my money is!" 

The servant, however, was terribly frightened; and he winked to the Professor to follow him out. When he had done so, he found all four servants there who had stolen the money, and were now so eager 
to get off that they offered him a large sum if he would not betray them; for if he did their necks would be in danger. They led him also to the place where the money lay hid, and the Professor was so 
pleased that he gave them the required promise, and then returned to the house, where he sat down again at table, and, producing his book, said, “I will now look in my book, Baron, and discover the 
place where the money lies.” A fifth servant, who had had a share in the robbery, wished to hear if the Professor knew more, and so he crept up the chimney to listen. Below sat the countryman, turning the 
leaves of his book backwards and forwards, forwards and backwards, looking for the Cock-a-doodle-doo. However, he could not find it, and he at length exclaimed, “You must come out, for I know you are 
in!” This made the servant up the chimney believe he meant him, and down he slipped, and got out, crying, “The man knows all, the man knows all!” 

Then Professor Know-All showed the Baron where the money lay; but he said nothing about who had stolen it, so that from both sides he received a large sum of money as a reward, and, moreover, he 
became a very celebrated character. 


There was once upon a time a young fellow who enlisted for a soldier, and became so brave and courageous that he was always in the front ranks when it rained blue beans.- As long as the war lasted all 
went well, but when peace was concluded he received his discharge, and the captain told him he might go where he liked. His parents meanwhile had died, and as he had no longer any home to go to he 
paid a visit to his brothers, and asked them to give him shelter until war broke out again. His brothers, however, were hardhearted, and said, “What could we do with you? we could make nothing of you; 
see to what you have brought yourself:” and so turned a deaf ear. The poor soldier had nothing but his musket left; so he mounted this on his shoulder and set out on tramp. By-and-by he came to a great 
heath with nothing on it but a circle of trees, under which he sat down, sorrowfully considering his fate. “I have no money,” thought he; “I have learnt nothing but soldiering, and now, since peace is 
concluded, there is no need of me. I see well enough I shall have to starve.” All at once he heard a rustling, and as he looked round he perceived a stranger standing before him, dressed in a grey coat, 
who looked very stately, but had an ugly, cloven foot. “I know quite well what you need,” said this being: “gold and other possessions you shall have, as much as you can spend; but first I must know whether 
you are a coward or not, that I may not spend my money foolishly.” 

“A soldier and a coward!” replied the other, “that cannot be; you may put me to any proof.” 

“Well then,” replied the stranger, “look behind you.” 

The Soldier turned and saw a huge bear, which eyed him very ferociously. “Oho!” cried he, “I will tickle your nose for you, that you shall give us the pleasure of grumbling;” and, raising his musket, he shot 
the bear in the forehead, so that he tumbled in a heap upon the ground, and did not stir afterwards. Thereupon the stranger said, “I see quite well that you are not wanting in courage; but there is yet one 
condition which you must fulfil.” “If it does not interfere with my future happiness,” said the Soldier, who had remarked who it was that addressed him; “if it does not interfere with that I shall not hesitate.” 

“That you must see about yourself!” said the stranger. “For the next seven years you must not wash yourself, nor comb your hair or beard, neither must you cut your nails nor say one pater noster.- Then I 
will give you this coat and mantle, which you must wear during these seven years; and if you die within that time you are mine, but if you live you are rich, and free all your life long.” 

The Soldier reflected for a while on his great necessities, and, remembering how often he had braved death, he at length consented, and ventured to accept the offer. Thereupon the Evil One pulled off 
the grey coat, handed it to the soldier, and said, “If you at any time search in the pocket of your coat when you have it on, you will always find your hand full of money.” Then also he pulled off the skin of the 
bear, and said, “That shall be your cloak and your bed; you must sleep on it, and not dare to lie in any other bed, and on this account you shall be called Bearskin.” Immediately the Evil One disappeared. 

The Soldier now put on the coat, and dipped his hands into the pockets to assure himself of the reality of the transaction. Then he hung the bearskin around himself, and went about the world chuckling at 
his good luck, and buying whatever suited his fancy which money could purchase. For the first year his appearance was not very remarkable but in the second he began to look quite a monster. His hair 
covered almost all his face, his beard appeared like a piece of dirty cloth, his nails were claws, and his countenance was so covered with dirt that one might have grown cresses upon it if one had sown 
seed! Whoever looked at him ran away; but, because he gave the poor in every place gold coin, they prayed that he might not die during the seven years; and, because he paid liberally everywhere, he 
found a night’s lodging without difficulty. In the fourth year he came to an inn where the landlord would not take him in, and refused even to give him a place in his stables, lest the horses should be 
frightened and become restive. However, when Bearskin put his hand into his pocket and drew it out full of gold ducats the landlord yielded the point, and gave him a place in the outbuild ings, but not till he 
had promised that he would not show himself, for fear the inn should gain a bad name. 

While Bearskin sat by himself in the evening, wishing from his heart that the seven years were over, he heard in the corner a loud groan. Now the old Soldier had a compassionate heart, so he opened 
the door and saw an old man weeping violently and wringing his hands. Bearskin stepped nearer, but the old man jumped up and tried to escape: but when he recognised a human voice he let himself be 
persuaded, and by kind words and soo things on the part of the old Soldier he at length disclosed the cause of his distress. His property had dwindled away by degrees, and he and his daughters would 
have to starve, for he was so poor that he had not the money to pay the host, and would therefore be put into prison. 

“If you have no care except that,” replied Bearskin. “I have money enough;” and, causing the landlord to be called, he paid him, and put a purse full of gold besides into the pocket of the old man. The 
latter, when he saw himself released from his troubles, knew not howto be sufficiently grateful, and said to the Soldier, “Come with me, my daughters are all wonders of beauty, so choose one of them fora 
wife. When they hear what you have done for me they will not refuse you. You appear certainly an uncommon man, but they will soon put you to rights.” 

This speech pleased Bearskin, and he went with the old man. As soon as the eldest daughter saw him, she was so terrified at his countenance that she shrieked out and ran away. The second one 
stopped and looked at him from head to foot; but at last she said, “How can I take a husband who has not a bit of a human countenance? The grizzly bear would have pleased me better who came to see 
us once, and gave himself out as a man, for he wore a hussar’s hat, and had white gloves on besides.” 

But the youngest daughter said, “Dear father, this must be a good man who has assisted you out of your troubles; if you have promised him a bride for the service your word must be kept.” 

(It was a pity the man’s face was covered with dirt and hair, else one would have seen how he laughed as he heard these words.) Bearskin took a ring off his finger, broke it in two, and, giving the 
youngest daughter one half, he kept the other for himself. On her half he wrote his name, and on his own he wrote hers, and begged her to preserve it carefully. Thereupon he took leave, saying, “For three 
years longer I must wander about; if I come back again, then we will celebrate our wedding; but if I do not, you are free, for I shall be dead. But pray to God that he will preserve my life.” 

When he was gone the poor bride clothed herself in black, and whenever she thought of her bridegroom burst into tears. From her sisters she received nothing but scorn and mocking. “Pay great 
attention when he shakes your hand,” said the eldest, “and you will see his beautiful claws!” “Take care!” said the second, “bears are fond of sweets, and if you please him he will eat you up, perhaps!” 
“You must mind and do his will,” continued the eldest, “or he will begin growling!” And the second daughter said further, “But the wedding will certainly be merry, for bears dance well!” The bride kept 
silence, and would not be drawn from her purpose by all these taunts; and meanwhile Bearskin wandered about in the world doing good where he could, and giving liberally to the poor, for which they 

prayed heartily for him. At length the last day of the seven years approached, and Bearskin went and sat down again on the heath, beneath the circle of trees. In a very short time the wind whistled, and the 
Evil One presently stood before him and looked at him with a vexed face. He threw the Soldier his old coat, and demanded his grey one back. “We have not got so far yet,” replied Bearskin; “you must 
clean me first.” Then the Evil One had, whether he liked it or no, to fetch water, wash the old Soldier, comb his hair out, and cut his nails. This done, he appeared again like a brave warrior, and indeed was 
much handsomer than before. 

As soon as the Evil One had disappeared, Bearskin became quite light-hearted; and going into the nearest town he bought a fine velvet coat, and hired a carriage drawn by four white horses, in which 
he was driven to the house of his bride. Nobody knew him; the father took him for some celebrated general, and led him into the room where his daughters were. He was compelled to sit down between 
the two eldest, and they offered him wine, and heaped his plate with the choicest morsels; for they thought they had never seen any one so handsome before. But the bride sat opposite to him dressed in 
black, neither opening her eyes nor speaking a word. At length the Soldier asked the father if he would give him one of his daughters to wife, and immediately the two elder sisters arose, and ran to their 
chambers to dress themselves out in their most becoming clothes, for each thought she should be chosen. Meanwhile the stranger, as soon as he found himself alone with his bride, pulled out the half of 
the ring and threw it into a cup of wine, which he handed across the table. She took it, and as soon as she had drunk it and seen the half ring lying at the bottom her heart beat rapidly, and she produced 
the other half, which she wore round her neck on a riband. She held them together, and they joined each other exactly, and the stranger said, “I am your bridegroom, whom you saw first as Bearskin; but 
through God’s mercy I have regained my human form, and am myself once more.” With these words he embraced and kissed her: and at the same time the two eldest sisters entered in full costume. As 
soon as they saw that the very handsome man had fallen to the share of their youngest sister, and heard that he was the same as “Bearskin,” they ran out of the house full of rage and jealousy. 

Hans the Hedgehog 

Once upon a time there was a Farmer who had quite enough of money and property to live upon, but rich as he was he lacked one piece of fortune; he had no children. Ofttimes when he went to market 
with the other farmers they laughed at him and asked why he had no children. At length he flew into a passion, and when he came home he said, “I will have a child, and it shall be a hedgehog.’- Soon after 
this speech a child was born to him which was like a hedgehog in the upper part of its body, and formed as a boy below, and when his wife saw it she was frightened, and cried, “See what you have 
wished for!” So the man said, “It cannot be helped now, and it must be christened, but we can procure no godfather for it.” “We cannot call him anything else than ‘Hans the Hedgehog.’ ” said the wife; and 
when the priest baptized him he said, “On account of his spikes he can sleep in no common cradle.” So behind the stove a little straw was laid, upon which the child slept, and there he kept for eight years, 
till his father grew tired of him and wished he might die. However, the child did not, but remained in a torpid state, and one day the Farmer resolved to go to a fair which was to be held in the neighbouring 
town. He asked his wife what he should bring home, and she told him, “A little piece of meat and a couple of rolls of bread for the housekeeping.” Then he asked the servant, and she requested a couple of 
pots and a pair of stockings. Lastly he asked Hans what he liked, and the child replied. “Bring me, father, a bagpipe.” Accordingly, when the Farmer returned home he brought his wife the meat and bread, 
his servant the pots and stockings, and Hans the Hedgehog the bagpipe. As soon as Hans received his gift he said, “Father, go to the smithy, and let the Cock be bridled, that I may ride away upon it and 
never return.” 

The father was glad to be freed from his son, and caused the Cock to be harnessed, and as soon as it was ready Hans the Hedgehog set himself upon it and rode away, taking with him a Boar and an 
Ass, which he meant to tend in the forest. But in the forest the Cock flew to the top of a lofty tree with him on its back, and there he watched the Boar and Ass for many years until there were many of them, 
and all the time his father knew nothing of him. While Hans sat on the tree-top he played upon his bagpipe and made beautiful music; and once a King came riding past who had lost his way in the forest, 
and chanced to hear him. He wondered at the sound, and sent his servants to inquire from whence the music proceeded. They looked about, but saw only a little animal upon a tree which seemed like a 
cock, and had a hedgehog upon its back which made the music. The King told them to ask why it sat there, and if it knew the way to his kingdom. Then Hans the Hedgehog came down from the tree, and 
said he would show the way if the King would promise him in writing what first met him in the royal court on his return. The King thought to himself, Hans the Hedgehog understands nothing, and I can write 
what I please, and so taking pen and ink he wrote something, and when he had done Hans showed him the road, and he arrived happily at home. But his daughter, seeing him at a distance, was so full of 
joy that she ran to met her father and kissed him. Then he remembered Hans the Hedgehog, and told her what had happened to him, and how he had promised to a wonderful animal whatever met him 
first, and how this animal sat upon a cock and played music. However he had written he should not have the first, for Hans the Hedgehog could not read what was written. Thereupon the Princess was glad, 
and said it was well done, for she could not have been given up to such a creature. 

Meanwhile Hans the Hedgehog still tended his flocks and herds, and was very merry, sitting up in his tree and blowing his bagpipe. Now it happened that another King came travelling by with his 
attendants and courtiers, who had also lost himself and knew not how to get home, because the forest was so immense. All at once he heard the music at a distance, and said to his servant, “Go and see 
at once what that is.” So the servant went under the tree and saw the cock perched upon it and the hedgehog on its back, and he asked what he did up there. “I am watching my flocks and herds; but what 
is your desire?” was the reply. The servant said they had lost their way, and could not find their kingdom if he did not show them the road. Then Hans the Hedgehog climbed down the tree with his cock, 
and told the old King he would point out the path if he would give to him certainly whatever should meet him first before his royal palace. The King said “Yes,” and subscribed to it with his own hand that he 
should have it. When this was done Hans rode before the King on his cock, and showed him the road whereby he quickly arrived in safety in his own kingdom. As soon as he approached his court there 
was great rejoicing, and his only child, a daughter, who was very beautiful, ran to meet him, embraced and kissed him, in her great joy at seeing her dear father return home again. She inquired also where 
he had stayed so long in the world, and he told her of all his wanderings, and how he had feared he should not get back at all because he had lost his way in such a large forest, where a creature half like a 
hedgehog and half like a man sat upon a cock in a high tree and made beautiful music. He told her also how this animal had come down from the tree and showed him the road on condition that he gave 
him whatever first met him in his royal palace on his return home; and she was the first, and that made him grieve. His daughter after a while promised to go with the animal when he came, out of love to 
her dear father. 

Meanwhile Hans the Hedgehog tended his swine, and so many pigs were born that they filled the whole forest. Then Hans would stay no longer in the woods, and sent his father word he should clear all 
the stables in the village, for he was coming with such great herds that whoever wished might kill from them. At this news the father was grieved, for he thought his son had been dead long since. Soon 
after Hans came riding upon his cock, and driving before him his herds into the village to be killed, when there was such a slaughtering and shrieking you might have heard it eight miles off! Hans the 
Hedgehog did not stay long; he paid another visit to the smithy to have his cock rebri died, then off he started again, while his father rejoiced that he should never see him again. 

Hans the Hedgehog rode to the first kingdom we before mentioned, and there the King had ordered that if any one came riding upon a cock, and carrying with him a bagpipe, all should shoot at him, cut 
at him, and kill him, that he might not enter the castle. When, therefore, Hans the Hedgehog came riding along they pressed round him with bayonets; but he flew high up into the air over the gate to the 
window of the palace, and there alighting, called the King to give him what he had promised, or he would kill both him and his daughter. Then the King spoke kindly to his child and begged her to go away, 
that her life and his might be saved. At last she consented, turning very pale however, and her father gave her a carriage drawn by six white horses, and servants, money, and plate besides. She set 
herself in it, and Hans the Hedgehog by her side, with his cock and bagpipe. Then they took leave and drove away, while the King thought he should never see them again; and it happened just as he 
imagined, for as soon as they had gone a little way out of the city Hans the Hedgehog pulled off the Princess’s shawl and pricked her with his quills, saying, “That is your reward for falsehood! go away! I 
will have nothing to do with you!” With these words he hunted her home, and to her end she was despised. 

Hans the Hedgehog rode away next upon his cock with his bagpipes in his hand to the second kingdom to which he had directed its King. This King had ordered that, if any one like Hans the Hedgehog 
came riding to the gate, the guards should present arms, admit him freely, shout Viva! and conduct him to the palace. As soon as the Princess saw the animal coming she was at first frightened, because 
it appeared so curious, but as soon as she recollected her promise she became reconciled. She welcomed Hans the Hedgehog, and was married to him, and afterwards they dined at the royal table, 

sitting side by side, and eating and drinking together. When evening came on and bedtime, the Princess said she was afraid of her husband’s spikes, but he said she need not fear, he would do her no 
harm. Then he told the old King to appoint four men who should watch before the chamber-door and keep up a great fire; and, when he entered and prepared to go to bed, he would creep out of his 
hedgehog skin and lay it down before the bed. When he had so done, the men must run in, snatch up the skin, and throw it in the fire, and keep it there till it was quite consumed. 

Afterwards, when the clock struck twelve, Hans the Hedgehog entered his room, stripped off his skin, and laid it down by the bed. Immediately the four men ran in, snatched it up, and threw it into the fire, 
and as soon as it was consumed Hans was freed, and lay in the bed in a proper human form, but coal-black as if he was burnt. Thereupon the King sent to his physician, who washed the young prince with 
a precious balsam which made his skin white, so that he became quite a handsome youth. As soon as the princess saw this she jumped for joy; and the following morning they arose gladly, and were 
married again in due form and with great feasting; and afterwards Hans the Hedgehog received the kingdom from the hands of the old king. 

When several years had passed away the young king went with his bride to his father’s house, and told him he was his son. The Farmer, however, declared he had no children. He had once, he said, 
had one who was covered with spikes like a hedgehog, but he had wandered away into the world. Then the king made himself known to his father, and showed that he was really his son, and the Farmer 
rejoiced greatly, and returned with him to his kingdom. 

The Jew Among Thornsio 

There was once upon a time a rich man, who had a servant so honest and industrious that he was every morning the first up, and every evening the last to come in; and, besides, whenever there was a 
difficult job to be done, which nobody else would undertake, this servant always volunteered his assistance. Moreover, he never complained, but was contented with everything, and happy under all 
circumstances. When his year of service was up, his master gave him no reward, for he thought to himself that will be the cleverest way, and, by saving his wages, I shall keep my man quietly in my service. 
The servant said nothing, but did his work during the second year as well as the first; but still he received nothing for it, so he made himself happy about the matter, and remained a year longer. 

When this third year was also past, the master considered, and put his hand in his pocket, but drew nothing out; so the servant said, “I have served you honestly for three years, master, be so good as to 
give me what I deserve; for I wish to leave, and look about me a bit in the world.” 

“Yes, my good fellow,” replied the covetous old man; “you have served me industriously, and, therefore, you shall be cheerfully rewarded.” With these words he dipped his hand into his pocket and drew 
out three farthings, which he gave to the servant, saying, “There, you have a farthing for each year, which is a much more bountiful and liberal reward than you would have received from most masters!” 

The honest servant, who understood very little about money, jinked his capital, and thought, “Ah! now I have a pocketful of money, so why need I plague myself any longer with hard work?” So off he 
walked, skipping and jumping about from one side of the road to the other, full of joy. Presently he came to some bushes, out of which a little man stept, and called out “Whither away, merry brother? I see 
you do not carry much burden in the way of cares.” “Why should I be sad,” replied the servant, “I have enough, the wages of three years are rattling in my pocket.” 

“How much is your treasure?” inquired the dwarf. 

“How much? three farthings honestly counted out,” said the servant. 

“Well,” said the dwarf, “I am a poor needy man, give me your three farthings; I can work no longer, but you are young, and can earn your bread easily.” 

Now because the servant had a compassionate heart, he pitied the old man, and handed him the three farthings, saying, “In the name of God take them, and I shall not want.” 

Thereupon the little man said, “Because I see you have a good heart I promise you three wishes, one for each farthing, and all shall be fulfilled.” 

“Aha!” exclaimed the servant, “you are one who can blow black and blue! Well, then, if it is to be so, I wish, first, for a gun, which shall bring down all I aim at; secondly, a fiddle, which shall make all who 

hear it dance; thirdly, that whatever request I may make to any one it shall not be in their power to refuse me.” 

“All this you shall have,” said the dwarf; and diving into his pocket he produced a fiddle and gun, as soon as you could think, all in readiness, as if they had been ordered long ago. These he gave to the 
servant, and then said to him, “Whatever you may ask, shall no man in the world be able to refuse.” With that he disappeared. 

“What more can you desire now, my heart?” said the servant to himself, and walked merrily onwards. Soon he met a Jew with a very long beard, who was standing listening to the song of a bird which 
hung high up upon a tree. “What a wonder,” he was exclaiming, “that such a small creature should have such an immense voice! if it were only mine! Oh that I could strew some salt upon its tail!” 

“If that is all,” broke in the servant, “the bird shall soon be down;” and aiming with his gun he pulled the trigger, and down it fell in the middle of a thorn-bush. “Go, you rogue, and fetch the bird out,” said he 
to the Jew. 

“Leave out the rogue, my master,” returned the other; “before the dog comes I will fetch out the bird, because you killed it so well.” So saying the Jew went down on his hands and knees and crawled into 
the bush; and while he stuck fast among the thorns, the good servant felt so roguishly inclined, that he took up his fiddle and began to play. At the same moment the Jew was upon his legs, and began to 
jump about, while the more the servant played the better went the dance. But the thorns tore his shabby coat, combed out his beard, and pricked and stuck all over his body. “My master,” cried the Jew, 
“what is your fiddling to me? leave the fiddle alone; I do not want to dance.” 

But the servant did not pay any attention, and said to the Jew, while he played anew, so that the poor man jumped higher than ever, and the rags of his clothes hung about the bushes, “You have fleeced 
people enough in your time, and now the thorny hedge shall give you a turn.” “Oh woe’s me!” cried the Jew; “I will give the master what he desires, if only he leaves off fiddling — a purse of gold." “If you are 
so liberal,” said the servant, “I will stop my music; but this I must say to your credit, that you dance as if you had been bred to it;” and thereupon taking the purse he went his way. 

The Jew stood still and watched him out of sight, and then he began to abuse him with all his might. “You miserable musician, you beer-tippler! wait, if I do but catch you alone, I will hunt you till the soles 
of your shoes fall off! you ragamuffin, you farthingsworth!” and so he went on, calling him all the names he could lay his tongue to. As soon as he had regained his breath and arranged his dress a bit, he 
ran into the town to the justice. “My lord judge,” he said, “I have a sorry tale to tell: see how a rascally man has used me on the public highway, robbed and beaten me! a stone on the ground might pity me; 
my clothes all torn, my body scratched and wounded all over, poverty come upon me with the loss of my purse, besides several ducats,- one piece more valuable than all the others; for Heaven’s sake let 
the man be put in prison!” 

“Was it a soldier,” inquired the judge, “who has thus cut you with his sabre?” “God forbid!” cried the Jew; “it was no sword the rogue had, but he carried a gun upon his shoulder, and a fiddle slung round 
his neck; the evil wretch is easily known.” 

So the judge sent his people out after the man, and they soon found the servant, whom they drove slowly before them, when they found the purse upon him. As soon as he was set before the judge he 
said, “I have not touched the Jew, nor taken his money; for he gave it to me of his own free will, because he wished me to cease my fiddling which he could not endure.” 

“Heaven defend us,” cried the Jew, “he tells lies as fast as he can catch the flies upon the wall.” 

The judge also would not believe his tale, and said, “This is a bad defence for no Jew would do as you say.” Thereupon, because the robbery had been committed on the public road, he sentenced the 

good servant to be hanged. As he was led thither the Jew began again to abuse him, crying out, “You bearskin! you dog of a fiddler! now you shall receive your well-earned reward!” But the servant walked 
quietly with the hangman to the gallows, and upon the last step of the ladder he turned round and said to the judge, “Grant me one request before I die.” 

“Yes, if you do not ask your life,” said the judge. 

Not life do I request, but that you will allow me to play one tune upon my fiddle, for a last favour,” replied the servant. 

The Jew raised a great cry of “Murder! murder! for God’s sake do not allow it!” “Why should I not grant him this short enjoyment?” asked the judge, “it is almost all over with him, and he shall have this last 
favour.” (However, he could not have refused the request which the servant had made.) 

Then the Jew exclaimed, “Oh! woe’s me! hold me fast, tie me fast!” while the servant, taking his fiddle from his neck, began to screw up, and no sooner had he given the first scrape, than the judge, his 
clerk, and the hangman began to make steps, and the rope fell out of the hand of him who was going to bind the Jew. At the second scrape, all raised their legs, and the hangman let loose the good 
servant and prepared for the dance. At the third scrape, all began to dance and caper about; the judge and the Jew being first performers. And as he continued to play, all joined in the dance, and even the 
people who had gathered in the market out of curiosity, old and young, fat and thin, one with another. The dogs, likewise, as they came by, got up on their hind legs and capered about; and the longer he 
played the higher sprang the dancers, till they toppled down over each other on their heads, and began to shriek terribly. At length the judge cried, quite out of breath, “I will give you your life if you will stop 
fiddling.” the good servant thereupon had compassion, and dismounting the ladder he hung his fiddle round his neck again. Then he stepped up to the Jew, who lay upon the ground panting for breath, and 
said, “You rascal, tell me, now, whence you got the money, or I will take my fiddle and begin again.” “I stole it, I stole it!” cried the Jew; “but you have honestly earned it.” Upon this the judge caused the Jew 
to be hung on the gallows as a thief, while the good servant went on his way, rejoicing in his happy escape. 

The Goose Girl 

Once upon a time there lived an old Queen, whose hus band had been dead some years, and had left her with a beautiful daughter. When this daughter grew up she was betrothed to a King’s son, who 
lived far away; and, when the time arrived that she should be married, it became necessary that she should travel into a strange country, and so the old lady packed up for her use much costly furniture, 
utensils of gold and silver, cups and jars; in short, all that belonged to a royal bridal-treasure, for she loved her child dearly. She sent also a maid to wait upon her and to give her away to the bridegroom, 
and two horses for the journey; and the horse of the Princess, called Falada, could speak. As soon as the hour of departure arrived, the mother took her daughter into a chamber, and there, with a knife, 
she cut her finger with it so that it bled; then she held a napkin beneath, and let three drops of blood fall into it, which she gave to her daughter, saying, “Dear child, preserve this well, and it will help you out 
of trouble.” 

Afterwards the mother and daughter took a sorrowful leave of each other, and the Princess placed the napkin in her bosom, mounted her horse and rode away to her intended bridegroom. After she had 
ridden on for about an hour she became very thirsty, and said to her servant, “Dismount and procure me some water from yonder stream in the cup which you carry with you, for I am very thirsty.” 

“If you are thirsty,” replied the servant, “dismount yourself, and stoop down to drink the water, for I will not be your maid!” 

The Princess, on account of her great thirst, did as she was bid, and bending over the brook she drank of its water, without daring to use her golden cup. While she did so the three drops of blood said, 
“Ah! if thy mother knew this her heart would break.” And the Princess felt humbled, but said nothing, and soon remounted her horse. Then she rode several miles further, but the day was so hot and the sun 
so scorching that soon she felt thirsty again, and as soon as she reached a stream she called her hand-maiden again, and bade her take the golden cup and fill it with water, for she had forgotten all the 
saucy words which before had passed. The maiden, however, replied more naughtily than before, “If you wish to drink, help yourself! I will not be your maid!” 

The Goose Girl 


Litihrif Emii Cfimm 

The Princess thereupon got off her horse, and helped herself at the stream, while she wept and cried, “Ah! woe’s me!” and the three drops of blood said again, “If your mother knew this her heart would 
break.” As she leaned over the water the napkin wherein were the three drops of blood fell out of her bosom and floated down the stream without her perceiving it, because of her great anguish. But her 
servant had seen what happened, and she was glad, for now she had power over her mistress; because, with the loss of the drops of blood, she became weak and powerless. When, then, she would 
mount again upon the horse Falada, the maid said, “No, Falada belongs to me; you must get upon this horse;” and she was forced to yield. Then the servant bade her take off her royal clothes, and put on 
her common ones instead; and, lastly, she made the Princess promise and swear by the open sky that she would say nought of what had passed at the King’s palace; for if she had not so sworn she would 
have been murdered. But Falada observed all that passed with great attention. 

Now was the servant mounted upon Falada, and the rightful Princess upon a sorry hack; and in that way they travelled on till they came to the King’s palace. On their arrival there were great rejoicings, 
and the young Prince, running towards them, lifted the servant off her horse, supposing that she was the true bride; and she was led up the steps in state, while the real Princess had to stop below. Just 
then the old King chanced to look out of his window, and saw her standing in the court, and he remarked how delicate and beautiful she was; and going to the royal apartments, he inquired there of the 
bride who it was she had brought with her, and left below in the courtyard. 

“Only a girl whom I brought with me for company,” said the bride. “Give the wench some work to do, that she may not grow idle.” 

The old King, however, had no work for her and knew of nothing, until at last he said, “Ah! there is a boy who keeps the geese; she can help him.” This youth was called Conrad, and the true bride was 
set to keep geese with him. 

Soon after this the false bride said to her betrothed, “Dearest, will you grant me a favour?” “Yes,” said he “with the greatest pleasure.” “Then let the knacker- be summoned, that he may cut off the head 
of the horse on which I rode hither, for it has angered me on the way.” In reality she feared lest the horse might tell how she had used the rightful Princess, and she was glad when it was decided that 
Falada should die. This came to the ears of the Princess, and she promised secretly to the knacker to give him a piece of gold if he would show her a kindness, which was that he would nail the head of 
Falada over a certain large and gloomy arch through which she had to pass daily with the geese, so that then she might still see, as she had been accustomed, her old steed. The knacker promised, and, 
after killing the horse, nailed the head in the place which was pointed out, over the door of the arch. 

Early in the morning, when she and Conrad drove the geese through the arch, she said in passing — and the head replied, 

“Ah, Falada, that you should hang there! 

“Ah, Princess, that you should pass here! 

If thy mother knew thy fate, 

Then her heart would surely break!” 

Then she drove on through the town to a field, and when they arrived on the meadow she sat down and unloosened her hair, which was of a pure gold, and its shining appearance so charmed Conrad 
that he endeavoured to pull out a couple of locks. So she sang, Immediately there came a strong wind which took Conrad’s hat quite off his head, and led him a rare dance all over the meadows, so that 
when he returned, what with combing and curling, the Princess had rearranged her hair, so that he could not catch a loose lock. This made Conrad very angry, and he would not speak to her, so that all day 
long they tended their geese in silence, and at evening they went home. 

“Blow, blow, thou wind, 

Blow Conrad’s hat away; 

Its rolling do not stay 
Till I have combed my hair, 

And tied it up behind.” 

The following morning they passed again under the gloomy arch, and the true Princess said, and Falada replied, 

“Ah, Falada, that you should hang there!” 

“Ah, Princess, that you should pass here! 

If thy mother knew thy fate, 

Then her heart would surely break!” 

Afterwards, when they got into the meadow, Conrad tried again to snatch one of her golden locks, but she sang immediately, 

“Blow, blow, thou wind, 

Blow Conrad’s hat away; 

Its rolling do not stay 
Till I have combed my hair, 

And tied it up behind.” 

So the wind blew and carried the hat so far away that, by the time Conrad had caught it again, her hair was all combed out, and not a single one loose; so they kept their geese till evening as before. 

After they returned home, Conrad went to the old King, and declared he would no longer keep geese with the servant. 

“Why not?” asked the old King. 

“Oh! she vexes me the whole day long,” said Conrad; and then the King bade him relate all that had happened. So Conrad did, and told how in the morning when they passed through a certain archway 
she spoke to a horse’s head which was nailed up over the door, and said, and it replied, and, further, when they arrived in the meadow, how she caused the wind to blow his hat off, so that he had to run 
after it ever so far. When he had finished his tale the old King ordered him to drive the geese out again the next morning, and he himself, when morning came, stationed himself behind the gloomy 
archway, and heard the servant talk to the head of Falada. Then he followed them also into the fields, and hid himself in a thicket by the meadow, and there he saw with his own eyes the goose girl and boy 
drive in their geese, and after a while she sat down, and unloosening her hair, which shone like gold, began to sing the old rhyme, 

“Ah, Falada, that you should hang there!” 

“Ah, Princess, that you should pass here! 

If thy mother knew thy fate, 

Then her heart would surely break!” 

“Blow, blow, thou wind, 

Blow Conrad’s hat away; 

Its rolling do not stay 
Till I have combed my hair, 

And tied it up behind.” 

Then the King felt a breeze come which took off Conrad’s hat, so that he had to run a long way after it, while the goose girl combed out her hair and put it back in proper trim before his return. All this the 
King observed, and then went home unremarked, and when the goose girl returned at evening he called her aside, and asked her what it all meant. “That I dare not tell you, nor any other man,” replied she; 
“for I have sworn by the free sky not to speak of my griefs, else had I lost my life.” 

The King pressed her to say what it was, and left her no peace about it; but still she refused, so at last he said, “If you will not tell me, tell your griefs to this fireplace;” and he went away. Then she crept 
into the fireplace, and began to weep and groan, and soon she relieved her heart by telling her tale. “Here sit I,” she said, “forsaken by all the world, and yet I am a King’s daughter, and a false servant has 
exercised some charm over me, whereby I was compelled to lay aside my royal clothes; and she has also taken my place at the bridegroom’s side, and I am forced to perform the common duties of a 
goose girl. Oh! if my mother knew this, her heart would break with grief.” 

The old King meanwhile stood outside by the chimney and listened to what she said, and when she had finished he came in and called her away from the fireplace. Then her royal clothes were put on, 
and it was a wonder to see how beautiful she was; and the old King, calling his son, showed him that it was a false bride whom he had taken, who was only a servant girl, but the true bride stood there as a 
goose girl. The young King was glad indeed at heart when he saw her beauty and virtue, and a great feast was announced, to which all people and good friends were invited. On a raised platform sat the 
bridegroom, with the Princess on one side and the servant girl on the other. But the latter was dazzled, and recognised her mistress no longer in her shining dress. When they had finished their feasting, 
and were beginning to be gay, the old King set a riddle to the servant girl: What such an one were worthy of who had, in such and such a manner, deceived her masters; and he related all that had 
happened to the true bride. The servant girl replied, “Such an one deserves nothing better than to be put into a cask, stuck all round with sharp nails, and then by two horses to be dragged through street 
after street till the wretch be killed.” 

“Thou art the woman, then!” exclaimed the King; “thou hast proclaimed thine own punishment, and it shall be strictly fulfilled!” 

The sentence was immediately carried into effect, and afterwards the young King married his rightful bride, and together they ruled their kingdom long in peace and happiness. 

The Valiant Tailor 

There was once upon a time an excessively proud Princess, who proposed a puzzle to everyone who came a-courting; and he who did not solve it was sent away with ridicule and scorn. This conduct was 
talked about everywhere, and it was said that whoever was lucky enough to guess the riddle would have the Princess for a wife. About that time it happened that three Tailors came in company to the town 
where the Princess dwelt, and the two elder of them were confident, when they heard the report, that they should without doubt be successful, since they had made so many fine and good stitches. The 
third Tailor was an idle, good-for-nothing fellow, who did not understand his own trade; but still he likewise was sure of his own powers of guessing a riddle. The two others, however, would fain have 
persuaded him to stop at home; but he was obstinate, and said he would go, for he had set his heart upon it; and thereupon he marched off as if the whole world belonged to him. 

The three Tailors presented themselves before the Princess, and told her they were come to solve her riddle, for they were the only proper people, since each of them had an understanding so fine that 
one could thread a needle with it! “Then,” said the Princess, “it is this: I have a hair upon my head of two colours; which are they?” 

“If that is all,” said the first man, “it is black and white like the cloth which is called pepper and salt.” 

“Wrong!” said the Princess; “now, second man, try!” 

“It is not black and white, but brown and red,” said he, “like my father’s holiday coat.” 

“Wrong again!” cried the Princess; “now try, third man; who I see will be sure to guess rightly!” 

The little Tailor stepped forward, bold as brass, and said, “The Princess has a gold and silver hair on her head, and those are the two colours.” 

When the Princess heard this she turned pale, and very nearly fell down to the ground with fright, for the Tailor had guessed her riddle, which she believed nobody in the world could have solved. As soon 
as she recovered herself, she said to the Tailor. “That is not all you have to do; in the stable below lies a Bear, with which you must pass the night; and if you are alive when I come in the morning I will marry 

The little Tailor readily consented, exclaiming, "Bravely ventured is half won!” But the Princess thought herself quite safe, for as yet the Bear had spared no one who came within reach of its paws. 

As soon as evening came the little Tailor was taken to the place where the Bear lay; and, as soon as he entered the stable, the beast made a spring at him. “Softly, softly!” cried the Tailor, “I must teach 
you manners!” And out of his pocket he took some nuts, which he cracked between his teeth quite unconcernedly. As soon as the Bear saw this he took a fancy to have some nuts also: and the Tailor gave 
him a handful out of his pocket; not of nuts, but of pebbles. The Bear put them into its mouth, but he could not crack them, try all he might. “What a blockhead I am!” he cried to himself; “I can’t crack a few 
nuts! Will you crack them for me?” said he to the Tailor. “What a fellow you are!” exclaimed the Tailor; “with such a big mouth as that, and can’t crack a small nut!” With these words he cunningly substituted 
a nut for the pebble which the Bear handed him, and soon cracked it. 

“I must try once more!” said the Bear; “it seems an easy matter to manage!” And he bit and bit with all his strength, but, as you may believe, all to no purpose. When the beast was tired, the little Tailor 
produced a fiddle out of his coat, and played a tune upon it, which as soon as the Bear heard he began to dance in spite of himself. In a little while he stopped and asked the Tailor whether it was easy to 
learn the art of fiddling. “Easy as child’s play!” said the Tailor; “you lay your left fingers on the strings, and with the right hold the bow: and then away it goes. Merrily, merrily, hop-su-sa, oi-val-lera!” 

“Oh! well, if that is fiddling,” cried the Bear, “I may as well learn that, and then I can dance as often as I like. What do you think? Will you give me instruction?” 

“With all my heart!” replied the Tailor, “if you are clever enough; but let me see your claws, they are frightfully long, and I must cut them a bit!” By chance a vise was lying in one corner, on which the Bear 
laid his paws, and the Tailor screwed them fast. “Now wait till I come with the scissors,” said he; and, leaving the Bear groaning and growling, he laid himself down in a corner on a bundle of straw and 
went to sleep. 

Meanwhile the Princess was rejoicing to think she had got rid of the Tailor; and especially when she heard the Bear growling, for she thought it was with satisfaction for his prey. In the morning 
accordingly she went down to the stable; but as soon as she looked in she saw the Tailor as fresh and lively as a fish in water. She was much alarmed, but it was of no use, for her word had been openly 
pledged to the marriage; and the King her father ordered a carriage to be brought, in which she and the Tailor went away to the church to the wedding. Just as they had set off, the two other Tailors, who 
were very envious of their brother’s fortune, went into the stable and released the Bear, who immediately ran after the carriage which contained the bridal party. The Princess heard the beast growling and 
groaning, and became very much frightened, and cried to the Tailor, “Oh, the Bear is behind, coming to fetch you away!” The Tailor was up in a minute, stood on his head, put his feet out of the window, 
and cried to the Bear, “Do you see this vise? if you do not go away you shall have a taste of it!” The Bear considered him a minute, and then turned tail and ran back; while the Tailor drove on to church with 
the Princess, and made her his wife. And very happy they were after the marriage, as merry as larks; and to the end of their lives they lived in contentment. 

The Blue Light 

There was once upon a time a Soldier, who had served his King faithfully for many years; but when the war came to a close, the Soldier, on account of his many wounds, was disabled, and the King said to 
him, “You may go home, for I no longer need you: but you will not receive any more pay, for I have no money but for those who render me a service for it.” The Soldier did not know where to earn a 
livelihood, and, full of care, he walked on the whole day ignorant whither he went, till about night he came to a large forest. Through the darkness which covered everything he saw a light, and approaching 
it, he found a hut wherein dwelt a Witch. “Please give me a night’s lodging, and something to eat and drink, or I shall perish,” said he to the old woman. “Oho! who gives anything to a worn-out Soldier!” she 
replied; “still out of compassion I will take you in, if you will do what I desire.” The Soldier asked what she wished, and she told him she wanted her garden dug over. To this he willingly consented, and the 
following day, accordingly, he worked with all his strength, but could not get his work finished by evening. “I see very well,” said the Witch, “that you cannot get further to-day, so I will shelter you another 
night; and in return you shall fetch me a pile of logs to-morrow, and chop them small.” The Soldier worked all day long at this job, but as he did not finish till quite the evening, the Witch again proposed that 
he should stop the night. “You shall have but a very little work to-morrow,” said she; “I want you to fetch me out of a half-dry well behind my house, my blue light, which floats there without ever going out.” The 
next morning, accordingly, the old Witch led him to the well, and let him down into it in a basket. He soon found the blue light, and made a sign to be drawn up; and as soon as he reached the top, the old 

woman tried to snatch the blue light out of his hand. “No, no!” cried the Soldier, perceiving her wicked intentions, “no, no, I don’t give up the light till both my feet stand on dry ground.” The Witch flew into a 

passion when he said so, and letting him fall down into the well again, went away. 

The poor Soldier fell without injury on the soft mud, and the blue light kept burning: but to what use? he saw well that he should not escape death. For a while he sat there in great trouble, and at length 
searching in his pocket, he took out his tobacco-pipe, which was only half-smoked out. “This shall be my last consolation,” said he to himself; and lighting the pipe at the blue light, he began to puff. As 
soon, now, as the smoke began to ascend, a little black man suddenly stood before the Soldier, and asked, “Master, what are your commands?” 

“What are my commands?” repeated the astonished Soldier. “I must do all you desire,” replied the Dwarf. “That is well,” said the Soldier; “then help me first out of this well.” The Dwarf, thereupon, took 
him by the hand and led him through a subterraneous passage out of the well, while he carried the blue light with him. On the way he showed the Soldier the concealed treasure of the Witch, of which he 
took as much as he could carry; and as soon as they were out of the ground he bade the Dwarf fetch the old Witch, and take her before the judge. In a very short time she was brought riding on a wild cat, 
which made a fearful noise, and ran as swiftly as the wind: and the Dwarf, taking them before the judge, quickly returned to his master, with the news that the Witch was hung on the gallows. “Master, what 
else have you to command?” inquired the Dwarf. “Nothing further at present,” replied the Soldier, “and now you can go home, only be at hand when I summon you again.” 

“All that is necessary for that,” said the Dwarf, “is, that you should light your pipe at the blue lamp, and immediately I shall present myself.” With these words the little man disappeared. 

Then the Soldier returned to the city from whence he first came, and, going to the head inn, ordered some fine clothes, and bade the landlord furnish him a room in the most expensive style. As soon as 
it was ready, the Soldier took possession of it, and summoned the black Dwarf, to whom he said, “The King of this city I served formerly for many years, faithfully, but he sent me away to suffer hunger, and 
now I will take my revenge.” 

“What shall I do then?” inquired the Dwarf. “Late in the evening, when the King’s daughter is asleep, you must fetch her out of her bed, and bring her here to wait upon me as my maid-servant.” 

The Dwarf expostulated with the Soldier, but to no purpose, telling him that though it would be an easy matter for him to bring her, it might cause him danger if it were found out. Accordingly, when twelve 
o’clock struck, the Dwarf appeared with the Princess. “Aha! you are there,” cried the Soldier, to the Princess; “come, fetch your brush and sweep the room.” When she had done that, he called her to his 
seat, and, stretching his feet out, bade her pull off his boots. This she did, and, as he threw the boots in her face, she was obliged to go and wash herself. But all was done by her with eyes half shut, without 
complaint or resistance; and at the first crow of the cock the Dwarf carried her back again to bed in the royal castle. 

The next morning when the Princess arose she went to her father, and told him what a curious dream she had had. “I was carried,” she said, “though the streets with lightning speed, and taken into the 
room of a soldier, whom I waited upon as his maid, even sweeping the room, and polishing his boots. But it was only a dream, and yet I am as tired as if I had really done all this work.” 

“The dream may have been real,” said the King, “and so I will give you this piece of advice. To-night, fill your pocket with peas, and make a hole in it, so that if you are fetched again, they will drop 
through as you go along, and leave a trace on the road.” 

While the King spoke this the Dwarf was standing by and overheard all he said; and at night he strewed peas in every street, so that those dropped by the Princess, as he carried her along, were no 
guide afterwards. The poor maiden had again to do all sorts of hard work till the first cock-crow, when the dwarf took her home to bed. 

The next morning the King sent out his servants to seek traces of his daughter’s journey: but it was all in vain, for in every street the children were picking up the peas and saying, “It has rained peas 
during the night.” 

“We must think of some other plan,” said the King, when his servants returned unsuccessful; and he advised his daughter to keep her shoes on when she went to bed; and then, if she were carried off, 
she must leave one behind in the room whither she was taken, and in the morning it should be searched after. But the black Dwarf again overheard the plan, and counselled the Soldier not to have the 
Princess that evening, for there was no remedy for the stratagem her father had planned. The Soldier however, would be obeyed, although the finding of the shoe would be a serious offence: and the poor 
Princess was obliged again to work like any servant; but she managed to conceal one of her shoes beneath the bed before she was taken back to the palace. 

The following morning the King ordered the whole city to be searched for his daughter’s shoe, and it was discovered in the room of the Soldier, who, however, at the entreaty of the Dwarf, had slipped 
out at the door. He was soon caught and thrown into prison, but, unfortunately, he had left behind his best possessions — the blue light and his gold, and had only a single ducat with him in his pocket. While 
he stood at the window of his cell, laden with chains, he perceived one of his old comrades passing by. So he knocked at the bars, and beckoned his comrade, whom he asked to go to the inn, and bring 

back a bundle which he had left behind, and he should receive a ducat for the service. The man ran away and soon returned with the wished-for bundle. As soon, then, as the Soldier was alone, he lighted 
his pipe and summoned up the Dwarf. “Be not afraid,” said the black mannikin; “go whither you are led and let everything happen as it may, only take with you the blue light.” 

The next day the Soldier was brought up to be tried, and although he had done no great wrong, he was condemned to death by the judge. When he was led out for execution, he begged a last favour of 
the King. “What is it?” asked the King. “Permit me to smoke one pipe before I die.” “You may smoke three if you please,” said the King; “but do not expect me to spare your life.” Thereupon the Soldier 
drew out his pipe and lighted it at the blue light; and before a couple of wreaths of smoke had ascended the Black Dwarf appeared, holding a little cudgel in his hand, and asked, “What are your 
commands, master?” “Knock down, first, the unjust judge, and his constables and do not spare the King even, who has treated me so shabbily.” The little Black Dwarf commenced wielding his cudgel, and 
at every blow down went a man, who never ventured to rise again. The King was terribly frightened when he saw this, and begged for mercy, but the Soldier only pardoned him on condition of his giving 
him his daughter to wife, and his kingdom to rule; and to this the unhappy King consented, for he had no choice. 

The Three Army Surgeons 

Three Army Surgeons were once on their travels confident that they had learnt their profession perfectly; and one day they arrived at an inn where they wished to pass the night. The landlord asked them 
whence they came and whither they were going; and one of them replied that they were travelling about in search of employment for their talents. “In what do your talents consist?” inquired the landlord. The 
first said he would cut off his hand, and in the morning put it on again without difficulty; the second said he would take out his eyes, and in the morning replace them without injury; and the third declared he 
would take out his own heart and put it back again. 

“Can you do these things?” said the landlord: “then indeed you are well taught.” But they had a salve which healed whatever it touched; and the bottle which contained it they always carried carefully with 
them. So the one cut off his hand, another took out his eyes, and the third cut out his heart as they had said, and gave them on a dish to the landlord, who delivered them to the servant to put them by in a 
cupboard till the morning. Now this servant had a sweetheart on the sly, who was a soldier; and he, coming in, wanted something to eat. As soon as the landlord and the Three Surgeons had gone to bed, 
the maid opened the cupboard and fetched her lover something; but in her hurry she forgot to shut the door again, and sat down to table with the soldier, and they made themselves merry. While she sat 
thus, apprehending no misfortune, the cat came slipping in, and, seeing the cupboard-door open, snatched the hand, heart and eyes of the Three Surgeons and ran away with them. As soon as the soldier 
had finished, the maid went to put the dish away in the cupboard and then perceived that the plate which her master had given into her care was gone. She was terribly frightened and exclaimed, “Oh! what 
will become of me? the hand is gone, the heart is gone, and the eyes too; how shall I manage in the morning?” “Be quiet,” said her sweetheart, “I will help you out of your difficulty; on the gallows outside 
hangs a thief, whose hand I can cut off; which was it?” “The right,” said she, and gave him a sharp knife, with which he went and cut off the right hand of the criminal, and brought it in. Then he caught the cat 
and took out her eyes; but what was to be done for the heart? “Did you not kill a pig to-day and put the carcass in the cellar?” asked the soldier. “Yes,” said the maid. “Then that is just the thing,” returned 
the soldier; “go and fetch the heart from it.” The servant did so, and they placed all three on the plate and put them in the cupboard, and then her sweetheart having taken leave, the maid went to bed. 

On the morrow when the three Army Surgeons were up, they bade the servant fetch the plate, on which lay the hand, heart, and eyes. She brought it from the cupboard, and the first man spread the hand 
with his salve, and immediately it joined as if it had grown there. The second took up the cat’s eyes and placed them in his head, while the third put the pig’s heart where his own came from. The landlord 
meanwhile stood by, wondering at their learning, and saying he would never have believed them had he not seen what they did. Afterwards they paid their bill and went away. 

They had not gone far before he with the pig’s heart began to run about and snuff in every corner after the manner of swine. The others tried to hold him by the coat, but it was of no use, he would run 
about among the thickest brush-wood. The second Surgeon all this while kept rubbing his eyes and could not make out what was amiss. “What have I done?” said he to his comrades; “these are not my 
eyes, I cannot see; you must lead me, or I shall fall.” So they travelled till evening with great trouble to themselves, when they came to another inn. They stepped into the parlour, and there in the corner sat a 
rich man at a table, counting his money. The Surgeon with the thiefs hand went up to him and peered at him, and as soon as his back was turned, made a grasp at the gold and took a handful. “For 
shame, comrade,” cried the others; “you must not steal; what are you doing?” “Oh, how can I help myself?” he asked; “my hand is drawn to it, and I must take it whether I will or not!” Soon after this they went 
to bed, and it was so dark that one could not see his hand before his eyes. All at once the Surgeon with the cat’s eyes woke up, and disturbing the others, cried out, “See, see, how the white mice are 
running about in the room!” The two others thereupon raised their heads, but they could see nothing. “It is evident to me now,” said the first Surgeon, “that we have not got our own, we must go back to the 
landlord who deceived us.” 

The following morning they rode back to the first inn, and told the landlord they had not received their own things again, for one had got a thiefs hand, another a pig’s heart, and a third a cat’s eyes. The 
landlord thereupon went to call the servant-maid, but she had escaped out of the backdoor as soon as she saw the Surgeons coming, and did not return. The three now threatened to set fire to the house if 
the landlord did not give them a large sum of money; and the poor man was compelled to give them all he could scrape together, with which they went away. But although they had enough to last them their 
lifetime, each would rather have had his own hand, heart, or eyes than all the money in the world. 

Ferdinand the Faithful and Ferdinand the Unfaithful 

Once upon a time there lived a certain Man and his Wife who as long as they were in prosperous circumstances were blessed with no children, but as soon as poverty came upon them a little boy was 
born to them. They were now so poor that they could get no one to stand godfather to their child, and the Man determined he would go to another town and seek one. On his way he met a poor man, who 
inquired whither he was going, and he told him he was in search of some one to be sponsor to his son. “Oh!” said the poor man, “you are in distress, and I also! I will be godfather to your child, although I 
am too poor to give him any gift; go tell your wife and let her come to the church with the child.” As soon as they got there the beggar said the name of the boy should be Ferdinand the Faithful; and so he 
was baptized. 

When they came away from the church the beggar said to the Mother, “I cannot go with you because I have nothing to give you, nor you to me; but take this key and let your husband take care of it till your 
boy is fourteen years old; and at that age he must go up the hill, and he will there come to a castle to which this key belongs and whatever is in the castle it shall be his." 

When the boy reached the age of seven, he was once playing with other children, and they teased him and said he had received no present from his godfather as they had all done. Thereupon the boy 
went to his father and asked him whether what they said was true. “Oh! no,” replied the father, “your godfather left a key for you which unlocks a castle which you will find up the hill.” The boy went up, but no 
castle was to be seen or heard of; but by-and-by, when another seven years had passed, he went up again, and there saw the castle. As soon as he unlocked it he found a horse in a stable, and this so 
pleased him that he mounted it and rode back to his father, saying, “Now, I have got a steed, I will travel.” 

So he went off, and on the roadside he found a shepherd whom he thought at first of taking with him, but he resolved not to do so, and rode on. But as he passed, the man called, “Ferdinand the Faithful, 
take me with you.” So he went back and took him up behind him. After they had ridden a little way they came to a lake on the shore of which a fish was lying gasping in agony. “Ah! my good fish,” cried 
Ferdinand, “I must help you back into the water;” and, taking it up, he threw it in, and the Fish called out as it fell into the water, “Now since you have assisted me when I was in trouble I will also help you; 
take this reed pipe, and when you are in need blow thereon, and I will come; and if you chance to fall into the water I will help you out.” After this Ferdinand rode on, and by-and-by he asked his companion 
whither he would go. “To the nearest place; but what is your name?” “Ferdinand the Faithful.” “Indeed,” replied the other; “then your name is like mine, for I am called Ferdinand the Unfaithful.” So they rode 
on to the nearest place and stopped at the first inn. 

Now, it was unfortunate that Ferdinand the Unfaithful came there, for he knew all manner of evil tricks. There was at this inn a maiden fair-faced and clear-eyed who took a liking to Ferdinand the Faithful 
as soon as he came, because he was handsome and cheerful, and she asked him where he was going. When he had told her he was travelling about, she advised him to stop where he was, for the King 
needed good servants and couriers, and he was just the sort of man for him. At first he refused to hear about the matter, and said he must go on; so the maiden went herself to the King and said she knew 
of a good servant. The King bade her bring him before him; and as he had a horse which he said he could not part with on any account the King made him his courier. As soon then as Ferdinand the 
Unfaithful heard of this, he asked the maiden if she could not assist him also; and, willing to oblige both, she went to the King and got him a place in the royal household also. 

A morning or two after their arrival the King awoke groaning and lamenting that his dear bride was not with him. As soon as Ferdinand the Unfaithful heard this, he went to the King (because all along he 
had a spite against Ferdinand the Faithful) and advised him to send a messenger after her. “You have a courier,” he said; “why not send him off to fetch her back? and if he does not bring her let his head 
pay the forfeit!” Thereupon the King summoned Ferdinand the Faithful and ordered him on pain of death to bring back his beloved bride from the place where she was. 

Ferdinand went into the stable to his favourite horse, and began to groan and weep, “Oh! what an unlucky man am I!” The Horse thereupon began to speak, and asked him what was the matter? 
Ferdinand was astonished to hear the horse speak, and exclaimed, “What, Schummel, can you talk? Know, then, that I have to fetch the King’s bride and know not where to go.” Schummel replied, “Go you 
to the King, and tell him that, if he will give you what you ask, you will fetch his bride; but it must be a shipful of meat and another full of bread, for there are giants across the lake where you must go, who 
would eat you if you brought no meat, and there are birds also who would peck out your eyes if you took no bread.” 

Ferdinand went and told the King, who caused all the butchers to kill and dress meat, and all the bakers to make loaves, with which two ships were filled. As soon as these were ready, Schummel said 
to Ferdinand, “Now take me with you in the ship, and set sail, and when we come to the Giants, say to them, 

“ ‘Peace be with you, Giants, dear. 

For I have brought you, never fear, 

A good supply of fleshly cheer!’ 

“And when the Birds come, say, 

“ ‘Peace be with you, Ravens, dear, 

For I have brought you, never fear, 

A good supply of baker’s cheer!’ 

“With these words they will be satisfied and leave you, and when you come to the castle, the Giants will help you; and two of them will go with you to where the Princess sleeps, whom the King wants. You 
must not awaken her, but the Giants must take her up in her bed, and carry her to the ship.” 

All this happened precisely as the Horse said, and Ferdinand the Faithful gave the Giants and the Birds what he had brought with him, and thereupon the Giants were satisfied, and brought the Princess 
to the King. As soon as she came, she said she must have her letters, which were left behind at the castle, and the King ordered Ferdinand the Faithful to fetch them, on pain of death. 

Ferdinand went again into the stable, and told his horse what duty he had to perform, and Schummel advised him to load the ships as before and sail to the castle. This he did, and the Giants and Birds 

were satisfied a second time; and when they arrived at the castle, Schummel told Ferdinand where the sleeping chamber of the Princess was, and he went up and fetched the packet of letters. On their 
way back Ferdinand unluckily dropped the letters into the water, and Schummel said, “Alas! alas! I cannot help you now!” Then Ferdinand bethought himself of his reed pipe, and began to blow it, and 
presently the fish which he had formerly saved made its appearance, carrying in its mouth the letters, which it delivered to its preserver. After this they brought home the letters safely to the palace where 
the wedding was about to be held. 

Now, the Queen did not love the King much, because he had a small nose, but she took a great fancy to Ferdinand the Faithful. And once, when all the court was assembled, the Queen said she knew 
some curious arts. She could cut off a person’s head and put it on again, without doing him any harm. When Ferdinand the Unfaithful heard this, he suggested that she should make the experiment on 
Ferdinand the Faithful. And so, after a while, she did; and after cutting off his head, put it on again, and it healed up, so that only a red mark was visible round the neck. “Where did you learn to do that, my 
child?” asked the King. “Oh, I understand it well enough,” she replied; “shall I experiment on you?” The King consented, but when she had cut off his head she would not put it on again; and after the lapse of 
some time she married Ferdinand the Faithful. 

Now he rode again upon his horse Schummel; and one day it told him to ride thrice up the hill; and, as soon as he had done so, the horse returned to its original form, and became a handsome Prince. 

The Shoes Which Were Danced to Pieces 

There was once upon a time a King, who had twelve daughters, everyone of whom was prettier than her sisters. They slept together in one room, where their beds all stood in a row, and in the evening, as 
soon as they were gone to sleep, the King shut the door and bolted it. One morning, when he opened the door as usual, he perceived that their shoes were danced to pieces, and nobody could tell how it 
happened. The King, therefore, caused it to be proclaimed that whoever could discover where they had danced in the night should receive one of them to wife, and become King at his death; but whoever 
should attempt to do it, and after three nights and days fail, must lose his life. In a short time a Prince came and offered himself to undertake the task. He was well received, and at night led to a room which 
adjoined the bed-chamber of the Princesses. There he was to watch whither they went to dance; and, in order that they might not slip out secretly to another place, their room-door was left open for him to 
see. But the Prince soon felt a mist steal over his eyes, and he went to sleep; and when he awoke in the morning he found the Princesses had all been dancing as usual, for their shoes stood there with 
holes in the soles. The second and third night it happened just the same; and on the morrow the Prince lost his head without mercy. Afterwards came many more and attempted the task, but they all lost 
their lives. 

One day it chanced that a poor Soldier, who had a wound which prevented him from serving, came upon the road which led to the city where the King dwelt. There he met an old woman, who asked him 
whither he was going. “I do not know myself altogether,” he replied, “but I had an idea of going to the place where the Princesses dance their shoes to pieces, to find out the mystery and so become King.” 
“That is not difficult,” said the old woman, “if you do not drink the wine which will be brought to you in the evening, but feign to be asleep.” With these words she gave him a cloak, and told him that if he put it 
on his shoulders he would become invisible and be able to follow the Princesses. As soon as the soldier had received this good advice he plucked up courage and presented himself before the King as a 
suitor. He was as well received as the others had been, and was dressed in princely clothes. When evening came he was led to his sleeping-room, and, as he was about to go to bed, the eldest Princess 
came and brought him a cup of wine, but he had fastened a bag under his throat into which he poured the wine, and drank none. 

Then he laid himself down and in a short time began to snore as if he were in a deep sleep, while the twelve sisters laughed to one another, saying, “He might have spared himself the trouble!” In a few 
minutes they arose, opened cupboards, closets, and drawers, and pulled out a variety of beautiful clothes. As soon as they were dressed they looked at themselves in the glass, and presently began to 
dance; but the youngest sister said, “I know not how you are enjoying yourselves, but my heart sickens as if some misfortune were about to fall upon us!” “What a goose you are!” cried the eldest sister, 
“you are always fearing something; have you forgotten how many kings’ sons have already lost their lives? why, if I had not given this soldier his sleeping draught, the simpleton could not even then have 
kept his eyes open!” As they were now quite ready, they first looked at the soldier and satisfied themselves all was right, for he kept his eyes shut and did not move a bit; and then the eldest sister knocked 
on her bed it sank down in the ground, and the twelve Princesses followed it through the opening, the eldest one going first. The Soldier, having observed everything all the while, put on his invisible cloak, 
and descended with the youngest sister. About the middle of the steps down he trod on her cloak, and she exclaimed, much frightened, “Who is that who holds my cloak?” “Don’t be so silly,” said the 
eldest sister, “you caught it on some nail or other, that is all.” So they went completely down, and at the bottom was a wonderful avenue of trees, whose leaves were all silver, and shone and glittered. The 
Soldier thought to himself he would take one branch for a token, and broke it off, when a tremendous crack sounded as from the tree. “It is not all right!” cried the youngest; “did you not hear the crack?” 
“That is a shot of welcome!” said the eldest, “because we have been so lucky.” Then they passed into another avenue where the leaves were of gold, and then into a further one where they shone like 
diamonds. From both he broke off a twig, and each time the youngest Princess shrieked with terror, while the eldest ones declared they were merely guns of welcome. So they went further and came to a 
lake, on which were twelve little boats, and in each boat a handsome Prince, who each took one sister, and the old Soldier sat down in the boat where the youngest one was. “I know not how it is,” said the 
Prince, “but the boat seems much heavier than usual, and I am obliged to use all my strength to row it along.” “Perhaps that proceeds from the warmth of the weather,” said the Princess, “I am, myself, 
much more heated than usual.” On the other side of this water stood a noble castle, which was well lighted, and one could hear the music of horns and fiddles within. Towards this they rowed, went in, and 
each Prince danced with his own partner, while the Soldier danced among them all invisible; and whenever a glass of wine was handed to one or the other he drank it out, so that it was empty when held to 
the lips; and the youngest sister again felt very uneasy, but her sister bade her hold her tongue. Here they danced till three in the morning, at which hour, because their shoes were in holes, they were 
compelled to desist. The Princes rowed them back again over the water, but this time the Soldier sat down with the eldest Princess. On the shore they took leave of the Princes and promised to return the 
following morning. When they came back to the steps, the Soldier ran up first, and lay down again in his bed; and when the twelve sisters came up, weary and sleepy, he snored so loudly that they all 
listened, and cried, “How much safer could we be?” Then they took off their fine clothes, and locked them up, and, putting their dancing shoes under the bed, they lay down to sleep. The next morning the 
Soldier said nothing, wishing to see more of this wonderful affair, and so the second and third nights passed like the first; the Princesses danced each time till their shoes were in holes, and the Soldier, 
for an additional token of his story, brought away a cup with him from the ball-room. When the time arrived for him to answer, he first concealed the twigs and cup about him, and then went before the King, 
while the twelve Princesses stood behind the door, and listened to all that was said. “Where have my daughters danced during the night?” asked the King. “With twelve Princes, in a subterranean castle,” 
he replied; and, relating everything as it had occurred, he produced his witnesses in the three twigs and the cup. The King then summoned his daughters, and asked them if the Soldier had spoken the 
truth. They were obliged to confess he had; and the King asked him which he would have for a wife. “I am no longer young,” he replied, “and so it had better be the eldest.” Thereupon the wedding was 
celebrated the selfsame day, and the kingdom appointed to him at the old King’s death. But the Princes were again bewitched in as many days as they had danced nights with the twelve Princesses. 

The Three Brothers 

There was once a Man whose family consisted of three sons, and his property only of the house in which he dwelt. Now, each of them wished to have the house at the death of the old Man; but they were all 
so dear to him that he knew not what to do for fear of offending the one or the other. He would have sold the house and shared the money, but it had been so long in his family he did not like to do that. All 
at once he thought of a plan, and said to his sons, “Go into the world, and each of you learn a trade, and he who makes the best masterpiece shall have my house.” 

With this plan the sons were contented, and the eldest became a blacksmith; the second a Barber; and the third a Fencing-master. They appointed a time when they should all return, and went away; 
and it so chanced that each happened with a clever master, with whom he could learn his trade in the best manner. The Smith had to shoe the King’s horses, and thought he must undoubtedly receive the 
house. The Barber shaved many distinguished lords, and made sure of getting the house on that account. The Fencing-master got many a blow, but he bit his lip and showed no concern; for he feared if he 
flinched at any stroke the house would never become his. By-and-by the time came round when they returned home to their father; but they none of them knew how they should find occasion to show their 
proficiency, and so they all consulted together. While they sat in consultation a hare came running across the field where they were. “Ah! he comes as if he were called!” cried the Barber; and, taking his 
soap and basin, he made a lather; and as soon as the hare came up he seized him, and shaved off his moustachios as he ran along, without cutting him in the least, or taking off any unnecessary hairs. 
“That pleases me very well!” said the Father; “and if the others do not do better the house is yours.” In a very short time a carriage, with a traveller in it, came rolling by at full speed. “Now you shall see, 
father, what I can do!” cried the Smith; and, seizing the horse’s feet as he galloped along, he pulled off the shoes, and shod him again without stopping him. “You are a clever fellow!” cried the Father; “you 
have done your work quite as well as your brother, and I shall not know to whom to give the house.” “Let me show you something!” said the third brother; and, as it just then luckily began to rain, he drew his 
sword and waved it so quickly above his head that not a drop fell upon him; and when the rain came faster, and at length so fast that it was as if one were emptying pails out of heaven, he swung the sword 
quicker and quicker in circles above his head so that he kept himself as dry as if he had been under a roof. As soon as the Father saw this he was astonished, and said to his son, “You have performed 
the best masterpiece, the house is yours.” 

The two other brothers were contented with this decision; and, because they all loved one another, they all three remained in the house driving their several trades; and as they were so clever, and were 
so advanced in their arts, they earned much money. Thus they lived happily together till their old age, and when one fell sick and died his brothers grieved so for his loss that they fell sick also and died. 

Then, because they all three had been so clever in their several trades, and had loved one another so much, they were laid together in the same grave. 

The Evil Spirit and His Grandmother 

There was once upon a time a mighty war, and the King of a certain country had many Soldiers engaged in it; but he gave them such very small pay that they had scarce enough to live upon. At length 
three of the Soldiers agreed to run away, and one of them asked the others what they should do; for, supposing they were caught again, they would be hung upon the gallows. “Do you see yon great corn- 
field?” said the other, “there we will conceal ourselves, and nobody will find us; for the army will not dare to come there, and to-morrow they will march on.” So they crept into the corn; but the army did not 
move, but remained encamped in the same place. The three Soldiers were obliged, therefore, to pass two days and two nights in the corn, and they became so hungry they thought they must die; but it 
was certain death if they returned to the army. They said to one another, “What avails our deserting? we shall now certainly perish miserably from hunger.” While they were talking a great fiery Dragon 
came flying over their heads, and, alighting near the spot where they were, asked why they had concealed themselves. “We are three Soldiers,” they replied, “and have deserted because our pay was so 
small: and now we shall die from hunger if we stay here, or be hung on the gallows if we return.” 

“If you will serve me seven years,” said the Dragon, “I will carry you through the midst of the army, so that no one shall observe you.” 

“We have no choice and so must consent to your proposal,” replied the Soldiers. The Dragon thereupon caught them up by his claws, and carried them through the air, over the heads of their comrades; 
and presently set them down. Now, this Dragon was the Evil Spirit; and he gave the Soldiers a whip each, and then said, “If you crack this well, as much money as you require will instantly appear before 
you; and you can then live like lords; keep your own horses and carriages; but at the end of seven years you will be mine.” With these words he handed them a book in which they had to write their names, 
while the Evil Spirit told them he would give them one chance when the time was up of escaping his power by answering a riddle which he would propose. Then the Dragon flew away from them; and the 
three Soldiers each cracked their whips, and cracked their whips for as much moneyas they required, with which they bought fine clothes and travelled about like gentlemen. Wherever they went they lived 
in the greatest splendour, driving and riding about, and eating and drinking to their hearts’ content; but no bad action could be laid to their charge. The time passed quickly by; and as the end of the seven 
years approached two of the three Soldiers became very unhappy and dispirited; but the third treated the matter very lightly, saying, “Fear nothing, my brothers! I have got a plan in my head, and I will solve 
the riddle.” Soon afterwards they went into the fields, where they sat down, and two of them made very wry faces. Presently an old Woman came by, and asked them why they were so sorrowful. “Alas!” 
said they, “alas! what does it signify? you cannot help us.” “Who knows that?” she replied; “confide your griefs to me.” So they told her they had become the servants of the Evil One, nearly seven years 
back, and thereby they came into possession of moneyas fast as they liked; but they had signed the deed, and if they could not guess a riddle which he would propose to them they were lost. “If you wish 
to be helped,” replied the old Woman, “one of you must go into the forest, and there he will find a rock overthrown, and made into the form of a hut; into this he must enter, and there he will meet with help.” 
The two low-spirited Soldiers thought this would not help them; but the merry one got up, and, going into the forest, came soon to the rocky cave. In this place sat a very old Woman, who was Grandmother 
to the Evil Spirit; and she asked the Soldier when he entered whence he came, and what his business was. He told her everything that had happened; and because his manners pleased her she took 
compassion on him, and said she could assist him. Thereupon she raised a large stone, under which was the cellar, wherein she bade the Soldier conceal himself, and he would hear all that transpired. 
“Only sit still and keep very quiet,” said she, “and then when the Dragon returns I will ask him about the puzzle, and you must mind what answers he makes.” About twelve o’clock at night the Dragon flew in, 
and desired his dinner. His Grandmother, therefore, covered the table with food and drink; and they ate and drank together till they were satisfied. Then she asked him what success he had met with that 
day, and how many souls he had secured? “Things did not go well to-day,” replied the Dragon; “but yet I have caught three Soldiers safe enough.” “Ah! three Soldiers!” said the old Woman, “and I suppose 
you have set them something to do, that they may not escape you.” “They are mine, they are mine!” cried the Evil One gleefully, “for I have set them a riddle which they will never guess.” 

“What is this riddle?” asked his Grandmother. 

“I will tell you!” replied her Grandson. 

“In the great North Sea lies a dead sea-cat, that shall be their roast meat; the rib of a whale shall be their silver spoon; and an old hollow horse’s hoof shall be their wineglass.” As soon as the Dragon 
had said this he went to bed, and the old Woman raised the stone and let out the Soldier. "Have you attended perfectly to all that was said?” inquired the old Woman. “Yes,” he replied, “I know well enough 
how to help myself now.” 

Then he had to slip secretly out of the window, and by another road regain his companions with all the haste he could. He told them how craftily the old Grandmother had overreached the Dragon, and 
had laid bare to him the solution of the riddle. When he had finished his story the two other Soldiers recovered their spirits; and, all taking their whips, flogging for themselves so much money that it lay in 
heaps all around them. 

Not long after this the seven years came to an end, and the Evil Spirit made his appearance with the book, and, pointing to their signatures, said to the Soldiers, “Now I will take you into my dominions, 
and there you shall have a meal; but, if you can tell me what meat you shall have, you shall be at liberty to go where you like and keep your whips.” 

“In the great North Sea lies a dead sea-cat, and that shall be the roast meat,” replied the first Soldier. 

The Evil Spirit was very much put out with this ready answer; hemmed and hawed, and asked the second man what should be the spoon? “The rib of a whale shall be the silver spoon!” replied the 
second Soldier. 

The Evil Spirit now drew a longer face than before, began to grumble and swear, and asked the third Soldier, “Do you know what your wine-glass will be?” 

“An old horse’s hoof!” he replied. 

At this reply the Evil Spirit flew away with a loud outcry, for he had no longer any power over the three Soldiers, who, taking up their whips, procured all the money they wanted, and thereon lived happily 
and contentedly to a good old age. 

The Idle Spinnem 

In a certain village lived a Man and his Wife, who was such a very idle woman that she would do no work at all scarcely; for what her husband gave her to spin she did very slowly, and then would not take 
the trouble to wind it, so that it lay on the ground ravelled and shackled. Whenever her husband scolded her she was always beforehand with an excuse, and used to say, “Why, how can I wind without a 
reel? you must go and fetch me one from the wood first.” “Well, if that is all,” said her husband one day, “if that is all, I will go and find you one.” As soon as he said this, the Woman began to be afraid that if 
he found a piece of wood he would make a reel from it, and she would have to wind up what was ravelled and begin afresh. She therefore considered a while what she should do, and then the lucky 
thought came to run into the forest secretly after her husband. She found him in the act of cutting a branch off, for the purpose of trimming it; and so, slipping in among the brush wood where he could not 
see her, she began to sing — 

“He that cuts a reel shall die, 

And he that winds shall perish.” 

The Man listened, laid down his axe, and wondered what the voice meant. At last he said, “Ah! well! what should it be? it was nothing but some fancy in my head, about which I need not fear!” So saying, 
he seized his axe and began again; but the voice sang as before — 

“He that cuts a reel shall die, 

And he that winds shall perish.” 

The Man stopped again, and began to feel very uncomfortable and frightened; but he soon took courage and began to chop again. At the same time the voice cried again — 

“He that cuts a reel shall die, 

And he that winds shall perish.” 

This time he was too frightened to do anything more, and hastily leaving the tree he set out homewards. Meanwhile his Wife, by a bypath, and by means of great exertion, reached home before him; and 
when he arrived she looked as innocent as if nothing had happened, and inquired of her husband if he had brought a good reel? “No, no!” he said; “I can see very well that it is of no use; winding won’t do!” 
and then, after telling her all that had happened, he ceased to scold her for her idleness. 

But only for a while, for soon the disorder in his house began to vex him again. “Wife, wife!” he said, “it is surely a shame that you leave your thread in that ravel.” “Well, do you know what to do?” said 
she; “since we can get no reel, do you lie down on the floor, and I will stand above you, and then you must throw the thread up to me, and I will send it back to you, and so we will make a skein.” “Ah! yes, 
that will do,” said the Man; and they pursued this plan, and as soon as the skein was ready he talked of its being boiled. This aggravated the woman again, and she bethought herself of some new plot, 
while she consented to do as he proposed. Early in the morning, accordingly, she got up, made a fire, and, putting on the kettle, put a lump of tow into it instead of the skein of thread, and left it to soak. 
This done, she went to her husband, who was still in bed, and said to him, “I have to go out now; but do you get up at once and see after the thread which is in the kettle over the fire; and mind you are very 
attentive to it, for if by chance the cock should crow before you look at it the thread will all turn to tow.” 

The husband thereupon got up at once, and stopped for no further directions, but, running as quick as he could into the kitchen, he looked into the kettle, and grew pale with affright; the thread was 
already changed into tow. After this the poor man was as still as a mouse, for he believed that it was his fault that the thread was spoiled; and for the future he dared say nothing about thread and spinning. 

But I must confess that after all the Woman was indeed an idle, slovenly wife. 

The Donkey Cabbages 

Once upon a time there was a young Sportsman who was out in search of game. He had an honest and merry heart, and whistled as he went along; and by-and-by he met an ugly old Woman, who spoke 
to him and said, “Good-day, my good Huntsman; you are merry and well fed, but I am suffering from hunger and thirst; give me an alms, I pray you.” The Sportsman pitied the poor woman, and, putting his 
hand in his pocket, gave her what he could afford. As soon as he had done so, he was walking on; but the Woman stopped him, and said to him, "Listen to what I have to say; for your good-heartedness I 
will make you a present; go now straight along this road, and soon you will come to a tree whereon sit nine birds, quarrelling over a cloak which one will have. Aim at them with your gun, and shoot in the 
midst of them; then, not only the mantle will drop, but also one of the birds will fall down dead. Take the cloak with you; it is a wishing-cloak, which if you put on your shoulders, you have only to wish yourself 
where you would be, and at the moment you will be there. Take out also the heart of the dead bird, and swallow it whole, and then every morning when you arise you will find a gold piece under your pillow.” 

The Huntsman thanked the wise Woman, and thought to himself, “These indeed are good gifts, if they turn out as is promised.” He had not gone a hundred yards from the spot before he heard a great 
chirping and rustling among the trees, and, looking up, he saw on one of them a bevy of birds, who were plucking at a cloth with their bills and claws, tearing it among them, for each one wanted it for itself. 
“Now, this is wonderful!” cried the Sportsman; “it is come to pass just as the old woman promised!” and, lifting his gun to his shoulder, he shot at the birds, who all flew away but one, which fell dead with 
the cloak over which they had been disputing. Then the Huntsman did as the old Wife had said; he cut out the heart of the bird and swallowed it whole, but the cloak he took home with him. 

The next morning when he awoke he remembered the promise, and, lifting his pillow up, he found under it a bright, shining piece of gold. The morrow morning it was the same, and so it went on: every 
day he got up he found another piece. Soon he collected a heap of gold, and thought, “What use is all this gold to me if I stay at home? I will go away and look about the world.” 

So he took leave of his parents, and, hanging around him his belt and pouch, he set out on his travels. One day it chanced that he passed through a thick forest, and as he came to the end of it he saw in 
the distance before him a magnificent castle. At one window of it stood an old Woman, with a wonderfully beautiful Maiden by her side, looking out. But this old lady was a Witch, and said to her daughter, 
“Here comes one out of the forest who has a wonderful treasure in his body, which we must have; for, my beloved daughter, it is more fit for us than for him: it is a bird’s heart, and whoever possesses it 
finds a gold piece every morning under his pillow.” She further told her daughter how it was to be procured, and what she was to do; and threatened her, if she did not obey, to visit her with some 
misfortune. As soon as the Huntsman approached he perceived the Maiden, and said to himself, “I am weary enough with travelling about, so I will now rest, and turn into this fine castle, for I have money 
enough.” But the real reason was the beautiful face which he saw at the windows. 

He entered the house, and was hospitably received and courteously entertained; and soon it came to pass that he was so in love with the daughter of the Witch that he could think of nothing else, and 
followed her with his eyes everywhere, willing to do all she wished. Then the old Woman said, “Now we must get the bird’s heart, for he will not miss it when it is gone!” She concocted, therefore, a drink; 
and when it was ready she put it into a cup and gave it to her daughter, who had to hand it to the Huntsman, and say, “Now, dearest, drink to me!” He took the cup, and as soon as he had swallowed the 
draught the heart fell out of his mouth. The Maiden carried it secretly away, and then swallowed it, for the old Woman wanted it herself. Ever after the Huntsman no longer found gold pieces under his pillow, 
for they lay now beneath the Maiden’s head, and the old Witch fetched them every morning. But he never troubled himself about the matter, and was content so long as he passed his time with the Maiden. 

Soon the old Witch began to say to her daughter, “We have the bird’s heart, but not the cloak, which we ought also to have.” This the Maiden would fain have left him, since he had lost his riches; but the 
old mother flew into a passion, and said, “This cloak is a wonderful thing, and such as is seldom found in the world, and I must and will have it!” With these words she beat her daughter, and vowed, if she 
did not obey her, to do her some injury. The daughter, therefore, at the bidding of her mother, placed herself at the window one day, and looked sadly at the far distance. “Why stand you so sorrowfully 
there?” asked the Huntsman. “Ah, my treasure!” she replied, “over there lies the granite mountain, where grow precious stones, and when I think about them I become quite sad, for I long so for them; but 
who can get them? only the birds which fly to and fro; no man ever can.” 

“Is that all that you have to complain of?” said the Huntsman; “then I will soon remove that grief from your heart.” 

Thereupon he put her under his cloak, and wished himself over the granite mountain; and in a moment they were set down in the place. There glittered the precious stones on all sides, so that it was a 
pleasure to see them; and they collected the most costly ones together. But now the Witch had caused by her arts a great drowsiness to come over the poor Huntsman, and he said to the Maiden, “We will 
sit down and rest awhile, for I am so tired I cannot keep upon my feet.” So they sat down, and he laid his head in her lap and went to sleep; and while he slept the Maiden took the cloak from his shoulder 
and threw it over her own back, and then, gathering up the precious stones, she wished herself home again. 

By-and-by the Huntsman awoke, and found that his mistress had deceived him, and left him alone on the wild mountain. “Alas!” he cried, “what faithlessness there is in the world!” and he remained lost in 
care and anxiety, ignorant what to do. 

The mountain belonged to some rough and mighty Giants, who dwelt upon it and earned their living there; and in a short time the Huntsman perceived three of them striding towards him. He laid himself 
down and feigned to be in a deep sleep, and presently the three Giants came striding along, and the first kicked him with his foot and exclaimed, “What earthworm is this lying here?” “Tread him to death!” 
said the second Giant. But the third said, contemptuously, “That is not worth while; let him alone, he cannot remain here, and if he climbs higher up the hill the clouds will take him and carry him away.” After 
this conversation they went away; but the Huntsman had noted all they said, and as soon as they were gone he got up and climbed to the top of the mountain. After he had sat there a little while a cloud 
came sweeping by, which caught him up and carried him floating about the air. Then it began to sink down over a large walled-in vegetable garden, where, among cabbages and other herbs, he fell softly 
to the ground. There the Huntsman looked round, and said, “If I had only something to eat, for with the distance I have travelled I am very hungry; but here I cannot see a single apple, berry, or fruit of any 
kind; everywhere nothing but cabbages.” At length he thought that out of necessity he would eat a salad, which, although it had not a delicate flavour, would yet refresh him. Thereupon he looked out for a 
good head of cabbage, and ate thereof; but he had scarcely tasted a couple of bites before he felt a wondrous change come over him, and found himself quite transformed. From his body grew four legs, 
a thick head, and two long ears; and he perceived with anguish that he was changed into a donkey! Still, however, his appetite was not appeased, and because the cabbage tasted well now to his animal 

appetite he ate with greater pleasure. At last he tasted a different kind, and immediately he felt another change come over him, and his human form returned. 

The Huntsman now lay down and slept with weariness; and when he awoke in the morning he broke off a head of the bad and one of the good cabbages, and thought to himself, “These shall help me to 
my own again and punish the faithless one.” With these words he concealed the cabbages about him, and, clambering over the wall, he set out to search for the castle of his love. He luckily discovered it 
when he had journeyed only a couple of days, and, quickly browning his face so that his own mother would not have recognised him, he went into the castle and begged a night’s lodging. “I am so tired,” he 
said, “I can go no further.” The Witch asked him who he was and what was his business; and he told her he was one of the King’s messengers, and had been sent to seek the most delicate cabbage which 
grew upon the earth. “I have been successful,” said he, “and have the herb with me; but the heat of the sun is so strong that the tender leaves threaten to wither, and I know not if I can carry it farther.” 

As soon as the old Woman heard of this precious cabbage she became very agreeable, and begged the Huntsman to allow her to taste the vegetable. “Why not?” he replied; “I have got two cabbages 
with me, and will give you one;” and, opening his sack, he handed her the bad herb. The Witch, suspecting nothing wrong, took the cabbage into the kitchen to cook it, for her mouth watered for the 
unknown delicacy. As soon as it was ready she could not wait till it was put on the table, but snatched a part of it, and put it into her mouth. Scarcely had she swallowed it when she lost her human form, and 
ran like a donkey into the stable-yard. Presently the servant went into the kitchen and saw the cabbage ready dressed, which she took up to carry in-doors; but, according to old custom, she tasted it on the 
way to the parlour. Immediately the charm began to work, and she became a donkey, and ran away to the other; while the dish fell on the ground, and its contents were spilled. The messenger meanwhile 
sat with the Maiden, and when the cabbage did not come she took a fancy to have some also, and wondered where it was. The Huntsman thought, “The cabbage has begun to work!” and said to the 
Maiden, “I will go into the kitchen and see what has happened.” As soon as he went down he saw the two donkeys running about the court, and the cabbage lying on the floor. “All right!” cried he; “two have 
received their share!” and, picking up the rest of the cabbage, he laid it on a dish and took it to the Maiden. “I have brought you this delicate dish myself,” said he, “that you may not have to wait longer.” 
Thereupon she ate some of it, and soon, like the rest, lost her human form, and ran as a donkey round the court. 

Afterwards, when the Huntsman had washed his face, so that the changed ones might recognise him, he went down into the court, and said to the three, “Now you shall be rewarded for your 
inconstancy!” He bound them all three together with a rope, and drove them away to a mill. There he knocked at the window, and the Miller, putting his head out, asked him what his wishes were. “I have 
three unruly animals here,” he said, “whom I cannot keep any longer. Will you take them of me, and give them food and work, and treat them as I will tell you; because, if so, you shall have what you wish for 
so doing?” 

“Why not?” replied the Miller; “but how shall I treat them?” The Huntsman told him that the old donkey, which was the Witch, must be given daily three beatings and one meal only; that the youngest, which 
was the Servant, should receive one beating and three meals; but the other, which was the Maiden, no blows, but three meals; for he could not make up his mind to cause her pain. Thereupon the 
Huntsman returned to the castle, in which he found all that he wanted. After three days came the Miller, and told him he wished to mention that the donkey for whom he had ordered only one meal and three 
beatings was dead. “The two others,” he said further, “are certainly not dead, for they eat their three meals a day, but they are so weak and ill they cannot last very long.” At this relation the Huntsman pitied 
the poor beasts, and told the Miller to drive them up again. As soon as they came he gave them a piece of the good cabbage to eat, and in a few minutes their human form returned. Then the beautiful 
Maiden fell on her knees before him, and said, “Oh, my dear Huntsman, pardon me for the wrong I did you, for it was not of my own free will, but because my mother compelled me, that I acted so; then and 
now I love you with my whole heart. Your wishing-cloak hangs in yon closet, and the heart of the bird I will bring to you again.” 

When she had thus spoken the Huntsman pardoned her freely, and begged her to keep the heart, for he meant to make her his bride. Soon afterwards the marriage was performed, and they lived 
happily together to the end of their lives. 

Little One-Eye, Little Two-Eyes, and Little Three-Eyestg 

Once upon a time there was a Woman who had three daughters, the eldest of whom was named One-Eye, because she had but a single eye, and that placed in the middle of her forehead; the second 
was called Two-Eyes, because she was like other mortals; and the third Three-Eyes, because she had three eyes, and one of them in the centre of her forehead, like her eldest sister. But, because the 
second sister had nothing out of the common in her appearance, she was looked down upon by her sisters, and despised by her mother. “You are no better than common folks,” they would say to her; “you 
do not belong to us;” and then they would push her about, give her coarse clothing, and nothing else to eat but their leavings, besides numerous other insults as occasion offered. 

Once it happened that Two-Eyes had to go into the forest to tend the goat; and she went very hungry, because her sisters had given her very little to eat that morning. She sat down upon a hillock, and 
cried so much that her tears flowed almost like rivers out of her eyes! By-and-by she looked up, and saw a Woman standing by her, who asked, “Why are you weeping, Two-Eyes?” “Because I have two 
eyes like ordinary people,” replied the maiden, “and therefore my mother and sisters dislike me, push me into corners, throw me their old clothes, and give me nothing to eat but what they leave. To-day 
they have given me so little that I am still hungry.” “Dry your eyes, then, now,” said the wise Woman; “I will tell you something which shall prevent you from being hungry again. You must say to your goat: — 
and immediately a nicely-filled table will stand before you, with delicate food upon it, of which you can eat as much as you please. And when you are satisfied, and have done with the table, you must say: 
— and it will disappear directly.” With these words the wise Woman went away, and little Two-Eyes thought to herself she would try at once if what the Woman said were true, for she felt very hungry indeed: 
— said the maiden, and immediately a table covered with a white cloth stood before her, with a knife and fork, and silver spoon; and the most delicate dishes were ranged in order upon it, and everything 
as warm as if they had been just taken away from the fire. Two-Eyes said a short grace, and then began to eat; and when she had finished she pronounced the words which the wise Woman had told her: 
— and directly the table, and all that was on it, quickly disappeared. “This is capital housekeeping,” said the maiden in high glee; and at evening she went home with her goat, and found an earthen dish 
which her sisters had left her filled with their pickings. She did not touch it; and the next morning she went off again without taking the meagre breakfast which was left out for her. The first and second time 
she did this the sisters thought nothing of it; but when she did the same the third morning their attention was roused, and they said, “All is not right with Two-Eyes; for she has left her meals twice, and has 
touched nothing of what was left for her; she must have found some other way of living.” So they determined that One-Eye should go with the maiden when she drove the goat to the meadow, and pay 
attention to what passed, and observe whether anyone brought her to eat or to drink. 

‘Little kid, milk 
Table, appear!’ 

‘Little kid, milk 
Table, depart!’ 

“Little kid, milk 
Table, appear!” 

“Little kid, milk 
Table, depart!” 

When Two-Eyes, therefore, was about to set off, One-Eye told her she was going with her to see whether she took proper care of the goat and fed her sufficiently. Two-Eyes, however, divined her 
sister’s object, and drove the goat where the grass was finest, and then said, “Come, One-Eye, let us sit down, and I will sing to you.” So One-Eye sat down, for she was quite tired with her unusual walk, 
and the heat of the sun. 

“Are you awake or asleep, One-Eye! 

Are you awake or asleep!” 

sang Two-Eyes, until her sister really went to sleep. As soon as she was quite sound the maiden had her table out, and ate and drank all she needed; and by the time One-Eye awoke again the table had 
disappeared, and the maiden said to her sister, “Come, we will go home now; while you have been sleeping the goat might have run about all over the world!” So they went home, and, after Two-Eyes had 
left her meal untouched, the mother inquired of One-Eye what she had seen, and she was obliged to confess that she had been asleep. 

The following morning the mother told Three-Eyes that she must go out and watch Two-Eyes, and see who brought her food, for it was certain that some one must. So Three-Eyes told her sister that she 
was going to accompany her that morning to see if she took care of the goat and fed her well; but Two-Eyes saw through her design, and drove the goat again to the best feeding-place. Then she asked 
her sister to sit down and she would sing to her, and Three-Eyes did so, for she was very tired with her long walk in the heat of the sun. Then Two-Eyes began to sing as before: — but, instead of continuing 
as she should have done, she said by mistake, and so went on singing: — 

“Are you awake, Three-Eyes!” 

“Are you asleep, Three-Eyes!” 

“Are you asleep, Two-Eyes!” 

“Are you awake, Three-Eyes! 

Are you asleep, Two-Eyes!” 

By-and-by Three-Eyes closed two of her eyes, and went to sleep with them; but the third eye, which was not spoken to, kept open. Three-Eyes, however, cunningly shut it too, and feigned to be asleep, 

while she was really watching; and soon Two-Eyes, thinking all safe, repeated the words: — and as soon as she was satisfied she said the old words: — 

“Little kid, milk 
Table, appear!” 

“Little kid, milk 
Table, depart!” 

Three-Eyes watched all these proceedings; and presently Two-Eyes came and awoke her, saying, “Ah, sister! you are a good watcher; but come, let us go home now.” When they reached home Two- 
Eyes again ate nothing; and her sister told her mother she knew now why the haughty hussy would not eat their victuals. “When she is out in the meadow,” said her sister, “she says, 

‘Little kid, milk 
Table, appear!’ 

and directly a table comes up laid out with meat and wine, and everything of the best, much better than we have; and as soon as she has had enough she says, and all goes away directly, as I clearly saw. 
Certainly she did put to sleep two of my eyes; but the one in the middle of my forehead luckily kept awake!” 

“Will you have better things than us?” cried the envious mother; “then you shall lose the chance;” and, so saying, she took a carving-knife and killed the goat dead. 

‘Little kid, milk 
Table, depart!’ 

As soon as Two-Eyes saw this she went out very sorrowful to the old spot and sat down where she had sat before to weep bitterly. All at once the wise Woman stood in front of her again, and asked why 
she was crying? “Must I not cry,” replied she, “when the goat which used to furnish me every day with a dinner, according to your promise, has been killed by my mother, and I am again suffering hunger 
and thirst?” “Two-Eyes,” said the wise Woman, “I will give you a piece of advice. Beg your sisters to give you the entrails of the goat, and bury them in the earth before the house-door, and your fortune will 
be made.” So saying, she disappeared; and Two-Eyes went home, and said to her sisters, “Dear sisters, do give me some part of the slain kid; I desire nothing else; let me have the entrails.” The sisters 
laughed, and readily gave them to her; and she buried them secretly before the threshold of the door, as the wise Woman had bidden her. 

The following morning they found in front of the house a wonderfully beautiful tree, with leaves of silver and fruits of gold hanging from the boughs, than which nothing more splendid could be seen in the 
world. The two elder sisters were quite ignorant how the tree came where it stood; but Two-Eyes perceived that it was produced by the goat’s entrails, for it stood on the exact spot where she had buried 
them. As soon as the mother saw it she told One-Eye to break off some of the fruit. One-Eye went up to the tree, and pulled a bough towards her, to pluck off the fruit; but the bough flew back again directly 
out of her hands; and so it did every time she took hold of it, till she was forced to give up, for she could not obtain a single golden apple in spite of all her endeavours. Then the Mother said to Three-Eyes, 
“Do you climb up, for you can see better with your three eyes than your sister with her one.” Three-Eyes, however, was not more fortunate than her sister, for the golden apples flew back as soon as she 
touched them. At last the mother got so impatient that she climbed the tree herself; but she met with no more success than either of her daughters, and grasped the air only when she thought she had the 
fruit. Two-Eyes now thought she would try, and said to her sisters, “Let me get up; perhaps I may be successful.” “Oh! you are very likely, indeed,” said they, “with your two eyes; you will see well, no doubt!” 
So Two-Eyes climbed the tree, and directly she touched the boughs the golden apples fell into her hands, so that she plucked them as fast as she could, and filled her apron before she went down. Her 
mother took them of her, but returned her no thanks; and the two sisters, instead of treating Two-Eyes better than they had done, were only the more envious of her, because she alone could gather the 
fruits — in fact, they treated her worse. 

One morning, not long after the springing up of the apple-tree, the three sisters were all standing together beneath it, when in the distance a young Knight was seen riding towards them. “Make haste, 
Two-Eyes!” exclaimed the two elder sisters, “make haste and creep out of our way, that we may not be ashamed of you;” and so saying, they put over her in great haste an empty cask which stood near, 
and which covered the golden apples as well, which she had just been plucking off. Soon the Knight came up to the tree, and the sisters saw he was a very handsome man, for he stopped to admire the 
fine silver leaves and golden fruit, and presently asked to whom the tree belonged, for he should like to have a branch off it. One-Eye and Three-Eyes replied that the tree belonged to them; and they tried 
to pluck a branch off for the Knight. They had their trouble for nothing, however; for the boughs and fruits flew back as soon as they touched them. “This is very wonderful,” cried the Knight, “that this tree 
should belong to you, and yet you cannot pluck the fruit!" The sisters, however, maintained that it was theirs; but while they spoke Two-Eyes rolled a golden apple from underneath the cask, so that it 
travelled to the feet of the Knight, for she was angry because her elder sisters had not spoken the truth. When he saw the apple he was astonished, and asked where it came from, and One-Eye and 
Three-Eyes said they had another sister, but they dared not let her be seen, because she had only two eyes, like common folk! The Knight, however, would see her, and called, “Two-Eyes, come here!” 
and soon she made her appearance from under the cask. The Knight was bewildered at her great beauty, and said, “You, Two-Eyes, can surely break off a bough of this tree for me?” “Yes,” she replied, 
“that I will, for it is my property;” and, climbing up, she easily broke off a branch with silver leaves and golden fruit, which she handed to the Knight. “What can I give you in return, Two-Eyes?” asked the 
Knight. “Alas! if you will take me with you I shall be happy, for now I suffer hunger and thirst, and am in trouble and grief from early morning to late evening: take me, and save me!” Thereupon the Knight 
raised Two-Eyes upon his saddle, and took her home to his father’s castle. There he gave her beautiful clothes, and all she wished for to eat or to drink; and afterwards, because his love for her had 
become so great, he married her, and a very happy wedding they had. 

Her two sisters meanwhile were very jealous when Two-Eyes was carried off by the Knight; but they consoled themselves by saying, “The wonderful tree remains still for us; and, even if we cannot get at 
the fruit, everybody that passes will stop to look at it, and then come and praise it to us. Who knows where our wheat may bloom!” The morning after this speech, however, the tree disappeared, and with it 
all their hopes; but, when Two-Eyes that same day looked out of her chamber window, behold, the tree stood before it, and there remained! 

For a long time after this occurrence Two-Eyes lived in the enjoyment of the greatest happiness; and one morning two poor women came to the palace and begged an alms. Two-Eyes, after looking 
narrowly at their faces, recognised her two sisters One-Eye and Three-Eyes, who had come to such great poverty that they were forced to wander about begging their bread from day to day. Two-Eyes, 
however, bade them welcome, invited them in, and took care of them, till they both repented of the evil which they had done to their sister in the days of their childhood. 

The Six Servants 

Along time ago lived an old Queen, who was also an enchantress ; and her daughter was the most beautiful crea ture under the sun. But the old woman was ever thinking how to entice men, in order to kill 
them, and every suitor, therefore, who came was compelled, before he could marry the daughter, to answer a riddle which the Queen proposed, and which was always so puzzling that it could not be 
solved; and the unfortunate lover was thereupon forced to kneel down and have his head struck off. Many and many a poor youth had been thus destroyed, for the maiden was very pretty; and still another 
King’s son was found who made up his mind to brave the danger. He had heard of the great beauty of the Princess, and he prayed his father to let him go and win her. “Never!” replied the King, “if you go 
away, you go to die!” At this answer the son felt very ill, and so continued for seven years nigh unto death’s door, for no physician could do him any good. At last, when the old King saw all hope was gone, 
he said to his son, “Go now and try your fortune, for I know not how else to restore you!” As soon as the Prince heard the word he jumped up from his bed, and felt new strength and vigour return to him 
while he made ready for his journey. 

Soon he set off, and as he rode along across a common he saw at a distance something lying on the ground like a bundle of hay; but, as he approached nearer, he discovered that it was a Man who 
had stretched himself on the earth, and was as big as a little hill! The fellow waited till the Prince came up, and then said to him, rising as he spoke, “If you need anyone take me into your service!” 

“What shall I do with such an uncouth fellow as you?” asked the Prince. 

“That matters not,” replied the Man, “were I a thousand times as clumsy, if I can render you a service.” 

“Very well, perhaps I shall need you,” said the Prince; “come with me.” So Fatty accompanied his new master, and presently they met with another Man, who was also lying on the ground, with his ear 
close to the grass. “What are you doing there?” asked the Prince. 

“I am listening,” he replied. 

“And to what are you listening so attentively?” pursued the Prince. 

“I am listening to what is going on in the world around,” said the Man, “for nothing escapes my hearing; I can even hear the grass growing.” 

“Tell me, then,” said the Prince, “tell me what is passing at the court of the old Queen who has such a beautiful daughter.” 

“I hear,” replied the Man, “the whistling of the sword which is about to cut off the head of an unsuccessful wooer.” 

“Follow me, I can find a use for you,” said the Prince to the Listener; and so the three now journeyed together. Presently they came to a spot where were lying two feet and part of two legs, but they could 
not see the continuation of them till they had walked a good stretch further, and then they came to the body, and at length to the head. “Hulloa!” cried the Prince, “what a length you are!” 

“Oh!” replied Long-Legs, “not so much of that! why, if I stretch my limbs out as far as I can, I am a thousand times as long, and taller than the highest mountain on the earth; but, if you will take me, I am 
ready to serve you.” 

The Prince accepted his offer, and, as they went along they came to a man who had his eyes bandaged up. “Have you blood-shot eyes,” inquired the Prince, “that you bind your eyes up in that way?” 

“No!” replied the Man; “but I dare not take away the bandage, for whatever I look at splits in two, so powerful is my sight; nevertheless, if I am of use, I will accompany you.” 

Thereupon the Prince accepted also the services of this Man; and, as they went on, they found another fellow, who, although he was lying on the ground in the scorching heat of the sun, trembled and 
shivered so that not a limb in his body stood still. “What makes you freeze, when the sun shines like this?” asked the Prince. 

“Alas! my nature is quite different from anything else!” replied the Man; “the hotter it is the colder I feel, and the frost penetrates all my bones; while the colder it is the hotter I feel; so that I cannot touch ice 
for the heat of my body, nor yet go near the fire for fear I should freeze it!” 

“You are a wonderful fellow!” said the Prince; “come with me, and perhaps I may need you.” So the Man followed with the rest; and they came next to a Man who was stretching his neck to such a length 
that he could see over all the neighbouring hills. “What are you looking at so eagerly?” asked the Prince. 

“I have such clear eyes,” replied the Man, “that I can see over all the forests, fields, valleys, and hills; in fact, quite round the world!” 

“Come with me, then,” said the Prince, “for I have need of a companion like you.” 

The Prince now pursued his way with his six servants to the city where the old Queen dwelt. When he arrived he would not tell his name, but told the Witch if she would give him her daughter he would do 
all she desired. The old Enchantress was delighted to have such a handsome young man fall into her clutches, and told him she would set him three tasks, and, if he performed them all, the Princess 
should become his wife. 

“What is the first, then?” asked the Prince. 

“You must fetch for me a ring which I have let fall into the Red Sea,” said the Queen. Then the Prince returned home to his servants, and said to them, “The first task is no easy one; it is to fetch a ring out 
of the Red Sea; but let us consult together.” 

“I will see where it lies,” said he with the clear eyes; and, looking down into the water, he continued, “there it hangs on a pointed stone!” 

“If I could but see it I would fetch it up,” said Long-Arms. “Is that all?” said Fatty, and, lying down on the bank, he held his mouth open to the water and the stream ran in as if into a pit, till at length the 
whole sea was as dry as a meadow. Long-Arms, thereupon, bent down a little, and fetched out the ring, to the great joy of the Prince, who carried it to the old Witch. She was mightily astonished, but 

confessed it was the right ring. “The first task you have performed, happily,” she said; “but now comes the second. Do you see those three hundred oxen grazing on the meadows before my palace; all 
those you must consume, flesh, bones, and skins, and horns; then in my cellar are three hundred casks of wine, which must all be drunk out by you; and if you leave a single hair of any of the oxen, or one 
drop of the wine you will lose your life.” 

“May I invite any guests to the banquet,” asked the Prince, “for no dinner is worth having without?” The old Woman smiled grimly, but told him he might have one guest for company, but no more. 

Thereupon the Prince returned again to his servants, and told them what the task was; and then he invited Fatty to be his guest. He came, and quickly consumed the three hundred oxen, flesh and 
bones, skin and horns, while he made as if it were only a good breakfast. Next he drank all the wine out of every cask, without so much as using a glass, but draining them all to the very dregs. As soon as 
the meal was over the Prince went and told the Queen he had performed the second task. She was much astonished, and said no one had ever before got so far as that; but she determined that the 
Prince should not escape her, for she felt confident he would lose his head about the third task. “This evening,” said she, “I will bring my daughter into your room, and you shall hold her round with one arm; 
but mind you do not fall asleep while you sit there, for at twelve o’clock I shall come, and if my daughter is not with you then you are lost.” “This task is easy,” thought the Prince to himself; “I shall certainly 
keep my eyes open.” Still he called his servants together, and told them what the old woman had said. “Who knows,” said he, “what craftiness may be behind? foresight is necessary; do you keep watch, 
that nobody passes out of the chamber during the night.” 

As soon as night came the old Queen brought the Princess to the Prince, and then Long-Arms coiled himself in a circle round the pair, and Fatty placed himself in the doorway, so that not a living soul 
could enter the room. So there the two sat, and the maiden spoke not a word, but the moon shone through the window upon her face, so that the Prince could see her great beauty. He did nothing but look 
at her, was full of happiness and love, and felt no weariness at all. This lasted till eleven o’clock, and then the old Witch threw a charm over all, so that they fell fast asleep, and at the same moment the 
maiden was carried off. 

Till a quarter to twelve the three slept soundly, but then the charm lost its strength, and they all awoke again. “Oh, what a terrible misfortune!” cried the Prince as soon as he awoke, “I am lost!” The faithful 
servants also began to complain; but the Listener said, “Be quiet and I will hear where she is!” He listened a moment, and then said, 

“The Princess is sitting three hundred miles from hence, inside a cave, bewailing her fate. You alone can help us, Long-Arms; if you set to the task you will be there in a couple of strides.” “Certainly!” 
said Long-Arms; “but Sharp-Eyes must also go with us to pierce the rock.” Then he hoisted Sharp-Eyes upon his back, and in a moment, while one could scarcely turn his hand round, they were before the 
enchanted rock. Immediately Sharp-Eyes removed his bandage, and, looking round, the rocky cave was shattered into a thousand pieces. Then Long-Arms took the Princess out of the ruins and carried 
her home first, and, immediately returning for his companion, they were all seated, rejoicing at their fortunate escape, before the clock struck twelve. 

As soon as it did strike, the old Enchantress slipped into the room, smiling horribly, for she thought her daughter was safe enough in the rocky cave, and the Prince was hers. But when she perceived her 
daughter in the arms of the Prince she was terrified, and exclaimed, “Here is one who can do more than I can!” She dared not, however, deny her promise, and the maiden was therefore betrothed to the 
Prince. But the old woman whispered in her daughter’s ear, “Shame upon you that you listened to common folks, and dared not to choose a husband after your own wishes!” 

With these words the proud heart of the Princess was inflamed, and she thought of revenge; and accordingly, the following day, she caused three hundred bundles of logs to be heaped together, and 
then said to the Prince, “The three tasks were soon performed; but still I will not marry you until some one shall be found who will sit upon the fire of these logs and endure it.” She thought none of his 
servants would be burnt for their master; and so that, because out of love for her, he would himself sit upon the pile, she would be freed from him. But the servants said that Frosty had done nothing as yet, 
though they all had, and so they placed him on the top of the pile of wood. The fire was immediately kindled and burnt for three days, until all the wood was consumed; but, when the flames ceased, there 
stood Frosty in the midst of the ashes, shivering like an aspen-leaf, and declaring that he never before experienced such a frost, and must have perished if it had longer continued! 

After this no further excuse could be made, and the beautiful Princess was obliged to take the unknown stranger as her husband. But just as they were going to church the old Queen declared again that 
she could not bear the shame, and she sent her guards after the wedding party with orders, at all risks, to bring back her daughter. The Listener, however, had kept his ears open, and he discovered the 
secret designs of the old Witch. “What shall we do?” asked he of Fatty; but the latter was equal to the occasion, and, spitting behind him once or twice a drop or two of the sea-water which he had formerly 
drunk, there was formed a great lake, in which the Queen’s guards were caught and drowned. The Queen as soon as she saw this catastrophe despatched her mounted guards; but the Listener heard the 
rat tlings of their trappings, and unbound the eyes of their fellow-servant, whose look, as soon as he directed it upon the approaching enemy, shivered them like glass. The bridal party now passed on 
undisturbed; and, as soon as the blessing had been pronounced over the new married pair, the six servants took their leave, saying to their former master, “Your wishes are fulfilled, and you no longer 
require us; we will therefore journey on and seek our fortunes elsewhere.” 

Now, about half a mile from the Queen’s palace was a village before which a swineherd was tending his drove of pigs; and, as the Prince and Princess passed by it, the former said to his wife, “Do you 
know who I really am? I am no King’s son, but a swineherd, and this man here with this drove is my father; we two must therefore get out and assist him!” So saying, he dismounted with her from the 
carriage, and they went together into the inn; and he ordered the host to carry away secretly during the night the royal clothes belonging to his wife. Accordingly, when morning came, the poor Princess had 
nothing to wear; but the hostess gave her an old gown and a pair of old slippers, and of these things made a great favour, telling her that she certainly would not have lent them to her had not her husband 
begged for them! 

The Princess now began really to believe that her husband was a swineherd, and with him she tended the drove, and thought it was a punishment for her pride and ambition. This continued for eight 
days, and then she could bear it no longer, for her feet were wounded all over. Just at that time two persons came to her, and asked if she knew who her husband was. “Yes, he is a swineherd,” she 
replied, “and is just now gone to drive a little trade with a few ribands and laces.” 

“Come with us now, and we will take you to him,” said the two strangers to the Princess; and they took her into the palace, where her husband stood arrayed in his royal robes in the great hall. She did 
not, however, recognise him until he fell on her neck, and said to her, “I have suffered so much for you that it was only right that you should also suffer for me!” and with these words he kissed her lovingly. 
Soon afterwards their wedding was celebrated with due form, and with so much grandeur that I who tell this story would like to have been there to see! 

The Old Woman in the Wood 

Once upon a time a poor Servant Girl was traveling with her boxes through a wood, and just as she got to the middle of it she found herself in the power of a murdering band of robbers. All at once they 
sprang out of the brush wood, and came towards her; but she jumped out of her cart in terror, and hid herself behind a tree. As soon as the robbers had disappeared with their booty she came from her 
hiding-place, and saw her great misfortune. She began to cry bitterly, and said to herself, “What shall I do now, a poor girl like me; I cannot find my way out of the wood; nobody lives here, and I must perish 
with hunger.” She looked about for a road, but could not find one; and when evening came she sat down under a tree, and commending herself to God, determined to remain where she was, whatever 
might happen. She had not sat there a long while before a little White Pigeon came flying towards her, carrying in his beak a small golden key. The bird put the key into the Girl’s hand, and said, “Do you 
see yon great tree? within it is a cupboard, which is opened with this key, and there you will find food enough, so that you need not suffer hunger any longer.” The Girl went to the tree, and unlocking it, found 
pure milk in a jug, and white bread fit to break into it; and of these she made a good meal. When she had finished, she said to herself, “At home now the cocks and hens are gone to roost, and I am so 
tired I should like to go to bed myself.” In a moment the Pigeon flew up, bringing another gold key in his bill, and said, “Do you see yon tree? open it and you will find a bed within!” She opened it, and there 
stood the little white bed; and, after saying her prayers and asking God’s protection during the night, she went to sleep. In the morning the Pigeon came for the third time, bringing another key, with which 
he told the Girl to open a certain tree, and there she would find plenty of clothes. When she did so, she found dresses of all kinds ornamented with gold and precious stones, as beautiful as any princess 
could desire. And here in this spot the maiden dwelt for a time; while the Pigeon everyday brought her what she needed; and it was a very quiet and peaceful life. 

One day, however, the Pigeon came and asked the Maiden whether she would do an act of love for him. “With all my heart,” was her reply. “I wish you then,” said the Pigeon, “to come with me to a little 
cottage, and to go into it, and there on the hearth you will see an old Woman, who will say ‘Good day!’ But for my sake give her no answer, let her do what she will; but go past her right hand, and you will 
see a door which you must open, and pass into a room, where upon a table will lie a number of rings of all descriptions, and among them several with glittering stones; but leave them alone, and look out a 
plain one which will be there, and bring it to me as quickly as possible.” 

The Maiden thereupon went to the cottage, and stepped in; and there sat an old Woman who made a great face when she saw her, but said, “Good day, my child!” The Maiden made no answer, but 
went towards the door. “Whither are you going?” cried the old Woman, “that is my house, and nobody shall enter it unless I do wish!” and she tried to detain the Maiden by catching hold of her dress. But 
she silently loosened herself, and went into the room, and saw the heap of rings upon the table, which glittered and shone before her eyes. She threw them aside and searched for the plain ring, but could 
not find it; and while she searched she saw the old Woman slip in and take up a bird-cage, with which she made off. So the Maid pursued her, and took the bird-cage away from her. As she looked at it 
she saw the ring in the bill of the bird which was in it. She took the ring and ran home, joyfully expecting the White Pigeon would come and fetch the ring, but he did not. So she leaned herself back against 
her tree and waited for the bird; but presently the tree became as it were weak and yielding, and its branches began to droop. All at once the boughs bent round, and became two arms; and as the Maiden 
turned round, the tree became a handsome man, who embraced and kissed her, saying, “You have saved me out of the power of the old Woman, who is an evil witch. She changed me into a tree a long 
while ago, and every day I became a White Pigeon for a couple of hours; but so long as she had possession of the ring I could not regain my human form.” Thereupon his servants and horses recovered 
also from the enchantment, for they likewise had been changed into trees; and once more they accompanied their master to his kingdom (for he was a King’s son,) and there he married the Maiden, and 
they lived happily ever afterwards. 

The Man of Iron 

Once upon a time there was a King who possessed a great wood which lay behind his castle, and wherein it was his pleasure to hunt. One day it happened that one of his huntsmen who had gone into this 
wood in the morning did not return as usual. The next day, therefore, the King despatched two others to seek him; but they likewise never reappeared; and so the King then ordered all his huntsmen to 
make themselves ready to scour the whole forest in search of their missing companions. But, after they had set out, not one of them ever returned again, nor even a single dog out of the whole pack that 
accompanied them. After this occurrence an edict was issued that nobody should venture into the forest; and from that day a profound stillness and deep solitude crept over the whole forest, and one saw 
nothing but owls or eagles which now and then flew out. This lasted a long time, till once came a strange Huntsman to the King, and, begging an audience, said he was ready to go into the dangerous 
forest. The King would not at first give his consent, saying, “I am afraid it will fare no better with you than with the others, and that you will never return;” but the Huntsman replied, “I will dare the danger, for I 
know nothing of fear.” 

Thereupon the Huntsman entered the forest with his dog, and in a few minutes the hound espying a wild animal on the road pursued it; but it had scarcely gone a couple of yards before it fell into a deep 
pool, out of which a naked arm stretched itself, and catching the dog drew it down beneath the water. As soon as the Huntsman saw this he went back and fetched three men who came with pails to bale 
out the water. When they came to the bottom they found a Wild Man, whose body was brown like rusty iron, and his hair hung over his face down to his knees. They bound him with cords and led him away 
to the King, who caused an immense iron cage to be fixed in the courtyard, and forbade anyone on pain of death to open the door of the cage, of which the Queen had to keep the key in her charge. After 
this time anybody could go with safety into the forest. 

Now, the King had a son eight years old, who was once playing in the courtyard, and during his play his ball accidentally rolled into the iron cage. He ran up to it and demanded his ball of the prisoner. 
“Not till you open my door,” replied the Man. “No, that I cannot,” said the Boy, “for my father the King has forbidden it;” and so saying he ran away. But the next morning he came again and demanded his 
golden ball. “Open my door,” said the Wild Man; but the Boy refused. The third morning the King went out a hunting; and presently the Boy went again to the cage, and said, “Even if I would open the door, I 
have not got the key to do it.” “It lies under your mother’s pillow,” said the Wild Man, “and you can get it if you like.” So the Boy, casting all other thoughts to the winds but his wish to have his ball, ran and 
fetched the key. The door swung heavily, and the boy jammed his finger; but soon it opened, and the Wild Man, giving him the golden ball, stepped out and hurried off. At this the Boy became alarmed, and 
cried, and called after the Man, “Wild Man, do not go away or I shall be beaten!” The Man turned round, and, raising the boy up, set him upon his shoulders and walked into the forest with hasty strides. As 
soon afterwards the King returned, he remarked the empty cage, and asked the Queen what had happened. She called her Boy, but no one answered, and the King sent out people over the fields to 
search for him but they returned empty-handed. Then he easily guessed what had really happened, and great grief was shown at the royal court. 

Meanwhile, as soon as the Wild Man had reached his old haunts, he set the Boy down off his shoulders, and said to him, “Your father and mother you will never see again; but I will keep you with me, for 
you delivered me, and therefore I pity you. If you do all that I tell you, you will be well treated, for I have enough treasure and money; in fact, more than any one else in the world.” That evening the Iron Man let 
the Boy sleep on some moss, and the next morning he took him to the pool, and said, “See you, this golden water is bright and clear as crystal; hereby you must sit, and watch that nothing falls into it, or it 
will be dishonoured. Every evening I will come, and see if you have obeyed my commands.” So the Boy sat down on the bank of the pool; but by-and-by, while he watched, such a sudden pain seized one 
of his fingers that he plunged it into the water to cool it. He quickly drew it out again; but lo! it was quite golden, and in spite of all his pains he could not rub off the gold again. In the evening came the Iron 
Man, and, after looking at the Boy, he asked, “What has happened to my pool?” “Nothing, nothing!” replied the Boy, holding his finger behind him, that it might not be seen. But the Man said, “You have 
dipped your finger into the water; this time, however, I will overlook it, only take care it does not happen again.” 

The next day the Boy resumed his post at the first daybreak; but in the course of a little while his finger ached again, and this time he put it to his head, and unluckily pulled off a hair which fell into the 
water. He took it out again very quickly; but it had changed into gold, and by-and-by the Iron Man returned, already conscious of what had occurred. “You have let a hair fall into the pool,” he said to the boy; 
“but once more I will overlook your fault, only if it happens again the pool will be dishonoured, and you can remain with me no longer.” 

The Boy took his usual seat again on the third morning, and did not once move his finger, in spite of the pain. The time, however, passed so slowly that he fell to looking at his face reflected in the mirror 
of the waters, and, while he bent down to do so, his long hair fell down from his shoulders into the pool. In a great hurry he raised his head again; but already his locks were turned to gold, and shone in the 
sun. You may imagine how frightened the poor Boy was! He took his pocket-handkerchief and bound it round his head, so that no one might see his hair; but as soon as the Iron Man returned he said to 
him, “Untie your handkerchief!” for he knew what had happened. Then the golden hair fell down on the Boy’s shoulders, and he tried to excuse himself, but in vain. “You have not stood the proof,” said the 
Iron Man, “and must remain here no longer. Go forth into the world, and there you will see how poverty fares; but because your heart is innocent, and I mean well towards you, I will grant you this one favour 
— when you are in trouble come to this forest, call my name, and I will come out and help you. My power is great, and I have gold and silver in abundance.” 

So the young Prince had to leave the forest, and travelled over many rough and smooth roads till he came at length to a large town. There he sought work, but without success, for he had learnt nothing 
which was of use, and at last he went to the King’s palace itself and inquired if they could take him in. The court servants were unaware of any vacancy which he could fill, but because he seemed well 
favoured they allowed him to remain. Soon afterwards the Cook took him into his service, and told him he might fetch wood and water for the fire and sweep up the ashes. One day, however, as no one 
else was at hand, the Prince had to carry in a dish for the royal table but, because he would not allow his golden hair to be seen, he entered the room with his cap on his head. “If you come to the royal 
table,” exclaimed the King when he saw him, “you must pull off your cap!” “Ah! your majesty,” replied the Prince, “I dare not, for I have a bad disease on my head.” Thereupon the King ordered the Cook 
into his presence, and scolded him because he had taken such a youth into his service, and further commanded him to discharge him. But the Cook pitied the poor lad and changed him with the 
Gardener’s Boy. 

Now, the Prince had to plant and sow, to dig and chop, in spite of all weathers, for he must bear the wind and rain. One day in summer, as he was working alone in the garden, he took off his cap to cool 

his head in the breeze, and the sun shone so upon his hair that the golden locks glittered, and their brightness became reflected in the mirror in the chamber of the King’s daughter. She jumped up to see 
what it was, and, perceiving the Gardener’s Boy, called him, to bring her a nosegay of flowers. In a great hurry he put on his cap and plucked some wild flowers, which he arranged together. But, as he was 
going up the steps with them to the Princess, the Gardener met him, and said, “How can you take the Princess such a nosegay of bad flowers? go back and fetch the rarest and most beautiful.” “Oh, no!” 
said the Boy, “the wild flowers bloom the longest and will please the best.” So he went up to the chamber, and there the Princess said to him, “Take off your cap; it is not becoming of you to wear it here!” 

The Boy, however, replied he dared not remove it, because his head was too ugly to look at, but she seized his cap and pulled it off, and his golden hair fell down over his shoulders, most beautiful to 
see. The Boy would have run away, but the Princess detained him and gave him a handful of ducats. Then he left her and took her money to the Gardener, whom he told to give it to his children to play with, 
for he despised money. The following day the Princess called him again to give her a bouquet of wild flowers, and when he entered with them she snatched again at his cap, but this time he held it fast with 
both hands, and would not let it go. She gave him still another handful of ducats, but he would not keep them, but gave them to the Gardener’s children for playthings. The third day it was just the same: the 
Princess could not get his cap and he would not keep her ducats. 

Not long after these events the country was drawn into a war, and the King collected all his people, for he knew not whether he should be able to make a stand against the enemy, who was very powerful, 
and led an immense army. Amongst others, the Gardener’s Boy asked for a horse, saying he was grown up and ready to take his part in the fight. The others, however, laughed at him, and said, “When we 
are gone we will leave behind a horse for you, but take care of yourself!” So, as soon as the rest had set out, the young Prince went into the stable, and found there a horse which was lame, and clicked its 
feet together. Nevertheless, he mounted it, and rode away to the gloomy forest; and as soon as he arrived there he called, “Iron Man, Iron Man!” in such a loud voice that the trees re-echoed it. Soon the 
wild man appeared, and asked, “What do you desire?” “I desire a strong horse, for I am going to battle,” said the Youth. “That you shall have, and more than you desire,” said the Iron Man; and, diving in 
among the trees, a page suddenly made his appearance, holding a horse so fiery and mettlesome that he was scarcely to be touched. Behind the steed followed a troop of warriors, all clad in iron, with 
swords which glittered in the sun. The Youth, thereupon, delivered up his three-legged horse to the page, and, mounting the other, rode off at the head of his troop. Just as he reached the field of battle he 
found the greater part of the King’s army already slain, and the rest were on the point of yielding. The Youth, therefore, charged at once with his iron troop, like a storm of hail, against the enemy, and they 
cut down all who opposed them. The enemy turned and fled, but the young Prince pursued and cut to pieces all the fugitives, so that not one man was left. Then, instead of leading his troop before the King, 
he rode back with them to the forest, and summoned the Iron Man. “What do you desire now?” he inquired. 

“Take back all these soldiers and your steed, and restore me my three-legged horse.” All this was done as he desired, and he rode home on his limping animal. When the King arrived afterwards, his 
Daughter greeted him, and congratulated him on his victory. “I do not deserve it,” he said; “the victory was owing to a strange knight who came to our aid with his troop.” His Daughter inquired then who he 
was; but the King told her he did not know, for he had pursued the enemy and had not returned again. The Princess afterwards inquired of the Gardener respecting his boy, and he laughed, and said he 
had just returned home on his three-legged steed; while the others had laughed at him, saying, “Here comes our Hop-a-da-hop!” They asked also behind what hedge he had hid himself, and he replied, “I 
have done the best I could, and without me you would have fared badly.” And forthis speech the poor boy was still more mocked. 

Some time after this the King said to his Daughter, “I will cause a great festival to be held, which shall last three days, and you shall throw a golden apple, for which perhaps the unknown knight will 

As soon as the proclamation was made, the young Prince went to the forest, and called for the Iron Man. 

“What do you desire?” he asked. “That I may catch the golden apple!” 

“It is all the same as if you had it now,” said the Iron Man; “but you shall have a red suit of armour for the occasion, and ride there upon a proud fox-coloured horse.” 

When the appointed day came, the youth ranged himself along with the other knights, and was not recognised by any one. Presently the Princess stepped forward and threw up the golden apple, which 
nobody could catch but the Red Knight, who coursed away as soon as he obtained it. The second day the Iron Man dressed the youth as a White Knight, and gave him a grey horse; and again he caught 
the apple, and he alone. The King was angry when the Knight ran away with the prize, and said, “That is not right; he must appear before me and declare his name.” Then he ordered, if the Knight who had 
caught the apple did not return the next day, some one should pursue him; and, if he would not return willingly, cut him to pieces. The third day the Prince received from the Iron Man a black coat of armour 
and a black steed, and caught again the apple when it was thrown. When he rode away the King’s people pursued him, and one came so near him that he wounded the Black Knight with the point of his 
sword. Still he escaped them; but his horse jumped so violently that the helmet fell off the Knight’s head, and his golden hair was seen. The knights there upon rode back and told the King. 

The day following these sports the Princess inquired of the Gardener after his boy. “He is working in the garden,” he replied; “the wonderful fellow has also been to the festival, and yesterday evening he 
returned home and gave my children three golden apples which he won there.” When the King knew of this, he caused the Youth to be brought before him, and he appeared as usual with his cap on his 
head. But the Princess went up to him and took it off; and then his golden hair fell down over his shoulders, and he appeared so handsome that every one was astonished. “Are you the knight who 
appeared each day at the festival, and always in a different colour, and won the three golden apples?” asked the King. “Yes!” he replied, “and these are the apples;” and, so saying, he took them out of his 
pocket and handed them to the King. “If you desire any other proof,” he continued, “I will show you the wound which your people gave me as I rode away; but I am also the knight who won the victory for you 
over your enemy.” 

“If you can do such deeds,” said the King, “you are no gardener’s boy; tell me, who is your father?” 

“My father is a mighty King, and of gold I have not only my desire, but more even than can be imagined,” said the young Prince. 

“I own,” said the King, “that I am indebted to you; can I do anything to show it?” 

“Yes, if you give me your daughter to wife!” replied the Youth. The Princess thereupon laughed, and said, “He makes no roundabout tale; but I saw long ago that he was no gardener’s boy from his 
golden hair;” and with these words she went and kissed him. 

By-and-by the wedding was celebrated, and to it came the Prince’s father and mother, who had long ago given up their son for dead, and lost all hope of seeing him again. 

While they sat at the bridal feast, all at once music was heard, and, the doors opening, a proud King entered, attended by a long train. He went up to the young Prince, and embraced him, and said, “I 
am the Iron Man, whom you saved from his wild nature; all the treasures which belong to me are henceforth your property!” 

The Iron Stove 

In the days when wishing was having, a certain King’s Son was enchanted by an old Witch, and obliged to sit in a great iron stove which stood in a wood! There he passed many years, for nobody could 
release him; till one day a Princess who had lost herself, and could not find her way back to her father’s kingdom, came at last, after nine days’ wandering, to the spot where the iron stove stood. As she 
approached it, she heard a voice say, “Whence comest thou, and whither goest thou?” “I have lost the road to my father’s kingdom, and am unable to find my home!” she replied. “I will help you, and that in 
a short time,” said the voice from the iron stove, “if you will consent to what I desire; I am the child of a far greater King than your father, and am willing to marry you.” 

The Princess was frightened at this proposal, and exclaimed, “What can I do with an iron stove?” but nevertheless, as she was anxious to get home, she consented to what he should wish. Then the 
Prince told her that she must return after she had been home, and bring with her a knife to cut a hole in the stove; and then he gave her such minute directions as to her road, that in two hours she reached 
her father’s palace. There was great joy there when the Princess returned, and the old King fell on her neck and kissed her; but she was sore troubled, and said, “Alas! my dear father, how things have 
happened! I should never have reached home out of the great wild wood, had it not been for an iron stove, to which I have therefore promised to return to save it and marry it.” 

The King was so frightened when he heard this, that he fell into a swoon; for she was his only daughter. When he recovered, they resolved that the miller’s daughter, a very pretty girl should take her 
place; and so she was led to the spot, furnished with a knife, and told to scrape a hole in the iron stove. For four-and-twenty hours she scraped and scraped; but without making the least bit of a hole; and 
when day broke, the voice out of the stove, exclaimed, “It seems to me like daylight.” “Yes,” replied the girl, “it seems so to me too, and methinks I hear the clapping of my father’s mill.” “Oh then, you are the 
miller’s daughter,” said the voice again; “well, you may go home, and send the Princess to me.” 

The girl, therefore returned, and told the King the stove would not have her, but his daughter, which frightened the King again, and made the Princess weep. But the King had also in his service, a swine- 
herd’s daughter, prettier still than the miller’s, to whom he offered a piece of gold if she would go instead of the princess to the iron stove. Thereupon, this girl went away, and scraped for four-and-twenty 
hours on the iron without producing any impression; and when day broke, a voice out of the stove, exclaimed, “It seems to me like daylight.” “Yes it is so,” said the girl; “for I hear my father’s horn.” 

“You are then the swine-herd’s daughter,” said the voice, “go straight back, and tell the Princess who sent you, that it must be as I said; and therefore, if she does not come to me, everything in the old 
kingdom shall fall to pieces, and not one stone be left upon another anywhere.” 

As soon as the Princess heard this, she began to cry; but it was of no use, for her promise must be kept. So she took leave of her father; and carrying a knife with her, set out towards the iron stove in 
the wood. As soon as she reached it she began to scrape the iron; and before two hours had passed, she had already made a small hole. Through this she peeped, and beheld inside the stove a 
handsome Prince, whose dress all glittered with gold and precious stones; and she immediately fell in love with him. So she scraped away faster than before, and soon had made a hole so large that the 
Prince could get out. “You are mine, and I am thine,” he said, as soon as he stood on the earth; “you are my bride, because you have saved me.” Then he wanted to take her at once to his father’s 
kingdom; but she begged that she might once more go back to her father, to take leave of him. The Prince consented to this; but said she must not speak more than three words, and immediately return. 
Thereupon the Princess went home; but alas! she said many more than three words; and the iron stove consequently disappeared, and was carried far away over many icy mountains and snowy valleys; 
but without the Prince, who was saved, and no longer shut up in his former prison. By-and-by the Princess took leave of her father; and taking some gold with her, but not much, she went back into the 
wood, and sought for the iron stove, but could find it nowhere. For nine days she searched; and then her hunger became so great, that she knew not how to help herself, and thought she must perish. When 
evening came she climbed up a little tree, for she feared the wild beasts, which night would bring forth; and just as midnight approached she saw a little light at a distance, “Ah, there I may find help,” 
thought she; and getting down, she went towards the light, saying a prayer as she walked along. Soon she came to a little hut, around which much grass grew; and before the door stood a heap of wood, 
“Ah, how came you here,” thought she to herself, as she peeped through the window and saw nothing but fat little toads; and a table already covered with meat and wine, and plates and dishes made of 
silver. She took courage and knocked; and immediately a Toad exclaimed: — 

“Little Toad, with crooked leg; 

Open quick the door, I beg, 

And see who stands without!” 

As soon as these words were spoken, a little Toad came running up, and opened the door; and the princess walked in. They all bade her welcome, and told her to sit down; and then asked her whence 
she came, and whither she was going. She told the Toads all that had happened, and how, because she had overstepped the mark in speaking more than three words, the stove had disappeared as well 
as the Prince: and now she was about to search over hill and valley till she found him. When she had told her tale, the old toad cried out: — 

“Little Toad, with crooked leg; 

Quickly fetch for me, I beg, 

The basket hanging on the peg.” 

So the little Toad went and brought the basket to the old one, who laid it down, and caused meat and drink to be given to the Princess; and after that showed her a beautiful neat bed, made of silk and 
velvet, in which, under God’s protection, she slept soundly. As soon as day broke the Princess arose; and the old Toad gave her three needles out of the bag, to take with her, for they would be of use, 
since she would have to pass over a mountain of glass, three sharp swords, and a big lake before she would regain her lover. The old Toad gave her besides the three needles, a ploughwheel and three 
nuts; and with these the Princess set out on her way; and by-and-by approached the glass mountain which was so smooth that she placed the three needles in the heel of her shoe, and so passed over. 
When she came to the other side, she placed the three needles in a secure place; and soon coming to the three swords, she rolled over them by means of her ploughwheel. At last she came to the great 
lake; and when she passed that, she found herself near a fine large castle. Into this she entered; and offered herself as a servant, saying she was a poor girl: but had a little while back, rescued a King’s 

son out of an iron stove, which stood in the forest. After some delay she was hired as a kitchen-maid, at a very small wage; and soon found out that the Prince had an intention to marry another lady, 
because he supposed his former favourite was long since dead. One evening when she had washed and made herself neat, she felt in her pocket, and found the three nuts which the old Toad had given 
her. One of them she cracked, and instead of a kernel found a royal dress, which, when the Bride heard of, she said she must have, for it was no dress for a servant-maid. But the Princess said she would 
not sell it, but on one condition, which was, that she should be allowed to pass a night by the chamber of the Prince. This request was granted, because the Bride was so anxious to have the dress, since 
she had none like it; and when evening came she told her lover that the silly girl wanted to pass the night near his room. “If you are contented, so am I,” he replied; but she gave him a glass of wine, in which 
she put a sleeping-draught. In consequence, he slept so soundly, that the poor Princess could not awake him, although she cried the whole night, and kept repeating, “I saved you in the wild forest, and 
rescued you out of the iron stove; I have sought you, and travelled over a mountain of glass, and over three sharp swords, and across a wide lake, before I found you; and still you will not hear me!” The 
servants, however, who slept in the anteroom, heard the complaint, and told the King of it the following morning. That evening after the Princess had washed and cleaned herself, she cracked open the 
second nut and found in it a still more beautiful dress than the former; so that the Bride declared she must have it. But it was not to be purchased except on the same condition as the first; and the Prince 
allowed her to sleep where she had before. The Bride, however, gave the Prince, another sleeping-draught; and he slept too soundly to hear the poor Princess complaining and crying as before: “I saved 
you in the wild forest, and rescued you out of the iron stove; I have sought you, and travelled over a mountain of glass, and over three sharp swords, and across a wide lake, before I found you; and still you 
will not hear me!” The servants, however, in the ante room, heard the crying again; and told the Prince of it the next morning. 

On the same evening, the poor scullery-maid, broke her third nut; and produced a dress starred with gold, which the Bride declared she must have at any price; and the maid petitioned for the same 
privilege as before. But the Prince poured out this time the sleeping-draught; and therefore, when the Princess began to cry, “Alas! my dear treasure, have you forgotten how I saved you in the great wild 
wood, and rescued you out of the iron stove?” the Prince heard her, and jumping up, exclaimed, “You are right, I am thine, and you are mine.” Thereupon while the night lasted, he got into a carriage with 
the Princess; first taking away the clothes of the false Bride, that she might not follow them. When they came to the lake, they rowed over very quickly, and passed the three sharp swords again by means 
of the ploughwheel. Soon they crossed the glass mountain by the aid of the three needles; and arrived at last at the little old house, which as as soon they entered, was changed into a noble castle. At the 
same moment all the Toads were disenchanted and returned to their natural positions; for they were the sons of the King of the country. So the wedding was performed, and the Prince and Princess 
remained in the castle; for it was much larger than that of her father. However, because the old King grieved at his daughter’s continual absence, they went and lived with him and joined the government of 
the two kingdoms in one; and so for many years they reigned in happiness and prosperity. 

The Little Lamb and the Little Fish 

Once upon a time there were a Brother and Sister who 
injury she could. One day it happened that the two were 
the children used to run, joining hands and singing, 

“Eneke, Beneke, let me go, 

And I will give my bird to you; 

The bird shall fetch of straw a bunch, 

And that the cow shall have to munch; 

The cow shall give me milk so sweet, 

And that I’ll to the baker take; 

Who with it shall a small cake bake; 

The cake the cat shall have to eat, 

And for it catch a mouse for me, 

Which I will turn to sausage meat, 

And cut it all to pieces!" 

While they sang they ran round and round, and upon whom the word “pieces” fell he had to run away, and the others must pursue him and catch him. The old Stepmother stood at her window and watched 
the game, which vexed her very much; but, as she understood witches’ arts, she wished that both of the children might be changed, the one into a lamb and the other into a fish. Thereupon the Brother 
swam round the pond in the form of a fish, and the Sister trotted to and fro on the meadow, sorrowful and unhappy, and would not eat or touch a single blade of grass. Thus a long time passed, till one day 
foreign strangers came to the castle on a visit. “Now is a good opportunity!” thought the Step-mother, and called the cook, and bade him fetch the lamb out of the meadow, for there was nothing else for the 
visitors. The cook went for the lamb, and leading it into the kitchen, tied it by the foot, that it might suffer patiently. While he went for his knife, and was sharpening it on the grindstone, to kill the poor animal 
with, a little fish swam up the gutter to the sink, and looked at him. But this fish was the Brother, and he had seen the cook carry away his lamb, and had swum from the pond to the house. When the lamb 
saw him, she cried, 

“Ah! my brother in the pond, 

Woe is in my heart so fond! 

The cook is sharpening now his knife, 

To take away my tender life!” 

The fish replied: — 

“Ah! my sister; woe is me, 

That I am far away from thee! 

Swimming in this deep, deep sea!” 

When the cook heard the lamb speaking, and observed the sorrowful words which she said to the fish, he was frightened, for he thought it could not be a natural animal, but had been bewitched by the 
wicked woman in the house. So he said to the lamb, “Be still, I will not kill you!” And with these words he fetched another lamb and dressed it for the guests. Then he took the lamb to a good honest 
countrywoman, and told her all he had seen and heard. Now, this woman was in former days the nurse of the two children, and she conjectured what had really taken place, and went with them to a wise 
woman. This latter said a blessing over the lamb and fish, and thereby they regained their natural forms. Then the little Brother and Sister went into the forest and built for themselves a little cottage, in 
which they lived happily and contentedly, though alone. 

loved one another very much. Their own mother was dead, but they had a stepmother who was very unkind to them, and did them privately all the 
playing with other children on the meadow before their house, in the middle of which was a pond which ran past one side of the house. Round this 

Simeli Mountains 

Once upon a time there lived two Brothers, the one rich and the other poor. The rich man, however, gave nothing to the poor one, who earned a miserable living by treading in corn; and sometimes he was 
so badly off that he had no bread for his wife or children. Once he was trundling his barrow through the forest, and suddenly he perceived on one side of the road a great mountain, naked and uncultivated; 
and, because he had never observed it before, he stopped in astonishment. As he stood thus, twelve great Wild Men came up, and, thinking they were robbers, he pushed his barrow among the 
brushwood, and climbed up a tree to watch their proceedings. The twelve men went up to a mountain and exclaimed, “Semsi-Mountain, Semsi-Mountain, open!” Immediately the hill parted in two, and the 
twelve men entering it closed again as soon as they had done so. In a little while the mountain opened, and the men came out carrying heavy sacks on their shoulders, and as soon as they had all 
emerged into daylight they said, “Semsi-Mountain, Semsi-Mountain, shut yourself up!” Then the hill closed directly, and there was no opening to be seen, and the twelve men went away. When they were 
out of sight the poor man descended from the tree, feeling curious to know what was hidden in the mountain. So he went up and said, “Semsi-Mountain, Semsi-Mountain, open!” It opened directly, and 
stepping in he found the hill was hollow and filled with gold and silver, and in the further part of it heaps of pearls and precious stones were accumulated like corn. The poor man did not know what to take, 
for there were so many treasures to choose from; at length he filled his pockets with gold and silver, and let alone the pearls and precious stones. As soon as he got outside again he said the words, 
“Semsi-Mountain, close up!” and immediately all appeared as if there were no opening to be made. He went home with his barrow, and had now no cares to trouble him, for with his gold he could buy 
bread and wine for his wife and children; and could afford to live freely and liberally, besides giving to the poor and doing good to everybody. But when his money came to an end he went to his brother, 
and borrowed a measure, with which he fetched more money, but touched none of the precious stones. A third time he borrowed this measure, but this time his brother’s cupidity was excited, for the rich 
man had for a long while been dissatisfied with his property, and his already beautiful house, and he could not conceive where his Brother got so well paid, or what he did with the measure. So he 
bethought himself of a stratagem, and spread the bottom of the measure with pitch; and, when his brother returned to him, he found a gold piece sticking in it. Thereupon he went to his Brother, and asked 
him what he had measured with the measure. “Corn and beans,” said the other. Then the rich man showed the gold piece, and threatened his Brother if he did not tell the truth to take him before the sheriff. 
The poor Brother therefore related all that happened, and the rich man, harnessing his horses to his carriage, went away, determined to profit by the circumstance, and bring home greater treasures. As 
soon as he came to the mountain he called out, “Semsi-Mountain, Semsi-Mountain, open!” The hill opened immediately, and he went in. There lay all the treasures before him, and for a long while he stood 
considering what he should take. At length he seized the precious stones and took as much as he could carry; but when he wanted to leave the mountain he had forgotten its name, for his heart and mind 
were full of the treasures which he had seen. “Simeli Mountain, Simeli Mountain, open!” he cried; but that was not the right name, and the mountain moved not, but remained closed. Soon he became 
terrified, but the longer he thought the more bewildered he became, and all his treasures availed nothing. In the evening, however, the mountain opened, and the twelve robbers came in, and as soon as 
they saw the rich man they laughed and exclaimed, “Ah! have we caught you at last, my bird? did you think we had not remarked your two previous visits, when we could not catch you? but this time you will 
not go out again.” 

“It was not me, but my Brother,” cried the rich man; but his protestations were of no use, and beg as he might for his life, they had no mercy, but cut off his head. 

Going Out A-Traveling 

Once upon a time there was a poor Woman who had a Son so very fond of travelling that his mother used to say to him, “Where can you ride, when you have no money to take with you?’’ “I can help myself 
well,” said the Son; “and all day long I will say, ‘Not much, not much, not much!’ ” 

So he travelled a whole day and kept saying, “Not much, not much, not much!” By-and-by he came to a Fisherman, to whom he said, “God help you, not much!” “How say you, fellow?” cried the 
Fisherman, “not much!” When he drew out the net there were very few fish, and taking up a stick he beat the Youth, saying, “Have you never seen me thrash?” “What shall I say, then?” asked the Youth. “A 
good catch, a good catch, a good catch!” 

Thereupon the Youth walked a whole day long, crying, “A good catch!” till he came to a gallows, where they were about to hang up a poor Criminal. “Good morning!” said the Youth, “a good catch, a 
good catch!” “What do you say, fellow?” said the Criminal; “shall there not be a bad man in the world? is one not enough?” So saying he went up the ladder. “What shall I say, then?” asked the Youth. “You 
should say, ‘God comfort a poor soul!’ ” 

The next day accordingly the Youth walked all day long, repeating, “God comfort a poor soul!” Presently he came to a grave, whereby stood a Knacker about to kill an old horse. “Good morning! God 
comfort the poor soul!” said the Youth. “What do you say, you silly fellow?” said the Knacker, giving the Youth a blow on the ear, so that he could scarce see out of his eyes. “What shall I say, then?” “You 
should say, There lies a carcass in its grave!’ ” 

So all the next day the Youth went on, saying, “There lies a carcass in its grave!” Presently he met a wagon full of people. “Good morning! there lies a carcass in its grave!” said the Youth. As he spoke 
the wagon fell into the grave, and the driver, jumping off, gave the Youth a cut with his whip, and drove him home to his Mother. 

And all his life long afterwards he never went out a travelling. 

The Little Ass 

Once upon a time there lived a King and Queen, who were very rich, and possessed all they desired, but children. On this account the Queen used to cry and groan all day long, saying, “I am like a barren 
field where nothing will grow!” At last her wishes and prayers were answered, and a child was born; but when the nurses took it they said it was a Little Ass, and not a human child. When the mother 
perceived this, she began to cry and groan again, for she would rather have had no child than a Little Ass, and she ordered them to throw the thing into the water, that it might feed the fishes. The King, 
however, said, “No! God gave it, and it shall be my son and heir, and at my death sit upon the throne, and wear the royal crown.” So the Little Ass was taken care of and brought up well, while its ears grew 
to a good size and were straight and well formed. Now, it was a frolicsome animal, and used to jump about, and, besides, it had a very great passion for music, so much so that it went to a celebrated 
Musician, and said, “Teach me your art, that I may strike the lute as well as you.” “Ah! my dear sir,” replied the Musician, “that would be difficult; your fingers are not altogether made for the purpose; I am 
afraid you could not touch the strings.” 

The Ass, however, would not be put off, and, being determined to learn, he applied himself so strenuously and industriously that in the course of time he could play as well as the master himself. One day 
afterwards the young Prince went out walking in a thoughtful mood, and, presently coming to a running brook, he looked in and saw his own figure reflected like an ass. The sight made him so sad that he 
wandered away from his home, attended but by one trusty friend. They travelled to and fro for many months, and at last came to a kingdom over which ruled an old King, who had an only but very beautiful 
daughter. “Here we will stay,” said the Ass Prince; and, knocking at the palace-door, he cried out, “Open, if you please! a visitor stands without who wishes to come in.” The door was not opened, and so 
the Ass sat down on the steps and played his lute in the most charming way with his two fore-feet. At this the guard at the door opened his eyes very wide, and running to the King told him that a young Ass 
was at the door, who was playing the lute like a regular musician. “Let him come in then,” said the King. But, as soon as the Ass entered, all began to laugh at such a lute-player, and he was told to sit down 
and feed with the slaves at the lower end of the hall. This he would not do, but said, “I am no common animal, I am a distinguished Ass.” “If you are so,” said the others, “take your place with the soldiers.” 
“No; I will sit by the King himself,” said the Ass. The King laughed, but said, good-naturedly, “Yes, it shall be so, as you desire; come up hither.” By-and-by the King asked, “How does my daughter please 
you?” The Ass turned his head towards her, looked at her, and, nodding, said, “The Princess pleases me beyond measure, she is so beautiful as I have never seen any one before.” “Well, then, you shall 
sit by her,” said the King. “That is just right,” said the Ass, and, sitting down by her side, he ate and drank with her, for he knew how to conduct himself before company. 

At this court the noble beast stayed many months; but soon he began to think, “Of what use is all this? I may as well return home;” and, hanging his head down, he went to the King and mentioned his 
wishes. But the King had become very partial to the Ass, and said, “What is the matter, my dear friend? you look as sour as a vinegar cruet. Do stop with me, I will give you whatever you desire; do you 
want money?” “No,” said the Ass, shaking his head. “Do you need treasures or jewels?” “No.” “Will you have the half of my kingdom?” “Ah, no, no!” “I would I knew what would content you,” cried the King; 
“will you have my beautiful daughter to wife?” “Oh yes! that would please me well,” replied the Ass, and his spirits returned at once, for it was the very thing he had wished. So thereupon a large and 
magnificent wedding was celebrated. At night, when the bride and bridegroom were about to go to their sleeping-apartment, the King took a fancy to know if he would retain his form or not, and so he 
bade a servant to conceal himself in his room. By-and-by, when they entered, the bridegroom bolted the door after him, and then, believing that he and his wife were alone, he threw off his Ass’s skin, and 
stood up a handsome and well-formed man. “Now you see,” said he to his bride, “who I am, and that I am not unworthy of you.” She was of course in transports of joy to see the good change, and kissed 
him, and thenceforth loved him dearly. As soon as morning came over, he got up and put on again his skin, so that no one ever would have known what was concealed beneath it. Soon the old King came, 
and when he saw the Ass he exclaimed, “Ah! what, up already!” and then turning to his daughter he said to her, “Alas! you are doubtless in grief, because you have not really a human husband.” “Oh no, 
dear father,” she replied; “I love him as much as if he were the handsomest man possible, and I will comfort him all my life.” 

The King went away astonished; but the servant followed him and told him what had happened. “That never can be true,” said the King. “Then watch yourself to-night, my lord King,” answered the servant; 
“and you will see with your own eyes the truth of my words; but I would advise you to snatch away the skin and burn it, and then your son-in-law will be compelled to show himself in his true character. “Your 
advice is good,” said the King; and in the middle of the night, when everybody was asleep, he slipped into the chamber of his son-in-law, and when he looked at the bed the moonbeams showed clearly 
that it was no Ass, but a fine young man who laid in it, while by the side, the skin had been thrown down on the floor. The King took the skin up and caused a great fire to be made, into which he threw it, 
and stood by till it was burnt to ashes. He was anxious still to see how the youth would behave when he discovered his loss, and so he stopped the rest of the night watching. At daybreak the youth arose, 
and looked about for his ass-skin; but he could find it nowhere. Then he was frightened, and cried out in sorrow and anguish, “Alas! I must make my escape!” But as he left the room, he found the King 
standing outside, who said, “Whither away, my son, in such a hurry? what do you intend? Remain here; you are too handsome a man to be readily parted with. I will give you now the government of half of 
my kingdom, and at my death you shall have the whole.” 

“So wish I that this good beginning may have a good ending,” said the youth. “I will remain with you.” 

Thereupon the old King put the half of the kingdom under his care, and, when he died about a year after, the whole government descended to the young King, and in another year he was called upon to 
rule the kingdom of his own father, who died and left it to him. And over these two countries he ruled so wisely that the people prospered, and his Queen and he were happy and contented. 

The Old Griffin & 

There was once a King, but where he reigned and how he was called I know nothing about. He had no son, only a daughter who was always ill, and no doctor could cure her; then it was prophesied to the 
King that his Daughter would eat herself well with an apple. So he made it known all over the kingdom, whoever brought his Daughter some apples with which she could eat herself well should marry her 
and be king. Now, a Peasant, who had three sons, heard of it; and he said to the eldest, “Go to the garden, take a basket full of those beautiful apples with the red cheeks, and carry them to the court. 
Perhaps the King’s Daughter will be able to eat herself well with them; and then you can marry her and be king.” The chap did as he was bid, and took to the road. When he had walked awhile he met quite 
a little Iron Man, who asked him what he had in his basket. So Hele, for that was his name, said, “Frogs’ legs!” The little Man then said, “Well, so it shall be, and remain;” and then went on. At last Hele 
came to the castle, and had it announced that he had got some apples which would cure the King’s Daughter if she ate them. At that the King was mightily pleased, and had Hele in court. Oh, dear! when 
he opened it, instead of apples, he had frogs’ legs in the basket, and they were kicking about still. The King got into a great rage and had him kicked out of the house. When he got home he told his Father 
how he had fared. Then the Father sent his next son, whose name was Saeme, but it went just the same with him as with Hele. The little Iron Man met him very soon, and asked him what he had in the 
basket, and Saeme said, “Sow-bristles;” and the little Man said, “Well, so it shall be, and remain.” When he arrived at the King’s castle, and said he had apples with which the King’s Daughter could eat 
herself well, they would not let him in, and told him there had already been one who had made fools of them. But Saeme insisted he had really such apples; they should only let him in. At last they believed 
him, and took him before the King; but when he opened the basket he had nothing but sow-bristles. That annoyed the King most dreadfully, so that he had Saeme whipped out of the house. When he got 
home he told them what had happened to him. Then came the youngest boy, whom they had always called stupid Jack, and asked the Father whether he, too, might go with apples. “Yes,” said the Father, 
“you are just the right sort of fellow; if the clever ones can’t succeed, what will you be able to do?” The boy did not believe it. “Well, Father, I will go too.” “Get away, you stupid chap!” said the Father; “you 
must wait till you grow wiser;” and then turned his back upon him; but the boy tugged at his smock-frock behind and said, “Now, Father, I will go too.” “Well, just as you like; go — you will be sure to come 
back,” he answered in a spiteful way. The boy was beyond measure delighted, and jumped for joy. “Ay, there! act like a fool! You get stupider from one day to the next,” said the Father. That did not affect 
Jack a bit, who would not be disturbed in his joy. As night soon came on, he thought he would wait the next morning; any how, he would not be able to get to court that day. He could not sleep that night in 
bed, and when he only slumbered a little he dreamed of beautiful maidens, of castles, gold, silver, and all that sort of thing. Early next morning he went his way, and soon the little Man in his iron dress met 
him and asked him what he had in the basket. “Apples,” he answered, “with which the King’s Daughter should eat herself well.” “Well,” said the little Man, “such it shall be, and remain.” But at court they 
would not let Jack in at all; for that there had been two who had said they brought apples, and one had frogs’ legs, and the other sow-bristles. But Jack insisted tremendously he had no frogs’ legs, but the 
most beautiful apples that grew in the kingdom. As he spoke so nicely the door-keeper thought he could not be telling a lie, and let him in; and they did quite right too, for, when Jack uncovered the basket 
before the King, gold-yellow apples came tumbling out. The King was delighted, and had some of them taken to his daughter at once, and waited in anxious expectation until they should bring him word 
what effect they had. Not long after news is brought him; but what think you it was? It was the Daughter herself! As soon as she had ate of those apples she had jumped out of bed quite well. What the 
King’s delight was cannot be described. 

But now the King would not give Jack his Daughter to marry, and said that he must first make him a boat that would swim more like a boat on land than in the water. Jack agrees to the condition, and 
goes home and tells how he has fared. So the Father sends Hele into the wood to make such a boat; he worked away diligently, and whistled the while. At midday, when the sun was at the highest, comes 
the little Iron Man, and asks what he is making. “Wooden boat,” answers he. The little Man answered, “Well, so it shall be, and remain.” In the evening Hele thinks he has made the boat; but, when he is 
going to get into it, it’s nothing but wooden bowls. The next day Saeme goes into the wood; but it went no other with him than with Hele. On the third day stupid Jack goes: he works very hard, so that the 
wood resounded all through with his heavy blows, and he sang and whistled besides right merrily. The little Man came to him at midday when it was the hottest, and asked him what he was making. “A 
boat which will go on dry land more like a boat than on the water,” he answered, “and that when he had done it he should marry the King’s daughter.” “Well,” said the little Man, “such a one it shall be, and 
remain.” In the evening, when the sun had turned to gold, Jack was ready with his boat and all things belonging to it; he got in and rowed towards the castle; but the boat went as fast as the wind. The King 
sees it from a long way off; but will not give Jack his Daughter yet, and says he must first take a hundred hares out grazing from early morning to late in the evening, and if one were missing he should not 
have his Daughter. Jack is quite contented, and the next day goes out with his herd to the meadow, and keeps a sharp look out that none stray away. Not many hours had passed away when a maid 
comes from the castle, and says, Jack is to give her a hare directly, as some visitors had arrived. But Jack saw through that well enough, and said he would not give her one; the King might treat his 
visitors to hare-pepper. But the maid did not believe him, and at last set to scolding. So Jack said that if the King’s Daughter came herself he would give her a hare. The maid told them that in the castle, 
and the King’s Daughter did go herself. But in the mean time the little Man had come again to Jack and asked him, what he was doing there. “Oh, he had got to watch a hundred hares so that none ran 
away, and that he was to marry the King’s Daughter, and be King.” “Good!” said the little Man, “there’s a whistle for you, and when one runs away only just whistle and he will come back again.” When the 
King’s Daughter came, Jack gave her a hare into her apron. But when she had got about a hundred steps off, Jack whistles, and the hare jumps out of the cloth, and jump, jump! is back to the herd directly. 
In the evening the hare-herd whistles again, and looks to see they are all right, and drive them to the castle. The King wondered how Jack had been able to take care of a hundred hares, so that none 
should run off: but he would not yet give him his Daughter so easily, but said he must get him a feather from the old Griffin’s tail. 

Jack starts at once, and marches right briskly on. In the evening he arrives at a castle, where he asks fora night’s lodging, for at that time there was no such things as hotels; and the master of the castle 
greets him very civilly, and asks him where he is going to? Jack answers, “To the old Griffin.” “Oh, indeed! to the old Griffin; they say he knows everything, and I have lost the key to an iron money-chest; 
perhaps you would be good enough to ask him where it is?” “Certainly,” said Jack, “that I will.” Early the next morning he started off again on his road, and arrives at another castle, where he again passes 
the night. When the people learned that he was going to the old Griffin, they said “a daughter was ill in the house; they had already tried every possible remedy, but without effect; would he be kind enough 
to ask old Griffin what would cure her?” Jack said he would do it with pleasure, and went on again. He arrives at a lake; and, instead of a ferry-boat, there was a big man who had to carry everybody over. 
The man asked him where he was bound for? “To the old Griffin,” said Jack. “When you get to him,” said the man, “just ask him why I am obliged to carry everybody over the water.” “Yes, to be sure,” said 

Jack; “goodness gracious! yes, willingly!” The man then took him up on his shoulder, and carried him over. At last Jack arrives at the old Griffin’s house, and only found the wife at home — not old Griffin. 
The woman asked him what he wanted, so he told her he must have a feather from old Griffin’s tail; and that in a castle they had lost the key to the money-chest, and he was to ask the Griffin where it was; 
and then, in another castle, the daughter was ill, and he was to know what would make her well again; then not far from there was water, and the man who was obliged to carry everybody over, and he 
should very much like to know why the man was obliged to carry everybody over. “But,” said the Woman, “look you, my good friend, no Christian can speak with a Griffin; he eats them all up; but, if you like, 
you can lie there under his bed, and at night, when he is fast asleep, you can reach out and pull a feather out of his tail; and as to those things that you want to know, I will ask him myself.” Jack was quite 
satisfied with the arrangement, and got under the bed. In the evening old Griffin came home, and when he stepped into the room he said, “Wife, I smell a Christian!” “Yes,” said the Wife, “there has been 
one here to-day, but he went away again.” So old Griffin said no more. In the middle of the night, when Griffin was snoring away lustily, Jack reached up and pulled a feather out of his tail. 

The Griffin jumped up suddenly, and cried, “Wife, I smell a Christian! and it was just as if some one had been plucking at my tail.” The wife said, “You have no doubt been dreaming. I have told you 
already that one has been here to-day, but that he went away again. He told me all sorts of things: that in a castle they had lost the key of the money-chest, and could not find it.” “Oh, the fools!” exclaimed 
the Griffin; “the key lies in the wood-shed, behind the door, under a log of wood.” “And further, he said that in a castle the daughter was ill, and they knew no means to cure her.” “Oh, the fools!” said the 
Griffin, “under the cellar steps a toad has made its nest of her hair, and if she got the hair back again she would be well.” “And, then again, he said, at a certain place there was a lake, and a man who was 
obliged to carry everybody over.” “Oh, the fool!” said the old Griffin, “if he were only to put somebody into the middle he need not carry any more over.” 

Early next morning the old Griffin got up and went out, and so Jack gets from under the bed with such a beautiful feather, and he had heard what the Griffin had said about the key, the daughter, and the 
man. The wife repeated it all to him so that he should not forget, and then he started off towards home. He came to the man at the water first, and he asked him directly what the Griffin had said; but Jack 
said he must carry him over first, and then he would tell him. So he carried him over; and when they got there Jack told him he only had to put somebody into the middle and then he need carry no more. 
The man was delighted beyond measure, and told Jack that out of gratitude he should like to carry him over and back once more. But Jack said nay, he would save him the trouble; he was quite contented 
with him already, and then went on. Then he arrived at the castle where the daughter was ill; he took her on his shoulder, for she was not able to walk, and carried her down the cellar stairs, and then took 
the toad’s nest from under the bottom step, and put it into the daughter’s hand, and all at once she jumps off his shoulder, up the stairs before him, and is quite well. Now the father and mother were 
delighted indeed, and made Jack presents of gold and silver, and whatever he wanted they gave him. When Jack arrived at the other castle he went straight to the wood-shed and found the key right 
enough behind the door, under the log of wood, and took it to the master. He was not a little pleased and gave Jack in return a great deal of gold that was in the box, and all sorts of things besides, such as 
cows, and sheep, and goats. When Jack got to the King with all those things, with the money, and gold and silver, and the cows, sheep, and goats, the King asked him wherever he had come by all that. 
So Jack said the old Griffin would give one as much as one liked. The King thought he could find a use for that sort of thing himself, and so started off to the Griffin; but when he got to the water he 
happened to be the first who arrived there since Jack, and the man put him in the middle and walked off, and the King was drowned. 

So Jack married the King’s Daughter and became King. 

Snow-White and Rose- Red 

There was once a poor Widow who lived alone in her hut with her two children, who were called Snow-White and Rose-Red, because they were like the flowers which bloomed on two rose-bushes which 
grew before the cottage. But they were two as pious, good, industrious, and amiable children, as any that were in the world, only Snow-White was more quiet and gentle than Rose-Red. For Rose-Red 
would run and jump about the meadows, seeking flowers and catching butterflies, while Snow-White sat at home helping her Mother to keep house, or reading to her if there were nothing else to do. The 
two children loved one another dearly, and always walked hand-in-hand when they went out together; and even when they talked of it they agreed that they would never separate from each other, and that 
whatever one had the other should share. Often they ran deep into the forest and gathered wild berries; but no beast ever harmed them. For the hare would eat cauliflowers out of their hands, the fawn 
would graze at their side, the goats would frisk about them in play, and the birds remained perched on the boughs singing as if nobody were near. No accident ever befell them; and if they stayed late in 
the forest, and night came upon them, they used to lie down on the moss and sleep till morning; and because their Mother knew they would do so, she felt no concern about them. One time when they had 
thus passed the night in the forest, and the dawn of morning awoke them, they saw a beautiful Child dressed in shining white sitting near their couch. She got up and looked at them kindly, but without 
saying anything went into the forest; and when the children looked round they saw that where they had slept was close to the edge of a pit, into which they would have certainly fallen had they walked a 
couple of steps further in the dark. Their Mother told them the figure they had seen was doubtless the good angel who watches over children. 

Snow-White and Rose-Red kept their Mother’s cottage so clean that it was a pleasure to enter it. Every morning in the summer-time Rose-Red would first put the house in order, and then gather a 
nosegay for her Mother, in which she always placed a bud from each rose-tree. Every winter’s morning Snow-White would light the fire and put the kettle on to boil, and although the kettle was made of 
copper it yet shone like gold, because it was scoured so well. In the evenings, when the flakes of snow were falling, the Mother would say, “Go, Snow-White, and bolt the door;” and then they used to sit 
down on the hearth, and the mother would put on her spectacles and read out of a great book, while her children sat spinning. By their side, too, laid a little lamb, and on a perch behind them a little white 
dove reposed with her head under her wing. 

One evening, when they were thus sitting comfortably together, there came a knock at the door as if somebody wished to come in. “Make haste, Rose-Red,” cried her Mother; “make haste and open the 
door; perhaps there is some traveller outside who needs shelter.” So Rose-Red went and drew the bolt and opened the door, expecting to see some poor man outside; but instead, a great fat Bear poked 
his black head in. Rose-Red shrieked out and ran back, the little lamb bleated, the dove fluttered on her perch, and Snow-White hid herself behind her mother’s bed. The Bear, however, began to speak, 
and said, “Be not afraid, I will do you no harm; but I am half-frozen, and wish to come in and warm myself.” 

“Poor Bear!” cried the Mother; “come in and lie down before the fire; but take care you do not burn your skin;” and then she continued, “Come here, Rose-Red and Snow-White, the Bear will not harm 
you, he means honourably.” So they both came back, and by degrees the lamb too and the dove overcame their fears and welcomed the rough visitor. 

“You children!” said the Bear, before he entered, “come and knock the snow off my coat.” And they fetched their brooms and swept him clean. Then he stretched himself before the fire and grumbled out 

his satisfaction; and in a little while the children became familiar enough to play tricks with the unwieldy animal. They pulled his long shaggy skin, set their feet upon his back and rolled him to and fro, and 

even ventured to beat him with a hazel stick, laughing when he grumbled. The Bear bore all their tricks good temperedly, and if they hit too hard he cried out, 

“Leave me my life, you children, 

Snow-White and Rose-Red, 

Or you’ll never wed.” 

When bed time came and the others were gone, the Mother said to the Bear, “You may sleep here on the hearth if you like, and then you will be safely protected from the cold and bad weather.” 

As soon as day broke the two children let the Bear out again, and he trotted away over the snow, and ever afterwards he came every evening at a certain hour. He would lie down on the hearth and allow 
the children to play with him as much as they liked, till by degrees they became so accustomed to him that the door was left unbolted till their black friend arrived. 

But as soon as spring returned, and everything out of doors was green again, the Bear one morning told Snow-White that he must leave her, and could not return during the whole summer. “Where are 
you going, then, dear Bear?” asked Snow-White. “I am obliged to go into the forest and guard my treasures from the evil Dwarfs; for in winter, when the ground is hard, they are obliged to keep in their 
holes, and cannot work through; but now, since the sun has thawed the earth and warmed it, the Dwarfs pierce through, and steal all they can find; and what has once passed into their hands, and gets 
concealed by them in their caves, is not easily brought to light.” Snow-White, however, was very sad at the departure of the Bear, and opened the door so hesitatingly that when he pressed through it he left 
behind on the sneck a piece of his hairy coat; and through the hole which was made in his coat, Snow-White fancied she saw the glittering of gold; but she was not quite certain of it. The Bear, however, 
ran hastily away, and was soon hidden behind the trees. 

Some time afterwards the Mother sent the children into the wood to gather sticks; and while doing so, they came to a tree which was lying across the path, on the trunk of which something kept bobbing 
up and down from the grass, and they could not imagine what it was. When they came nearer they saw a Dwarf, with an old wrinkled face and a snow-white beard a yard long. The end of this beard was 
fixed in a split of the tree, and the little man kept jumping about like a dog tied by a chain, for he did not know how to free himself. He glared at the Maidens with his red fiery eyes, and exclaimed, “Why do 
you stand there? are you going to pass without offering me any assistance?” “What have you done, little man?” asked Rose-Red. “You stupid, gaping goose!” exclaimed he. “I wanted to have split the tree, 
in order to get a little wood for my kitchen, for the little wood which we use is soon burnt up with great logs, not like what you rough greedy people devour! I had driven the wedge in properly, and everything 
was going on well, when the smooth wood flew upwards, and the tree closed so suddenly together that I could not draw my beautiful beard out, and here it sticks and I cannot get away. There, don’t laugh 
you milk-faced things! are you dumbfounded?” 

The children took all the pains they could to pull the Dwarfs beard out; but without success. “I will run and fetch some help,” cried Rose-Red at length. 

‘‘Crackbrained sheep’s-head that you are!” snarled the Dwarf; “what are you going to call other people for? You are two too many now for me; can you think of nothing else?” 

“Don’t be impatient,” replied Snow-White; “I have thought of something;” and pulling her scissors out of her pocket she cut off the end of the beard. As soon as the Dwarf found himself at liberty, he 
snatched up his sack, which laid between the roots of the tree, filled with gold, and throwing it over his shoulder marched off, grumbling and groaning and crying, “Stupid people! to cut off a piece of my 
beautiful beard. Plague take you!” and away he went without once looking at the children. 

Some time afterwards Snow-White and Rose-Red went a-fishing, and as they neared the pond they saw something like a great locust hopping about on the bank, as if going to jump into the water. They 
ran up and recognised the Dwarf. “What are you after?” asked Rose-Red; “you will fall into the water.” “I am not quite such a simpleton as that,” replied the Dwarf: “but do you not see this fish will pull me in.” 
The little man had been sitting there angling, and unfortunately the wind had entangled his beard with the fishing line; and so, when a great fish bit at the bait, the strength of the weak little fellow was not 
able to draw it out, and the fish had the best of the struggle. The Dwarf held on by the reeds and rushes which grew near; but to no purpose, for the fish pulled him where it liked, and he must soon have 
been drawn into the pond. Luckily just then the two Maidens arrived, and tried to release the beard of the Dwarf from the fishing line; but both were too closely entangled for it to be done. So the Maiden 
pulled out her scissors again and cut off another piece of the beard. When the Dwarf saw this done he was in a great rage, and exclaimed, “You donkey! that is the way to disfigure my face. Was it not 
enough to cut it once, but you must now take away the best part of my fine beard? I dare not show myself again now to my own people. I wish you had run the soles off your boots before you had come 
here!” So saying, he took up a bag of pearls which laid among the rushes, and without speaking another word, slipped off and disappeared behind a stone. 

Not many days after this adventure, it chanced that the Mother sent the two Maidens to the next town to buy thread, needles and pins, laces and ribbons. Their road passed over a common, on which 
here and there great pieces of rock were lying about. Just over their heads they saw a great bird flying round and round, and every now and then, dropping lower and lower, till at last it flew down behind a 
rock. Immediately afterwards they heard a piercing shriek, and running up they saw with affright that the eagle had caught their old acquaintance, the Dwarf, and was trying to carry him off. The 
compassionate children thereupon laid hold of the little man, and held him fast till the bird gave up the struggle and flew off. As soon then as the Dwarf had recovered from his fright, he exclaimed in his 
squeaking voice, “Could you not hold me more gently? You have seized my fine brown coat in such a manner that it is all torn and full of holes, meddling and interfering rubbish that you are!” With these 
words he shouldered a